Baptist Family - Events By Name
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9/11
On September 11, 2001 ("9/11"), al-Qaeda terrorists crashed two planes into the Twin Towers and one into the Pentagon. More than 3,000 people died.
Adrian Rogers elected as president of the Southern Baptist Convention
In 1979, Baptist conservatives elected Adrian Rogers as president of the Southern Baptist Convention as the first part of a takeover strategy.
American Revolution
When the first shots were fired in 1775, the Colonies didn’t even have a military. Eight years later, the United States had defeated England.
Baptist Bible Union
The Baptist Bible Union was a fundamentalist association of churches which had separated from the Northern Baptist Convention in 1923.
Baptist Missionary Association of America
The Baptist Missionary Association of America, which split from the American Baptist Association in 1950, is the largest Landmark Baptist denomination in the United States.
Benjamin Randall Organizes the Free Will Baptists
Itinerant preacher Benjamin Randall organized the Free Will Baptists in New England in 1780.
Bible Baptist Fellowship
The Bible Baptist Fellowship formed after a split with J. Frank Norris in 1950 and became the largest association of independent Baptists in America.
Billy Graham Holds First Integrated Crusade in Chattanooga, TN
In 1953, Billy Graham's decision to hold an integrated crusade in the South helped shift racial attitudes among white evangelicals.
Billy Graham's Los Angeles Crusade
Billy Graham's Los Angeles Crusade (1949) catapulted the southern evangelist into the national spotlight for the first time.
Billy Graham's New York Crusade
In 1957, Billy Graham's New York Crusade became his largest American revival campaign with more than two million attendees.
Brown University
In 1764, the Philadelphia Baptist Association commissioned James Manning to found Brown as a Baptist college.
Civil War
The Civil War (1861-1865) was fought between the U.S. government and 11 southern states. The Union prevailed, slaves were freed, and nearly 700,000 people died.
Cold War
The antagonistic relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, known as the Cold War (1947-1991), lasted for nearly half a century.
Colonial Period
Colonial America took root in Virginia in 1607 and gained momentum when the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts. By 1760, there were two million settlers.
Conservative Baptist Association of America
William Bell Riley, fundamentalist minister and Bible college president, led the Minnesota Baptist Convention out of the Northern Baptist Convention in 1947.
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship
Moderate Southern Baptists formed the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship in 1991 to protest the conservative dominance in the denomination during the prior decade.
Election of Jimmy Carter
In 1976, Jimmy Carter was the first self-proclaimed "born again" Christian elected president of the United States.
First ordained Southern Baptist woman, Addie Davis
In 1964, Addie Davis became the first woman ordained in a Southern Baptist church.
First Wave of Feminism
The 72-year struggle to grant women the right to vote evolved as the central theme of the first wave of American feminism (1848-1920).
Formation of the Alliance of Baptists
Liberals in the Southern Baptist Convention, frustrated by the conservative takeover of the denomination, formed a progressive association of churches in 1987.
Founding Period
With independence won, the United States of America began creating a new government during the Founding Period (1783-1791), including the selection of the first president.
Free Will Baptists Founded in North Carolina
In 1727, Paul Palmer founded North Carolina’s first Baptist Church. This led to the spread of Baptist churches throughout the state.
Great Depression
The Great Depression (1929-1939) brought the biggest economic upheaval in U.S. history. Millions of people were unemployed, banks/businesses failed, and there was sweeping poverty.
Harry Emerson Fosdick Preaches "Shall the Fundamentalists Win?"
In 1922, Harry Emerson Fosdick's sermon accused fundamentalists of being "essentially illiberal and intolerant." His subsequent dismissal made Fosdick a martyr for liberal mainline Christianity.
Henry Dunster Becomes President of Harvard
In 1640, Henry Dunster became the first President of Harvard College and helped lay the foundational structure for America’s most renowned institution for higher learning.
Initiation of the Baptist Landmarker Movement
In 1851, the Baptist Landmarker movement began and embroiled the Southern Baptist Convention in controversy.
Jerry Falwell Helps Found the Moral Majority
With the help of Baptist preacher Jerry Falwell in 1979, the founding of the Moral Majority would later influence Ronald Reagan's election in 1980.
Jim Crow Laws
Abolition freed the slaves, but blacks were kept segregated from whites in the South through local and state regulations known as Jim Crow laws (1890-1965).
Liberty University
Jerry Falwell founded the small Lynchburg Baptist College in 1971, which would grow into the largest private, nonprofit university in America by the 2010s.
Lottie Moon Sent to China as a Southern Baptist Missionary
In 1873, Lottie Moon went to China as a Southern Baptist missionary at a time when sending unmarried women to the mission field was rare.
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Nat Turner’s rebellion (1831) is the most famous slave revolt in American history.
National Association of Free Will Baptists
In 1935, the two major "branches" of Free Will Baptists joined together to form the National Association of Free Will Baptists.
National Baptist Convention
The National Baptist Convention has been the largest national association of African-American Baptists since 1895 despite major denominational splits in 1915 and 1961.
