General Social Survey, 2018 - Instructional Dataset

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > General Social Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) GSS year for this respondent (YEAR)
TOTAL%
2018) 2348100.0
TOTAL2348100.0
2) Respondent's ID number (ID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL23481174.5678
3) Last week were you working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (WRKSTAT)
TOTAL%
1) Working full time113448.3
2) Working part time25911.0
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, strike532.3
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work843.6
5) Retired44519.0
6) In school813.5
7) Keeping house24210.3
8) Other482.0
Missing2 
TOTAL2346100.0
4) [If working, full or part time]: How many hours did you work last week, at all jobs? (HRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL138141.28214
5) [If with a job, but not at work]: How many hours a week do you usually work, at all jobs? (HRS2)
TOTAL%
6) 12.1
9) 12.1
10) 12.1
12) 12.1
15) 24.2
18) 12.1
24) 12.1
30) 24.2
35) 36.3
40) 2143.8
41) 12.1
42) 12.1
45) 36.3
50) 714.6
70) 12.1
84) 12.1
Missing2300 
TOTAL48100.0
6) [If retired, in school, keeping house, or other]: Did you ever work for as long as one year? (EVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73990.6
2) No779.4
Missing1532 
TOTAL816100.0
7) Are/were you self-employed or do/did you work for someone else? (WRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed23210.3
2) Someone else202989.7
Missing87 
TOTAL2261100.0
8) Are/were you employed by the federal, state, or local government or by a private employer (including non-profit organizations)? (WRKGOVT)
TOTAL%
1) Government44920.3
2) Private employer176579.7
Missing134 
TOTAL2214100.0
9) Respondent's Census Occupation Code (2010) (OCC10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22584290.52635
10) Respondent's occupational prestige score (2010) (PRESTG10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL224844.68214
11) Respondent's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (PRESTG105PLUS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL224849.44126
12) Respondent's industry code (NAICS 2007) (INDUS10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL22556369.7752695
13) Are you currently married, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARITAL)
TOTAL%
1) Married99842.5
2) Widowed2008.5
3) Divorced40317.2
4) Separated753.2
5) Never married67028.6
Missing2 
TOTAL2346100.0
14) Marital type (MARTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Marriage between a man and a woman99099.3
2) Marriage between people of the same gender70.7
Missing1351 
TOTAL997100.0
15) [If currently married or widowed]: Have you ever been divorced or legally separated? (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes29825.0
2) No89675.0
Missing1154 
TOTAL1194100.0
16) [If currently married, separated, or divorced]: Have you ever been widowed? (WIDOWED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes422.9
2) No143197.1
Missing875 
TOTAL1473100.0
17) Last week, was your wife/husband working full-time, part-time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (SPWRKSTA)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time55255.6
2) Working part-time909.1
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, or strike232.3
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work191.9
5) Retired16116.2
6) In school101.0
7) Keeping house12212.3
8) Other161.6
Missing1355 
TOTAL993100.0
18) [If working, full- or part-time]: How many hours did (he/she) work last week, at all jobs? (SPHRS1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL63742.36714
19) [If with a job, but not at work]: How many hours a week does (he/she) usually work a week, at all jobs? (SPHRS2)
TOTAL%
15) 14.3
25) 14.3
40) 1460.9
42) 14.3
43) 14.3
50) 28.7
55) 14.3
60) 14.3
65) 14.3
Missing2325 
TOTAL23100.0
20) [If retired, in school, keeping house, or other]: Did [your spouse] ever work for as long as one year? (SPEVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes28290.4
2) No309.6
Missing2036 
TOTAL312100.0
21) Last week was your partner working full time, part time, going to school, keeping house, or what? (COWRKSTA)
TOTAL%
1) Working full-time14362.2
2) Working part-time2410.4
3) With a job, but not at work because of temporary illness, vacation, or strike52.2
4) Unemployed, laid off, looking for work104.3
5) Retired167.0
6) In school31.3
7) Keeping house2611.3
8) Other31.3
Missing2118 
TOTAL230100.0
22) Is/was your partner self-employed or does/did they work for somebody else? (COWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed219.6
2) Someone else19890.4
Missing2129 
TOTAL219100.0
23) Partner ever work as long as a year (COEVWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes3879.2
2) No1020.8
Missing2300 
TOTAL48100.0
24) Number of hours partner worked last week (COHRS1)
TOTAL%
4) 10.6
8) 31.9
10) 10.6
15) 21.2
17) 10.6
20) 42.5
22) 10.6
24) 10.6
25) 10.6
28) 10.6
30) 84.9
35) 42.5
36) 53.1
37) 10.6
38) 31.9
40) 6842.0
42) 21.2
44) 10.6
45) 63.7
47) 10.6
48) 42.5
50) 159.3
52) 21.2
55) 53.1
60) 138.0
65) 21.2
68) 10.6
70) 21.2
72) 10.6
80) 10.6
84) 10.6
Missing2186 
TOTAL162100.0
25) Number of hours partner usually works a week (COHRS2)
TOTAL%
32) 125.0
40) 125.0
50) 250.0
Missing2344 
TOTAL4100.0
26) Is/was your spouse self-employed or does/did they work for someone else? (SPWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed11411.9
2) Someone else84588.1
Missing1389 
TOTAL959100.0
27) Spouse's Census Occupation Code (2010) (SPOCC10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL9574163.6042744
28) Spouse's occupational prestige score (2010) (SPPRES10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL116945.35113
29) Spouse's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (SPPRES105PLUS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL116950.91425
30) Spouse's industry code (NAICS 2007) (SPIND10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL9536253.792789
31) Partner's Census Occupational Code (2010) (COOCC10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2184812.1562662
32) Partner's industry code (2010) (COIND10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2186066.6152849
33) Was [your father] self-employed or did he work for someone else? (PAWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed44323.8
2) Someone else141876.2
Missing487 
TOTAL1861100.0
34) Father's Census Occupation Code (2010) (PAOCC10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18465195.8823180
35) Father's occupational prestige score (2010) (PAPRES10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL184244.39313
36) Father's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (PAPRES105PLUS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL185049.10824
37) Father's industry code (NAICS 2007) (PAIND10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18464786.8453218
38) Was [your mother] self-employed or did she work for someone else? (MAWRKSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Self-employed17110.2
2) Someone else150089.8
Missing677 
TOTAL1671100.0
39) Mother's Census Occupation Code (2010) (MAOCC10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16584464.5082232
40) Mother's occupational prestige score (2010) (MAPRES10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL165741.85413
41) Mother's occupational prestige score using threshold method (2010) (MAPRES105PLUS)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL165743.53925
42) Mother's industry code (NAICS 2007) (MAIND10)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL16506671.7372404
43) How many brothers and sisters did you have? Please count those born alive, but no longer living, as well as those alive now. Also include stepbrothers and stepsisters, and children adopted by your parents (SIBS)
TOTAL%
1) 47221.0
2) 48321.5
3) 38417.1
4) 24410.9
5) 1767.8
6) 1476.5
7) 1255.6
8) 763.4
9) 442.0
10) 341.5
11) 190.8
12) 130.6
13) 140.6
14) 50.2
15) 20.1
16) 40.2
17) 10.0
19) 10.0
21) 10.0
23) 10.0
24) 10.0
25) 10.0
Missing100 
TOTAL2248100.0
44) How many children have you ever had? Please count all that were born alive at any time (including any you had from a previous marriage) (CHILDS)
TOTAL%
0) 066328.3
1) 134914.9
2) 262326.6
3) 338316.3
4) 41667.1
5) 5743.2
6) 6472.0
7) 7231.0
8) Eight or more160.7
Missing4 
TOTAL2344100.0
45) Respondent's age (AGE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL234148.97118
46) How old were you when your first child was born? (AGEKDBRN)
TOTAL%
12) 10.1
13) 20.1
14) 60.4
15) 201.2
16) 352.1
17) 704.2
18) 965.8
19) 1317.9
20) 1267.6
21) 1428.5
22) 1136.8
23) 1016.1
24) 1156.9
25) 1207.2
26) 633.8
27) 674.0
28) 875.2
29) 593.5
30) 835.0
31) 372.2
32) 432.6
33) 382.3
34) 201.2
35) 281.7
36) 90.5
37) 100.6
38) 100.6
39) 70.4
40) 100.6
41) 40.2
42) 30.2
43) 20.1
44) 10.1
45) 10.1
46) 10.1
47) 30.2
50) 10.1
51) 10.1
Missing682 
TOTAL1666100.0
47) Respondent's education? (EDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling40.2
1) 1st grade20.1
2) 2nd grade40.2
3) 3rd grade100.4
4) 4th grade50.2
5) 5th grade30.1
6) 6th grade200.9
7) 7th grade80.3
8) 8th grade351.5
9) 9th grade512.2
10) 10th grade652.8
11) 11th grade954.1
12) 12th grade65728.0
13) 1 year of college1837.8
14) 2 years of college31313.3
15) 3 years of college1275.4
16) 4 years of college43018.3
17) 5 years of college974.1
18) 6 years of college1195.1
19) 7 years of college451.9
20) 8 years of college723.1
Missing3 
TOTAL2345100.0
48) Respondent's father's (father substitute's) education (PAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling422.5
1) 1st grade10.1
2) 2nd grade120.7
3) 3rd grade332.0
4) 4th grade150.9
5) 5th grade251.5
6) 6th grade643.8
7) 7th grade332.0
8) 8th grade1126.6
9) 9th grade472.8
10) 10th grade543.2
11) 11th grade503.0
12) 12th grade59635.3
13) 1 year of college553.3
14) 2 years of college1368.1
15) 3 years of college291.7
16) 4 years of college23814.1
17) 5 years of college191.1
18) 6 years of college653.9
19) 7 years of college130.8
20) 8 years of college482.8
Missing661 
TOTAL1687100.0
49) Respondent's mother's (substitute mother's) education (MAEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling522.5
1) 1st grade60.3
2) 2nd grade100.5
3) 3rd grade261.2
4) 4th grade190.9
5) 5th grade331.6
6) 6th grade673.2
7) 7th grade281.3
8) 8th grade984.7
9) 9th grade653.1
10) 10th grade703.4
11) 11th grade693.3
12) 12th grade82639.5
13) 1 year of college713.4
14) 2 years of college20810.0
15) 3 years of college432.1
16) 4 years of college27813.3
17) 5 years of college241.1
18) 6 years of college592.8
19) 7 years of college70.3
20) 8 years of college301.4
Missing259 
TOTAL2089100.0
50) Respondent's spouse's education (SPEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling20.2
1) 1st grade10.1
2) 2nd grade10.1
3) 3rd grade20.2
4) 4th grade10.1
5) 5th grade40.4
6) 6th grade191.9
7) 7th grade30.3
8) 8th grade60.6
9) 9th grade181.8
10) 10th grade262.6
11) 11th grade434.4
12) 12th grade27027.3
13) 1 year of college636.4
14) 2 years of college11511.6
15) 3 years of college393.9
16) 4 years of college22122.4
17) 5 years of college282.8
18) 6 years of college787.9
19) 7 years of college171.7
20) 8 years of college313.1
Missing1360 
TOTAL988100.0
51) Respondent's partner's education (COEDUC)
TOTAL%
0) No formal schooling10.4
6) 6th grade31.3
7) 7th grade20.9
8) 8th grade10.4
9) 9th grade10.4
10) 10th grade104.5
11) 11th grade146.3
12) 12th grade8035.7
13) 1 year of college167.1
14) 2 years of college3214.3
15) 3 years of college94.0
16) 4 years of college3817.0
17) 5 years of college62.7
18) 6 years of college73.1
19) 7 years of college10.4
20) 8 years of college31.3
Missing2124 
TOTAL224100.0
52) Partner's highest degree (CODEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school3113.6
1) High school12755.7
2) Associate/Junior college167.0
3) Bachelor's4017.5
4) Graduate146.1
Missing2120 
TOTAL228100.0
53) Respondent's degree (DEGREE)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school26211.2
1) High school117850.2
2) Associate/Junior college1968.3
3) Bachelor's46519.8
4) Graduate24710.5
TOTAL2348100.0
54) Respondent's father's (substitute father's) degree (PADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school53230.1
1) High school79945.3
2) Associate/Junior college704.0
3) Bachelor's20611.7
4) Graduate1589.0
Missing583 
TOTAL1765100.0
55) Respondent's mother's (substitute mother's) degree (MADEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school58927.2
1) High school104848.3
2) Associate/Junior college1416.5
3) Bachelor's27212.5
4) Graduate1185.4
Missing180 
TOTAL2168100.0
56) Respondent's spouse's degree (SPDEG)
TOTAL%
0) Less than high school11211.3
1) High school44344.6
2) Associate/Junior college798.0
3) Bachelor's22122.3
4) Graduate13813.9
Missing1355 
TOTAL993100.0
57) What was your major or field of study when you received your (respondent's college degree) degree? First mention (MAJOR1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL91030.61621
58) What was your major or field of study when you received your (respondent's college degree) degree? Second mention (MAJOR2)
TOTAL%
1) Accounting/Bookkeeping96.1
3) Agriculture/Horticulture10.7
7) Art10.7
8) Biology42.7
9) Business administration96.1
11) Chemistry42.7
12) Communications/Speech21.4
13) Comm. Disorders10.7
14) Computer science106.8
15) Dentistry10.7
16) Education1510.2
17) Economics42.7
19) English74.8
20) Finance42.7
21) Foreign language32.0
23) Geography10.7
25) History85.4
28) Journalism21.4
29) Law21.4
31) Library science10.7
32) Marketing64.1
33) Mathematics117.5
35) Music21.4
36) Nursing10.7
40) Physical education10.7
43) Political science/International relations10.7
44) Sociology10.7
47) Theology21.4
49) Liberal arts21.4
50) Other74.8
51) General sciences21.4
54) Other vocational10.7
55) Health53.4
57) Child/Human/Family development10.7
59) Environmental science/Ecology10.7
61) Human services/Human resources32.0
63) Fine arts21.4
65) Ethnic studies10.7
70) Criminology/Criminal justice42.7
73) Urban and regional planning10.7
74) Mechanics/Machine trade10.7
76) Gerontology10.7
80) Information technology10.7
Missing2201 
TOTAL147100.0
59) Was that a diploma awarded by your high school at graduation at the end of 12th grade, a GED awarded after you took a test, or something else? (DIPGED)
TOTAL%
1) High school diploma189190.9
2) GED1838.8
3) Other30.1
5) High school diploma after post high school class30.1
Missing268 
TOTAL2080100.0
60) Respondent's sex (SEX)
TOTAL%
1) Male105244.8
2) Female129655.2
TOTAL2348100.0
61) What race do you consider yourself? (RACE)
TOTAL%
1) White169372.1
2) Black38516.4
3) Other27011.5
TOTAL2348100.0
62) Which of the categories on this card comes closest to the type of place you were living in when you were 16 years old? (RES16)
TOTAL%
1) In open country but not on a farm25510.9
2) On a farm1546.6
3) In a small city or town (under 50,000)77433.0
4) In a medium-size city (50,000-250,000)45019.2
5) In a suburb near a large city32413.8
6) In a large city (over 250,000)39116.7
TOTAL2348100.0
63) In what state or foreign country were you living when you were 16 years old? [Refer to region codes below and enter code numbers in box] (REG16)
TOTAL%
0) Foreign country2179.2
1) New England1154.9
2) Middle Atlantic26811.4
3) East North Central40517.2
4) West North Central1506.4
5) South Atlantic39716.9
6) East South Central1476.3
7) West South Central2309.8
8) Mountain1164.9
9) Pacific30312.9
TOTAL2348100.0
64) When you were 16 years old, were you living in this same (city/town/county)? (MOBILE16)
TOTAL%
1) Same state, same city88037.5
2) Same state, different city61826.3
3) Different state85036.2
TOTAL2348100.0
65) Were you living with both your own mother and father around the time you were 16? [If no: With whom were you living around that time?] (FAMILY16)
TOTAL%
0) Other652.8
1) Both own mother and father149963.9
2) Father and stepmother371.6
3) Mother and stepfather1506.4
4) Father only743.2
5) Mother only41117.5
6) Some other male relative (no female head)90.4
7) Some other female relative (no male head)462.0
8) Other arrangement with relatives (e.g., aunt and uncle, grandparents)562.4
Missing1 
TOTAL2347100.0
66) [If not living with both own mother and father]: What happened? (FAMDIF16)
TOTAL%
1) One or both parents died15718.8
2) Parents divorced or separated48357.8
3) Father absent in armed forces70.8
4) One or both parents in institution161.9
5) Other17320.7
Missing1512 
TOTAL836100.0
67) Did your mother ever work for pay for as long as a year, while you were growing up? (MAWRKGRW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes167574.6
2) No57125.4
Missing102 
TOTAL2246100.0
68) Thinking about the time when you were 16 years old, compared with American families, in general, then would you say your family income was far below average, below average, average, above average, or far above average? (INCOM16)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average24510.6
2) Below average64127.8
3) Average99543.2
4) Above average37116.1
5) Far above average502.2
Missing46 
TOTAL2302100.0
69) Were you born in this country? (BORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes204587.1
2) No30212.9
Missing1 
TOTAL2347100.0
70) Were both your parents born in this country? (PARBORN)
TOTAL%
0) Both born in U.S.182377.8
1) Mother yes, father no723.1
2) Mother no, father yes622.6
3) Mother yes, father don't know70.3
4) Mother no, father don't know30.1
7) Don't know for both40.2
8) Neither born in U.S.37115.8
