Freedmen's Aid Society
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Founder
American Missionary Association, Methodist Episcopal Church
Time Period
1861
Description
The origins of the Freedmen’s Aid Society is somewhat debatable. According to Richard Boone (2012), the organization started in 1861 by the American Missionary Association, a missionary collaboration between Congregational, Presbyterian and Methodists churches. However, Methodist records claim that the Society formed in 1866 at a Methodist Episcopal Church convention.

In any case, the purpose of Freedmen’s Aid Society was to increase education opportunities for freed blacks in the South, including men women and children. By establishing schools and colleges for southern blacks, literacy rates increased dramatically by the end of the 19th century, making the Freedmen’s Aid Society largely a success.

Nonetheless, the Jim Crow era of the South persisted into the mid-20th century, and racial segregation continued to hinder educational and economic opportunities for southern blacks.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Race/Ethnicity and Religion
Methodist Religious Events and People in American History
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Race/Ethnicity and Religion in American History
Methodist Religious Events and People in American History
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Methodist/Pietist Family: Other ARDA Links

Presbyterian-Reformed Family: Other ARDA Links

Timeline Entries for the same religious group Congregationalists (UCC)
Congregationalists (UCC): Other ARDA Links

Photographs

Freedmen's Union Industrial School- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-37860

Rural Tennessee school established by Freedmen's Aid Society- Internet Archive- from The New Emancipation by Dan B. Brummitt

Freedmen's Aid Society teachers in front of Mission House- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-stereo-1s03859

Freedmen graduates from Gammon Theological Seminary- Internet Archive- from The Industrial and Higher Education of the Negro by W. P. Thirkield
Book/Journal Source(s)
Boone, Richard Gause , 2012. Education in the United States: Its History from the Earliest Settlements. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press.
Web Page Contributor
Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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