Northern Baptist Convention
The Northern Baptist Convention formed in 1907 and represents the theologically liberal and politically progressive strains of the Baptist tradition.
Ordination of Ruby Knapp Bixby by the Free Will Baptists
In 1846, the Freewill Baptists ordained Ruby Knapp Bixby, making her the first licensed female Baptist preacher.
Pat Robertson founds Christian Broadcasting Network
In 1961, Pat Robertson founded the Christian Broadcast Network, which became a multi-million dollar outlet for Christian television.
Philadelphia Baptist Association
In 1707, Welsh Baptist immigrants in Philadelphia formed the first permanent Baptist denomination in America.
Philadelphia Confession of Faith
The Philadelphia Baptist Association adopted the Philadelphia Confession of Faith in 1742, unifying Particular Baptist churches throughout the country.
Progressive National Baptist Convention
In 1961, the Progressive National Baptist Convention split from the National Baptist Convention, USA, due to disputes regarding Martin Luther King Jr.'s civil rights activism.
Prohibition
The 18th amendment made the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol illegal in the United States for 13 years (1920-1933).
Publication of An Appeal to the Public for Religious Liberty
In 1773, Isaac Backus published a collection of sermons promoting religious liberty and the separation between church and state.
Publication of Shailer Mathews's The Faith of Modernism
Shailer Mathews's The Faith of Modernism (1924) was an influential systematic theology of theological liberalism.
Ralph Elliott fired in the "Genesis" controversy
When Southern Baptist seminary professor Ralph Elliott challenged the historicity of Genesis, conservatives forced him to resign (1962), foreshadowing the conservative resurgence in the SBC.
Reconstruction and Industrialization
During the Reconstruction and Industrialization period (1865-1890), the South struggled to recover after the Civil War. Meanwhile, United States was emerging as an industrial giant.
Rhode Island Royal Charter
In 1663, the Rhode Island Royal Charter made a unified government in the colony possible, acknowledged American Indian land rights, and declared religious toleration.
Rise of Equal Rights Movements
The social justice movements of the 1960s were infectious, giving rise to women, racial minorities, and LGBT groups seeking equal rights in the United States.
Roger Williams Founds Providence, Rhode Island
In 1636, Roger Williams founded Rhode Island, which became known for its religious tolerance and deregulation of religious behavior.
Signing of the American Baptist Bill of Rights
The American Baptist Bill of Rights (1939) defended the separation of church and state, paving the way for the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty.
Silver Bluff Baptist Church
Silver Bluff Baptist Church was founded over the course of 1773-1775 as the first black Baptist church in America.
Southern Baptist Convention Founded
The Southern Baptist Convention (1845) resulted from a split between Northern and Southern Baptists over slavery. It is now the largest Protestant denomination in America.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Founded in 1957, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) believed that racial equality was a Christian imperative and utilized non-violent protests to combat racism.
The Cooperative Program Instituted in the Southern Baptist Convention
In 1925, the Southern Baptist Convention's Cooperative Program centralized budgetary authority and aided the growth of the denomination.
The First Great Awakening
The First Great Awakening (1730s-1770s) was a series of religious revivals that propelled the expansion of evangelical denominations in the colonies.
The Primitive Baptists Coalesce
In 1827, the Primitive Baptists began forming in response to growing Baptist denominationalism.
The Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving rise to new denominations and social reform organizations.
The Trial of Margaret Meuse Clay
Local authorities trialed Margaret Meuse Clay for challenging the gender norms of colonial society and for preaching without a license.
Thomas Jefferson's Letter to the Danbury Baptists
In 1802, Thomas Jefferson's letter contained the phrase "a wall of separation between Church and State," important in later legal interpretations of the first amendment.
Tim LaHaye publishes Left Behind
Starting in 1995, the Left Behind series of novels about the Rapture would become the best-selling works of American Christian fiction.
Triennial Convention
In 1814, the Triennial Convention became the first formal Baptist missionary agency in America.
University of Chicago
In 1890, John D. Rockefeller and William Rainey Harper founded a non-sectarian university in Chicago to promote progressive education and modernist theology.
Vietnam War
America’s two-decade involvement in the Vietnam War (1955-1975) was costly and divisive. It claimed more than 58,000 U.S. lives and cost 140 billion dollars.
Virginia's Religious Disestablishment
In 1786, the Virginia legislature passed a bill by Thomas Jefferson ending the Anglican Church’s formal establishment as the state religion.
War of 1812
The War of 1812 (1812-1815) is often called the second American Revolutionary War, because it again pitted America against Britain.
Westward and Southern Expansion
The United States of America began pushing beyond the boundaries of its original 13 states, until its holdings spanned from sea to sea (1790-1848).
World War I
World War I (1914-1919) began in Europe, but grew into an unprecedented global conflict with 65 million troops. It was called the Great War.
World War II
With the rise of Adolf Hitler, Germany began annexing neighboring countries, leading to the second World War (1939-1945) and the deadliest conflict in world history.
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