Missing6 
TOTAL2342100.0
71) How many grandparents were born outside the United States? (GRANBORN)
TOTAL%
0) All in the U.S.133360.2
1) One1245.6
2) Two23610.7
3) Three602.7
4) Four46120.8
Missing134 
TOTAL2214100.0
72) Number of persons in household (HOMPOP)
TOTAL%
1) 66928.5
2) 89037.9
3) 34214.6
4) 28712.2
5) 1054.5
6) 321.4
7) 120.5
8) 50.2
9) 30.1
10) 10.0
11) 20.1
TOTAL2348100.0
73) Number of members under six years of age (BABIES)
TOTAL%
0) 207389.4
1) 1858.0
2) 532.3
3) 70.3
5) 10.0
Missing29 
TOTAL2319100.0
74) Number of members six to 12 years (PRETEEN)
TOTAL%
0) 204788.3
1) 1837.9
2) 723.1
3) 120.5
4) 50.2
Missing29 
TOTAL2319100.0
75) Number of members 13 to 17 years old (TEENS)
TOTAL%
0) 207489.2
1) 1868.0
2) 592.5
3) 50.2
Missing24 
TOTAL2324100.0
76) Number of members over 17 years old (ADULTS)
TOTAL%
1) 177533.0
2) 2119650.9
3) 325410.8
4) 41064.5
5) 5120.5
6) 620.1
7) 720.1
8) Eight or more10.0
TOTAL2348100.0
77) How many persons in the household are not related to you in any way? (UNRELAT)
TOTAL%
0) 0131586.4
1) 115710.3
2) 2281.8
3) 3130.9
4) 440.3
6) 630.2
7) 710.1
8) Eight or more10.1
Missing826 
TOTAL1522100.0
78) Just thinking about your family now - those people in the household who are related to you...how many persons in the family, including yourself, earned any money last year from any job or employment? (EARNRS)
TOTAL%
0) None42318.1
1) One89138.1
2) Two76232.6
3) Three1817.7
4) Four652.8
5) Five100.4
6) Six10.0
7) Seven20.1
8) Eight or more10.0
Missing12 
TOTAL2336100.0
79) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes, that is? (INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000371.9
2) $1,000 to 2,999281.4
3) $3,000 to 3,999191.0
4) $4,000 to 4,999140.7
5) $5,000 to 5,999140.7
6) $6,000 to 6,99990.5
7) $7,000 to 7,999130.7
8) $8,000 to 9,999422.1
9) $10,000 to 14,9991427.2
10) $15,000 to 19,999814.1
11) $20,000 to 24,9991407.1
12) $25,000 or over144472.8
Missing365 
TOTAL1983100.0
80) [If respondent earned any income from [OCCUPATION DESCRIBED IN OCC-INDUSTRY] in the previous year] In which of these groups did your earnings from [OCCUPATION IN OCC] for last year fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions (RINCOME)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000332.5
2) $1,000 to 2,999322.4
3) $3,000 to 3,999322.4
4) $4,000 to 4,999211.6
5) $5,000 to 5,999211.6
6) $6,000 to 6,999120.9
7) $7,000 to 7,999181.4
8) $8,000 to 9,999332.5
9) $10,000 to 14,999947.1
10) $15,000 to 19,999614.6
11) $20,000 to 24,9991078.1
12) $25,000 or over85164.7
Missing1033 
TOTAL1315100.0
81) In which of these groups did your total family income, from all sources, fall last year before taxes, that is? (INCOME16)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000331.5
2) $1,000 to $2,999271.3
3) $3,000 to $3,999190.9
4) $4,000 to $4,999140.7
5) $5,000 to $5,999150.7
6) $6,000 to $6,99990.4
7) $7,000 to $7,999130.6
8) $8,000 to $9,999411.9
9) $10,000 to $12,499703.3
10) $12,500 to $14,999703.3
11) $15,000 to $17,499442.0
12) $17,500 to $19,999371.7
13) $20,000 to $22,499653.0
14) $22,500 to $24,999773.6
15) $25,000 to $29,999803.7
16) $30,000 to $34,9991165.4
17) $35,000 to $39,9991014.7
18) $40,000 to $49,9991597.4
19) $50,000 to $59,9991878.7
20) $60,000 to $74,99921510.0
21) $75,000 to $89,9991677.8
22) $90,000 to $109,9991456.7
23) $110,000 to $129,9991285.9
24) $130,000 to $149,999773.6
25) $150,000 to $169,999723.3
26) $170,000 or over1717.9
Missing196 
TOTAL2152100.0
82) In which of these groups did your earnings from all sources for [last year] fall? That is, before taxes or other deductions (RINCOM16)
TOTAL%
1) Under $1,000332.4
2) $1,000 to $2,999322.3
3) $3,000 to $3,999322.3
4) $4,000 to $4,999211.5
5) $5,000 to $5,999211.5
6) $6,000 to $6,999120.9
7) $7,000 to $7,999181.3
8) $8,000 to $9,999332.4
9) $10,000 to $12,499483.5
10) $12,500 to $14,999463.4
11) $15,000 to $17,499251.8
12) $17,500 to $19,999362.6
13) $20,000 to $22,499614.5
14) $22,500 to $24,999463.4
15) $25,000 to $29,999735.4
16) $30,000 to $34,999967.0
17) $35,000 to $39,999815.9
18) $40,000 to $49,99913610.0
19) $50,000 to $59,9991148.4
20) $60,000 to $74,9991148.4
21) $75,000 to $89,999815.9
22) $90,000 to $109,999674.9
23) $110,000 to $129,999433.2
24) $130,000 to $149,999322.3
25) $150,000 to $169,999141.0
26) $170,000 or over483.5
Missing985 
TOTAL1363100.0
83) Region of interview (REGION)
TOTAL%
1) New England1245.3
2) Middle Atlantic2329.9
3) East North Central38816.5
4) West North Central1255.3
5) South Atlantic51321.8
6) East South Central1636.9
7) West South Central27711.8
8) Mountain1837.8
9) Pacific34314.6
TOTAL2348100.0
84) Expanded NORC size code (XNORCSIZ)
TOTAL%
1) Within an SMSA and a large central city (over 250,000)42818.2
2) Within an SMSA and a medium size central city (50,000 to 250,000)38216.3
3) Within an SMSA and a suburb of a large central city49321.0
4) Within an SMSA and a suburb of a medium size central city25710.9
5) Within an SMSA and an unincorporated area of a large central city (diversion, township, etc.)24710.5
6) Within an SMSA and an unincorporated area of a medium central city2119.0
7) Not within an SMSA, (within a county) and a small city (10,000 to 49,999)622.6
8) Not within an SMSA, a town or village (2,500 to 9,999)813.4
9) Not within an SMSA, an incorporated area less than 2,500 or an unincorporated area of 1,000 to 2,499301.3
10) Open country within larger civil divisions, e.g., township, division1576.7
TOTAL2348100.0
85) SRC (Survey Research Center, University of Michigan) new belt code (SRCBELT)
TOTAL%
1) Central city of 12 largest SMSAs2339.9
2) Central city of remainder of the 100 largest SMSAs34514.7
3) Suburbs of 12 largest SMSAs33214.1
4) Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest SMSAs43818.7
5) Other urban (counties having towns of 10,000 or more)74131.6
6) Other rural (counties having no towns of 10,000 or more)25911.0
TOTAL2348100.0
86) Size of place in thousands is a 4 digit code which provides actual size of place of interview. Remember when using this code to add 3 zeros. (Size of place in 1000s) (SIZE)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2348336.9061159
87) Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Republican, Democrat, Independent, or what? (PARTYID)
TOTAL%
0) Strong Democrat37916.4
1) Not very strong Democrat35215.2
2) Independent, close to Democrat30713.3
3) Independent (Neither, No response)41417.9
4) Independent, close to Republican25911.2
5) Not very strong Republican27211.7
6) Strong Republican25511.0
7) Other party, refused to say773.3
Missing33 
TOTAL2315100.0
88) In 2012, you remember that Obama ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Romney for the Republicans. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (VOTE12)
TOTAL%
1) Voted148864.6
2) Did not vote56524.5
3) Ineligible25210.9
Missing43 
TOTAL2305100.0
89) Did you vote for Obama or Romney? (PRES12)
TOTAL%
1) Obama92564.9
2) Romney47333.2
3) Other candidate (specify)201.4
4) Didn't vote for president80.6
Missing922 
TOTAL1426100.0
90) Who would you have voted for, for president, if you had voted? (2012 election) (IF12WHO)
TOTAL%
1) Obama50067.9
2) Romney12617.1
3) Other11014.9
Missing1612 
TOTAL736100.0
91) In 2016, you remember that Clinton ran for President on the Democratic ticket against Trump for the Republicans. Do you remember for sure whether or not you voted in that election? (VOTE16)
TOTAL%
1) Voted152365.8
2) Did not vote65828.4
3) Ineligible1325.7
Missing35 
TOTAL2313100.0
92) Did you vote for Clinton or Trump? (PRES16)
TOTAL%
1) Clinton76452.8
2) Trump57739.8
3) Other candidate (specify)876.0
4) Didn't vote for president201.4
Missing900 
TOTAL1448100.0
93) Who would you have voted for, for president, if you had voted? (2016 election) (IF16WHO)
TOTAL%
1) Clinton34847.0
2) Trump16322.0
3) Other22930.9
Missing1608 
TOTAL740100.0
94) We hear a lot of talk these days about liberals and conservatives. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the political views that people might hold are arranged from extremely liberal (point 1) to extremely conservative (point 7). Where would you place yourself on this scale? (POLVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely liberal1225.4
2) Liberal27812.4
3) Slightly liberal25611.4
4) Moderate, middle of the road85538.1
5) Slightly conservative28312.6
6) Conservative35415.8
7) Extremely conservative994.4
Missing101 
TOTAL2247100.0
95) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. A. Space exploration program (NATSPAC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little23022.4
2) About right52851.3
3) Too much27126.3
Missing1319 
TOTAL1029100.0
96) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving and protecting the environment (NATENVIR)
TOTAL%
1) Too little79068.3
2) About right28424.5
3) Too much837.2
Missing1191 
TOTAL1157100.0
97) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving and protecting the nation's health (NATHEAL)
TOTAL%
1) Too little83972.6
2) About right25922.4
3) Too much585.0
Missing1192 
TOTAL1156100.0
98) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Solving the problems of the big cities (NATCITY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little57354.1
2) About right36534.5
3) Too much12111.4
Missing1289 
TOTAL1059100.0
99) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Halting the rising crime rate (NATCRIME)
TOTAL%
1) Too little77168.0
2) About right28525.2
3) Too much776.8
Missing1215 
TOTAL1133100.0
100) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Dealing with drug addiction (NATDRUG)
TOTAL%
1) Too little80870.3
2) About right24521.3
3) Too much978.4
Missing1198 
TOTAL1150100.0
101) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving the nation's education system (NATEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little88575.3
2) About right22218.9
3) Too much685.8
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
102) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Improving the conditions of Blacks (NATRACE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little60556.1
2) About right38635.8
3) Too much878.1
Missing1270 
TOTAL1078100.0
103) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. The military, armaments, and defense (NATARMS)
TOTAL%
1) Too little37332.7
2) About right46540.8
3) Too much30326.6
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
104) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Foreign aid (NATAID)
TOTAL%
1) Too little18316.8
2) About right39436.2
3) Too much51247.0
Missing1259 
TOTAL1089100.0
105) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Welfare (NATFARE)
TOTAL%
1) Too little28525.2
2) About right40735.9
3) Too much44138.9
Missing1215 
TOTAL1133100.0
106) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Highways and bridges (NATROAD)
TOTAL%
1) Too little128355.6
2) About right81735.4
3) Too much2099.1
Missing39 
TOTAL2309100.0
107) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Social Security (NATSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Too little138161.9
2) About right74833.5
3) Too much1014.5
Missing118 
TOTAL2230100.0
108) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Mass transportation (NATMASS)
TOTAL%
1) Too little88740.4
2) About right112151.1
3) Too much1878.5
Missing153 
TOTAL2195100.0
109) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Parks and recreation (NATPARK)
TOTAL%
1) Too little83936.7
2) About right134658.8
3) Too much1034.5
Missing60 
TOTAL2288100.0
110) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance for childcare (NATCHLD)
TOTAL%
1) Too little134560.7
2) About right74733.7
3) Too much1235.6
Missing133 
TOTAL2215100.0
111) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Supporting scientific research (NATSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Too little98644.6
2) About right102646.4
3) Too much1978.9
Missing139 
TOTAL2209100.0
112) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Developing alternate energy sources (NATENRGY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little127757.2
2) About right78835.3
3) Too much1697.6
Missing114 
TOTAL2234100.0
113) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Space exploration - (Version Y) (NATSPACY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little26425.0
2) About right51548.7
3) Too much27826.3
Missing1291 
TOTAL1057100.0
114) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. The environment - (Version Y) (NATENVIY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little76368.2
2) About right25522.8
3) Too much1019.0
Missing1229 
TOTAL1119100.0
115) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Health - (Version Y) (NATHEALY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little80270.5
2) About right22019.3
3) Too much11610.2
Missing1210 
TOTAL1138100.0
116) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to big cities - (Version Y) (NATCITYY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little24223.7
2) About right43342.5
3) Too much34433.8
Missing1329 
TOTAL1019100.0
117) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Law enforcement - (Version Y) (NATCRIMY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little61555.1
2) About right37934.0
3) Too much12210.9
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
118) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Drug rehabilitation - (Version Y) (NATDRUGY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little74667.1
2) About right25523.0
3) Too much1109.9
Missing1237 
TOTAL1111100.0
119) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Education - (Version Y) (NATEDUCY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little90478.5
2) About right18115.7
3) Too much665.7
Missing1197 
TOTAL1151100.0
120) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to blacks - (Version Y) (NATRACEY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little50749.4
2) About right37936.9
3) Too much14013.6
Missing1322 
TOTAL1026100.0
121) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. National defense - (Version Y) (NATARMSY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little34130.6
2) About right44940.3
3) Too much32529.1
Missing1233 
TOTAL1115100.0
122) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to other countries - (Version Y) (NATAIDY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little14913.5
2) About right30527.6
3) Too much65359.0
Missing1241 
TOTAL1107100.0
123) We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. Assistance to the poor - (Version Y) (NATFAREY)
TOTAL%
1) Too little82572.9
2) About right22820.1
3) Too much797.0
Missing1216 
TOTAL1132100.0
124) Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel? (EQWLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor34722.5
2) 215410.0
3) 327217.7
4) 426016.9
5) 522114.4
6) 61197.7
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences16610.8
Missing809 
TOTAL1539100.0
125) Do you consider the amount of federal income tax which you have to pay as too high, about right or too low? (TAX)
TOTAL%
1) Too high82954.1
2) About right66443.4
3) Too low382.5
Missing817 
TOTAL1531100.0
126) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your city/town/community against churches and religion, should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKATH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak125380.2
2) Not allowed30919.8
Missing786 
TOTAL1562100.0
127) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (COLATH)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach102166.9
5) Not allowed50533.1
Missing822 
TOTAL1526100.0
128) There are always some people whose ideas are considered bad or dangerous by other people. For instance, somebody who is against churches and religion. If some people in your community suggested a book he wrote against churches and religion should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (LIBATH)
TOTAL%
1) Remove32721.3
2) Not remove121178.7
Missing810 
TOTAL1538100.0
129) Consider a person who believes that blacks are genetically inferior. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community claiming that blacks are inferior, should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak89157.9
2) Not allowed64842.1
Missing809 
TOTAL1539100.0
130) Consider a person who believes that blacks are genetically inferior. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (COLRAC)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach65142.7
5) Not allowed87257.3
Missing825 
TOTAL1523100.0
131) Consider a person who believes that blacks are genetically inferior. If some people in your community suggested that a book he wrote which said blacks are inferior should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (LIBRAC)
TOTAL%
1) Remove59038.3
2) Not remove95261.7
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
132) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose this admitted communist wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak105570.0
2) Not allowed45330.0
Missing840 
TOTAL1508100.0
133) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose he is teaching in a college. Should he be fired or not? (COLCOM)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, fired51034.8
5) Not fired95565.2
Missing883 
TOTAL1465100.0
134) Now, I should like to ask you some questions about a man who admits he is a communist. Suppose he wrote a book which is in your public library. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it or not? (LIBCOM)
TOTAL%
1) Remove39526.2
2) Not remove111073.8
Missing843 
TOTAL1505100.0
135) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community, should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak110571.6
2) Not allowed43828.4
Missing805 
TOTAL1543100.0
136) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (COLMIL)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach88858.2
5) Not allowed63741.8
Missing823 
TOTAL1525100.0
137) Consider a person who advocates doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Suppose he wrote a book advocating doing away with elections and letting the military run the country. Somebody in your community suggests that the book should be removed from the library. Would you favor removing it or not? (LIBMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Remove40226.2
2) Not remove113573.8
Missing811 
TOTAL1537100.0
138) What about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Suppose this admitted homosexual wanted to make a speech in your community. Should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed to speak138188.9
2) Not allowed17311.1
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
139) Consider a man who admits that he is a homosexual? Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (COLHOMO)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed to teach135287.7
5) Not allowed19012.3
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
140) What about a man who admits that he is a homosexual? If somebody in your community suggests that a book he wrote in favor of homosexuality should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (LIBHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Remove23915.5
2) Not remove130584.5
Missing804 
TOTAL1544100.0
141) Now consider a Muslim clergyman who preaches hatred of the United States. If such a person wanted to make a speech in your community preaching hatred of the United States, should he be allowed to speak or not? (SPKMSLM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, allowed71546.2
2) Not allowed83253.8
Missing801 
TOTAL1547100.0
142) Consider a Muslim clergyman who preaches hatred of the United States. Should such a person be allowed to teach in a college or university or not? (COLMSLM)
TOTAL%
4) Yes, allowed50833.2
5) Not allowed102366.8
Missing817 
TOTAL1531100.0
143) If some people in your community suggested that a book [a Muslim clergyman] wrote which preaches hatred of the United States should be taken out of your public library, would you favor removing this book or not? (LIBMSLM)
TOTAL%
1) Remove77550.0
2) Not remove77650.0
Missing797 
TOTAL1551100.0
144) Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (CAPPUN)
TOTAL%
1) Favor138563.2
2) Oppose80836.8
Missing155 
TOTAL2193100.0
145) Would you favor or oppose a law which would require a person to obtain a police permit before he or she could buy a gun? (GUNLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Favor110271.5
2) Oppose43928.5
Missing807 
TOTAL1541100.0
146) In general, do you think the courts in this area deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals? (COURTS)
TOTAL%
1) Too harshly44621.7
2) Not harshly enough125360.9
3) About right35717.4
Missing292 
TOTAL2056100.0
147) Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal or not? (GRASS)
TOTAL%
1) Should93864.8
2) Should not50935.2
Missing901 
TOTAL1447100.0
148) What is your religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion? (RELIG)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask DENOM]113948.9
2) Catholic49321.2
3) Jewish391.7
4) None54223.3
5) Other (specify)321.4
6) Buddhism190.8
7) Hinduism80.3
8) Other Eastern Religions10.0
9) Muslim/Islam160.7
10) Orthodox Christian60.3
11) Christian301.3
12) Native American10.0
13) Inter-/non-denominational10.0
Missing21 
TOTAL2327100.0
149) [If respondent answered 'Protestant' as their religious preference for variable RELIG] What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association242.1
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.161.4
12) National Baptist Convention of America40.3
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.30.3
14) Southern Baptist Convention12210.6
15) Other Baptist churches201.7
18) Baptist, Don't know which14712.8
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church60.5
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church40.3
22) United Methodist Church948.2
23) Other Methodist churches50.4
28) Methodist, Don't know which262.3
30) American Lutheran Church111.0
31) Lutheran Church in America10.1
32) Lutheran Church Missouri Synod201.7
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod70.6
34) Other Lutheran churches30.3
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America131.1
38) Lutheran, don't know which302.6
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.90.8
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.10.1
42) Other Presbyterian churches60.5
43) Presbyterian merged100.9
48) Presbyterian, don't know302.6
50) Episcopal262.3
60) Other-specify24821.5
70) No denomination given or non-denominational church26623.1
Missing1196 
TOTAL1152100.0
150) Other Protestant denominations (OTHER)
TOTAL%
9) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.4
11) Spiritualist20.8
12) Assembly of God104.1
13) Free Methodist10.4
16) Free Will Baptist52.0
20) Brethren Church, Brethren10.4
31) Christian; Central Christian218.5
32) Christian Reform10.4
33) Christian Scientist20.8
35) Church of Christ135.3
36) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)52.0
37) Church of God in Christ31.2
40) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation62.4
42) Covenant10.4
44) Disciples of Christ31.2
45) Evangelical, Evangelist104.1
46) Evangelical Reformed10.4
52) Full Gospel10.4
56) Holiness; Church of Holiness72.8
58) Jehovah's Witnesses135.3
63) Mennonite10.4
64) Mormon2610.6
65) Nazarene31.2
68) Pentecostal4317.5
69) Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal62.4
70) Quaker20.8
71) Reformed41.6
77) Seventh-day Adventist145.7
79) United Holiness10.4
80) Unitarian, Universalist52.0
81) United Church of Christ83.3
83) Wesleyan31.2
93) Missionary Baptist83.3
100) Grace Brethren20.8
107) Apostolic Christian10.4
116) Church of the First Born10.4
138) Apostolic Church10.4
141) New Birth Christian10.4
208) Calvary20.8
210) Ethiopian Evangelical Church10.4
211) Disciple of Jesus10.4
212) Scandinavian Church10.4
213) Hebrew Roots20.8
214) Hebrew Israelites10.4
215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.4
Missing2102 
TOTAL246100.0
151) Do you consider yourself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (JEW)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox37.9
2) Conservative821.1
3) Reform1642.1
4) None of these923.7
5) Other25.3
Missing2310 
TOTAL38100.0
152) Fundamentalism/Liberalism of respondent's religion (FUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist54424.5
2) Moderate88239.7
3) Liberal79735.9
Missing125 
TOTAL2223100.0
153) How often do you attend religious services? (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
0) Never71630.7
1) Less than once a year1375.9
2) About once a year30012.9
3) Several times a year23910.2
4) About once a month1466.3
5) Two to three times a month1868.0
6) Nearly every week883.8
7) Every week39116.8
8) Several times a week1295.5
Missing16 
TOTAL2332100.0
154) Would you call yourself a strong [religious preference] or a not very strong [religious preference]? (RELITEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strong80234.7
2) Not very strong86937.6
3) Somewhat strong1014.4
4) No religion54223.4
Missing34 
TOTAL2314100.0
155) Do you believe there is a life after death? (POSTLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes172081.0
2) No40319.0
Missing225 
TOTAL2123100.0
156) About how often do you pray? (PRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Several times a day69129.6
2) Once a day67428.9
3) Several times a week2159.2
4) Once a week1446.2
5) Less than once a week25110.8
6) Never35815.3
Missing15 
TOTAL2333100.0
157) We are interested in what American Catholics think about religious matters. Please select the answer from this card that comes closest to your own personal opinion about the following statement: Under certain conditions, the pope is infallible when he speaks on matters of faith and morals. (POPESPKS)
TOTAL%
1) Certainly true10722.1
2) Probably true15932.9
3) Uncertain if true or false16734.5
4) Probably false347.0
5) Certainly false173.5
Missing1864 
TOTAL484100.0
158) In what religion were you raised? (RELIG16)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask DENOM16]123753.0
2) Catholic73231.4
3) Jewish421.8
4) None24110.3
5) Other100.4
6) Buddhism110.5
7) Hinduism120.5
9) Muslim/Islam170.7
10) Orthodox-Christian140.6
11) Christian140.6
12) Native American20.1
Missing16 
TOTAL2332100.0
159) In what religion were you raised? [If Protestant] What specific denomination is that, if any? (DENOM16)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association282.3
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A191.5
12) National Baptist Convention of America50.4
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.10.1
14) Southern Baptist Convention16813.7
15) Other Baptist churches342.8
18) Baptist, don't know which22218.1
20) African Methodist Episcopal Church100.8
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church10.1
22) United Methodist Church1008.2
23) Other Methodist Churches50.4
28) Methodist, Don't know which393.2
30) American Lutheran Church121.0
31) Lutheran Church in America20.2
32) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod211.7
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod50.4
34) Other Lutheran churches40.3
35) Evangelical Lutheran90.7
38) Lutheran, don't know which544.4
40) Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.131.1
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.50.4
42) Other Presbyterian churches60.5
43) Presbyterian, merged50.4
48) Presbyterian, don't know which332.7
50) Episcopal Church373.0
60) Other23719.3
70) No denomination given or non-denominational church15112.3
Missing1122 
TOTAL1226100.0
160) Other Protestant denominations (OTH16)
TOTAL%
6) New Testament Christian10.4
9) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.4
12) Assembly of God62.5
13) Free Methodist10.4
16) Free Will Baptist73.0
20) Brethren Church, Brethren20.8
31) Christian; Central Christian187.6
32) Christian Reform10.4
33) Christian Scientist41.7
35) Church of Christ187.6
36) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)52.1
37) Church of God in Christ31.3
40) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation114.6
42) Covenant20.8
43) Dutch Reform10.4
44) Disciples of Christ41.7
45) Evangelical, Evangelist73.0
46) Evangelical Reformed10.4
56) Holiness; Church of Holiness93.8
58) Jehovah's Witnesses218.9
63) Mennonite20.8
64) Mormon3113.1
65) Nazarene62.5
68) Pentecostal3916.5
69) Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal31.3
70) Quaker10.4
71) Reformed41.7
77) Seventh-day Adventist114.6
78) Sanctified, Sanctification10.4
80) Unitarian, Universalist20.8
81) United Church of Christ52.1
83) Wesleyan10.4
119) United Church of Canada10.4
120) Evangelical United Brethren10.4
121) The Church of God of Prophecy10.4
138) Apostolic Church20.8
210) Ethiopian Evangelical Church10.4
215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.4
216) Word of Jesus10.4
Missing2111 
TOTAL237100.0
161) [IF JEWISH] Were you Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (JEW16)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox49.8
2) Conservative1024.4
3) Reform1946.3
4) None of these819.5
Missing2307 
TOTAL41100.0
162) Fundamentalism/Liberalism of religion respondent raised in (FUND16)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist67730.1
2) Moderate103746.1
3) Liberal53723.9
Missing97 
TOTAL2251100.0
163) What is your (spouse's) religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion? (SPREL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask SPDEN]47748.1
2) Catholic23323.5
3) Jewish202.0
4) None18218.3
5) Other (specify)80.8
6) Buddhism80.8
7) Hinduism50.5
8) Other Eastern171.7
9) Muslim/Islam222.2
10) Orthodox Christian30.3
11) Christian151.5
12) Native American10.1
13) Inter-/non-denominational10.1
Missing1356 
TOTAL992100.0
164) What is your spouse's religious preference? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that, if any? (SPDEN)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association71.5
11) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.40.8
12) National Baptist Convention of America10.2
13) National Baptist Convention, U.S.A., Inc.10.2
14) Southern Baptist Convention5411.3
15) Other Baptist churches112.3
18) Baptist, don't know which5511.5
21) African Methodist Episcopal Zion10.2
22) United Methodist Church357.3
23) Other Methodist churches20.4
28) Methodist, don't know which153.1
30) American Lutheran Church30.6
31) Lutheran Church in America20.4
32) Lutheran-Missouri Synod71.5
33) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod51.0
35) Evangelical Lutheran Church in America51.0
38) Lutheran, don't know which102.1
40) Presbyterian Church in the United States30.6
41) United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.20.4
42) Other Presbyterian churches51.0
43) Presbyterian, merged40.8
48) Presbyterian, don't know which112.3
50) Episcopal112.3
60) Other11223.3
70) No denomination given or non-denominational church11423.8
Missing1868 
TOTAL480100.0
165) Spouse - other Protestant denomination (SPOTHER)
TOTAL%
8) Moravian10.9
9) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.9
12) Assembly of God76.3
14) Apostolic Faith10.9
16) Free Will Baptist21.8
31) Christian; Central Christian76.3
35) Church of Christ54.5
36) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)10.9
37) Church of God in Christ10.9
40) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation21.8
44) Disciples of Christ10.9
45) Evangelical, Evangelist10.9
52) Full Gospel10.9
56) Holiness; Church of Holiness21.8
58) Jehovah's Witnesses43.6
64) Mormon1715.3
65) Nazarene10.9
68) Pentecostal2623.4
69) Pentecostal Holiness, Holiness Pentecostal21.8
70) Quaker21.8
71) Reformed21.8
77) Seventh-day Adventist54.5
80) Unitarian, Universalist21.8
81) United Church of Christ21.8
83) Wesleyan21.8
93) Missionary Baptist54.5
100) Grace Brethren10.9
102) Charismatic10.9
138) Apostolic Church10.9
181) Born Again10.9
211) Disciple of Jesus10.9
213) Hebrew Roots10.9
215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.9
217) Old Testament10.9
Missing2237 
TOTAL111100.0
166) [If Jewish] Does [your spouse] consider herself/himself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (SPJEW)
TOTAL%
1) Orthodox315.0
2) Conservative420.0
3) Reform840.0
4) None of these420.0
5) Other15.0
Missing2328 
TOTAL20100.0
167) Fundamentalism/liberalism of religion of spouse (SPFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist23625.8
2) Moderate38642.2
3) Liberal29231.9
Missing1434 
TOTAL914100.0
168) What is your partner's religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (COREL)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask CODEN]7030.3
2) Catholic5222.5
3) Jewish20.9
4) None8536.8
5) Other20.9
8) Other Eastern religions125.2
9) Muslim/Islam10.4
11) Christian62.6
12) Native American10.4
Missing2117 
TOTAL231100.0
169) What is your partner's religious preference? [If Protestant?] What specific denomination is that? (CODEN)
TOTAL%
10) American Baptist Association34.2
13) National Baptist Convention in the U.S.A.11.4
14) Southern Baptist Convention1115.3
15) Other Baptist churches11.4
18) Baptist, don't know which1013.9
22) United Methodist Church22.8
28) Methodist, don't know which22.8
30) American Lutheran Church11.4
32) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod11.4
35) Evangelical Lutheran11.4
38) Lutheran, don't know which45.6
48) Presbyterian, don't know which11.4
50) Episcopal11.4
60) Other1520.8
70) No denomination given or non-denominational church1825.0
Missing2276 
TOTAL72100.0
170) Other Protestant Denominations (COOTHER)
TOTAL%
12) Assembly of God16.7
31) Christian; Central Christian213.3
33) Christian Scientist16.7
45) Evangelical, Evangelist16.7
58) Jehovah's Witnesses213.3
63) Mennonite16.7
64) Mormon16.7
68) Pentecostal320.0
80) Unitarian, Universalist16.7
81) United Church of Christ16.7
83) Wesleyan16.7
Missing2333 
TOTAL15100.0
171) [If Jewish] Does your partner consider herself/himself Orthodox, Conservative, Reform or none of these? (COJEW)
TOTAL%
2) Conservative150.0
4) None of these150.0
Missing2346 
TOTAL2100.0
172) Fundamentalism/Liberalism of Religion of partner (COFUND)
TOTAL%
1) Fundamentalist3818.1
2) Moderate7736.7
3) Liberal9545.2
Missing2138 
TOTAL210100.0
173) The United States Supreme Court has ruled that no state or local government may require the reading of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools. What are your views on this? Do you approve or disapprove of the court ruling? (PRAYER)
TOTAL%
1) Approve68944.3
2) Disapprove78250.2
8) No opinion865.5
Missing791 
TOTAL1557100.0
174) Which of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word; the Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man (BIBLE)
TOTAL%
1) The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word70630.5
2) The Bible is the inspired word of God but not everything should be taken literally, word for word107946.6
3) The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history and moral precepts recorded by man49421.3
4) Other (volunteered)351.5
Missing34 
TOTAL2314100.0
