PRRI 2019 American Values Survey

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Public Religion Research Institute > Codebook


All frequencies weighted by 2) WEIGHT;
(The number of missing cases reported in the codebook are unweighted)
1) Case ID (CASEID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25274584.522704.28
2) Post-stratification weights - 18+ general population (N=2,527) (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL01.000.95
3) Post-stratification weights - 18+ population w/Party (N=2,527) (WEIGHT2)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25271.641.45
4) Do you think things in this country are generally going in the right direction or do you feel things have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track? (Q1)
TOTAL%
1) Right direction90235.7
2) Wrong track161163.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)150.6
TOTAL2528100.0
5) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Donald Trump. ASK ALL: (Q2A_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable39115.5
2) Mostly favorable51020.2
3) Mostly unfavorable39815.7
4) Very unfavorable120947.8
9) Refused (VOL.)190.8
TOTAL2527100.0
6) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Bill Weld. Ask form 2 only [N=1,275]: (Q2A_B)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable120.9
2) Mostly favorable29723.0
3) Mostly unfavorable58044.8
4) Very unfavorable16512.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)24018.5
Missing1252 
TOTAL1294100.0
7) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Nancy Pelosi. ASK ALL: (Q2A_C)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable1967.8
2) Mostly favorable79331.4
3) Mostly unfavorable73829.2
4) Very unfavorable73629.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)642.5
TOTAL2527100.0
8) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. ASK FORM 1 ONLY [N=1,252]: (Q2A_D)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable1159.3
2) Mostly favorable33126.9
3) Mostly unfavorable35128.5
4) Very unfavorable36329.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)725.8
Missing1275 
TOTAL1232100.0
9) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Mitch McConnell. ASK ALL: (Q2A_E)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable542.1
2) Mostly favorable57122.6
3) Mostly unfavorable90936.0
4) Very unfavorable85033.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1435.7
TOTAL2527100.0
10) Please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Barack Obama (Q2A_F)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable89535.4
2) Mostly favorable70027.7
3) Mostly unfavorable42917.0
4) Very unfavorable47518.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)271.1
TOTAL2526100.0
11) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Joe Biden. ASK ALL: (Q2B_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable33813.4
2) Mostly favorable89735.5
3) Mostly unfavorable61624.4
4) Very unfavorable53521.2
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)1034.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)381.5
TOTAL2527100.0
12) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Cory Booker (Q2B_B)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable1315.2
2) Mostly favorable60323.9
3) Mostly unfavorable43617.2
4) Very unfavorable48419.1
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)77230.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1024.0
TOTAL2528100.0
13) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Pete Buttigieg (Q2B_C)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable2098.3
2) Mostly favorable52220.7
3) Mostly unfavorable45017.8
4) Very unfavorable39115.5
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)85033.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1044.1
TOTAL2526100.0
14) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Kamala Harris (Q2B_D)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable1947.7
2) Mostly favorable64325.4
3) Mostly unfavorable42316.7
4) Very unfavorable57922.9
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)59923.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)893.5
TOTAL2527100.0
15) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Bernie Sanders (Q2B_E)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable42917.0
2) Mostly favorable80932.0
3) Mostly unfavorable47718.9
4) Very unfavorable66026.1
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)1084.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)441.7
TOTAL2527100.0
16) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Elizabeth Warren (Q2B_F)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable31812.6
2) Mostly favorable67726.8
3) Mostly unfavorable43517.2
4) Very unfavorable60123.8
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)41216.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)853.4
TOTAL2528100.0
17) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Steve Bullock. RANDOM SELECTION OF 5 PER RESPONDENT [N=1,280]: (Q2B_G)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable201.6
2) Mostly favorable1169.3
3) Mostly unfavorable18714.9
4) Very unfavorable13610.8
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)74559.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)504.0
Missing1247 
TOTAL1254100.0
18) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Julian Castro [N=1,256]: (Q2B_H)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable665.3
2) Mostly favorable23118.4
3) Mostly unfavorable21717.3
4) Very unfavorable19915.9
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)50740.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)342.7
Missing1271 
TOTAL1254100.0
19) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Bill de Blasio [N=1,256]: (Q2B_I)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable211.6
2) Mostly favorable20115.4
3) Mostly unfavorable28021.4
4) Very unfavorable26620.4
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)50438.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)342.6
Missing1260 
TOTAL1306100.0
20) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Tulsi Gabbard [N=1,244]: (Q2B_J)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable352.8
2) Mostly favorable15312.1
3) Mostly unfavorable19015.0
4) Very unfavorable15712.4
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)68254.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)473.7
Missing1283 
TOTAL1264100.0
21) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Kirsten Gillibrand [N=1,255] (Q2B_K)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable211.8
2) Mostly favorable23519.6
3) Mostly unfavorable20016.7
4) Very unfavorable18815.7
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)51543.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)403.3
Missing1272 
TOTAL1199100.0
22) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Amy Klobuchar [N=1,232]: (Q2B_L)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable352.8
2) Mostly favorable18814.9
3) Mostly unfavorable21717.2
4) Very unfavorable16112.8
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)62249.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)383.0
Missing1295 
TOTAL1261100.0
23) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Beto O'Rourke [N=1,265]: (Q2B_M)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable876.9
2) Mostly favorable26220.9
3) Mostly unfavorable20916.7
4) Very unfavorable24619.6
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)42133.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)272.2
Missing1262 
TOTAL1252100.0
24) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Tom Steyer [N=1,260]: (Q2B_N)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable272.1
2) Mostly favorable14211.2
3) Mostly unfavorable18014.2
4) Very unfavorable15712.4
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)71156.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)503.9
Missing1267 
TOTAL1267100.0
25) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Marianne Williamson [N=1,288]: (Q2B_O)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable302.3
2) Mostly favorable19014.4
3) Mostly unfavorable25019.0
4) Very unfavorable16012.1
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)65049.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)382.9
Missing1239 
TOTAL1318100.0
26) Again, please say whether your overall opinion of each of the following is very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable. First... [ASK ALL OF SET 1, RANDOM SUBSET OF 5 FROM SET 2]. Andrew Yang [N=1,288]: (Q2B_P)
TOTAL%
1) Very favorable584.6
2) Mostly favorable22117.6
3) Mostly unfavorable19015.1
4) Very unfavorable16613.2
5) Have not heard of (VOL.)57645.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)453.6
Missing1239 
TOTAL1256100.0
27) Do you strongly approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove or strongly disapprove of the job Donald Trump is doing as president? (Q3)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve47818.9
2) Somewhat approve51820.5
3) Somewhat disapprove40716.1
4) Strongly disapprove111744.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)70.3
TOTAL2527100.0
28) Which better describes your opinion? [ROTATE OPTIONS] IF DISAPPROVE (Q4=3,4), ASK [N=1,535]: (Q4A)
TOTAL%
1) President Trump could do something to win my approval37224.4
2) There's almost nothing President Trump could do to win my approval114875.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)30.2
Missing992 
TOTAL1523100.0
29) Which better describes your opinion? [ROTATE OPTIONS] IF APPROVE (Q4=1,2), ASK [N=985]: (Q4B)
TOTAL%
1) President Trump could do something to lose my approval66166.4
