Benin
 National Profiles > Regions > Western Africa > Benin
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Mixed Catholic, Sunni, Indigenous

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (28.6%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 23]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 26]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1990
Last Amended3 (n/a)
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 August 14, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 2.

The Republic of Bénin shall be … secular …

Article 5.

… [Political parties] must respect the principles … of the secularity of the State.

Article 10.

… The State has the duty to safeguard and promote the national values of civilizations, as much material as spiritual, as well as the cultural traditions.

Article 14.

Religious institutions and communities shall be able to cooperate equally in the education of the youth. Private schools, secular or parochial, may be opened with the authorization and control of the State. The private schools may benefit from state subsidies under conditions determined by law.

Article 23.

Every person has the right to freedom of thought, of conscience, of religion, of creed, … with respect for the public order established by law and regulations. The exercise of a creed and the expression of beliefs shall take place with respect for the secularity of the State.

The institutions and the religious or philosophical communities shall have the right to develop without hindrances. They shall not be subject to the guardianship of the State. They shall regulate and administer their affairs in an autonomous manner.

Article 26.

The State shall assure to everyone equality before the law without distinction … of religion …

Article 156.

The … secularity of the State may not be made the object of a revision.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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