Spalding, John Lancaster
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Time Period
6/2/1840  - 8/25/1916
John Lancaster Spalding was born in Lebanon, Kentucky, in 1840. He was the nephew of Archbishop Martin John Spalding and was himself ordained a Catholic priest in 1863. Spalding became the first bishop of Peoria in 1877 and served that position until his retirement in 1908. A strong advocate for the creation of a Catholic university for the United States, a position he articulated as a participant at the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore in 1884, Spalding helped start The Catholic University of America. He was associated with the Americanist movement and was an intellectual ally of James Cardinal Gibbons and Archbishop John Ireland. In addition to his labors within the church, Spalding also assisted in the settlement of the 1902 coal strike at the behest of President Theodore Roosevelt. Spalding died in 1916.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
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Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family): Other ARDA Links

Plenary Councils of Baltimore

John Spalding portrait- Internet Archive- from The Irish Catholic Colonization Association of the United States by Mary Evangela Henthorne

John Spalding portrait- Internet Archive- from Souvenir of the Episcopal Silver Jubilee of the Rt. Rev. J. L. Spalding

John Spalding portrait- Wikimedia Commons.png
Book/Journal Source(s)
Appleby, R. Scott, 1992. "Church and Age Unite!": The Modernist Impulse in American Catholicism. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Ellis, John Tracy, 1969. American Catholicism. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Notes: 2nd ed.)
Nolan, Lucinda A., 2013. John Lancaster Spalding (1840-1916): A Catalyst for Social Reform. Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice 9, no. 2.Notes:
Web Page Contributor
William S. Cossen
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in History

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