2) There's almost nothing President Trump could do to lose my approval32632.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)90.9
Missing1542 
TOTAL996100.0
30) Thinking back to Barack Obama's years as president, do you generally approve or disapprove of the job he did in office? ASK ALL: (Q5)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve86934.4
2) Somewhat approve76930.4
3) Somewhat disapprove35614.1
4) Strongly disapprove51520.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)190.8
TOTAL2528100.0
31) Regardless of whether you support or oppose President Trump, do you wish his speech and behavior were more consistent with previous presidents, or not? SPLIT SAMPLE 6a/6b ASK FORM 1 ONLY [N=1,240]: (Q6A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes89672.7
2) No33126.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.5
Missing1287 
TOTAL1233100.0
32) Do you think President Donald Trump has damaged the dignity of the presidency, or not? ASK FORM 2 ONLY [N=1,287]: (Q6B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes83964.8
2) No44934.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.5
Missing1240 
TOTAL1294100.0
33) Does Donald Trump's personal conduct make you more likely to support him, less likely to support him, or does his personal conduct not make a difference to you? ASK ALL: (Q7)
TOTAL%
1) More likely to support him1977.8
2) Less likely to support him157262.2
3) Makes no difference75229.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.2
TOTAL2527100.0
34) Based on what you have read or heard, do you believe that President Donald Trump should be impeached and removed from office, or don't you feel that way? (Q8)
TOTAL%
1) Should be impeached117746.6
2) Don't feel that way133352.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)170.7
TOTAL2527100.0
35) Do you think that President Trump's decisions and behavior as president... [ROTATE Q9 AND Q10]: (Q9)
TOTAL%
1) Have encouraged white supremacist groups143556.8
2) Have discouraged white supremacist groups1445.7
3) Have NOT had an impact either way92036.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)281.1
TOTAL2527100.0
36) How much, if at all, do you believe that harsh and violent language in politics contributes to violent actions in society? Would you say a lot, a little, or not at all? (Q10)
TOTAL%
1) A lot126850.2
2) A little89635.4
3) Not at all36014.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)40.2
TOTAL2528100.0
37) Since Donald Trump was elected president in 2016, would you say you have: SPLIT SAMPLE 11/12 ASK FORM 1 ONLY [N=1,294]: (Q11)
TOTAL%
1) Become more likely to think of yourself as a Republican16612.8
2) Become more likely to think of yourself as a Democrat34626.7
3) Become more likely to think of yourself as an Independent22617.4
4) Not changed my connection to either political party55542.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)40.3
Missing1233 
TOTAL1297100.0
38) Since Donald Trump was elected president in 2016, would you say you have: ASK FORM 2 ONLY [N=1,233]: (Q12)
TOTAL%
1) Become more religious1098.9
2) Become more less religious584.7
3) Not changed my connection to religion106186.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)30.2
Missing1294 
TOTAL1231100.0
39) These days, many people are so busy they can't find time to register to vote or move around so often they don't get a chance to re-register. Are you NOW registered to vote in your precinct or election district, or haven't you been able to register so far? ASK ALL: (REGIST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, registered208282.4
2) No, not registered33613.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1104.4
TOTAL2528100.0
40) Do you plan to register to vote before your state's primary or caucus, or before the November 2020 election? (IF NOT REGISTERED/NOT SURE (REGIST=2, 3), ASK [N=387]): (REGIST2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, before the primary/caucus7416.6
2) Yes, before November 202014933.5
3) No, do not plan to register to vote21347.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)92.0
Missing2140 
TOTAL445100.0
41) In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or independent? ASK ALL: (PARTY)
TOTAL%
1) A Republican60824.1
2) A Democrat86034.0
3) An independent91836.3
4) Other [SPECIFY]1285.1
98) Skipped on web130.5
99) Refused10.0
TOTAL2528100.0
42) [TEXTBOX] In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or independent? ASK ALL: (PARTYOE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
43) As of today do you lean more towards the Republican Party or more towards the Democratic Party? IF INDEPENDENT OR OTHER [PARTY=3,4], ASK [N=1,006]: (PARTYLN)
TOTAL%
1) Republican35933.9
2) Democrat46944.3
3) Other [SPECIFY]21820.6
77) Don't know00.0
98) Skipped on web121.1
99) Refused10.1
Missing1521 
TOTAL1059100.0
44) [TEXTBOX] As of today do you lean more towards the Republican Party or more towards the Democratic Party? IF INDEPENDENT OR OTHER [PARTY=3,4], ASK [N=1,006]: (PARTYLNOE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
45) When you think about the Democratic Party today, what is the single word that you think best describes the party? [SPLIT Q.13a-c INTO THREE RANDOM FORMS; RANDOMIZE ORDER Q13a-c], [OPEN END] (Q13A)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
46) When you think about the Republican Party today, what is the single word that you think best describes the party? [OPEN END] (Q13B)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
47) When you think about Donald Trump today, what is the single word that you think best describes him? [OPEN END] (Q13C)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
48) Which of the following statements about the Democratic Party comes closest to your view, even if neither is exactly right? [ROTATE Q.14 AND Q.15] [RANDOMIZE] (Q14)
TOTAL%
1) The Democratic Party is trying to make capitalism work for average Americans133752.9
2) The Democratic Party has been taken over by socialists111344.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)773.0
TOTAL2527100.0
49) Which of the following statements about the Republican Party comes closest to your view, even if neither is exactly right? [RANDOMIZE] (Q15)
TOTAL%
1) The Republican Party is trying to protect the American way of life against outside threats125449.6
2) The Republican Party has been taken over by racists121848.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)552.2
TOTAL2527100.0
50) Which of the following do you think better describes socialism, even if neither is exactly right? ROTATE Q.16 AND Q.17 [ROTATE OPTIONS] (Q16)
TOTAL%
1) A system in which government provides citizens with health insurance, retirement support and access to free higher education132452.4
2) A system where the government controls key parts of the economy such as utilities, transportation and communication industries, and the banks113945.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)642.5
TOTAL2527100.0
51) Which of the following do you think better describes capitalism, even if neither is exactly right? [ROTATE OPTIONS] (Q17)
TOTAL%
1) A system in which government stays out of the way and allows private businesses to succeed and make a profit127550.5
2) A system where the interests of businesses and company shareholders are placed above the interests of workers and the middle class119247.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)602.4
TOTAL2527100.0
52) Thinking about the views of the Republican Party, would you say the Republican Party is very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? ROTATE Q.18 AND Q.19 (Q18)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative79231.3
2) Conservative89035.2
3) Moderate55822.1
4) Liberal1234.9
5) Very liberal1345.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)301.2
TOTAL2527100.0
53) Thinking about the views of the Democratic Party, would you say the Democratic Party is very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal, or very liberal? (Q19)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative783.1
2) Conservative1777.0
3) Moderate70427.9
4) Liberal73128.9
5) Very liberal79631.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)411.6
TOTAL2527100.0
54) Thinking about the views of Donald Trump, would you say he is very conservative, conservative, moderate liberal, liberal, or very liberal? ASK FORM 1 ONLY [N=1,204]: (Q20_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative32227.3
2) Conservative40934.6
3) Moderate23920.2
4) Liberal605.1
5) Very liberal12210.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)292.5
Missing1323 
TOTAL1181100.0
55) Thinking about the views of Barack Obama, would you say he is very conservative, conservative, moderate liberal, liberal, or very liberal? ASK FORM 2 ONLY [N=1,323]: (Q20_B)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative664.9
2) Conservative1057.8
3) Moderate49236.6
4) Liberal42931.9
5) Very liberal24017.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)120.9
Missing1204 
TOTAL1344100.0
56) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Progressive (Q21_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very well52320.7
2) Somewhat well115145.5
3) Not too well46918.6
4) Not at all well34813.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)361.4
TOTAL2527100.0
57) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Socialist (Q21_B)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1666.6
2) Somewhat well62624.8
3) Not too well75730.0
4) Not at all well93236.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)461.8
TOTAL2527100.0
58) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Feminist (Q21_C)
TOTAL%
1) Very well38215.1
2) Somewhat well80231.7
3) Not too well68727.2
4) Not at all well62324.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)331.3
TOTAL2527100.0
59) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Environmentalist (Q21_D)
TOTAL%
1) Very well62124.6
2) Somewhat well115645.7
3) Not too well51120.2
4) Not at all well2118.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)281.1
TOTAL2527100.0
60) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Nationalist (Q21_E)
TOTAL%
1) Very well2439.6
2) Somewhat well69027.3
3) Not too well80031.7
4) Not at all well70327.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)903.6
TOTAL2526100.0
61) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: America first (Q21_F)
TOTAL%
1) Very well86734.3
2) Somewhat well77230.6
3) Not too well50520.0
4) Not at all well34613.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)371.5
TOTAL2527100.0
62) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Traditional (Q21_G)
TOTAL%
1) Very well58923.3
2) Somewhat well112744.6
3) Not too well45918.2
4) Not at all well31012.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)431.7
TOTAL2528100.0
63) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Tea Party (Q21_H)
TOTAL%
1) Very well973.8
2) Somewhat well38215.1
3) Not too well72728.8
4) Not at all well125449.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)672.7
TOTAL2527100.0
64) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Deplorable (Q21_I)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1174.6
2) Somewhat well2319.1
3) Not too well49919.7
4) Not at all well159263.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)883.5
TOTAL2527100.0
65) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Christian right or religious right (Q21_J)
TOTAL%
1) Very well56222.2
2) Somewhat well61324.3
3) Not too well44417.6
4) Not at all well86834.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)391.5
TOTAL2526100.0
66) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Anti-religious (Q21_K)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1606.3
2) Somewhat well29911.8
3) Not too well50820.1
4) Not at all well152460.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)371.5
TOTAL2528100.0
67) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Spiritual (Q21_L)
TOTAL%
1) Very well81832.4
2) Somewhat well96438.1
3) Not too well40516.0
4) Not at all well30612.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)341.3
TOTAL2527100.0
68) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Secular (Q21_M)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1917.6
2) Somewhat well51620.4
3) Not too well89435.4
4) Not at all well82032.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1064.2
TOTAL2527100.0
69) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Humanist (Q21_N)
TOTAL%
1) Very well58523.1
2) Somewhat well106942.3
3) Not too well44317.5
4) Not at all well35113.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)803.2
TOTAL2528100.0
70) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Religious progressive (Q21_O)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1857.3
2) Somewhat well60223.8
3) Not too well81032.1
4) Not at all well86234.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)682.7
TOTAL2527100.0
71) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: The resistance (Q21_P)
TOTAL%
1) Very well1596.3
2) Somewhat well53621.2
3) Not too well82132.5
4) Not at all well92136.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)903.6
TOTAL2527100.0
72) How well do you think each the following words describes you personally? [RANDOMIZE] ASK ALL: Capitalist (Q21_R)
TOTAL%
1) Very well28011.1
2) Somewhat well79731.5
3) Not too well76430.2
4) Not at all well62624.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)602.4
TOTAL2527100.0
73) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. These days society seems to punish men just for acting like men (Q22_A)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree31712.5
2) Mostly agree62424.7
3) Mostly disagree86534.2
4) Completely disagree70227.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)180.7
TOTAL2526100.0
74) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. Society as a whole has become too soft and feminine (Q22_B)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree34313.6
2) Mostly agree70627.9
3) Mostly disagree78531.1
4) Completely disagree66126.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)331.3
TOTAL2528100.0
75) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. Today discrimination against whites has become as big a problem as discrimination against blacks and other minorities (Q22_C)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree43017.0
2) Mostly agree62424.7
3) Mostly disagree66326.2
4) Completely disagree79731.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)140.6
TOTAL2528100.0
76) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. Immigrants are invading our country and replacing our cultural and ethnic background (Q22_D)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree32312.8
2) Mostly agree59223.4
3) Mostly disagree69027.3
4) Completely disagree89035.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)321.3
TOTAL2527100.0
77) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. We should make a serious effort to deport all illegal immigrants back to their home countries (Q22_E)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree40215.9
2) Mostly agree66126.2
3) Mostly disagree67326.6
4) Completely disagree76330.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)281.1
TOTAL2527100.0
78) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. Religion causes more problems in society than it solves (Q22_F)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree27210.8
2) Mostly agree62224.6
3) Mostly disagree87134.5
4) Completely disagree74529.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)170.7
TOTAL2527100.0
79) Now, as I read some statements on a few different topics, please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with each one. (First/Next) [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]. It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values (Q22_G)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree46218.3
2) Mostly agree56022.2
3) Mostly disagree55622.0
4) Completely disagree93136.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)180.7
TOTAL2527100.0
80) Next year states will hold a primary election or caucus to choose the Democratic candidate for president. How would you rate your chances of voting in your state's Democratic primary or caucus? IF IDENTIFY AS DEMOCRAT OR LEAN DEMOCRAT (PARTY=2 OR PARTYLN=2), ASK [N=1,338]: (Q23)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain to vote in the Democratic primary or caucus74355.9
2) Probably will vote in the Democratic primary or caucus24618.5
3) Chances are 50-5020515.4
4) Less than 50-50 chance1299.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)50.4
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
81) Which of the following candidates is your first choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? IF IDENTIFY AS DEMOCRAT OR LEAN DEMOCRAT (PARTY=2 OR PARTYLN=2), ASK [N=1,338], (RANDOMIZE ORDER): (Q24_1)
TOTAL%
1) Joe Biden43833.0
2) Cory Booker322.4
3) Steve Bullock151.1
4) Pete Buttigieg846.3
5) Julian Castro151.1
6) Bill de Blasio40.3
7) Tulsi Gabbard50.4
8) Kirsten Gillibrand231.7
9) Kamala Harris715.3
10) Amy Klobuchar141.1
11) Beto O'Rourke322.4
12) Bernie Sanders28621.5
13) Tom Steyer80.6
14) Elizabeth Warren18814.2
15) Marianne Williamson181.4
16) Andrew Yang322.4
99) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)634.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
82) Which of the following candidates is your second choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (RANDOMIZE ORDER) (Q24_2)
TOTAL%
1) Joe Biden21416.1
2) Cory Booker614.6
3) Steve Bullock90.7
4) Pete Buttigieg675.0
5) Julian Castro372.8
6) Bill de Blasio181.4
7) Tulsi Gabbard151.1
8) Kirsten Gillibrand241.8
9) Kamala Harris15811.9
10) Amy Klobuchar181.4
11) Beto O'Rourke523.9
12) Bernie Sanders25819.4
13) Tom Steyer231.7
14) Elizabeth Warren21916.5
15) Marianne Williamson131.0
16) Andrew Yang332.5
99) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)1098.2
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
83) Which of the following candidates is your third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (RANDOMIZE ORDER) (Q24_3)
TOTAL%
1) Joe Biden1209.0
2) Cory Booker916.8
3) Steve Bullock241.8
4) Pete Buttigieg1168.7
5) Julian Castro624.7
6) Bill de Blasio231.7
7) Tulsi Gabbard171.3
8) Kirsten Gillibrand282.1
9) Kamala Harris1289.6
10) Amy Klobuchar423.2
11) Beto O'Rourke836.2
12) Bernie Sanders15311.5
13) Tom Steyer423.2
14) Elizabeth Warren17212.9
15) Marianne Williamson302.3
16) Andrew Yang574.3
99) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)14110.6
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
84) Is Joe Biden your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_A)
TOTAL%
1) First choice43833.0
2) Second choice21416.1
3) Third choice1209.0
77) Don't know322.4
98) Skipped on web50838.2
99) Refused171.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
85) Is Cory Booker your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_B)
TOTAL%
1) First choice322.4
2) Second choice614.6
3) Third choice916.8
77) Don't know654.9
98) Skipped on web101476.3
99) Refused665.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
