Religious Minorities (Non-Christian) - Movements By Date
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Transcendentalism

In 1836, transcendentalism took shape, as New England intellectuals pushed for the union between humans and nature through personal experience.

Spiritualism

In the mid-19th century, spiritualism arose in America, as individuals became captivated with mediums contacting spirits of the dead.

New Thought

Beginning in the mid-19th century, the New Thought movement extolled the power of the mind and God to influence everything from healing to personal success.

Zionism

Beginning in the late 19th century, Zionism gained attention as a political movement seeking the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland.

Black Muslim Movement

In the early 20th century, the Black Muslim movement arose as a unique African American religious movement that promoted black nationalism and fought white supremacy.

Reconstructionist Judaism

Founded in the mid-1930s by Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, Reconstructionist Judaism became the first uniquely American Jewish movement.

Neo-Paganism

In the mid-1940s, Gerald Gardner and Doreen Valient helped revive pre-Christian nature religion (i.e., Neo-paganism) in the United States.

New Age Religion

Forming in the 1960s, the New Age Movement emphasizes personal fulfillment, spiritual unity, and experimental healing methods.


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