175) Suppose there is a community-wide vote on the general housing issue. There are two possible laws to vote on. Which law would you vote for? (RACOPEN)
TOTAL%
1) One law says that a homeowner can decide for himself whom to sell his house to, even if he prefer not to sell to (Negroes/Blacks/African Americans)30419.5
2) The second law says that a homeowner cannot refuse to sell to someone because of their race or color122578.7
3) Neither271.7
Missing792 
TOTAL1556100.0
176) Are there any ('whites' for black respondents, 'blacks' for non-black respondents) living in this neighborhood now? (RACLIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes173878.5
2) No47721.5
Missing133 
TOTAL2215100.0
177) Some people say that because of past discrimination, blacks should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of blacks is wrong because it discriminates against whites. What about your opinion? Are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of blacks? Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? (AFFRMACT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favors preferential hiring23015.9
2) Favors preferential hiring1329.1
3) Opposes preferential hiring44330.6
4) Strongly opposes preferential hiring64244.4
Missing901 
TOTAL1447100.0
178) Do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, disagree somewhat or disagree strongly with the following statement: Irish, Italians, Jewish and many other minorities overcame prejudice and worked their way up. Blacks should do the same without special favors. (WRKWAYUP)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly47831.2
2) Agree somewhat41727.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree26417.2
4) Disagree somewhat19012.4
5) Disagree strongly18211.9
Missing817 
TOTAL1531100.0
179) Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are very happy, pretty happy or not too happy? (HAPPY)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy70129.9
2) Pretty happy130755.8
3) Not too happy33614.3
Missing4 
TOTAL2344100.0
180) Taking all things together, how would you describe your marriage? Would you say that your marriage is very happy, pretty happy, or not too happy? (HAPMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy63864.3
2) Pretty happy32432.7
3) Not too happy303.0
Missing1356 
TOTAL992100.0
181) Taking things all together, would you say that your relationship with your partner is very happy, pretty happy or not too happy? (HAPCOHAB)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy14863.8
2) Pretty happy7532.3
3) Not too happy93.9
Missing2116 
TOTAL232100.0
182) Would you say your own health, in general, is excellent, good, fair or poor? (HEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent35922.9
2) Good77149.1
3) Fair35522.6
4) Poor845.4
Missing779 
TOTAL1569100.0
183) In general, do you find life exciting, pretty routine or dull? (LIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Exciting76649.3
2) Routine71746.1
3) Dull724.6
Missing793 
TOTAL1555100.0
184) Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves? (HELPFUL)
TOTAL%
1) People try to be helpful71746.2
2) They are mostly just looking out for themselves69444.7
3) Depends1429.1
Missing795 
TOTAL1553100.0
185) Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance or would they try to be fair? (FAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Would take advantage of you67143.3
2) Would try to be fair76749.5
3) Depends1127.2
Missing798 
TOTAL1550100.0
186) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted49231.6
2) Can't be too careful99563.9
3) Depends694.4
Missing792 
TOTAL1556100.0
187) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Banks and financial institutions (CONFINAN)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal29819.2
2) Only some87256.3
3) Hardly any38024.5
Missing798 
TOTAL1550100.0
188) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Major companies (CONBUS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal29419.2
2) Only some101266.2
3) Hardly any22214.5
Missing820 
TOTAL1528100.0
189) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized religion (CONCLERG)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal31520.8
2) Only some80653.3
3) Hardly any39225.9
Missing835 
TOTAL1513100.0
190) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Education (CONEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal38825.1
2) Only some86656.1
3) Hardly any29118.8
Missing803 
TOTAL1545100.0
191) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Executive branch of the federal government (CONFED)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal18211.9
2) Only some65943.0
3) Hardly any69245.1
Missing815 
TOTAL1533100.0
192) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Organized labor (CONLABOR)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal21114.2
2) Only some96765.0
3) Hardly any31020.8
Missing860 
TOTAL1488100.0
193) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Press (CONPRESS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal19912.9
2) Only some63641.1
3) Hardly any71346.1
Missing800 
TOTAL1548100.0
194) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Medicine (CONMEDIC)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal55335.6
2) Only some79050.8
3) Hardly any21113.6
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
195) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Television (CONTV)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal1318.5
2) Only some76649.6
3) Hardly any64841.9
Missing803 
TOTAL1545100.0
196) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? U.S. Supreme Court (CONJUDGE)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal46230.4
2) Only some82854.5
3) Hardly any22915.1
Missing829 
TOTAL1519100.0
197) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Scientific community (CONSCI)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal68145.2
2) Only some72548.1
3) Hardly any1006.6
Missing842 
TOTAL1506100.0
198) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Congress (CONLEGIS)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal815.3
2) Only some69745.8
3) Hardly any74548.9
Missing825 
TOTAL1523100.0
199) I am going to name some institutions in this country. As far as the people running these institutions are concerned, would you say you have a great deal of confidence, only some confidence or hardly any confidence at all in them? Military (CONARMY)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal93560.6
2) Only some50432.7
3) Hardly any1036.7
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
200) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To obey (OBEY)
TOTAL%
1) First important16710.8
2) Second important16911.0
3) Third important24015.6
4) Fourth important70645.8
5) Fifth important26016.9
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
201) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To be well-liked or popular (POPULAR)
TOTAL%
1) First important50.3
2) Second important171.1
3) Third important422.7
4) Fourth important30619.8
5) Fifth important117276.0
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
202) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To think for himself or herself (THNKSELF)
TOTAL%
1) First important64341.7
2) Second important30820.0
3) Third important26917.4
4) Fourth important24315.8
5) Fifth important795.1
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
203) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To work hard (WORKHARD)
TOTAL%
1) First important41526.9
2) Second important51533.4
3) Third important48331.3
4) Fourth important1147.4
5) Fifth important151.0
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
204) If you had to choose, which thing on this list would you pick as the most important for a child to learn to prepare him or her for life? To help others when they need help (HELPOTH)
TOTAL%
1) First important31220.2
2) Second important53334.6
3) Third important50832.9
4) Fourth important17311.2
5) Fifth important161.0
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
205) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with relatives? (SOCREL)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day21713.9
2) Once or twice a week38224.6
3) Several times a month28718.4
4) About once a month25916.6
5) Several times a year24015.4
6) About once a year1056.7
7) Never664.2
Missing792 
TOTAL1556100.0
206) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with someone who lives in your neighborhood? (SOCOMMUN)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day704.5
2) Once or twice a week21914.1
3) Several times a month17411.2
4) About once a month24315.6
5) Several times a year19612.6
6) About once a year1459.3
7) Never51032.8
Missing791 
TOTAL1557100.0
207) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Spend a social evening with friends who live outside your neighborhood? (SOCFREND)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day322.1
2) Once or twice a week24415.7
3) Several times a month33821.7
4) About once a month37824.3
5) Several times a year27717.8
6) About once a year1318.4
7) Never15710.1
Missing791 
TOTAL1557100.0
208) Would you use this card and tell me which answer comes closest to how often you do the following things: Go to a bar or tavern? (SOCBAR)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day100.6
2) Once or twice a week936.0
3) Several times a month1318.4
4) About once a month19512.5
5) Several times a year22314.3
6) About once a year21613.9
7) Never68944.3
Missing791 
TOTAL1557100.0
209) As you know, many older people share a home with their grown children. Do you think this is generally a good idea or a bad idea? (AGED)
TOTAL%
1) A good idea87456.4
2) A bad idea43227.9
3) Depends24515.8
Missing797 
TOTAL1551100.0
210) Now I'd like to ask you about last year. How many weeks did you work either full-time or part-time not counting work around the house? (Include paid vacations and sick leave) (WEEKSWRK)
TOTAL%
0) 71230.8
1) 50.2
2) 40.2
3) 80.3
4) 70.3
5) 20.1
6) 50.2
7) 20.1
8) 90.4
10) 100.4
11) 10.0
12) 341.5
14) 20.1
15) 90.4
16) 150.6
17) 10.0
18) 20.1
20) 120.5
21) 20.1
22) 50.2
24) 110.5
25) 120.5
26) 251.1
27) 20.1
28) 70.3
29) 20.1
30) 210.9
31) 20.1
32) 200.9
33) 10.0
34) 20.1
35) 100.4
36) 200.9
38) 70.3
39) 10.0
40) 853.7
41) 20.1
42) 130.6
43) 20.1
44) 140.6
45) 241.0
46) 130.6
47) 80.3
48) 652.8
49) 221.0
50) 773.3
51) 231.0
52) 97342.1
Missing37 
TOTAL2311100.0
211) When you worked in [the previous year], was it usually full- or part-time? (PARTFULL)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time125778.7
2) Part-time34021.3
Missing751 
TOTAL1597100.0
212) Thinking about the next 12 months, how likely do you think it is that you will lose your job or be laid off? Would you say you are very likely, fairly likely, not too likely, or not at all likely? (JOBLOSE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely242.5
2) Fairly likely414.3
3) Not too likely20121.2
4) Not likely68271.9
Missing1400 
TOTAL948100.0
213) About how easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits you now have? Would you say very easy, somewhat easy or not at all easy? (JOBFIND)
TOTAL%
1) Very easy22423.6
2) Somewhat easy37039.0
3) Not easy35537.4
Missing1399 
TOTAL949100.0
214) On the whole, how satisfied are you with the work you do? Would you say you are very satisfied, moderately satisfied, a little dissatisfied or very dissatisfied? (SATJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied84448.5
2) Moderately satisfied65637.7
3) A little dissatisfied17410.0
4) Very dissatisfied653.7
Missing609 
TOTAL1739100.0
215) If you were to get enough money to live as comfortably as you would like for the rest of your life, would you continue to work or would you stop working? (RICHWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Continue working72372.1
2) Stop working28027.9
Missing1345 
TOTAL1003100.0
216) If you were asked to use one of four names for your social class, which would you say you belong in: The lower class, the working class, the middle class or the upper class? (CLASS)
TOTAL%
1) Lower class2119.0
2) Working class102043.7
3) Middle class101943.7
4) Upper class833.6
Missing15 
TOTAL2333100.0
217) In our society there are groups which tend to be toward the top and those that are toward the bottom. Here we have a scale that runs from top to bottom. Where would you put yourself on this scale? (RANK)
TOTAL%
1) Top1315.8
2) 2883.9
3) 329212.9
4) 433815.0
5) 581736.2
6) 624610.9
7) 71998.8
8) 8833.7
9) 9251.1
10) Bottom411.8
Missing88 
TOTAL2260100.0
218) We are interested in how people are getting along financially these days. So far as you and your family are concerned, would you say that you are pretty well satisfied with your present financial situation, more or less satisfied or not satisfied at all? (SATFIN)
TOTAL%
1) Pretty well satisfied73731.5
2) More or less satisfied104744.8
3) Not at all satisfied55423.7
Missing10 
TOTAL2338100.0
219) During the last few years, has your financial situation been getting better, worse or has it stayed the same? (FINALTER)
TOTAL%
1) Getting better96941.4
2) Getting worse38316.4
3) Stayed the same98742.2
Missing9 
TOTAL2339100.0
220) Compared with American families in general, would you say your family income is far below average, below average, average, above average or far above average? (FINRELA)
TOTAL%
1) Far below average1536.6
2) Below average59725.7
3) Average104244.9
4) Above average47620.5
5) Far above average532.3
Missing27 
TOTAL2321100.0
221) Do you or your spouse have a supervisor on (your/his/her) job to whom you are (he/she/is) directly responsible? (WKSUB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes132582.5
2) No28217.5
Missing741 
TOTAL1607100.0
222) [If 'Yes' to WKSUB] Does that person have a supervisor on the job to whom he is directly responsible? (WKSUBS)
TOTAL%
3) Yes110884.2
4) No20815.8
Missing1032 
TOTAL1316100.0
223) Do you or your spouse or partner have a supervisor on (your/his/her) job to whom you are (he/she/is) directly responsible? (WKSUB1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes135682.2
2) No29317.8
Missing699 
TOTAL1649100.0
224) [If 'Yes' to WKSUB1] Does that person have a supervisor on the job to whom he is directly responsible? (WKSUBS1)
TOTAL%
3) Yes112883.9
4) No21616.1
Missing1004 
TOTAL1344100.0
225) In your/your spouse's job, do you/does he/she supervise anyone who is directly responsible to you/him/her? (WKSUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes57836.0
2) No102964.0
Missing741 
TOTAL1607100.0
226) [If 'Yes' to WKSUP] Do any of those persons supervise anyone else? (WKSUPS)
TOTAL%
3) Yes19734.3
4) No37865.7
Missing1773 
TOTAL575100.0
227) In your (spouse or partner's) job, do you/does he/she supervise anyone who is directly responsible to you/him/her? (WKSUP1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59536.1
2) No105563.9
Missing698 
TOTAL1650100.0
228) [If 'Yes' to WKSUP1] Do any of those persons supervise anyone else? (WKSUPS1)
TOTAL%
3) Yes20134.0
4) No39066.0
Missing1757 
TOTAL591100.0
229) At any time during the last 10 years, have you been unemployed and looking for work for as long as a month? (UNEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53134.0
2) No102966.0
Missing788 
TOTAL1560100.0
230) Do you or your spouse belong to a labor union? (UNION)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs1409.0
2) Yes, spouse belongs352.3
3) Yes, both belong140.9
4) No, neither belong136587.8
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
231) Do you or your spouse or partner belong to a labor union? (UNION1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent belongs1378.8
2) Yes, spouse or partner belongs402.6
3) Yes, both belong171.1
4) No, neither belong136087.5
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
232) Some people say that people get ahead by their own hard work; others say that lucky breaks or help from other people are more important. Which do you think is most important? (GETAHEAD)
TOTAL%
1) Hard work most important112772.3
2) Hard work, luck equally important23915.3
3) Luck most important19312.4
Missing789 
TOTAL1559100.0
233) Compared to your parents when they were the age you are now, do you think your own standard of living now is much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse or much worse than theirs was? (PARSOL)
TOTAL%
1) Much better49532.2
2) Somewhat better43328.2
3) About the same36223.6
4) Somewhat worse18111.8
5) Much worse654.2
Missing812 
TOTAL1536100.0
234) When your children are at the age you are now, do you think their standard of living will be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse or much worse than yours is now? (KIDSSOL)
TOTAL%
1) Much better48031.3
2) Somewhat better39025.4
3) About the same26517.3
4) Somewhat worse16210.6
5) Much worse583.8
6) No children (volunteered)18011.7
Missing813 
TOTAL1535100.0
235) Tell me if you agree or disagree with this statement: Most men are better suited emotionally for politics than are most women. (FEPOL)
TOTAL%
1) Agree20713.8
2) Disagree129286.2
Missing849 
TOTAL1499100.0
236) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If there is a strong chance of serious defect in the baby? (ABDEFECT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes116477.4
2) No33922.6
Missing845 
TOTAL1503100.0
237) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If she is married and does not want any more children? (ABNOMORE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77851.4
2) No73648.6
Missing834 
TOTAL1514100.0
238) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the woman's own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy? (ABHLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes136690.0
2) No15110.0
Missing831 
TOTAL1517100.0
239) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children? (ABPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes75049.3
2) No77050.7
Missing828 
TOTAL1520100.0
240) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If she became pregnant as a result of rape? (ABRAPE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes119479.5
2) No30820.5
Missing846 
TOTAL1502100.0
241) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain legal abortion: If she is not married and does not want to marry the man? (ABSINGLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes70046.2
2) No81653.8
Missing832 
TOTAL1516100.0
242) Please tell me whether or not you think it should be possible for a pregnant woman to obtain a legal abortion: If the woman wants it for any reason? (ABANY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76450.1
2) No76049.9
Missing824 
TOTAL1524100.0
243) What do you think is the ideal number of children for a family to have? (CHLDIDEL)
TOTAL%
0) 0181.2
1) 1342.2
2) 269144.3
3) 341426.6
4) 41529.7
5) 5271.7
6) 6130.8
7) Seven or more80.5
8) As many as you want20213.0
Missing789 
TOTAL1559100.0
244) Do you strongly agree, agree, or strongly disagree that methods of birth control should be available to teenagers between the ages of 14 and 16 if their parents do not approve? (PILLOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree44329.1
2) Agree49832.7
3) Disagree36123.7
4) Strongly disagree21914.4
Missing827 
TOTAL1521100.0
245) Would you be for or against sex education in the public schools? (SEXEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) For140991.4
2) Against1338.6
Missing806 
TOTAL1542100.0
246) Should divorce in this country be easier or more difficult to obtain than it is now? (DIVLAW)
TOTAL%
1) Easier64844.8
2) More difficult50234.7
3) Stay same29520.4
Missing903 
TOTAL1445100.0
247) There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If a man and woman have sex relations before marriage, do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (PREMARSX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong27818.2
2) Almost always wrong956.2
3) Wrong only sometimes21313.9
4) Not wrong at all94361.7
Missing819 
TOTAL1529100.0
248) There's been a lot of discussion about the way morals and attitudes about sex are changing in this country. If [a man and a woman] are in their early teens, say 14 to 16 years old, in that case, do you think sex relations before marriage are always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes or not wrong at all? (TEENSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong89258.1
2) Almost always wrong26217.1
3) Sometimes wrong24816.2
4) Not wrong at all1328.6
Missing814 
TOTAL1534100.0
249) What is your opinion about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than the marriage partner. Is it always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (XMARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong117275.5
2) Almost always wrong21613.9
3) Sometimes wrong1338.6
4) Not wrong at all322.1
Missing795 
TOTAL1553100.0
250) What about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex? Do you think it is always wrong, almost always wrong, wrong only sometimes, or not wrong at all? (HOMOSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong49933.4
2) Almost always wrong553.7
3) Sometimes wrong956.4
4) Not wrong at all84656.6
Missing853 
TOTAL1495100.0
251) Which of these statements comes closest to your feelings about pornography laws? (PORNLAW)
TOTAL%
1) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography, whatever the age49231.7
2) There should be laws against the distribution of pornography to persons under 1897863.1
3) There should be no laws forbidding the distribution of pornography805.2
Missing798 
TOTAL1550100.0
252) Have you seen an X-rated movie in the last year? (XMOVIE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43227.8
2) No112272.2
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
253) Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree that it is sometimes necessary to discipline a child with a good, hard, spanking? (SPANKING)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34022.2
2) Agree70045.8
3) Disagree36824.1
4) Strongly disagree1217.9
Missing819 
TOTAL1529100.0
254) When a person has a disease that cannot be cured, do you think doctors should be allowed by law to end the patient's life by some painless means if the patient and his family request it? (LETDIE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes109672.7
2) No41127.3
Missing841 
TOTAL1507100.0
255) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has an incurable disease? (SUICIDE1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97665.2
2) No52134.8
Missing851 
TOTAL1497100.0
256) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has gone bankrupt? (SUICIDE2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20213.2
2) No133086.8
Missing816 
TOTAL1532100.0
257) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person has dishonored his or her family? (SUICIDE3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19412.6
2) No134587.4
Missing809 
TOTAL1539100.0
258) Do you think a person has the right to end his or her own life if this person is tired of living and ready to die? (SUICIDE4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes33021.7
2) No119278.3
Missing826 
TOTAL1522100.0
259) Are there any situations you can imagine in which you would approve of a policeman striking an adult male citizen? [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know', ask POLABUSE-POLATTAK] (POLHITOK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes94263.6
2) No53936.4
Missing867 
TOTAL1481100.0
260) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who had said vulgar and obscene things to the policeman? (POLABUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1509.8
2) No137490.2
Missing824 
TOTAL1524100.0
261) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was being questioned as a suspect in a murder case? (POLMURDR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes25316.7
2) No126083.3
Missing835 
TOTAL1513100.0
262) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attempting to escape from custody? (POLESCAP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes100768.6
2) No46231.4
Missing879 
TOTAL1469100.0
263) [If 'Yes' OR 'Don't know' to POLHITOK] Would you approve of a policeman striking a citizen who was attacking the policeman with his fists? (POLATTAK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes131185.7
2) No21814.3
Missing819 
TOTAL1529100.0
264) Is there any area right around here - that is, within a mile - where you would be afraid to walk alone at night? (FEAR)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52133.2
2) No104666.8
Missing781 
TOTAL1567100.0
265) Do you happen to have in your home (or garage) any guns or revolvers? (OWNGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes53735.1
2) No99364.9
Missing818 
TOTAL1530100.0
266) [If 'Yes' to OWNGUN] Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Pistol (PISTOL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40526.6
2) No111773.4
Missing826 
TOTAL1522100.0
267) [If 'Yes' to OWNGUN] Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Shotgun (SHOTGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31921.0
2) No120379.0
Missing826 
TOTAL1522100.0
268) [If 'Yes' to OWNGUN] Is it a pistol, shotgun, rifle or what? Code all that apply. Rifle (RIFLE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32521.4
2) No119778.6
Missing826 
TOTAL1522100.0
269) Do any of these guns personally belong to you? (ROWNGUN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36568.2
2) No17031.8
Missing1813 
TOTAL535100.0
270) Do you or your spouse go hunting? (HUNT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, respondent does17010.8
2) Yes, spouse does613.9
3) Yes, both do301.9
4) No, neither respondent nor spouse hunts131283.4
Missing775 
TOTAL1573100.0
271) Does respondent or spouse or partner hunt? (HUNT1)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent hunts16410.4
2) Spouse or partner hunts664.2
3) Both hunt362.3
4) Neither hunts130783.1
Missing775 
TOTAL1573100.0
272) How often do you read the newspaper: Every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week or never? (NEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Everyday31220.0
2) Few times a week17411.2
3) Once a week18411.8
4) Less than once a week21113.5
5) Never67843.5
Missing789 
TOTAL1559100.0
273) On the average day, about how many hours do you personally watch television? (TVHOURS)
TOTAL%
0) 1459.3
1) 34922.4
2) 37624.2
3) 24015.4
4) 16910.9
5) 1006.4
6) 634.1
7) 130.8
8) 382.4
9) 60.4
10) 231.5
12) 140.9
14) 20.1
15) 40.3
16) 30.2
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 40.3
24) 40.3
Missing793 
TOTAL1555100.0
274) Do you have a telephone? (PHONE)
TOTAL%
1) No phone150.7
3) Phone in home71331.6
4) Phone elsewhere351.5
6) Cell phone149666.2
Missing89 
TOTAL2259100.0
275) In general, what was the respondent's attitude toward the interview? (COOP)
TOTAL%
1) Friendly and interested191682.0
2) Cooperative but not particularly interested34814.9
3) Impatient and restless703.0
4) Hostile40.2
Missing10 
TOTAL2338100.0
276) Was respondent's understanding of the questions good, fair or poor? (COMPREND)
TOTAL%
1) Good195783.8
2) Fair33114.2
3) Poor482.1
Missing12 
TOTAL2336100.0
277) A split ballot was used in the 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1980 and 1982+ surveys. The variant or 'Y' wordings appear on Form 2, the 'Z' wordings appear on Form 3; and the standard GSS wordings appear on Form 1 (FORM)
TOTAL%
1) Standard (Form 1)118850.6
2) Variant (Form 2)116049.4
TOTAL2348100.0
278) In 2016, RANDOM was used to drive certain skip patterns within Form 1. Only those respondents in Form 1 have a valid response for RANDOM (RANDOM)
TOTAL%
1) 58349.1
2) 60550.9
Missing1160 
TOTAL1188100.0
279) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work (FECHLD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48031.0
2) Agree67043.2
3) Disagree32420.9
4) Strongly disagree764.9
Missing798 
TOTAL1550100.0
280) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works (FEPRESCH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree815.3
2) Agree34722.6
3) Disagree82053.4
4) Strongly disagree28818.8
Missing812 
TOTAL1536100.0
281) Now I'm going to read several more statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it. It is much better for everyone involved if the man is the achiever outside the home and the woman takes care of the home and family (FEFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree885.7
2) Agree31020.1
3) Disagree71446.2
4) Strongly disagree43328.0
Missing803 
TOTAL1545100.0
282) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than white people. Do you think these differences are mainly due to discrimination? (RACDIF1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes71347.6
2) No78452.4
Missing851 
TOTAL1497100.0
283) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than white people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have less in-born ability to learn? (RACDIF2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1298.4
2) No140291.6
Missing817 
TOTAL1531100.0
284) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than white people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) don't have the chance for education that it takes to rise out of poverty? (RACDIF3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes77651.1
2) No74348.9
Missing829 
TOTAL1519100.0
285) On the average African Americans have worse jobs, income and housing than white people. Do you think these differences are because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) just don't have the motivation or willpower to pull themselves up out of poverty? (RACDIF4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56637.9
2) No92762.1
Missing855 
TOTAL1493100.0
286) I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell U.S. are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it is not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPPOOR)
TOTAL%
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans26117.2
2) 222014.5
3) Agree with both69245.6
4) 418612.2
5) Each person should take care of himself/herself16010.5
Missing829 
TOTAL1519100.0
287) Some people think that the government in Washington is trying to do too many things that should be left to individuals and private business. Others disagree and think that the government should do even more to solve our country's problems. Still others have opinions somewhere in between. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPNOT)
TOTAL%
1) The government should do even more to solve our country's problems23115.5
2) 221914.7
3) Agree with both64443.2
4) 420713.9
5) The government in Washington is trying to do too many things that should be left to individuals and private business19012.7
Missing857 
TOTAL1491100.0
288) In general, some people think that it is the responsibility of the government in Washington to see to it that people have help in paying for doctors and hospital bills. Others think that these matters are not the responsibility of the federal government and that people should take care of these things themselves. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPSICK)
TOTAL%
1) It is the responsibility of the government in Washington to see to it that people have help in paying for doctors and hospital bills52834.6
2) 230620.0
3) Agree with both44829.3
4) 41298.4
5) These matters are not the responsibility of the federal government and that people should take care of these things themselves1177.7
Missing820 
TOTAL1528100.0
289) Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans). Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this? (HELPBLK)
TOTAL%
1) The government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards23515.7
2) 218812.6
3) Agree with both50734.0
4) 425316.9
5) The government should not be giving special treatment to African Americans31020.8
Missing855 
TOTAL1493100.0
290) Which statement comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) I don't believe in God1094.7
2) I don't know whether there is a God, and I don't believe there is any way to find out1506.5
3) I don't believe in a personal God, but do believe in a Higher Power of some kind29812.9
4) I find myself believing in God some of the time, but not at others883.8
5) While I have doubts, I feel that I do believe in God41017.7
6) I know God really exists and I have no doubts about it126254.5
Missing31 
TOTAL2317100.0
291) Would you say you have been 'born again' or have had a 'born again' experience? That is, a turning point in your life when you committed yourself to Christ? (REBORN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97142.3
2) No132757.7
Missing50 
TOTAL2298100.0
292) Have you ever tried to encourage someone to believe in Jesus Christ or to accept Jesus Christ as his or her savior? (SAVESOUL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes103644.3
2) No130255.7
Missing10 
TOTAL2338100.0
293) About how many members does this congregation have? (NUMCONG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1023900.3821809
294) Now I have some questions about different groups in our society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all of the people in that group are 'rich.' A score of 7 means that you think almost everyone in the group are 'poor.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in that group stand. Where would you rate whites, in general, on this scale? (WLTHWHTS)
TOTAL%
1) Rich685.9
2) 21129.7
3) 330526.3
4) 458550.4
5) 5736.3
6) 6121.0
7) Poor50.4
Missing1188 
TOTAL1160100.0
295) Now I have some questions about different groups in our society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of means that you think almost all of the people in that group are 'rich.' A score of 7 means that you think almost everyone in the group are 'poor.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in that group stand. Where would you rate blacks, in general, on this scale? (WLTHBLKS)
TOTAL%
1) Rich30.3
2) 2121.0
3) 3645.5
4) 438533.4
5) 545639.5
6) 619316.7
7) Poor413.6
Missing1194 
TOTAL1154100.0
296) Now I have some questions about different groups in our society. I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of means that you think almost all of the people in that group are 'rich.' A score of 7 means that you think almost everyone in the group are 'poor.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in that group stand. Where would you rate Hispanic Americans, in general, on this scale? (WLTHHSPS)
TOTAL%
1) Rich40.5
2) 2101.3
3) 3496.3
4) 427335.3
5) 529738.4
6) 611815.3
7) Poor222.8
Missing1575 
TOTAL773100.0
297) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'hard-working.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'lazy.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate whites, in general, on this scale? (WORKWHTS)
TOTAL%
1) Hard-working775.1
2) 21479.7
3) 330319.9
4) 478551.6
5) 515810.4
6) 6302.0
7) Lazy211.4
Missing827 
TOTAL1521100.0
298) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'hard-working.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'lazy.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not towards one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate blacks in general on this scale? (WORKBLKS)