86) Is Steve Bullock your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_C)
TOTAL%
1) First choice151.1
2) Second choice90.7
3) Third choice241.8
77) Don't know675.0
98) Skipped on web114386.0
99) Refused715.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
87) Is Pete Buttigieg your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_D)
TOTAL%
1) First choice846.3
2) Second choice675.0
3) Third choice1168.7
77) Don't know675.0
98) Skipped on web92569.6
99) Refused705.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
88) Is Julian Castro your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_E)
TOTAL%
1) First choice150.6
2) Second choice371.5
3) Third choice622.5
77) Don't know672.7
98) Skipped on web218486.4
99) Refused1626.4
TOTAL2527100.0
89) Is Bill de Blasio your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_F)
TOTAL%
1) First choice40.3
2) Second choice181.4
3) Third choice231.7
77) Don't know745.6
98) Skipped on web114486.2
99) Refused644.8
Missing1189 
TOTAL1327100.0
90) Is Tulsi Gabbard your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_G)
TOTAL%
1) First choice50.4
2) Second choice151.1
3) Third choice171.3
77) Don't know765.7
98) Skipped on web114686.3
99) Refused695.2
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
91) Is Kirsten Gillibrand your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_H)
TOTAL%
1) First choice231.7
2) Second choice241.8
3) Third choice282.1
77) Don't know755.6
98) Skipped on web110783.3
99) Refused725.4
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
92) Is Kamala Harris your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_I)
TOTAL%
1) First choice715.3
2) Second choice15811.9
3) Third choice1289.6
77) Don't know604.5
98) Skipped on web85264.2
99) Refused594.4
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
93) Is Amy Klobuchar your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_J)
TOTAL%
1) First choice141.1
2) Second choice181.4
3) Third choice423.2
77) Don't know745.6
98) Skipped on web111183.7
99) Refused695.2
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
94) Is Beto O'Rourke your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_K)
TOTAL%
1) First choice322.4
2) Second choice523.9
3) Third choice836.2
77) Don't know765.7
98) Skipped on web102377.0
99) Refused624.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
95) Is Bernie Sanders your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_L)
TOTAL%
1) First choice28621.5
2) Second choice25819.4
3) Third choice15311.5
77) Don't know433.2
98) Skipped on web54941.3
99) Refused392.9
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
96) Is Tom Steyer your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_M)
TOTAL%
1) First choice80.6
2) Second choice231.7
3) Third choice423.2
77) Don't know685.1
98) Skipped on web112184.4
99) Refused665.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
97) Is Elizabeth Warren your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_N)
TOTAL%
1) First choice18814.2
2) Second choice21916.5
3) Third choice17213.0
77) Don't know624.7
98) Skipped on web64748.7
99) Refused403.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
98) Is Marianne Williamson your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_O)
TOTAL%
1) First choice181.4
2) Second choice131.0
3) Third choice302.3
77) Don't know685.1
98) Skipped on web112884.9
99) Refused725.4
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
99) Is Andrew Yang your first, second, or third choice to be the Democratic presidential nominee? (Q24_P)
TOTAL%
1) First choice322.4
2) Second choice332.5
3) Third choice574.3
77) Don't know755.6
98) Skipped on web106179.9
99) Refused705.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
100) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Joe Biden (Q25_A)
TOTAL%
0) No111884.1
1) Yes21115.9
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
101) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Cory Booker (Q25_B)
TOTAL%
0) No100875.9
1) Yes32024.1
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
102) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Steve Bullock (Q25_C)
TOTAL%
0) No83863.1
1) Yes49136.9
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
103) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Pete Buttigieg (Q25_D)
TOTAL%
0) No102176.9
1) Yes30723.1
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
104) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Julian Castro (Q25_E)
TOTAL%
0) No93470.3
1) Yes39429.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
105) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Bill de Blasio (Q25_F)
TOTAL%
0) No79159.5
1) Yes53840.5
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
106) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Tulsi Gabbard (Q25_G)
TOTAL%
0) No82562.1
1) Yes50337.9
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
107) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Kirsten Gillibrand (Q25_H)
TOTAL%
0) No89567.3
1) Yes43432.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
108) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Kamala Harris (Q25_I)
TOTAL%
0) No104278.4
1) Yes28721.6
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
109) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Amy Klobuchar (Q25_J)
TOTAL%
0) No92569.7
1) Yes40330.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
110) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Beto O'Rourke (Q25_K)
TOTAL%
0) No99975.2
1) Yes32924.8
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
111) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Bernie Sanders (Q25_L)
TOTAL%
0) No107580.9
1) Yes25319.1
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
112) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Tom Steyer (Q25_M)
TOTAL%
0) No85064.0
1) Yes47836.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
113) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Elizabeth Warren (Q25_N)
TOTAL%
0) No111884.1
1) Yes21115.9
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
114) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Marianne Williamson (Q25_O)
TOTAL%
0) No77958.7
1) Yes54941.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
115) Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. (RANDOMIZE ORDER). Andrew Yang (Q25_P)
TOTAL%
0) No88666.7
1) Yes44333.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
116) Do not know which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. [Don't know] (RANDOMIZE ORDER). (Q25_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No130198.0
1) Yes272.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
117) [SKIPPED ON WEB] Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. [Skip] (RANDOMIZE ORDER). (Q25_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No112084.3
98) [ARDA note: label missing]20815.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
118) [REFUSED] Which of the following candidates would you not consider supporting for the Democratic presidential nomination? Please select all that apply. [Refused] (RANDOMIZE ORDER). (Q25_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No132499.7
1) Yes40.3
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
119) Never Vote - Don't know/Refused (Q25_X)
TOTAL%
0) No, don't know/refused109082.0
1) Don't know/Refused23918.0
Missing1189 
TOTAL1329100.0
120) Do you think it would be better for Democrats to nominate a woman or nominate a man to run against Donald Trump for president in 2020, or doesn't this matter? IF IDENTIFY AS DEMOCRAT OR LEAN DEMOCRAT (PARTY=2 OR PARTYLN=2), ASK [N=1,338]: (Q26)
TOTAL%
1) Woman15311.5
2) Man26920.3
3) It doesn't matter90067.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.5
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
121) Several of the Democratic candidates for president have discussed the idea of economically compensating African Americans who are the descendants of slaves as a way to make up for the harm caused by slavery, segregation, and other forms of racial discrimination. Would you be more or less likely to vote for a candidate who supports this policy, or would this make no difference to you? IF IDENTIFY AS DEMOCRAT OR LEAN DEMOCRAT (PARTY=2 OR PARTYLN=2), ASK [N=1,338]: (Q27)
TOTAL%
1) More likely30322.8
2) Less likely37027.9
3) Makes no difference65449.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.1
Missing1189 
TOTAL1328100.0
122) As of now, would you prefer Donald Trump to be the Republican Party's nominee for the 2020 election, or would you prefer another Republican candidate? IF REPUBLICAN OR LEAN REPUBLICAN (PARTY=1 OR PARTYLN=1), ASK [N=957]: (Q28)
TOTAL%
1) Prefer Trump be the nominee69672.0
2) Prefer someone else26227.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)90.9
Missing1570 
TOTAL967100.0
123) Which of the following Republican candidates would you most like to see as the party's 2020 nominee for president? [RANDOMIZE ORDER] IF IDENTIFY AS REPUBLICAN OR LEAN REPUBLICAN (PARTY=1 OR PARTYLYN=1), ASK [N=957]: (Q29)
TOTAL%
1) Donald Trump71874.2
2) Bill Weld9810.1
3) Someone else12813.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)242.5
Missing1570 
TOTAL968100.0
124) Which of the following Republican candidates would you most like to see as the party's 2020 nominee for president? [RANDOMIZE ORDER] IF IDENTIFY AS REPUBLICAN OR LEAN REPUBLICAN (PARTY=1 OR PARTYLYN=1), ASK [N=957]: (Q29OE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
125) How would you rate your chances of voting in the November 2020 presidential election?1 ASK ALL: (Q30)
TOTAL%
1) Absolutely certain to vote181571.8
2) Probably will vote31912.6
