Ghana
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Protestant (incl. Anglican, Pentecostal) (43.9%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 not stated
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Articles 21(1)(b,c), 26(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 12(2), 17(2), 35(5)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1992
Last Amended3 1996
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Original was written in English.
Current as of3 August 3, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

IN THE NAME OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD

...

Article 12. Protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms.

...

(2) Every person in Ghana, whatever his ... religion ... shall be entitled to the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual contained in this Chapter but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest.

Article 17. Equality and freedom from discrimination.

...

(2) A person shall not be discriminated against on grounds of ... religion, creed ...

(3) For the purposes of this article, "discriminate" means to give different treatment to different persons attributable only or mainly to their respective descriptions by ... religion or creed, whereby persons of one description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another description are not made subject or are granted privileges or advantages which are not granted to persons of another description.

Article 21. General fundamental freedoms.

(1) All persons shall have the right to---

...

(b) freedom of thought, conscience and belief ...

(c) freedom to practise any religion and to manifest such practice; ...

...

Article 26. Cultural rights and practices.

(1) Every person is entitled to enjoy, practice, profess, maintain and promote any ... religion subject to the provisions of this Constitution.

...

Article 28. Children’s rights.

...

(4) No child shall be deprived by any other person of medical treatment, education or any other social or economic benefit by reason only of religious or other beliefs.

...

Article 30. Rights of the sick.

A person who by reason of sickness or any other cause is unable to give his consent shall not be deprived by any other person of medical treatment, education or any other social or economic benefit by reason only of religious or other beliefs.

Article 35. Political objectives.

...

(5) The State shall actively promote the integration of the peoples of Ghana and prohibit discrimination and prejudice on the grounds of place of origin, circumstances of ... religion, creed or other beliefs.

...

Article 55. Organization of political parties.

...

(4) Every political party shall have a national character, and membership shall not be based on ... religious ... divisions.

...

(7) For purposes of registration, a prospective political party ... shall satisfy the Commission that---

...

(c) the party’s name, emblem, colour, motto or any other symbol has no ... religious ... connotation ...

...

Article 56. Restriction of certain propaganda.

Parliament shall have no power to enact a law to establish or authorise the establishment of a body or movement with the right or power to impose on the people of Ghana ... a set of objectives of a religious ... nature.

Article 166. National Media Commission.

(1) There shall be established by Act of Parliament within six months after Parliament first meets after the coming into force of this Constitution, a National Media Commission which shall consist of fifteen members as follows---

(a) one representative each nominated by---

...

(iv) the Christian group (the National Catholic Secretariat, the Christian Council, and the Ghana Pentecostal Council);

(v) the Federation of Muslim Councils and Ahmádiyya Mission;

...

...

Article 206. The Prisons Service Council.

There shall be established a Prisons Service Council which shall consist of---

...

(h) a representative of such religious bodies as the President may, in consultation with the Council of State, appoint;

...

Article 209. Regional Prisons Committees.

(1) There shall be established for each region a Regional Prisons Committee which shall consist of---

...

(i) representatives of such religious bodies as the Regional Minister may deem fit to appoint.

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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