Montenegro
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Orthodox (71.2%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 14]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 46]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2007
Last Amended3 2013
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 July 27, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 14. Separation of religious communities from the state.

Religious communities shall be separated from the state.

Religious communities shall be equal and free in the exercise of religious rites and religious affairs.

Article 25. Temporary limitation of rights and liberties.

During the proclaimed state of war or emergency, the exercise of certain human rights and freedoms may be limited, to the necessary extent.

The limitations shall not be introduced on the grounds of ... religion ...

There shall be no limitations imposed on the rights to: ... freedom of thought, conscience and religion ...

...

Article 44. Right to asylum.

A foreign national reasonably fearing from persecution on the grounds of ... religion ... may request asylum in Montenegro.

A foreign national shall not be expelled from Montenegro to where due to his ... religion ... he/she is threatened with death sentence, torture, inhuman degradation, persecution or serious violation of rights guaranteed by this Constitution.

...

Article 46. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, as well as the right to change the religion or belief and the freedom to, individually or collectively with others, publicly or privately, express the religion or belief by prayer, preaches, customs or rites.

No one shall be obliged to declare own religious and other beliefs.

Freedom to express religious beliefs may be restricted only if so required in order to protect life and health of the people, public peace and order, as well as other rights guaranteed by the Constitution.

Article 48. Objection of conscience.

...

No one shall be obliged, contrary to own religion ..., to fulfill a military or other duty involving the use of arms.

Article 50. Prohibition of censorship.

...

The competent court may prevent dissemination of information and ideas via the public media if required so to: ... prevent[] propagating ... religious hatred or discrimination.

Article 55. Prohibition of operation and establishment.

The operation of political and other organizations directed towards ... instigating ... religious ... hatred and intolerance shall be prohibited.

...

Article 79. Protection of identity.

[Minorities] shall be guaranteed the rights and liberties ... as follows:

(1) the right to exercise, protect, develop and publicly express ... religious particularities;

...

(6) the right to establish ... religious associations, with the material support of the state;

...

(12) the right to establish and maintain contacts with the citizens and associations outside of Montenegro, with whom they have common ... religious beliefs;

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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