3) Chances are 50-502078.2
4) Less than 50-50 chance1787.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)80.3
TOTAL2527100.0
126) Regardless of whether you plan on voting, how many of your close friends do you think will vote in the 2020 presidential election?2 (Q31)
TOTAL%
1) All of them56722.4
2) Most of them124949.4
3) About half of them44217.5
4) Few of them2028.0
5) None of them562.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)110.4
TOTAL2527100.0
127) Thinking ahead to the 2020 election for president between Donald Trump and the Democratic Party candidate who will be picked next year, which of the following describes how you are thinking about your vote? [ROTATE OPTIONS 1 AND 2] (Q32)
TOTAL%
1) I will support Donald Trump no matter who the Democratic candidate is.70627.9
2) I will support the Democratic candidate no matter who it is.94637.4
3) My vote will depend on who the Democratic candidate is.83533.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)401.6
TOTAL2527100.0
128) Thinking about your potential support for a Democratic candidate, which of the following is most important to your decision to support that candidate instead of Donald Trump? IF Q.32=3, ASK [N=776], [RANDOMIZE 1-4]: (Q32A)
TOTAL%
1) The Democratic candidate must have the right issue positions35842.9
2) The Democratic candidate must have the right leadership style17621.1
3) The Democratic candidate must inspire me10612.7
4) The Democratic candidate must have the right experience to be president13315.9
5) Something else [open end]556.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)70.8
Missing1751 
TOTAL835100.0
129) Thinking about your potential support for a Democratic candidate, which of the following is most important to your decision to support that candidate instead of Donald Trump? IF Q.32=3, ASK [N=776], [RANDOMIZE 1-4]: (Q32AOE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
130) Do you believe presidential elections should be decided based on the popular vote or by the Electoral College? ASK ALL [ROTATE OPTIONS]: (Q33)
TOTAL%
1) Popular vote166265.7
2) Electoral college82132.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)451.8
TOTAL2528100.0
131) Thinking about the 2016 presidential election, did you happen to vote for [INSERT; 1/2 RANDOMIZE], [INSERT 2/1], some other candidate, or did things come up that kept you from voting? [IF AGE greater than or equal to 20, ASK [N=2,513]:] (Q34)
TOTAL%
1) Hillary Clinton, the Democrat100540.3
2) Donald Trump, the Republican73829.6
3) Other candidate (specify)1656.6
4) Didn't get a chance to vote35314.1
5) Not eligible/not registered to vote2118.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)230.9
Missing14 
TOTAL2495100.0
132) Thinking about the 2016 presidential election, did you happen to vote for [INSERT; 1/2 RANDOMIZE], [INSERT 2/1], some other candidate, or did things come up that kept you from voting? [IF AGE greater than or equal to 20, ASK [N=2,513]:] (Q34OE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
133) Would you say that your choice was more a vote for Donald Trump or more a vote against Hillary Clinton? IF TRUMP IN Q.34 (Q35=2), ASK [N=760]: (Q35A)
TOTAL%
1) For Trump39854.0
2) Against Clinton33845.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.1
Missing1767 
TOTAL737100.0
134) Would you say that your choice was more a vote for Hillary Clinton or more a vote against Donald Trump? IF CLINTON IN Q.34 (Q35=1), ASK [N=1,061]: (Q35B)
TOTAL%
1) For Clinton54253.9
2) Against Trump45545.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)80.8
Missing1466 
TOTAL1005100.0
135) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Growing gap between rich and poor (Q36_A)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue95737.9
2) One among many important issues116546.1
3) Not that important an issue39715.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)90.4
TOTAL2528100.0
136) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Race relations (Q36_B)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue111544.1
2) One among many important issues112044.3
3) Not that important an issue27410.8
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web170.7
TOTAL2527100.0
137) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Jobs and unemployment (Q36_C)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue113945.1
2) One among many important issues120647.7
3) Not that important an issue1716.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)110.4
TOTAL2527100.0
138) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Immigration (Q36_D)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue123648.9
2) One among many important issues105641.8
3) Not that important an issue2168.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)190.8
TOTAL2527100.0
139) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Health care (Q36_E)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue163364.6
2) One among many important issues80231.7
3) Not that important an issue843.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)80.3
TOTAL2527100.0
140) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. The federal deficit (Q36_F)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue100239.7
2) One among many important issues128450.8
3) Not that important an issue2148.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)271.1
TOTAL2527100.0
141) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Terrorism (Q36_G)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue137454.4
2) One among many important issues93937.1
3) Not that important an issue2038.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)120.5
TOTAL2528100.0
142) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Climate change (Q36_H)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue125149.5
2) One among many important issues80932.0
3) Not that important an issue44917.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)180.7
TOTAL2527100.0
143) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Crime [FORM 1 ONLY] [N=1,273]: (Q36_I)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue59044.5
2) One among many important issues64048.3
3) Not that important an issue886.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)70.5
Missing1254 
TOTAL1325100.0
144) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Trade agreements with other countries [FORM 2 ONLY] [N=1,254]: (Q36_J)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue42135.0
2) One among many important issues70358.5
3) Not that important an issue726.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.5
Missing1273 
TOTAL1202100.0
145) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Fairness of presidential elections [FORM 1 ONLY] [N=1,273]: (Q36_K)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue63748.1
2) One among many important issues51438.9
3) Not that important an issue15711.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)151.1
Missing1254 
TOTAL1323100.0
146) Thinking about some issues that are important to people, how important are the following issues to you personally? For each issue, please say whether it is a critical issue to you, one among many important issues, or not that important compared to other issues. Foreign interference in presidential elections [FORM 2 ONLY] [N=1,254]: (Q36_L)
TOTAL%
1) Critical issue54745.5
2) One among many important issues46838.9
3) Not that important an issue18515.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)20.2
Missing1273 
TOTAL1202100.0
147) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Creating a 'Medicare for All' plan that would replace private health insurance with government-backed health insurance coverage for all Americans (Q37_A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor83933.2
2) Favor76930.4
3) Oppose44417.6
4) Strongly oppose45017.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)241.0
TOTAL2526100.0
148) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Making the use of marijuana legal [FORM 1 ONLY] [N=1,289]: (Q37_B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor43233.7
2) Favor42733.3
3) Oppose21616.9
4) Strongly oppose18414.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)221.7
Missing1238 
TOTAL1281100.0
149) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Making college tuition free at public institutions [FORM 2 ONLY] [N=1,238]: (Q37_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor42434.0
2) Favor42934.4
3) Oppose21717.4
4) Strongly oppose16813.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)80.6
Missing1289 
TOTAL1246100.0
150) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally (Q37_D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor93436.9
2) Favor72128.5
3) Oppose41616.5
4) Strongly oppose40716.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)502.0
TOTAL2528100.0
151) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Prohibiting the use of disposable plastic straws in restaurants to protect aquatic animals and the ocean from the pollution. (Q37_E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor74129.3
2) Favor99539.4
3) Oppose46218.3
4) Strongly oppose30211.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)281.1
TOTAL2528100.0
152) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Cutting taxes for corporations (Q37_F)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2007.9
2) Favor54021.4
3) Oppose101240.0
4) Strongly oppose73929.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)381.5
TOTAL2529100.0
