[Viewing Matches 1-3]  (of 3 total matches in QuickLists)
  • Buddhist Churches of America: The Buddhist Churches of America, formed in 1944 and headquartered in San Francisco, represents mainstream Japanese American Buddhism.
  • Vietnamese Buddhists Come to United States : Vietnamese Buddhism spread across America as thousands of refugees arrived after the Vietnam War ended in 1975.
  • First Buddhist Temples Built: In the 1850s-1880s, Chinese and Japanese immigrants brought Buddhism to America as they searched for work in Hawaii's plantations and California's gold rush.
  • Fo Guang Shan Hsi Lai Buddhist Temple : Built in 1988, Hsi Lai Temple near Los Angeles is the largest Buddhist temple in the western hemisphere.
  • First Buddhists Elected to U.S. Congress : In November 2006, voters in Georgia and Hawaii elected the first two Buddhists --Democrats Hank Johnson and Mazie Hirono -- to the U.S. Congress.
  • First Daoist/Traditional Chinese Temples in the U.S. : Daoism (i.e., Taoism), one of China’s recognized religions, arrived in San Francisco in the 19th century as Chinese immigrants sought work in California’s gold rush.
  • Trungpa, Chogyam : Chogyam Trungpa (1939-87) is the founder of the largest Tibetan Buddhist group in America.
  • Suzuki, D.T. : Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (1870-1966), a Zen Buddhist monk from Japan, helped to personify and explain Zen to a generation of Americans.
  • American Chapter of Soka Gakkai Formed : The Japanese-based Soka Gakkai Buddhist society commissioned its U.S. chapter in 1960. In 1991, the chapter reorganized as Soka Gakkai International-USA.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965: The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (i.e., Hart-Celler Act) permitted more Muslim, Buddhist, and Hindu immigrants into the United States, changing the U.S. religious landscape.
  • First Shinto Shrine in the U.S. : On November 3, 1898, Japanese immigrants built the first Shinto shrine in the United States in Hilo, Hawaii.
  • Home School Movement: The Home School Movement began in the 1970s and attracted evangelical Christians who feared the secular influences of public education.
  • Huston Smith Publishes The Religions of Man: In 1958, Huston Smith published his landmark textbook on comparative religion, The Religions of Man in 1958, later renamed The World's Religions.
  • Watts, Alan : From Buddhism to Taoism, Alan Watts (1915-73) was, as one newspaper noted, "perhaps the foremost interpreter of Eastern disciplines for the contemporary West."
  • World Parliament of Religions : In 1893, the World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago introduced many non-Christian faiths to America -- including Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Jainism, Shinto and Taoism.
[Viewing Matches 1-15]  (of 15 total matches in Timelines)
  • Buddhists, View of: Does the respondent have a warm\cold, positive\negative, favorable\unfavorable view of Buddhists or Buddhism?
  • Religious Tradition, Affiliation to: The general religious tradition with which a person identifies. Examples include Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Buddhist, etc.
[Viewing Matches 1-2]  (of 2 total matches in Measurement Concepts)
ARDA Dictionary
  • Buddhist:An adherent of Buddhism.
  • Three Jewels:The three things that provide refuge for Buddhists: the Buddha, the Dharma (teaching), and the Sangha (Buddhist community) (Prothero 2008: 205).
  • Sangha:Monks and nuns who make up the Buddhist monastic community (Esposito et al. 2012b: G-14).
  • Three Marks of Existence:Described as impermanence, suffering, and no soul in the Buddhist conception of human reality (Esposito et al. 2012b: G-14).
  • Dharma:The proper course of conduct, norms and ultimate realities in the Buddhist religion. Dharma is central to Buddhist practice. The term also exists in Hinduism and Brahmanic thought as a set of ritual actions sanctioned by the priestly class (Smith and Green 1995: 315).
  • Enlightenment:The experience of knowing the cause of suffering in the Buddhist tradition. Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, is said to have experienced enlightenment under the Bodhi tree (ca 530 BCE) (Smith and Green 1995: 338).
  • Stupa:A Buddhist shrine, a raised mound surmounted by a ceremonial pole and umbrella. It usually contains relics of a Buddha or an enlightened saint (Esposito et al. 2012a: G-8).
  • Koan:A Buddhist riddle designed to foster spiritual growth, posed by a monastic leader to junior monks. An example includes: "What is the sound of one hand clapping?" (Esposito et al. 2012a: G-7).