TOTAL%
1) Hardworking453.0
2) 2885.8
3) 321914.5
4) 478652.0
5) 523615.6
6) 61067.0
7) Lazy322.1
Missing836 
TOTAL1512100.0
299) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'hard-working.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'lazy.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not towards one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Hispanic Americans in general on this scale? (WORKHSPS)
TOTAL%
1) Hardworking16210.7
2) 227518.2
3) 335723.6
4) 456037.1
5) 51097.2
6) 6332.2
7) Lazy151.0
Missing837 
TOTAL1511100.0
300) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'unintelligent.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'intelligent.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate whites, in general, on this scale? (INTLWHTS)
TOTAL%
1) Unintelligent70.5
2) 2251.7
3) 3885.8
4) 470846.8
5) 534322.7
6) 621214.0
7) Intelligent1298.5
Missing836 
TOTAL1512100.0
301) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'unintelligent.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'intelligent.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate blacks, in general, on this scale? (INTLBLKS)
TOTAL%
1) Unintelligent100.7
2) 2382.5
3) 31177.7
4) 483054.9
5) 533121.9
6) 61107.3
7) Intelligent755.0
Missing837 
TOTAL1511100.0
302) I'm going to show you a seven-point scale on which the characteristics of people in a group can be rated. A score of 1 means that you think almost all people in that group are 'unintelligent.' A score of 7 means that you think almost all of the people in the group are 'intelligent.' A score of 4 means you think that the group is not toward one end or another, and of course you may choose any number in between that comes closest to where you think people in this group stand. Where would you rate Hispanic Americans, in general, on this scale? (INTLHSPS)
TOTAL%
1) Unintelligent110.7
2) 2453.0
3) 31298.6
4) 482454.9
5) 530120.1
6) 61167.7
7) Intelligent744.9
Missing848 
TOTAL1500100.0
303) Now, I'm going to ask you about different types of contact with various groups of people. In each situation would you please tell me whether you would be very much in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very much opposed to it happening? Living in a neighborhood where half of your neighbors were black? (LIVEBLKS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor23315.1
2) Favor28618.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose75949.2
4) Oppose20013.0
5) Strongly oppose664.3
Missing804 
TOTAL1544100.0
304) What about having a close relative marry a black person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (MARBLK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor38624.9
2) Favor22314.4
3) Neither favor nor appose75748.8
4) Oppose1087.0
5) Strongly oppose764.9
Missing798 
TOTAL1550100.0
305) What about having a close relative marry an Asian American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (MARASIAN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor36723.7
2) Favor25816.7
3) Neither favor nor oppose79351.3
4) Oppose875.6
5) Strongly oppose412.7
Missing802 
TOTAL1546100.0
306) What about having a close relative marry a Hispanic American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (MARHISP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor38124.7
2) Favor24115.6
3) Neither favor nor oppose78851.0
4) Oppose875.6
5) Strongly oppose483.1
Missing803 
TOTAL1545100.0
307) What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor55035.5
2) Favor22714.7
3) Neither favor nor oppose70645.6
4) Oppose432.8
5) Strongly oppose231.5
Missing799 
TOTAL1549100.0
308) Are the people who work where you work all white, mostly white, about half and half, mostly black or all black? (RACWORK)
TOTAL%
1) All white16017.7
2) Mostly white38742.9
3) Half white-black29132.2
4) Mostly black596.5
5) All black60.7
Missing1445 
TOTAL903100.0
309) What do you think the chances are these days that a white person won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified black person gets one instead? (DISCAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely21014.0
2) Somewhat likely61540.9
3) Not very likely67945.1
Missing844 
TOTAL1504100.0
310) As an official part of your main job, if you supervise the work of other employees or tell other employees what work to do, how many people do you supervise directly? (YOUSUP)
TOTAL%
1) 6112.3
2) 7214.5
3) 479.5
4) 5110.3
5) 438.7
6) 336.6
7) 204.0
8) 153.0
9) 153.0
10) 326.4
11) 40.8
12) 112.2
13) 51.0
14) 40.8
15) 91.8
16) 40.8
17) 40.8
18) 10.2
20) 193.8
24) 10.2
25) 71.4
26) 10.2
27) 10.2
29) 10.2
30) 51.0
35) 10.2
36) 10.2
38) 10.2
40) 71.4
45) 40.8
46) 10.2
47) 10.2
48) 20.4
49) 10.2
50) 30.6
52) 10.2
65) 20.4
69) 10.2
70) 10.2
80) 20.4
99) 20.4
Missing1851 
TOTAL497100.0
311) In your (husband/wife/partner)'s job, does (he/she) supervise anyone who is directly responsible to (him/her)? (SPWKSUP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes22537.0
2) No38363.0
Missing1740 
TOTAL608100.0
312) Some people say that because of past discrimination, women should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of women is wrong because it discriminates against men. What about your opinion - are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of women? IF FOR: Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? IF AGAINST: Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly? (FEJOBAFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly for preferential hiring20727.6
2) For preferential hiring7910.5
3) Against preferential hiring21528.7
4) Strongly against preferential hiring24933.2
Missing1598 
TOTAL750100.0
313) What do you think the chances are these days that a man won't get a job or a promotion while an equally or less qualified woman gets one instead? (DISCAFFM)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely8911.4
2) Somewhat likely27335.0
3) Somewhat unlikely26433.9
4) Very unlikely15319.6
Missing1569 
TOTAL779100.0
314) What do you think the chances are these days that a woman won't get a job or promotion while an equally or less qualified man gets one instead? (DISCAFFW)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely19726.5
2) Somewhat likely33845.5
3) Somewhat unlikely13918.7
4) Very unlikely699.3
Missing1605 
TOTAL743100.0
315) Now I'm going to read several statements. As I read each one, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree or strongly disagree. For example, here is the statement: Because of past discrimination, employers should make special efforts to hire and promote qualified women (FEHIRE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17623.2
2) Agree38050.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree759.9
4) Disagree10513.8
5) Strongly disagree243.2
Missing1588 
TOTAL760100.0
316) Next I'm going to describe a person - let's call him/her [REFER TO [NAME] IN VIGNETTE]. After I read a description of him/her I'll ask you some questions about how you think and feel about him/her. There are no right or wrong answers. I'm only interested in what you think of [NAME]. Vignette version number (VIGVERSN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL117344.20726
317) Please remember, there are no right or wrong answers to these questions. Please think about the person I just described when answering this group of questions. First, how serious would you consider [NAME]'s problem to be - very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious, or not at all serious? (SERIOUSP)
TOTAL%
1) Very serious72063.1
2) Somewhat serious26523.2
3) Not very serious12210.7
4) Not at all serious343.0
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
318) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by his/her own bad character - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (CHARACTR)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely14813.1
2) Somewhat likely32829.1
3) Not very likely36031.9
4) Not at all likely29225.9
Missing1220 
TOTAL1128100.0
319) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (IMBALNCE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely33730.5
2) Somewhat likely48243.7
3) Not very likely19817.9
4) Not at all likely877.9
Missing1244 
TOTAL1104100.0
320) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by the way (s/he) was raised - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (WAYRAISE)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely998.8
2) Somewhat likely41336.9
3) Not very likely37633.6
4) Not at all likely23220.7
Missing1228 
TOTAL1120100.0
321) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by stressful circumstances in his/her life - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (STRESSES)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely38734.3
2) Somewhat likely58051.4
3) Not very likely1029.0
4) Not at all likely595.2
Missing1220 
TOTAL1128100.0
322) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by a genetic or inherited problem - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (GENETICS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely16715.0
2) Somewhat likely49844.6
3) Not very likely28825.8
4) Not at all likely16314.6
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
323) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation might be caused by God's will - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (GODSWILL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely474.2
2) Somewhat likely1079.5
3) Not very likely30327.0
4) Not at all likely66459.2
Missing1227 
TOTAL1121100.0
324) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME] is experiencing part of the normal ups and downs of life - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (UPSDOWNS)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely29426.0
2) Somewhat likely42037.2
3) Not very likely25322.4
4) Not at all likely16314.4
Missing1218 
TOTAL1130100.0
325) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME] is experiencing a nervous breakdown - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (BREAKDWN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely20618.5
2) Somewhat likely42037.6
3) Not very likely32829.4
4) Not at all likely16214.5
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
326) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME] is experiencing a mental illness - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (MENTLILL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely27824.8
2) Somewhat likely41436.9
3) Not very likely28925.8
4) Not at all likely14012.5
Missing1227 
TOTAL1121100.0
327) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME] is experiencing a physical illness - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (PHYSILL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely17415.6
2) Somewhat likely44540.0
3) Not very likely34631.1
4) Not at all likely14813.3
Missing1235 
TOTAL1113100.0
328) [Refer to vignette id, check below and read only 1 phrase of the following] In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME] is experiencing [Vignette A: Alcohol dependence; Vignette B: A major depression; Vignette C: Schizophrenia; Vignette D: A drug problem; Vignette E: No problem] - Very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or not at all likely? (VIGLABEL)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely48165.7
2) Somewhat likely20928.6
3) Not very likely294.0
4) Not at all likely131.8
Missing1616 
TOTAL732100.0
329) In your opinion, how able is [NAME] to make his/her own decisions about the treatment (s/he) should receive - very able, somewhat able, not very able or not able at all? (DECTREAT)
TOTAL%
1) Very able26323.3
2) Somewhat able42537.7
3) Not very able31427.9
4) Not able at all12511.1
Missing1221 
TOTAL1127100.0
330) In your opinion, how able is [NAME] to make his/her own decisions about managing his/her own money - very able, somewhat able, not very able or not able at all? (DECMONEY)
TOTAL%
1) Very able25622.9
2) Somewhat able38734.6
3) Not very able33830.2
4) Not able at all13812.3
Missing1229 
TOTAL1119100.0
331) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation will improve on its own - Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or not likely at all? (IMPRVOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely897.9
2) Somewhat likely24722.0
3) Not very likely39234.9
4) Not likely at all39535.2
Missing1225 
TOTAL1123100.0
332) In your opinion, how likely is it that [NAME]'s situation will improve with treatment - Very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or not likely at all? (IMPRVTRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely57751.3
2) Somewhat likely46841.6
3) Not very likely514.5
4) Not likely at all292.6
Missing1223 
TOTAL1125100.0
333) How willing would you be to move next door to [NAME]? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGNEI)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing19017.1
2) Probably willing54849.4
3) Probably unwilling23421.1
4) Definitely unwilling13812.4
Missing1238 
TOTAL1110100.0
334) How willing would you be to spend an evening socializing with [NAME]? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing20117.9
2) Probably willing50845.1
3) Probably unwilling26623.6
4) Definitely unwilling15113.4
Missing1222 
TOTAL1126100.0
335) How willing would you be to make friends with [NAME]? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGFRND)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing22920.4
2) Probably willing56450.1
3) Probably unwilling22319.8
4) Definitely unwilling1099.7
Missing1223 
TOTAL1125100.0
336) How willing would you be to have [NAME] start working closely with you on a job? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing11510.3
2) Probably willing37433.5
3) Probably unwilling37133.3
4) Definitely unwilling25522.9
Missing1233 
TOTAL1115100.0
337) How willing would you be to have a group home for people like [NAME] opened in your neighborhood? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGGRP)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing27524.6
2) Probably willing49144.0
3) Probably unwilling22720.3
4) Definitely unwilling12411.1
Missing1231 
TOTAL1117100.0
338) How willing would you be to have [NAME] marry into your family? - Definitely willing, probably willing, probably unwilling, or definitely unwilling? (VIGMAR)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely willing11510.5
2) Probably willing33730.6
3) Probably unwilling37333.9
4) Definitely unwilling27525.0
Missing1248 
TOTAL1100100.0
339) In your opinion, how likely is it [NAME] would do something violent toward other people? Is it... (HURTOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely13312.1
2) Somewhat likely41537.8
3) Not very likely41938.2
4) Not likely at all13011.9
Missing1251 
TOTAL1097100.0
340) In your opinion, how likely is it [NAME] would do something violent toward him/herself? Is it: [Allowed definition: Violent toward self: Suicide, not eating, wandering in traffic, self-mutilation] (HURTSELF)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely25823.5
2) Somewhat likely53949.0
3) Not very likely24322.1
4) Not likely at all595.4
Missing1249 
TOTAL1099100.0
341) Should [NAME] talk things over with family and friends? (TLKFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes110797.8
2) No252.2
Missing1216 
TOTAL1132100.0
342) Should [NAME] talk to a minister, priest, rabbi or other religious leader? (TLKCLRGY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes97087.1
2) No14412.9
Missing1234 
TOTAL1114100.0
343) Should [NAME] go to a general medical doctor for help? (MEDDOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes98586.9
2) No14913.1
Missing1214 
TOTAL1134100.0
344) Should [NAME] go to a psychiatrist for help? (MENTLDOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes96986.4
2) No15313.6
Missing1226 
TOTAL1122100.0
345) Should [NAME] go to a therapist, or counselor, like a psychologist, social worker, or other mental health professional for help? (MENTLOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes106094.0
2) No686.0
Missing1220 
TOTAL1128100.0
346) Should [NAME] go to a spiritual or a natural healer for help? (SPHEALER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes58052.4
2) No52647.6
Missing1242 
TOTAL1106100.0
347) Should [NAME] join a self-help group where people with similar problems help each other? (SELFHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes100489.4
2) No11910.6
Missing1225 
TOTAL1123100.0
348) Should [NAME] take non-prescription medication, like over the counter sleeping pills? (OTCMED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18416.5
2) No93083.5
Missing1234 
TOTAL1114100.0
349) Should [NAME] take prescription medication? (RXMED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69663.0
2) No40837.0
Missing1244 
TOTAL1104100.0
350) Should [NAME] check into a mental hospital? (MENTLHOS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46943.0
2) No62257.0
Missing1257 
TOTAL1091100.0
351) Here are the things you said [John/Juan/Mary/Maria] should do: What is the first thing (s/he) should do? (DOFIRST)
TOTAL%
1) Talk to family and friends about it67960.1
2) Talk to a minister, priest, rabbi or other religious leader262.3
3) Go to a general medical doctor for help20918.5
4) Go to a psychiatrist for help423.7
5) Go to a therapist, or counselor, like a psychologist, social worker, or other mental health professional for help1049.2
6) Go to a spiritual or a natural healer for help20.2