153) Now we would like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in the country today. Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose the following... [RANDOMIZE LIST]. Changing the names of streets, schools, and other public buildings that are named after Confederate leaders. (Q37_G)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor28811.4
2) Favor54421.5
3) Oppose84333.3
4) Strongly oppose80431.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)491.9
TOTAL2528100.0
154) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Passing a law that places stricter limits on the number of LEGAL immigrants coming to the U.S. (Q38_A)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor46418.4
2) Favor76730.4
3) Oppose79031.3
4) Strongly oppose47418.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)321.3
TOTAL2527100.0
155) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Building a wall along the U.S. border with Mexico (Q38_B)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor61324.3
2) Favor45217.9
3) Oppose49319.5
4) Strongly oppose93937.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)301.2
TOTAL2527100.0
156) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Passing a law to prevent refugees from entering the U.S. (Q38_C)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor36714.5
2) Favor51120.2
3) Oppose93537.0
4) Strongly oppose67126.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)431.7
TOTAL2527100.0
157) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Temporarily preventing people from some majority Muslim countries from entering the U.S. (Q38_D)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor43017.0
2) Favor70728.0
3) Oppose81932.4
4) Strongly oppose51920.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)532.1
TOTAL2528100.0
158) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: An immigration border policy that separates children from their parents and charges parents as criminals when they enter the country without permission (Q38_E)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor2078.2
2) Favor37815.0
3) Oppose72628.7
4) Strongly oppose117246.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)451.8
TOTAL2528100.0
159) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Allowing immigrants brought illegally to the U.S. as children to gain legal resident status (Q38_F)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor67226.6
2) Favor91436.2
3) Oppose54821.7
4) Strongly oppose34613.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)461.8
TOTAL2526100.0
160) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Allowing cities to limit their cooperation with the federal government's effort to enforce immigration laws (Q38_K)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor39915.8
2) Favor75830.0
3) Oppose71728.4
4) Strongly oppose59123.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)622.5
TOTAL2527100.0
161) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Prohibiting immigrants living in the country illegally from applying for citizenship if they are considered likely to use government benefits like healthcare, food, and housing programs. [FORM 1 ONLY] [N=1,217]: (Q38_L)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor23219.6
2) Favor30826.0
3) Oppose38032.1
4) Strongly oppose24020.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)242.0
Missing1310 
TOTAL1184100.0
162) Turning to the issue of immigration, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose the following? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: Allowing immigrants who are in the country illegally to be eligible for government-provided health care benefits [FORM 2 ONLY] [N=1,310]: (Q38_N)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor1168.6
2) Favor30122.4
3) Oppose38828.9
4) Strongly oppose52138.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)161.2
Missing1217 
TOTAL1342100.0
163) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They are hardworking (Q39_A)
TOTAL%
1) Very well101340.1
2) Somewhat well113344.8
3) Not too well25410.0
4) Not at all well823.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)461.8
TOTAL2528100.0
164) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They make an effort to learn English (Q39_B)
TOTAL%
1) Very well41916.6
2) Somewhat well99439.3
3) Not too well66426.3
4) Not at all well40916.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)421.7
TOTAL2528100.0
165) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They mostly keep to themselves (Q39_C)
TOTAL%
1) Very well42416.8
2) Somewhat well140255.5
3) Not too well49819.7
4) Not at all well1455.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)592.3
TOTAL2528100.0
166) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They have strong family values (Q39_D)
TOTAL%
1) Very well78331.0
2) Somewhat well125449.6
3) Not too well32012.7
4) Not at all well993.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)702.8
TOTAL2526100.0
167) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They increase crime in local communities (Q39_E)
TOTAL%
1) Very well27911.0
2) Somewhat well69227.4
3) Not too well95037.6
4) Not at all well56422.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)431.7
TOTAL2528100.0
168) Now a few questions about immigrants who are now coming to the U.S. In general, how well do you think each of the following describes immigrants coming to the U.S. today? [RANDOMIZE LIST]: They burden local communities by using more than their share of social services (Q39_F)
TOTAL%
1) Very well50319.9
2) Somewhat well73629.1
3) Not too well81632.3
4) Not at all well43017.0
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)421.7
TOTAL2527100.0
169) Which statement comes closest to your view about how the immigration system should deal with immigrants who are currently living in the U.S. illegally? The immigration system should... [FORM 1 READ IN ORDER (1-3), FORM 2 READ REVERSE ORDER (3-1)]: (Q40)
TOTAL%
1) Allow them a way to become citizens provided they meet certain requirements168266.6
2) Allow them to become permanent legal residents, but not citizens31912.6
3) Identify and deport them49519.6
9) Refused (VOL.)311.2
TOTAL2527100.0
170) Would you say that, in general, the growing number of newcomers from other countries... [INSERT; RANDOMIZE]? (Q41)
TOTAL%
1) Threatens traditional American customs and values98839.1
2) Strengthens American society148358.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)562.2
TOTAL2527100.0
171) Which of the following statements comes closer to your own views? [ROTATE ITEMS] (Q42)
TOTAL%
1) Immigrants today strengthen our country because of their hard work and talents151760.1
2) Immigrants today are a burden on our country because they take our jobs, housing and health care95537.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)542.1
TOTAL2526100.0
172) Do you see the Confederate flag more as a symbol of Southern pride or more as a symbol of racism? [Rotate] (Q43)
TOTAL%
1) Southern pride131752.1
2) Racism113544.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)753.0
TOTAL2527100.0
173) As a way to make up for the harm caused by slavery, segregation, and other forms of racial discrimination, do you think the U.S. government should provide some form of economic compensation to African-Americans who are the descendants of slaves, or should the U.S. government not do this? (Q44)
TOTAL%
1) Should52420.7
2) Should not158162.6
3) Not familiar with this issue38115.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)411.6
TOTAL2527100.0
174) Today, would you say that a college education is a smart investment in the future or is it more of a gamble that may not pay off in the end? (Q45)
TOTAL%
1) Smart investment125349.6
2) Gamble124349.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)311.2
TOTAL2527100.0
175) Would you prefer large business corporations to take political stances, or stay out of politics? (Q46)
TOTAL%
1) Take political stances35714.1
2) Stay out of politics213584.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)351.4
TOTAL2527100.0
176) Even if you are not currently employed, how important is it to you that the company you work for reflect your political views and values? (Q47)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely important36514.4
2) Somewhat important94937.6
3) Not very important67526.7
4) Not at all important51520.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)230.9
TOTAL2527100.0
177) Do you feel that large business corporations mostly support your political views and values, mostly oppose your political views? (Q48)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly support views1927.6
2) Mostly oppose views49019.4
3) Mixed, some of both117446.5
4) Neither, don't see corporations having clear political views62124.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)491.9
TOTAL2526100.0
178) Thinking about your current financial situation, would you say you are currently in excellent financial shape, good shape, only fair shape, or in poor shape financially? (Q49)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent shape2258.9
2) Good shape100439.7
3) Only fair shape89135.3
4) Poor shape39415.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)130.5
TOTAL2527100.0
179) Suppose that you have an emergency expense that costs $400. Based on your current financial situation, how difficult would it be for you to pay for this expense? (Q50)
TOTAL%
1) Not too difficult128150.7
2) Somewhat difficult60423.9
3) Very difficult36514.4
4) Nearly impossible26210.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)150.6
TOTAL2527100.0
180) On different topic, Do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases, or illegal in all cases? [FORM 1 READ CATEGORIES IN ORDER (1-4), FORM 2 READ IN REVERSE ORDER (4-1)] (Q51)
