December 2006 Values Update Survey

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Pew Research Center > Analysis


CLASS

(Percentages are weighted by WEIGHT; Total Ns reported are unweighted)

Which of the following labels best described your household.
  1) Professional or business class
  2) Working class
  3) A struggling family or household?
  4) More than one apply
  5) None apply
  9) Don't know/Refused

Category Percentage Cumulative Percentage
Professional or business class 29.4% 29.4%
Working class 47.1% 76.5%
A struggling family or household? 16.4% 92.9%
More than one apply 2% 94.9%
None apply 3.3% 98.2%
Don't know/Refused 1.8% 100%
Total N = 2007

Variable Comparisons

Age (I-AGE)

18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ TOTAL
Professional or business class 21.8% 26.4% 36.1% 31.7% 31.6% 24.3% 29.2%
Working class 58.4% 52.5% 40.4% 47.5% 47.7% 41.5% 47.4%
A struggling family or household? 18.5% 17.7% 18.7% 17.2% 13.9% 12.6% 16.5%
More than one apply 0.8% 1.7% 3.0% 2.7% 2.2% 1.1% 2.0%
None apply 0.4% 0.0% 0.6% 0.7% 2.9% 15.9% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 0.2% 1.7% 1.1% 0.3% 1.7% 4.6% 1.6%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1969


Gender (I-GENDER)

Male Female TOTAL
Professional or business class 31.8% 27.2% 29.4%
Working class 49.7% 44.5% 47.1%
A struggling family or household? 13.4% 19.2% 16.4%
More than one apply 1.1% 2.8% 2.0%
None apply 2.5% 4.0% 3.3%
Don't know/Refused 1.5% 2.1% 1.8%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0%
2007


Education (I-EDUC)

Less than high school High school graduate Some college College graduate and above TOTAL
Professional or business class 4.4% 11.0% 29.3% 67.5% 29.5%
Working class 43.3% 60.9% 53.2% 25.3% 47.2%
A struggling family or household? 41.7% 20.7% 11.1% 2.6% 16.4%
More than one apply 1.8% 2.2% 2.0% 1.8% 2.0%
None apply 5.3% 4.1% 2.4% 1.7% 3.2%
Don't know/Refused 3.5% 1.2% 2.1% 1.1% 1.7%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1994


Political party (I-PARTYID)

Republican Democrat Independent TOTAL
Professional or business class 41.5% 27.5% 25.8% 30.2%
Working class 46.9% 45.9% 49.0% 47.4%
A struggling family or household? 5.6% 19.4% 18.7% 15.7%
More than one apply 1.8% 1.9% 2.2% 2.0%
None apply 3.1% 4.2% 2.6% 3.2%
Don't know/Refused 1.2% 1.3% 1.8% 1.4%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1870


Race (I-RACE)

White non-Hispanic Black non-Hispanic Hispanic or other TOTAL
Professional or business class 33.7% 17.1% 19.5% 29.3%
Working class 46.6% 45.9% 51.1% 47.3%
A struggling family or household? 12.3% 30.2% 25.0% 16.6%
More than one apply 1.9% 2.7% 2.1% 2.0%
None apply 3.9% 2.9% 0.8% 3.2%
Don't know/Refused 1.7% 1.1% 1.5% 1.6%
TOTAL 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
1985



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