7) Join a self-help group where people with similar problems help each other373.3
9) Take prescription medication20.2
10) Check into a mental hospital292.6
Missing1218 
TOTAL1130100.0
352) Some cities and states have laws that force people with problems like [NAME] into treatment. Do you think that people like [NAME] should be forced by law to get treatment at a clinic or from a doctor? (MUSTDOC)
TOTAL%
1) Yes42237.8
2) No69362.2
Missing1233 
TOTAL1115100.0
353) Some cities and states have laws that force people with problems like [NAME] into treatment. Do you think that people like [NAME] should be forced by law to take a prescription medication to control his/her behavior? (MUSTMED)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31828.6
2) No79571.4
Missing1235 
TOTAL1113100.0
354) Some cities and states have laws that force people with problems like [NAME] into treatment. Do you think that people like [NAME] should be forced by law to be admitted to a hospital for treatment? (MUSTHOSP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes43439.3
2) No67160.7
Missing1243 
TOTAL1105100.0
355) Some cities and states have laws that force people with problems like [NAME] into treatment. Do you think that people like [NAME] should be forced by law to be admitted to a hospital for treatment if (s/he) is dangerous to him/herself? (DANGRSLF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes107595.2
2) No544.8
Missing1219 
TOTAL1129100.0
356) Some cities and states have laws that force people with problems like [NAME] into treatment. Do you think that people like [NAME] should be forced by law to be admitted to a hospital for treatment if (s/he) is dangerous to others? (DANGROTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes109897.3
2) No312.7
Missing1219 
TOTAL1129100.0
357) Is [NAME 1], the first person, a man or a woman? (KNWMW1)
TOTAL%
1) Male27245.7
2) Female32153.9
3) Transgender (Female to Male)20.3
Missing1753 
TOTAL595100.0
358) Is [NAME 2], the second person, a man or a woman? (KNWMW2)
TOTAL%
1) Male15944.0
2) Female19754.6
3) Transgender (Female to Male)10.3
5) Other41.1
Missing1987 
TOTAL361100.0
359) Is [NAME 3], the third person, a man or a woman? (KNWMW3)
TOTAL%
1) Male13153.0
2) Female11446.2
3) Transgender (Female to Male)10.4
5) Other10.4
Missing2101 
TOTAL247100.0
360) Is [NAME 4], the fourth person, a man or a woman? (KNWMW4)
TOTAL%
1) Male6945.7
2) Female8053.0
5) Other21.3
Missing2197 
TOTAL151100.0
361) Is [NAME 5], the fifth person, a man or a woman? (KNWMW5)
TOTAL%
1) Male3840.4
2) Female5659.6
Missing2254 
TOTAL94100.0
362) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the first named person. First relationship (MHP1R1)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner (current/ex)528.9
2) Parent7713.2
3) Sibling589.9
4) Child264.5
5) Grandparent81.4
6) Grandchild20.3
7) Other family11319.4
8) Coworker233.9
9) Neighbor203.4
10) Friend18131.0
11) Member of religious community30.5
12) Acquaintance71.2
13) Student/Classmate10.2
14) Relative of a friend30.5
15) Friend of a relative10.2
16) Other81.4
Missing1765 
TOTAL583100.0
363) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the first named person. [If present] Second relationship (MHP1R2)
TOTAL%
10) Friend337.5
12) Acquaintance225.0
13) Student/Classmate112.5
14) Relative of a friend112.5
16) Other112.5
Missing2340 
TOTAL8100.0
364) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the second named person. First relationship (MHP2R1)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner (current/ex)174.8
2) Parent277.6
3) Sibling4512.6
4) Child215.9
5) Grandparent113.1
6) Grandchild30.8
7) Other family8122.8
8) Coworker82.2
9) Neighbor92.5
10) Friend11732.9
11) Member of religious community20.6
12) Acquaintance51.4
13) Student/Classmate10.3
14) Relative of a friend30.8
15) Friend of a relative20.6
16) Other41.1
Missing1992 
TOTAL356100.0
365) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the second named person. [If present] Second relationship (MHP2R2)
TOTAL%
11) Member of religious community133.3
13) Student/Classmate133.3
16) Other133.3
Missing2345 
TOTAL3100.0
366) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the third named person. First relationship (MHP3R1)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner (current/ex)52.1
2) Parent93.7
3) Sibling218.7
4) Child114.5
5) Grandparent72.9
6) Grandchild20.8
7) Other family6526.9
8) Coworker104.1
9) Neighbor20.8
10) Friend10342.6
11) Member of religious community20.8
12) Acquaintance10.4
13) Student/Classmate10.4
16) Other31.2
Missing2106 
TOTAL242100.0
367) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the third named person. [If present] Second relationship (MHP3R2)
TOTAL%
11) Member of religious community150.0
13) Student/Classmate150.0
Missing2346 
TOTAL2100.0
368) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the fourth named person. First relationship (MHP4R1)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner (current/ex)42.8
2) Parent42.8
3) Sibling85.6
4) Child74.9
5) Grandparent53.5
7) Other family4430.8
8) Coworker85.6
9) Neighbor42.8
10) Friend5337.1
11) Member of religious community10.7
12) Acquaintance21.4
16) Other32.1
Missing2205 
TOTAL143100.0
369) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the fourth named person. [If present] Second relationship (MHP4R2)
TOTAL%
10) Friend150.0
11) Member of religious community150.0
Missing2346 
TOTAL2100.0
370) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the fifth named person. First relationship (MHP5R1)
TOTAL%
1) Spouse/partner (current/ex)11.1
2) Parent11.1
3) Sibling1010.5
4) Child11.1
5) Grandparent11.1
6) Grandchild22.1
7) Other family3031.6
8) Coworker44.2
9) Neighbor22.1
10) Friend3637.9
11) Member of religious community22.1
12) Acquaintance11.1
13) Student/Classmate11.1
15) Friend of a relative11.1
16) Other22.1
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
371) [The respondent was asked to name how they knew each named person. Each relationship is reported here, preferencing the lower-valued response] Respondent's relationship with the fifth named person. [If present] Second relationship (MHP5R2)
TOTAL%
11) Member of religious community150.0
16) Other150.0
Missing2346 
TOTAL2100.0
372) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all close and 10 being very close, how close are you to [NAME 1], the first person? (CLOSETO1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all close8013.5
2) 2437.3
3) 3467.8
4) 4376.3
5) 56811.5
6) 6376.3
7) 7467.8
8) 85910.0
9) 9335.6
10) Very close14324.2
Missing1756 
TOTAL592100.0
373) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all close and 10 being very close, how close are you to [NAME 2], the second person? (CLOSETO2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all close5214.4
2) 2246.7
3) 3267.2
4) 4256.9
5) 53910.8
6) 6226.1
7) 73710.3
8) 8308.3
9) 9267.2
10) Very close7921.9
Missing1988 
TOTAL360100.0
374) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all close and 10 being very close, how close are you to [NAME 3], the third person? (CLOSETO3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all close4317.5
2) 2124.9
3) 3249.8
4) 4156.1
5) 53413.8
6) 6239.3
7) 7228.9
8) 8249.8
9) 9124.9
10) Very close3715.0
Missing2102 
TOTAL246100.0
375) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all close and 10 being very close, how close are you to [NAME 4], the fourth person? (CLOSETO4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all close2617.6
2) 274.7
3) 396.1
4) 4117.4
5) 5138.8
6) 6138.8
7) 71812.2
8) 81912.8
9) 974.7
10) Very close2516.9
Missing2200 
TOTAL148100.0
376) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all close and 10 being very close, how close are you to [NAME 5], the fifth person? (CLOSETO5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all close1920.0
2) 21010.5
3) 355.3
4) 41212.6
5) 599.5
6) 688.4
7) 71313.7
8) 866.3
9) 955.3
10) Very close88.4
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
377) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very often, how frequently do you see or talk to [NAME 1] these days? (SEETALK1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all17229.0
2) 27412.5
3) 3427.1
4) 4335.6
5) 5528.8
6) 6264.4
7) 7406.7
8) 8355.9
9) 9193.2
10) Very often10016.9
Missing1755 
TOTAL593100.0
378) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very often, how frequently do you see or talk to [NAME 2] these days? (SEETALK2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all9927.7
2) 2318.7
3) 3349.5
4) 4246.7
5) 5298.1
6) 6287.8
7) 7133.6
8) 8298.1
9) 9123.4
10) Very often5916.5
Missing1990 
TOTAL358100.0
379) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very often, how frequently do you see or talk to [NAME 3] these days? (SEETALK3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all6024.4
2) 22811.4
3) 3249.8
4) 4187.3
5) 5166.5
6) 6239.3
7) 7197.7
8) 8176.9
9) 9124.9
10) Very often2911.8
Missing2102 
TOTAL246100.0
380) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very often, how frequently do you see or talk to [NAME 4] these days? (SEETALK4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all3825.7
2) 21610.8
3) 31510.1
4) 4117.4
5) 5138.8
6) 6149.5
7) 7128.1
8) 8106.8
9) 910.7
10) Very often1812.2
Missing2200 
TOTAL148100.0
381) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very often, how frequently do you see or talk to [NAME 5] these days? (SEETALK5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all2526.3
2) 21414.7
3) 31111.6
4) 41111.6
5) 577.4
6) 655.3
7) 799.5
8) 822.1
9) 922.1
10) Very often99.5
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
382) Is [NAME 1] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem? (MHTREAT1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes32554.6
2) No17028.6
3) Unsure10016.8
Missing1753 
TOTAL595100.0
383) Is [NAME 2] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem? (MHTREAT2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19153.2
2) No11431.8
3) Unsure5415.0
Missing1989 
TOTAL359100.0
384) Is [NAME 3] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem? (MHTREAT3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12249.6
2) No8936.2
3) Unsure3514.2
Missing2102 
TOTAL246100.0
385) Is [NAME 4] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem? (MHTREAT4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7047.6
2) No5134.7
3) Unsure2617.7
Missing2201 
TOTAL147100.0
386) Is [NAME 5] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem? (MHTREAT5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes4749.5
2) No3435.8
3) Unsure1414.7
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
387) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very much, how much does [NAME 1]'s mental health condition cause you problems, create stress, or make your life difficult? (MYPROBS1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all27546.4
2) 26110.3
3) 3498.3
4) 4264.4
5) 5467.8
6) 6254.2
7) 7325.4
8) 8325.4
9) 9132.2
10) Very much345.7
Missing1755 
TOTAL593100.0
388) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very much, how much does [NAME 2]'s mental health condition cause you problems, create stress, or make your life difficult? (MYPROBS2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all16646.4
2) 2359.8
3) 33710.3
4) 4328.9
5) 5226.1
6) 6195.3
7) 792.5
8) 8102.8
9) 9143.9
10) Very much143.9
Missing1990 
TOTAL358100.0
389) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very much, how much does [NAME 3]'s mental health condition cause you problems, create stress, or make your life difficult? (MYPROBS3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all11847.8
2) 23514.2
3) 3239.3
4) 4176.9
5) 5249.7
6) 662.4
7) 7104.0
8) 893.6
10) Very much52.0
Missing2101 
TOTAL247100.0
390) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very much, how much does [NAME 4]'s mental health condition cause you problems, create stress, or make your life difficult? (MYPROBS4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all7450.0
2) 22013.5
3) 3106.8
4) 41610.8
5) 596.1
6) 642.7
7) 742.7
8) 853.4
9) 942.7
10) Very much21.4
Missing2200 
TOTAL148100.0
391) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very much, how much does [NAME 5]'s mental health condition cause you problems, create stress, or make your life difficult? (MYPROBS5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all4547.4
2) 21212.6
3) 31414.7
4) 444.2
5) 566.3
6) 633.2
7) 733.2
8) 844.2
9) 911.1
10) Very much33.2
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
392) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, how severe is [NAME 1]'s mental health problem? (SEVERE1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all severe213.6
2) 2284.8
3) 3427.2
4) 45910.1
5) 58614.7
6) 6488.2
7) 78414.3
8) 88113.8
9) 9417.0
10) Very severe9616.4
Missing1762 
TOTAL586100.0
393) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, how severe is [NAME 2]'s mental health problem? (SEVERE2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all severe298.1
2) 2287.8
3) 3308.4
4) 43910.9
5) 55014.0
6) 64111.5
7) 73710.4
8) 84312.0
9) 9205.6
10) Very severe4011.2
Missing1991 
TOTAL357100.0
394) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, how severe is [NAME 3]'s mental health problem? (SEVERE3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all severe3112.6
2) 22510.2
3) 32510.2
4) 42711.0
5) 52811.4
6) 6218.5
7) 72510.2
8) 8208.1
9) 9156.1
10) Very severe2911.8
Missing2102 
TOTAL246100.0
395) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, how severe is [NAME 4]'s mental health problem? (SEVERE4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all severe1913.0
2) 21611.0
3) 3117.5
4) 41711.6
5) 52919.9
6) 685.5
7) 796.2
8) 81510.3
9) 9106.8
10) Very severe128.2
Missing2202 
TOTAL146100.0
396) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, how severe is [NAME 5]'s mental health problem? (SEVERE5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all severe99.5
2) 266.3
3) 31010.5
4) 41414.7
5) 599.5
6) 61212.6
7) 799.5
8) 81010.5
9) 944.2
10) Very severe1212.6
Missing2253 
TOTAL95100.0
397) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 1] to others? (DANGOTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous30752.7
2) 27212.3
3) 3559.4
4) 4295.0
5) 5305.1
6) 6264.5
7) 7193.3
8) 8152.6
9) 971.2
10) Very dangerous233.9
Missing1765 
TOTAL583100.0
398) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 2] to others? (DANGOTH2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous21260.1
2) 24011.3
3) 3205.7
4) 4144.0
5) 5215.9
6) 6123.4
7) 7133.7
8) 892.5
9) 930.8
10) Very dangerous92.5
Missing1995 
TOTAL353100.0
399) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 3] to others? (DANGOTH3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous14760.2
2) 22911.9
3) 3197.8
4) 483.3
5) 583.3
6) 672.9
7) 7114.5
8) 883.3
9) 920.8
10) Very dangerous52.0
Missing2104 
TOTAL244100.0
400) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 4] to others? (DANGOTH4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous10370.1
2) 2117.5
3) 3128.2
4) 432.0
5) 564.1
6) 621.4
7) 742.7
8) 821.4
9) 932.0
10) Very dangerous10.7
Missing2201 
TOTAL147100.0
401) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 5] to others? (DANGOTH5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous6367.0
2) 288.5
3) 333.2
4) 411.1
5) 588.5
6) 611.1
7) 755.3
8) 811.1
9) 911.1
10) Very dangerous33.2
Missing2254 
TOTAL94100.0
402) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 1] to himself/herself? (DANGSLF1)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous18531.7
2) 26811.7
3) 3437.4
4) 4396.7
5) 5488.2
6) 6427.2
7) 7478.1
8) 8417.0
9) 9152.6
10) Very dangerous559.4
Missing1765 
TOTAL583100.0
403) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 2] to himself/herself? (DANGSLF2)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous14140.5
2) 23911.2
3) 3308.6
4) 4246.9
5) 5308.6
6) 6164.6
7) 7246.9
8) 8174.9
9) 982.3
10) Very dangerous195.5
Missing2000 
TOTAL348100.0
404) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 3] to himself/herself? (DANGSLF3)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous10442.6
2) 23213.1
3) 3229.0
4) 4166.6
5) 5166.6
6) 672.9
7) 7166.6
8) 8124.9
9) 952.0
10) Very dangerous145.7
Missing2104 
TOTAL244100.0
405) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 4] to himself/herself? (DANGSLF4)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous6443.8
2) 21510.3
3) 31711.6
4) 4106.8
5) 596.2
6) 642.7
7) 742.7
8) 885.5
9) 964.1
10) Very dangerous96.2
Missing2202 
TOTAL146100.0
406) On a scale from 1 to 10, with 1 being not at all and 10 being very, in your opinion, how dangerous is [NAME 5] to himself/herself? (DANGSLF5)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all dangerous4043.0
2) 299.7
3) 31010.8
4) 433.2
5) 51010.8
6) 633.2
7) 755.4
8) 833.2
9) 922.2
10) Very dangerous88.6
Missing2255 
TOTAL93100.0
407) Now I'd like to continue talking about people you know personally. Thinking about your family, to what extent do they hold negative attitudes about people with mental health problems? (FAMMHNEG)
TOTAL%
1) Very much312.8
2) Somewhat19217.6
3) Not very much39035.8
4) Not at all47743.8
Missing1258 
TOTAL1090100.0
408) Thinking about other people you know personally outside of your family, to what extent do they hold negative attitudes about people with mental health problems? (OTHMHNEG)
TOTAL%
1) Very much736.8
2) Somewhat35132.7
3) Not very much39937.2
4) Not at all25023.3
Missing1275 
TOTAL1073100.0