  • Buddha:It literally means one who has "awakened," reaching enlightenment and escaping rebirth (see samsara). This also is the name given to Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of the Buddhist religion (Esposito et al. 2012a: G-6).
  • Anatman:A Buddhist doctrine denying the reality of a permanent, immortal soul as the spiritual center of a human. The term means "no self," and it is meant to teach that all things are connected and there is no separate existence (Esposito et al. 2012a: G-6).
  • Bodhisattva (Bodhissata):One destined for enlightenment in the Buddhist tradition. In Theravada Buddhism, it is one on the way to becoming a Buddha. In Mahayana Buddhism, there are many Bodhisattvas, and they function as embodiments of ideals like compassion. One of the greatest bodhisattvas in Mahayana Buddhism is Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion (Parrinder 1973: 48).
  • Disciple:A pupil who is attached to a specific teacher or way of life (Smith and Green 1995: 317). In the Christian tradition, John the Baptist and Jesus had disciples. Peter is a famous disciple of Jesus. The term also has been used in the Buddhist tradition. For example, Ananda was a disciple and cousin of the Buddha.
  • Protestant Buddhism:A term coined by anthropologist Gananath Obeyesekere to describe the adoption of aspects of missionary Protestant Christianity into Buddhism to reinvigorate practices and doctrines. Henry Steele Olcott (1832-1907) was an American convert who went to colonial Sri Lanka, and encouraged Buddhist leaders to emphasize the importance of the laity and reestablish "true Buddhism" (Esposito et al. 2012: 450).
  • Ananda:Cousin and disciple of the Buddha who lived in the sixth century BCE. He used his exceptional memory to recite the Buddha's sermons, and played a pivotal role in forming the Buddhist community after the Buddha's death. He also is known for his support of female disciples (Smith and Green 1995: 46).
  • Nirvana:The main religious goal in major forms of Hinduism and Buddhism. The term comes from Sanskrit, meaning "blowing out." It is essentially the extinction of suffering and the liberation from samsara. It is important to note that Mahayana Buddhists do not see a clear distinction between nirvana and samsara, seeing the world of suffering as nirvana itself (Prothero 2008: 259).
  • Tibetan Book of the Dead:A collection of Buddhist texts focused on the state between death and rebirth. The texts describe a 49-day journey that includes unconsciousness at the moment of death, reawakening in a bodiless form, and the appearance of both peaceful and wrathful deities (Smith and Green 1995: 1075).
  • Doctrine:An official teaching of a religious group. Religious bodies and officials often establish doctrine through written statements or councils. In a Christian context, the Trinity serves as an important doctrine. In Buddhist, Hindu, and Jainist traditions, ahimsa is an important doctrine (McBrien 1995: 424).
  • Zen Buddhism:A mystical school of Buddhism founded by Daosheng (Tao-sheng) (360-434 CE), who added to Buddhist meditative techniques the doctrine of instantaneous enlightenment-the attainment of enlightenment in one single act. It illuminates the goal of mystical truth in both its objective and subjective aspects (Melton 2009: 1046).
  • Monasticism:A form of religious organization that emphasizes strict ascetic practices and individual salvation. The origins of monasticism are somewhat unknown, although many believe that started around the third to fourth century CE by Christians. Monasticism was fairly dominant in the medieval ages. It has waned since the Protestant Reformation, but still exists in Catholic and Orthodox traditions. Monasticism also is fairly prominent in the Buddhist tradition (Smith and Green 1995: 727).
  • Warrior Monks:Japanese Buddhist monks who participated in armed violence in the eighth century. They were used to protect the monasteries' interests as they continued to grow. Most of the conflicts were between monasteries, but some warrior monks would threaten the government if their demands were not met. Warrior monks were particularly influential in eleventh through twelfth centuries, but their influence abated when Japan was unified in the sixteenth century (Smith and Green 1995: 1130).
[Viewing Matches 1-20]  (of 20 total matches in the ARDA Dictionary)
National Profiles
[Viewing Matches 1-266]  (of 266 total matches in National Profiles)
Religious Groups
[Viewing Matches 1-3]  (of 3 total matches in Religious Groups)
Religious Family Trees
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Religion Family Trees)
Religious Membership State Reports
[Viewing Matches 1-52]  (of 52 total matches in RCMS State Reports)
Religious Membership Metro Reports