The Religion and State Project
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The RAS project sends periodic e-mail notices of updates to the dataset and of new publications using the data. To be added to the mailing list please contact Jonathan Fox (click here to email).


RAS Dataset and Codebook

Download the RAS Dataset in multiple formats (SPSS, Stata, Ascii text)

Codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)

Online codebook with frequencies

RAS Minorities Round 2 Dataset

This Religion and State-Minorities (RASM) dataset is supplemental to the Religion and State round 2 (RAS2) dataset. It codes the RAS religious discrimination variable using the minority as the unit of analysis (RAS2 uses a country as the unit of analysis and, is a general measure of all discrimination in the country). RASM codes religious discrimination by governments against all 566 minorities in 175 countries which make a minimum population cut off. Any religious minority which is at least 0.25 percent of the population or has a population of at least 500,000 (in countries with populations of 200 million or more) are included. The dataset also includes all Christian minorities in Muslim countries and all Muslim minorities in Christian countries for a total of 597 minorities. The data cover 1990 to 2008 with yearly codings.

Download the RAS Minorities Round 2 Dataset in multiple formats (SPSS, Stata, Ascii text)

Online codebook with frequencies

RAS Constitutions Dataset

This dataset contains 154 variables which measure the presence of religion clauses in constitutions and is coded yearly from 1990 to 2008.

Download the RAS Constitutions Dataset in multiple formats (SPSS, Stata, Ascii text)

Codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)

Online codebook with frequencies

Specialized Versions of the RAS Dataset

Data for "Contemporary Evidence Regarding the Impact of State Regulation of Religion on Religious Participation and Belief" Sociology of Religion.

This version of the RAS dataset includes data from the WVS and ISSP surveys. The version of the WVS and ISSP data used in this study is based on country-level measures developed from these datasets by Robert Barro and Rachel McCleary. The data includes only those cases and years for which the WVS and ISSP are available. See the article for more details.

Dataset in SPSS format (This file can be opened by most major statistical software packages)

Codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)


Data for Jonathan Fox & Deborah Flores "Religions, Constitutions, and the State: a Cross-National Study" Journal of Politics.

This dataset contains three supplemental variables measuring religion clauses in constitutions for the year 2002.

Dataset in SPSS format (This file can be opened by most major statistical software packages)

Codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)

Other Downloads
Religion variables for use with the Minorities at Risk dataset

The Minorities at Risk (MAR) project collects data on ethnic minorities in the post-World War II era. It includes data on over 300 minorities. The following datasets were collected by Jonathan Fox for use with the MAR data.

Operationalizing Huntington's Civilizations: This dataset is designed to operationalize Samuel Huntington's concept of civilizations and to provide variables for religious identity, both for use with the Minorities at Risk (MAR) dataset. The codebook contains a description of the variables. The dataset is in SPSS format.

dataset

Codebook

Religion and Ethnic Conflict: The purpose of this dataset is to provide variables measuring the religious elements of ethnic conflict that can be used with the Minorities at Risk Phase III dataset. The unit of analysis is the ethnic minority. The variables described below are coded for the 105 cases in the MARIII dataset in which the ethnic minorities involved are religiously different from the majority group. For operational purposes, a minority is considered to be a separate religion if it is 80% different from the majority group. Protestant and Catholic Christianity are considered separate religions for the purposes of this study. However, Orthodox Christianity is not considered sufficiently different from either Protestantism or Catholicism for such conflicts to be included. The Sunni and Shi'i branches of Islam are considered separate religions for the purpose of this study. In addition, cases of civil war are also not included because the study for which this data was collected focuses on the relationship between minority groups and governments controlled by a majority group. Cases where these is no effective government, like Bosnia, are therefore not included. A list of the groups included in this study is provided at the end of this codebook. There are three types of religious variables coded: religious grievances, religious discrimination, and religious demands. The dataset is in SPSS format.

dataset

Codebook

Archived Datasets

The round 1 version of the RAS and RAS-Minorities datasets cover 1990 to 2002. While they are no longer the authoritative versions of the datasets, we archive them here to make them available for purposes of replication of past studies which used these data. As we consider the round 2 version of the RAS and RAS-Minorities datasets to be both more accurate and complete we recommend that the round 2 versions be used for all future studies

The RAS Round 1 dataset in SPSS format (This file can be opened by most major statistical software packages)

The RAS Round 1 codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)

RAS Minorities Round 1 Dataset in SPSS format (This file can be opened by most major statistical software packages)

RAS Minorities Round 1 Codebook (This file contains a description of the variables contained in the dataset)

Keep Updated
The RAS project sends periodic e-mail notices of publications and updates of the dataset. To be added to the mailing list please contact Jonathan Fox

The following tools and resources are provided by theARDA.
National Profiles
TheARDA's National Profiles includes data on religious adherents, religious freedoms, demographics, and other social measures for most nations of the world and by region.

International Quicklists
Use QuickLists to see rank-ordered data on religion in the U.S. and around the world.