TOTAL%
1) Legal in all cases61824.5
2) Legal in most cases87134.5
3) Illegal in most cases72728.8
4) Illegal in all cases27610.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)341.3
TOTAL2526100.0
181) Thinking about how the abortion issue might affect your vote for major offices, would you - only vote for a candidate who shares your views on abortion (or) consider a candidate's position on abortion as just one of many important factors (or) not see abortion as a major issue? (Q52)
TOTAL%
1) Candidate must share views on abortion62624.8
2) Abortion is one of many important factors131151.9
3) Abortion is not a major issue55922.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)311.2
TOTAL2527100.0
182) From what you've read and heard, do you believe there is solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past few decades, or not? (Q53)
TOTAL%
1) Yes202880.3
2) Mixed/some evidence (VOL.)47218.7
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)261.0
TOTAL2526100.0
183) Which statement comes closest to your view about the causes of climate change... IF YES (Q54=1), ASK [N=2,021]: [ROTATE]? (Q54)
TOTAL%
1) Climate change is caused mostly by human activity such as burning fossil fuels149373.6
2) Climate change is mostly caused by natural patterns in the earth's environment51725.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)180.9
Missing506 
TOTAL2028100.0
184) How much harm do you think climate change will cause you personally? A great deal of harm, a moderate amount, only a little, or none at all? ASK ALL: (Q55)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal59823.7
2) A moderate amount88435.0
3) Only a little64725.6
4) None at all37614.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)220.9
TOTAL2527100.0
185) Do you believe that recent United States tariffs on imported goods has benefited the economy, hurt the economy or had no impact one way or the other? (Q56)
TOTAL%
1) Benefitted the economy52320.7
2) Hurt the economy144557.2
3) Had no impact47418.8
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)853.4
TOTAL2527100.0
186) What is your present religion, if any? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, non-denominational, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Reformed, Church of Christ, Jehovah's Witnesses, etc.)64525.5
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)48219.1
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)391.5
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other Orthodox church)70.3
5) Jewish (Judaism)301.2
6) Muslim (Islam)160.6
7) Buddhist220.9
8) Hindu80.3
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)1325.2
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)1315.2
11) Nothing in particular29811.8
12) Just Christian54621.6
13) Unitarian (Universalist)140.6
14) Something else [SPECIFY]1254.9
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web301.2
99) Refused (VOL.)00.0
TOTAL2527100.0
187) [TEXTBOX] What is your present religion, if any? (RELIGOE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
188) Would you describe yourself as a 'born-again' or evangelical Christian, or not? IF CHRISTIAN OR SOMETHING ELSE (RELIG=1-4, 12 OR 14), ASK [N=1,790]: (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes67736.7
2) No115062.3
77) Don't know80.4
98) Skipped on web90.5
99) Refused (VOL.)10.1
Missing737 
TOTAL1845100.0
189) Even if you don't identify as religious, would you say you still feel a connection to a religion as part of your ethnic background or cultural heritage? IF CURRENTLY UNAFFILIATED [RELIG=9,10,11] [N=584] (UNAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27248.4
2) No28951.4
99) Refused (VOL.)10.2
Missing1943 
TOTAL562100.0
190) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services... more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week2218.7
2) Once a week48919.4
3) Once or twice a month2329.2
4) A few times a year43117.1
5) Seldom53421.1
6) Never60123.8
98) Skipped on web190.8
TOTAL2527100.0
191) Thinking about when you were a child, in what religion were you raised, if any? (RELIG2)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant (Baptist, Methodist, non-denominational, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Episcopalian, Reformed, Church of Christ, Jehovah's Witnesses, etc.)96238.1
2) Roman Catholic (Catholic)70828.0
3) Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/LDS)481.9
4) Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other Orthodox church)190.8
5) Jewish (Judaism)441.7
6) Muslim (Islam)170.7
7) Buddhist120.5
8) Hindu120.5
9) Atheist (do not believe in God)150.6
10) Agnostic (not sure if there is a God)100.4
11) Nothing in particular1987.8
12) Just Christian39315.6
13) Unitarian (Universalist)70.3
14) Something else [SPECIFY]602.4
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web200.8
99) Refused (VOL.)00.0
TOTAL2526100.0
192) [TEXTBOX] Thinking about when you were a child, in what religion were you raised, if any? (RELIG2OE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
193) Would you describe the religion you were raised in as a 'born-again' or evangelical Christian religion, or not? IF CHRISTIAN OR SOMETHING ELSE (RELIG2=1-4, 12 OR 14), ASK [N=2,206]: (BORN2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes71132.5
2) No145566.4
77) Don't know120.5
98) Skipped on web130.6
99) Refused (VOL.)00.0
Missing321 
TOTAL2191100.0
194) Which of the following statements comes closest to your view? [READ IN ORDER] (Q57)
TOTAL%
1) America has always been and is currently a Christian nation96238.1
2) America was a Christian nation in the past but is not now107142.4
3) America has never been a Christian nation45117.8
9) Don't know/ Refused (VOL.)441.7
TOTAL2528100.0
195) And do you think this is generally a good thing or a bad thing? IF NO LONGER A CHRISTIAN NATION (Q58=2), ASK [N=1,026]: (Q57A)
TOTAL%
1) Good thing37434.9
2) Bad thing67462.9
9) Don't know/ Refused (VOL.)242.2
Missing1501 
TOTAL1072100.0
196) Even if you do not regularly get your news from the following sources, which of the following do you trust MOST to provide accurate information about politics and current events? [RANDOMIZE ORDER] (Q58)
TOTAL%
1) Fox News47518.8
2) The New York Times1516.0
3) CNN29311.6
4) MSNBC1044.1
5) NPR30312.0
6) USA Today622.5
7) Local television news/local newspapers47918.9
8) The Wall Street Journal813.2
9) The major broadcast networks (ABC, NBC, CBS)58022.9
TOTAL2528100.0
197) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Facebook (Q59_1)
TOTAL%
0) No78130.9
1) Yes174669.1
TOTAL2527100.0
198) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Twitter (Q59_2)
TOTAL%
0) No205081.1
1) Yes47718.9
TOTAL2527100.0
199) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] LinkedIn (Q59_3)
TOTAL%
0) No212183.9
1) Yes40616.1
TOTAL2527100.0
200) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Pinterest (Q59_4)
TOTAL%
0) No198978.7
1) Yes53821.3
TOTAL2527100.0
201) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Tumblr (Q59_5)
TOTAL%
0) No243496.3
1) Yes933.7
TOTAL2527100.0
202) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Instagram (Q59_6)
TOTAL%
0) No164865.2
1) Yes87934.8
TOTAL2527100.0
203) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] YouTube (Q59_7)
TOTAL%
0) No104041.2
1) Yes148758.8
TOTAL2527100.0
204) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Snapchat (Q59_8)
TOTAL%
0) No207282.0
1) Yes45518.0
TOTAL2527100.0
205) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] None of these (Q59_9)
TOTAL%
0) No212183.9
1) Yes40616.1
TOTAL2527100.0
206) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Don't know (Q59_DK)
TOTAL%
0) No2526100.0
1) Yes10.0
TOTAL2527100.0
207) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Skipped (Q59_SKP)
TOTAL%
0) No252299.8
98) [ARDA note: label missing]50.2
TOTAL2527100.0
208) What social media platforms have you used in the last month? [RANDOMIZE OPTIONS 1-8, Check all that apply] Refused (Q59_REF)
TOTAL%
0) No2527100.0
TOTAL2527100.0
209) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Facebook [N=1,764]: (Q60_A)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day106060.7
2) Once a day27916.0
3) A few times a week23413.4
4) Once a week694.0
5) One or two times per month502.9
6) Monthly201.1
7) Less than monthly331.9
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.1
Missing763 
TOTAL1746100.0
210) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Twitter [N=513]: (Q60_B)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day15833.1
2) Once a day8618.0
3) A few times a week7816.4
4) Once a week5711.9
5) One or two times per month469.6
6) Monthly214.4
7) Less than monthly306.3
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.2
Missing2014 
TOTAL477100.0
211) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? LinkedIn [N=457]: (Q60_C)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day266.4
2) Once a day5112.6
3) A few times a week10225.2
4) Once a week7518.5
5) One or two times per month8019.8
6) Monthly245.9
7) Less than monthly4110.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)61.5
Missing2070 
TOTAL405100.0
212) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Pinterest [N=564]: (Q60_D)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day7614.1
2) Once a day6411.9
3) A few times a week17031.6
4) Once a week7313.6
5) One or two times per month7013.0
6) Monthly275.0
7) Less than monthly5710.6
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.2
Missing1963 
TOTAL538100.0
213) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Tumblr [N=84]: (Q60_E)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day2122.8
