General Social Survey, 1998

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Analysis


HELL(Percentages are unweighted)

Do you believe in... Hell
  1) Yes, definitely
  4) No definitely not
  3) No probably not
  2) Yes, probably
  9) No answer
  8) Can't choose

Category Frequency Percentage Cumulative Percentage Z-Score
Yes, definitely 624 48.6% 48.6% -0.68
No definitely not 138 10.7% 59.3% 0.57
No probably not 150 11.7% 71.0% 0.15
Yes, probably 214 16.7% 87.7% -0.27
No answer 61 4.8% 92.4% 2.67
Can't choose 97 7.6% 100.0% 2.25

Variable Comparisons


Sex (I-SEX)

Male Female TOTAL
Yes, definitely 46.4%
268
50.4%
356
48.6%
624
No definitely not 13.0%
75
8.9%
63
10.7%
138
No probably not 12.5%
72
11.0%
78
11.7%
150
Yes, probably 15.9%
92
17.3%
122
16.7%
214
No answer 5.2%
30
4.4%
31
4.8%
61
Can't choose 6.9%
40
8.1%
57
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
577
100.0%
707

1284


Race (I-RACE)

White Black Other TOTAL
Yes, definitely 46.6%
479
65.4%
106
41.9%
39
48.6%
624
No definitely not 11.5%
118
6.2%
10
10.8%
10
10.7%
138
No probably not 12.9%
133
4.9%
8
9.7%
9
11.7%
150
Yes, probably 17.1%
176
11.1%
18
21.5%
20
16.7%
214
No answer 4.3%
44
7.4%
12
5.4%
5
4.8%
61
Can't choose 7.7%
79
4.9%
8
10.8%
10
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
1029
100.0%
162
100.0%
93

1284


Religion (I-RELIGION)

Protestant Catholic Jewish None Other TOTAL
Yes, definitely 59.1%
415
46.0%
148
14.3%
3
15.3%
27
49.2%
31
48.6%
624
No definitely not 6.4%
45
7.8%
25
33.3%
7
29.0%
51
15.9%
10
10.7%
138
No probably not 9.3%
65
11.2%
36
23.8%
5
21.0%
37
11.1%
7
11.7%
150
Yes, probably 15.7%
110
22.0%
71
14.3%
3
14.2%
25
7.9%
5
16.7%
214
No answer 4.6%
32
3.7%
12
14.3%
3
5.7%
10
6.3%
4
4.8%
61
Can't choose 5.0%
35
9.3%
30
0.0%
0
14.8%
26
9.5%
6
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
702
100.0%
322
100.0%
21
100.0%
176
100.0%
63

1284


Marital status (I-MARITAL)

Never married Married Widowed/Divorced/Separated TOTAL
Yes, definitely 45.1%
143
50.5%
308
48.5%
173
48.6%
624
No definitely not 13.6%
43
10.2%
62
9.2%
33
10.7%
138
No probably not 13.2%
42
10.7%
65
12.0%
43
11.7%
150
Yes, probably 17.4%
55
15.7%
96
17.6%
63
16.7%
214
No answer 2.8%
9
5.7%
35
4.8%
17
4.8%
61
Can't choose 7.9%
25
7.2%
44
7.8%
28
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
317
100.0%
610
100.0%
357

1284


Age (I-AGE)

18-29 years 30-39 years 40-49 years 50-64 years More than 65 years TOTAL
Yes, definitely 48.5%
127
52.4%
162
49.4%
129
46.0%
110
45.1%
96
48.6%
624
No definitely not 11.1%
29
8.1%
25
10.0%
26
13.8%
33
11.7%
25
10.7%
138
No probably not 13.0%
34
11.0%
34
14.9%
39
9.6%
23
9.4%
20
11.7%
150
Yes, probably 15.6%
41
18.8%
58
15.7%
41
18.0%
43
14.6%
31
16.7%
214
No answer 3.4%
9
4.2%
13
3.8%
10
5.0%
12
8.0%
17
4.8%
61
Can't choose 8.4%
22
5.5%
17
6.1%
16
7.5%
18
11.3%
24
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
262
100.0%
309
100.0%
261
100.0%
239
100.0%
213

1284


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school 4 years college More than 4 years college TOTAL
Yes, definitely 52.1%
38
54.0%
286
45.5%
241
37.9%
55
48.5%
620
No definitely not 6.8%
5
7.0%
37
12.1%
64
22.1%
32
10.8%
138
No probably not 11.0%
8
9.4%
50
12.3%
65
17.9%
26
11.7%
149
Yes, probably 13.7%
10
15.8%
84
18.1%
96
15.9%
23
16.7%
213
No answer 8.2%
6
6.0%
32
3.6%
19
2.8%
4
4.8%
61
Can't choose 8.2%
6
7.7%
41
8.5%
45
3.4%
5
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
73
100.0%
530
100.0%
530
100.0%
145

1278


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Democrat Republican Other TOTAL
Yes, definitely 45.8%
273
57.0%
254
40.2%
96
48.6%
623
No definitely not 12.6%
75
7.6%
34
12.1%
29
10.8%
138
No probably not 12.1%
72
9.4%
42
14.6%
35
11.6%
149
Yes, probably 17.3%
103
16.4%
73
15.5%
37
16.6%
213
No answer 5.2%
31
3.1%
14
6.7%
16
4.8%
61
Can't choose 7.0%
42
6.5%
29
10.9%
26
7.6%
97
TOTAL 100.0%
596
100.0%
446
100.0%
239

1281

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