2) Once a day99.8
3) A few times a week1112.0
4) Once a week1617.4
5) One or two times per month1213.0
6) Monthly55.4
7) Less than monthly1617.4
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)22.2
Missing2443 
TOTAL92100.0
214) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Instagram [N=883]: (Q60_F)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day42047.8
2) Once a day13114.9
3) A few times a week17119.5
4) Once a week424.8
5) One or two times per month687.7
6) Monthly192.2
7) Less than monthly273.1
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)10.1
Missing1644 
TOTAL879100.0
215) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? YouTube [N=1,495]: (Q60_G)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day56137.7
2) Once a day22315.0
3) A few times a week40026.9
4) Once a week1137.6
5) One or two times per month1308.7
6) Monthly231.5
7) Less than monthly322.2
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)60.4
Missing1032 
TOTAL1488100.0
216) How often do you use [fill each selected from Q.62, skip if Q.62=9]? Snapchat [N=452]: (Q60_H)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day21647.5
2) Once a day7115.6
3) A few times a week8418.5
4) Once a week306.6
5) One or two times per month255.5
6) Monthly81.8
7) Less than monthly163.5
9) Don't know/Refused (VOL.)51.1
Missing2075 
TOTAL455100.0
217) Finally, we have just a few questions about you for demographic purposes. In general, would you describe your political views as... [ROTATE LIST ORDER; FORM 1: 1-5; FORM 2: 5-1] (IDEO)
TOTAL%
1) Very conservative2248.9
2) Conservative56022.2
3) Moderate109343.3
4) Liberal43017.0
5) Very liberal1967.8
77) Don't know30.1
98) Skipped on web180.7
99) Refused (VOL.)10.0
TOTAL2525100.0
218) If you were asked to use one of these five names for your social class, which would you say you belong in? [READ IN ORDER] [FORM 1 READ CATEGORIES IN ORDER (1-5); FORM 2 READ IN REVERSE ORDER (5-1)] (CLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Upper class361.4
2) Upper middle class36014.2
3) Middle class103140.8
4) Working Class84833.6
5) Lower class2409.5
77) Don't know20.1
98) Skipped on web90.4
99) Refused (VOL.)10.0
TOTAL2527100.0
219) Which of the following best describes your current employment situation? (EMPLOY2)
TOTAL%
1) Employed full-time107242.4
2) Employed part-time31112.3
3) Retired54221.4
4) A homemaker or stay at home parent1536.1
5) A student943.7
6) Unemployed but looking for work1134.5
7) Unemployed and not looking for work261.0
8) Disabled2058.1
77) Don't know10.0
98) Skipped on web100.4
99) Refused (VOL.)00.0
TOTAL2527100.0
220) Even if you are not currently employed, which of the following best describes how you [IF RETIRED OR UNEMPLOYED (EMPLOY2=3,6,7), ASK: 'got'] [IF EMPLOY2=1,2 INSERT: 'get'] paid? IF EMPLOYED, RETIRED OR UNEMPLOYED (EMPLOY2=1,2,3,6,7), ASK [N=2,135]: (JOBPAY)
TOTAL%
1) Paid an hourly rate107752.1
2) Paid a salary78938.2
3) Paid a job1778.6
77) Don't know90.4
98) Skipped on web130.6
99) Refused (VOL.)10.0
Missing392 
TOTAL2066100.0
221) Start Date/Time (STARTDT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
222) End Date/Time (ENDDT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
223) Time spent in survey, in minutes (DURATION)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL252728.1615.19
224) Survey interview mode (online or phone) (SURV_MODE)
TOTAL%
1) Phone interview2459.7
2) Web interview228290.3
TOTAL2527100.0
225) Survey Interview Language (SURV_LANG)
TOTAL%
1) English249498.7
2) Spanish331.3
TOTAL2527100.0
226) Device (DEVICE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
227) Respondent gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male122048.3
2) Female130751.7
TOTAL2527100.0
228) Respondent age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL252747.5918.04
229) Age - 4 Categories (AGE4)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2952620.8
2) 30-4462424.7
3) 45- 5964225.4
4) 60+73529.1
TOTAL2527100.0
230) Age - 7 Categories (AGE7)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2429311.6
2) 25-3449119.4
3) 35-4436614.5
4) 45-5442316.7
5) 55-6442516.8
6) 65-7434213.5
7) 75+1867.4
TOTAL2526100.0
231) Combined Race/Ethnicity (RACETVHNICITY)
TOTAL%
1) White, non-Hispanic159563.1
2) Black, non-Hispanic30111.9
3) Other, non-Hispanic431.7
4) Hispanic41616.5
5) Two or more, non-Hispanic883.5
6) Asian, non-Hispanic843.3
TOTAL2527100.0
232) Education (Highest Degree Received) (EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education30.1
2) First, second, third, or fourth grade70.3
3) Fifth or sixth grade50.2
4) Seventh or eighth grade150.6
5) Ninth grade321.3
6) 10th grade431.7
7) 11th grade441.7
8) 12th grade, no diploma1154.6
9) High school graduate - high school diploma or the equivalent (GED)71728.4
10) Some college, no degree46018.2
11) Associate degree2419.5
12) Bachelor's degree48819.3
13) Master's degree26110.3
14) Professional or doctorate degree963.8
TOTAL2527100.0
233) 4-level education (EDUC4)
TOTAL%
1) No HS diploma26410.4
2) High school graduate or equivalent71728.4
3) Some college70027.7
4) Bachelors or above84633.5
TOTAL2527100.0
234) Marital status (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married118646.9
2) Widowed1234.9
3) Divorced28511.3
4) Separated542.1
5) Never married64125.4
6) Living with partner2389.4
TOTAL2527100.0
235) Current Employment Status (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Working - as a paid employee122248.4
2) Working - self-employed1997.9
3) Not working - on temporary layoff from a job190.8
4) Not working - looking for work1596.3
5) Not working - retired49619.6
6) Not working - disabled2238.8
7) Not working - other2098.3
TOTAL2527100.0
236) Household income (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $5,000632.5
2) $5,000 to $9,999742.9
3) $10,000 to $14,9991285.1
4) $15,000 to $19,9991234.9
5) $20,000 to $24,9992038.0
6) $25,000 to $29,9991435.7
7) $30,000 to $34,9991295.1
8) $35,000 to $39,9991174.6
9) $40,000 to $44,9992108.3
10) $50,000 to $59,9992208.7
11) $60,000 to $74,9992519.9
12) $75,000 to $84,9991315.2
13) $85,000 to $99,9991887.4
14) $100,000 to $124,9992168.5
15) $125,000 to $149,9991204.7
16) $150,000 to $174,999722.8
17) $175,000 to $199,999421.7
18) $200,000 or more973.8
TOTAL2527100.0
237) State (STATE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL00.000.00
238) 4-level region (REGION4)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast44417.6
2) Midwest52620.8
3) South95737.9
4) West60023.7
TOTAL2527100.0
239) 9-level region (REGION9)
TOTAL%
1) New England1194.7
2) Mid-Atlantic32512.9
3) East North Central36314.4
4) West North Central1636.5
5) South Atlantic51020.2
6) East South Central1475.8
7) West South Central30011.9
8) Mountain1887.4
9) Pacific41216.3
TOTAL2527100.0
240) Metropolitan area flag (METRO)
TOTAL%
0) Non-Metro Area45317.9
1) Metro-Area207482.1
TOTAL2527100.0
241) HH internet access via dial-up, DSL, or cable broadband at home (INTERNET)
TOTAL%
0) Non-internet household38915.4
1) Internet Household213884.6
TOTAL2527100.0
242) Home Ownership (HOUSING)
TOTAL%
1) Owned or being bought by you or someone in your household178270.5
2) Rented for cash67326.6
3) Occupied without payment of cash rent732.9
TOTAL2528100.0
243) Type of building of panelists' residence (HOME_TYPE)
TOTAL%
1) A one-family detached from any other house170967.7
2) A one-family house attached to one or more houses2058.1
3) A building with two or more apartments46818.5
4) A mobile home or trailer1405.5
5) Boat, RV, van, etc.40.2
TOTAL2526100.0
244) Telephone service for the household (PHONESERVICE)
TOTAL%
1) Landing telephone only1666.6
2) Have a landline, but mostly use a cellphone61524.3
3) Have cellphone, but mostly use landline36214.3
4) Cellphone only137154.3
5) No telephone service130.5
TOTAL2527100.0
245) Household size (including children) (HHSIZE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25273.051.67
246) Number of HH members age zero to one (HH01)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25270.020.15
247) Number of HH members age two to five (HH25)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25270.170.54
248) Number of HH members age six to 12 (HH612)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25270.290.80
249) Number of HH members age 13-17 (HH1317)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25270.240.67
250) Number of HH members age 18+ (HH18OV)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL25272.261.39
251) Age - 4 Categories (for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18-2952620.8
2) 30-4462424.7
3) 45- 5964225.4
4) 60+73529.1
TOTAL2527100.0
252) Respondent gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male122048.3
2) Female130751.7
TOTAL2527100.0
253) 4-level region (for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
TOTAL%
1) Northeast44417.6
2) Midwest52620.8
3) South95737.9
4) West60023.7
TOTAL2527100.0
254) Marital status (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married118646.9
2) Widowed, divorced, or separated46218.3
3) Never married64125.4
4) Living with partner2389.4
TOTAL2527100.0
255) 4-level education (for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) No high school diploma26410.4
2) High school graduate or equivalent71728.4
3) Some college70027.7
4) Bachelor's or above84633.5
TOTAL2527100.0
256) What is your present religion, if any? (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant64525.9
2) Catholic48219.3
3) Other26010.4
4) Atheist, agnostic, or nothing in particular56122.5
5) Just Christian54621.9
Missing39 
TOTAL2494100.0