409) Now, a few more questions about you and your opinions. Have you ever been diagnosed with a mental health problem? (DIAGNOSD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes19717.4
2) No93682.6
Missing1215 
TOTAL1133100.0
410) Did you get treatment for your mental health problem? (MHTREATD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18794.9
2) No105.1
Missing2151 
TOTAL197100.0
411) Next are a number of statements concerning personal attitudes and traits. Please tell me whether the statement is true or false as it pertains to you personally. I'm always willing to admit it when I make a mistake (MCSDS1)
TOTAL%
1) True94782.6
2) False19917.4
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
412) I sometimes try to get even rather than forgive and forget (MCSDS2)
TOTAL%
1) True30927.1
2) False83372.9
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
413) At times I have really insisted on having things my own way (MCSDS3)
TOTAL%
1) True78268.5
2) False36031.5
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
414) I have never been irked when people expressed ideas very different from my own (MCSDS4)
TOTAL%
1) True35030.7
2) False79169.3
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
415) I have never deliberately said something that hurt someone's feelings (MCSDS5)
TOTAL%
1) True45840.1
2) False68459.9
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
416) I like to gossip at times (MCSDS6)
TOTAL%
1) True57350.2
2) False56949.8
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
417) There have been occasions when I took advantage of someone (MCSDS7)
TOTAL%
1) True36331.8
2) False77768.2
Missing1208 
TOTAL1140100.0
418) To what extent do you consider yourself a religious person? Are you very religious, moderately religious, slightly religious or not religious at all? (RELPERSN)
TOTAL%
1) Very religious37216.0
2) Moderately religious87337.5
3) Slightly religious57324.6
4) Not religious at all51021.9
Missing20 
TOTAL2328100.0
419) To what extent do you consider yourself a spiritual person? Are you very spiritual, moderately spiritual, slightly spiritual or not spiritual at all? (SPRTPRSN)
TOTAL%
1) Very spiritual70030.2
2) Moderately spiritual83135.8
3) Slightly spiritual52222.5
4) Not spiritual26511.4
Missing30 
TOTAL2318100.0
420) Can you speak a language other than English? (OTHLANG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes72330.8
2) No162369.2
Missing2 
TOTAL2346100.0
421) What other language(s) do you speak? First response (OTHLANG1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL72212.8826
422) What other language(s) do you speak? Second response (OTHLANG2)
TOTAL%
1) English42.6
2) Spanish2919.0
3) Polish32.0
4) French2013.1
5) Hebrew42.6
6) Russian21.3
7) Tagalog21.3
8) Chinese42.6
10) Italian63.9
11) Romanian10.7
12) German127.8
13) Pashtu10.7
15) Ukrainian21.3
16) Hungarian10.7
17) Turkish10.7
20) Navajo10.7
22) Arabic32.0
24) Serbian10.7
28) Gujarati32.0
30) Dari10.7
31) Slovak10.7
32) Japanese74.6
33) Portuguese63.9
35) Yiddish10.7
36) Creole21.3
37) Vietnamese10.7
38) Norwegian10.7
39) Malaysian21.3
40) Latin32.0
42) Hindi42.6
44) Swedish10.7
46) Sign language85.2
49) Ibo10.7
54) Greek10.7
61) Laotian10.7
71) Swahili10.7
73) Kannada10.7
77) Punjabi10.7
80) Bikol/Bicolano10.7
94) Patois10.7
97) Marathi10.7
132) Pima10.7
164) Oremagna10.7
165) Kaugel10.7
166) Sanskrit10.7
167) Hausa10.7
168) Aramaic10.7
Missing2195 
TOTAL153100.0
423) How well do you speak that language? (SPKLANG)
TOTAL%
1) Very well26036.2
2) Well18125.2
3) Not well19226.7
4) Poorly/Hardly at all8612.0
Missing1629 
TOTAL719100.0
424) Which language do you speak more fluently? (BETRLANG)
TOTAL%
1) Language 169095.7
2) Language 2314.3
Missing1627 
TOTAL721100.0
425) Do you personally ever use a computer at home, at work or at some other location? (COMPUSE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes124780.0
2) No31220.0
Missing789 
TOTAL1559100.0
426) Do you have access to the Internet or World Wide Web in your home through an Internet-enabled mobile device like a smart phone, PDA or BlackBerry? (WEBMOB)
TOTAL%
1) Yes17656.6
2) No13543.4
Missing2037 
TOTAL311100.0
427) About how many minutes per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or e-mail? (EMAILMIN)
TOTAL%
0) 122386.2
1) 20.1
2) 40.3
3) 20.1
4) 20.1
5) 191.3
10) 342.4
15) 221.6
20) 181.3
30) 825.8
35) 10.1
36) 10.1
40) 20.1
44) 10.1
45) 50.4
50) 10.1
Missing929 
TOTAL1419100.0
428) About how many hours per week do you spend sending and answering electronic mail or e-mail? (EMAILHR)
TOTAL%
0) 35625.1
1) 24717.4
2) 15510.9
3) 785.5
4) 523.7
5) 664.7
6) 352.5
7) 453.2
8) 221.6
9) 10.1
10) 936.6
11) 10.1
12) 151.1
13) 20.1
14) 221.6
15) 332.3
16) 30.2
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 614.3
21) 20.1
24) 70.5
25) 241.7
28) 20.1
30) 332.3
32) 10.1
35) 70.5
37) 20.1
40) 241.7
41) 10.1
45) 30.2
48) 10.1
50) 90.6
55) 10.1
60) 30.2
70) 50.4
80) 30.2
90) 10.1
100) 10.1
Missing929 
TOTAL1419100.0
429) Other than for e-mail, do you ever use the Internet or World Wide Web? (USEWWW)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12969.4
2) No5730.6
Missing2162 
TOTAL186100.0
430) Not counting e-mail, about how many hours per week do you use the web? (Include time you spend visiting regular web sites and time spent using interactive Internet services like chat rooms, Usenet groups, discussion forums, bulletin boards and the like) Hours per week? (WWWHR)
TOTAL%
0) 977.1
1) 1017.4
2) 1218.9
3) 876.4
4) 674.9
5) 866.3
6) 402.9
7) 433.2
8) 463.4
9) 50.4
10) 15211.2
11) 10.1
12) 322.3
13) 50.4
14) 312.3
15) 544.0
16) 50.4
17) 10.1
18) 20.1
19) 10.1
20) 1077.9
21) 211.5
22) 10.1
23) 30.2
24) 110.8
25) 292.1
28) 161.2
30) 594.3
32) 20.1
35) 161.2
36) 30.2
40) 413.0
42) 20.1
45) 40.3
48) 30.2
49) 10.1
50) 191.4
55) 20.1
56) 30.2
60) 131.0
65) 10.1
70) 70.5
72) 10.1
80) 80.6
100) 70.5
105) 10.1
120) 20.1
140) 20.1
Missing986 
TOTAL1362100.0
431) Not counting e-mail, about how many minutes or hours per week do you use the web? (Include time you spend visiting regular web sites and time spent using interactive Internet services like chat rooms, Usenet groups, discussion forums, bulletin boards and the like) Minutes per week? (WWWMIN)
TOTAL%
0) 130796.0
2) 10.1
5) 40.3
10) 60.4
15) 70.5
20) 50.4
30) 302.2
45) 10.1
55) 10.1
Missing986 
TOTAL1362100.0
432) How clean was the interior of the housing unit? (HUCLEAN)
TOTAL%
1) Very clean56627.8
2) Clean68433.6
3) So-so26312.9
4) Not very clean844.1
5) Dirty532.6
6) Interviewer never saw the interior of the respondent's housing unit38518.9
Missing313 
TOTAL2035100.0
433) How would you describe your work arrangement in your main job? (WRKTYPE)
TOTAL%
1) Independent contractor/Consultant/Freelance worker18112.9
2) On-call, work only when called to work402.8
3) Paid by a temporary agency211.5
4) Work for a contractor who provides workers/services under contract513.6
5) Regular, permanent employee111579.2
Missing940 
TOTAL1408100.0
434) How long have you worked in your present job for your current employer? (ARDA NOTE: .25 = less than 6 months; .75=6 to 11.9 months) (YEARSJOB)
TOTAL%
0) 17112.1
1) 15110.7
1) 997.0
2) 15410.9
3) 1067.5
4) 795.6
5) 815.7
6) 433.0
7) 282.0
8) 412.9
9) 312.2
10) 594.2
11) 302.1
12) 292.0
13) 181.3
14) 211.5
15) 362.5
16) 201.4
17) 151.1
18) 241.7
19) 80.6
20) 292.0
21) 110.8
22) 100.7
23) 100.7
24) 60.4
25) 211.5
26) 70.5
27) 70.5
28) 60.4
29) 20.1
30) 110.8
31) 50.4
32) 20.1
33) 20.1
34) 50.4
35) 90.6
36) 10.1
37) 50.4
38) 30.2
39) 10.1
40) 60.4
41) 10.1
43) 30.2
45) 40.3
48) 10.1
49) 10.1
51) 10.1
55) 10.1
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
435) In your main job, are you salaried, paid by the hour, or what? (WAYPAID)
TOTAL%
1) Salaried46332.4
2) Paid by the hour81156.8
4) Commission332.3
5) Self-employed141.0
6) Paid by the job302.1
8) Tips30.2
9) Piece work161.1
10) Paid by day453.2
11) Paid by percent60.4
12) Paid by contract60.4
Missing921 
TOTAL1427100.0
436) Which of the following best describes your usual work schedule? (WRKSCHED)
TOTAL%
1) Day shift103072.7
2) Afternoon shift674.7
3) Night shift1067.5
4) Split shift392.8
5) Irregular shift/on-call946.6
6) Rotating shifts805.6
Missing932 
TOTAL1416100.0
437) How many days per month do you work extra hours beyond your usual schedule? (MOREDAYS)
TOTAL%
0) 38327.3
1) 1117.9
2) 17812.7
3) 1309.3
4) 1299.2
5) 966.9
6) 221.6
7) 201.4
8) 322.3
9) 20.1
10) 553.9
12) 241.7
13) 20.1
14) 40.3
15) 483.4
16) 50.4
17) 30.2
18) 30.2
20) 785.6
22) 70.5
23) 10.1
24) 90.6
25) 181.3
26) 30.2
28) 50.4
30) 332.4
Missing947 
TOTAL1401100.0
438) When you work extra hours on your main job, is it mandatory (required by your employer)? (MUSTWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38727.5
2) No102272.5
Missing939 
TOTAL1409100.0
439) How often do you work at home as part of your job? (WRKHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Never86561.0
2) A few times a year936.6
3) About once a month876.1
4) About once a week1198.4
5) More than once a week15711.1
6) Worker works mainly at home976.8
Missing930 
TOTAL1418100.0
440) Is it usually because you want to, you have to in order to keep up with your job, or for some other reason? (WHYWKHME)
TOTAL%
1) Worker wants to work at home17131.1
2) Worker has to work at home to keep up with job20036.4
3) Worker is operating home-based business7613.8
4) Other combinations and other reasons10218.6
Missing1799 
TOTAL549100.0
441) How hard is it to take time off during your work to take care of personal or family matters? (FAMWKOFF)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all hard59842.3
2) Not too hard45031.8
3) Somewhat hard24017.0
4) Very hard1268.9
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
442) How often do the demands of your job interfere with your family life? (WKVSFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Often18513.1
2) Sometimes42930.3
3) Rarely47933.8
4) Never32422.9
Missing931 
TOTAL1417100.0
443) How often do the demands of your family interfere with your work on the job? (FAMVSWK)
TOTAL%
1) Often594.2
2) Sometimes31322.1
3) Rarely62043.8
4) Never42429.9
Missing932 
TOTAL1416100.0
444) After an average work day, about how many hours do you have to relax or pursue activities that you enjoy? (HRSRELAX)
TOTAL%
0) 906.4
1) 14310.2
2) 27819.8
3) 22115.7
4) 26819.1
5) 17112.2
6) 846.0
7) 231.6
8) 745.3
9) 50.4
10) 161.1
11) 30.2
12) 100.7
14) 40.3
15) 30.2
16) 30.2
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 50.4
21) 10.1
24) 10.1
Missing943 
TOTAL1405100.0
445) Do you have any jobs besides your main job or do any other work for pay? (SECONDWK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes26118.4
2) No115481.6
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
446) Now I'm going to read you a list of statements that might or might not describe your main job. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with each of these statements. My job requires that I keep learning new things (LEARNNEW)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly Agree59942.3
2) Agree64345.4
3) Disagree1399.8
4) Strongly disagree342.4
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
447) My job requires that I work very fast (WORKFAST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree31822.5
2) Agree63945.2
3) Disagree41429.3
4) Strongly disagree433.0
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
448) I get to do a number of different things on my job (WORKDIFF)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree49735.1
2) Agree76153.8
3) Disagree1349.5
4) Strongly disagree221.6
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
449) I have too much work to do everything well (OVERWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1279.0
2) Agree36926.1
3) Disagree78655.6
4) Strongly disagree1319.3
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
450) On my job, I know exactly what is expected of me (KNOWWHAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree51436.4
2) Agree83258.9
3) Disagree604.2
4) Strongly disagree70.5
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
451) My job lets me use my skills and abilities (MYSKILLS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree51036.0
2) Agree80156.6
3) Disagree866.1
4) Strongly disagree181.3
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
452) At the place where I work, I am treated with respect (RESPECT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47833.9
2) Agree81557.7
3) Disagree1017.2
4) Strongly disagree181.3
Missing936 
TOTAL1412100.0
453) I trust the management at the place where I work (TRUSTMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree35525.3
2) Agree78455.8
3) Disagree21515.3
4) Strongly disagree513.6
Missing943 
TOTAL1405100.0
454) The safety of workers is a high priority with management where I work (SAFETYWK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54738.9
2) Agree73452.2
3) Disagree1067.5
4) Strongly disagree181.3
Missing943 
TOTAL1405100.0
455) There are no significant compromises or shortcuts taken when worker safety is at stake (SAFEFRST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree54238.7
2) Agree72551.8
3) Disagree1198.5
4) Strongly disagree130.9
Missing949 
TOTAL1399100.0
456) Where I work, employees and management work together to ensure the safest possible working conditions (TEAMSAFE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46433.2
2) Agree81258.0
3) Disagree1077.6
4) Strongly disagree161.1
Missing949 
TOTAL1399100.0
457) The safety and health conditions where I work are good (SAFEHLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree47333.5
2) Agree86361.1
3) Disagree705.0
4) Strongly disagree70.5
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
458) I am proud to be working for my employer (PROUDEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45932.6
2) Agree85260.6
3) Disagree815.8
4) Strongly disagree151.1
Missing941 
TOTAL1407100.0
459) Conditions on my job allow me to be about as productive as I could be (PRODCTIV)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33723.8
2) Agree90864.3
3) Disagree15410.9
4) Strongly disagree141.0
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
460) The place where I work is run in a smooth and effective manner (WKSMOOTH)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree23516.7
2) Agree84960.2
3) Disagree27819.7
4) Strongly disagree493.5
Missing937 
TOTAL1411100.0
461) Workers need strong trade unions to protect their interests (TRDUNION)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14010.5
2) Agree57242.8
3) Disagree53440.0
4) Strongly disagree896.7
Missing1013 
TOTAL1335100.0
462) In your job, do you normally work as part of a team, or do you mostly work on your own? (PARTTEAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, I work as part of a team76053.9
2) No, I work mostly on my own65046.1
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
463) In your job, how often do you take part with others in making decisions that affect you? (WKDECIDE)
TOTAL%
1) Often51236.3
2) Sometimes55339.2
3) Rarely22916.2
4) Never1188.4
Missing936 
TOTAL1412100.0
464) How often are there not enough people or staff to get all the work done? (TOOFEWWK)
TOTAL%
1) Often35825.4
2) Sometimes50535.9
3) Rarely36626.0
4) Never17912.7
Missing940 
TOTAL1408100.0
465) Now I'm going to read you another list of statements about your main job. For each, please tell me if the statement is very true, somewhat true, not too true, or not at all true with respect to the work you do. The chances for promotion are good (PROMTEOK)
TOTAL%
1) Very true29521.1
2) Somewhat true53438.3
3) Not too true32923.6
4) Not at all true23817.0
Missing952 
TOTAL1396100.0
466) I have an opportunity to develop my own special abilities (OPDEVEL)
TOTAL%
1) Very true52137.0
2) Somewhat true62544.4
3) Not too true19413.8
4) Not at all true694.9
Missing939 
TOTAL1409100.0
467) I receive enough help and equipment to get the job done (HLPEQUIP)
TOTAL%
1) Very true67948.1
2) Somewhat true56740.1
3) Not too true1289.1
4) Not at all true392.8
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
468) I have enough information to get the job done (HAVEINFO)
TOTAL%
1) Very true80957.3
2) Somewhat true52737.3
3) Not too true624.4
4) Not at all true151.1
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
469) I am given a lot of freedom to decide how to do my own work (WKFREEDM)
TOTAL%
1) Very true79456.2
2) Somewhat true45432.1
3) Not too true1168.2
4) Not at all true493.5
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
470) My fringe benefits are good (FRINGEOK)
TOTAL%
1) Very true53638.6
2) Somewhat true52037.5
3) Not too true15611.2
4) Not at all true17612.7
Missing960 
TOTAL1388100.0
471) My supervisor is concerned with the welfare of those under him or her (SUPCARES)
TOTAL%
1) Very true71551.7
2) Somewhat true46133.3
3) Not too true1379.9
4) Not at all true705.1
Missing965 
TOTAL1383100.0
472) I am free from the conflicting demands that other people make of me (CONDEMND)
TOTAL%
1) Very true40028.8
2) Somewhat true65347.0
3) Not too true25918.6
4) Not at all true775.5
Missing959 
TOTAL1389100.0
473) Promotions are handled fairly (PROMTEFR)
TOTAL%
1) Very true44433.7
2) Somewhat true56643.0
3) Not too true17813.5
4) Not at all true1299.8
Missing1031 
TOTAL1317100.0
474) The people I work with take a personal interest in me (COWRKINT)
TOTAL%
1) Very true58842.0
2) Somewhat true62144.3
3) Not too true1319.4
4) Not at all true614.4
Missing947 
TOTAL1401100.0
475) The job security is good (JOBSECOK)
TOTAL%
1) Very true85961.1
2) Somewhat true41229.3
3) Not too true896.3
4) Not at all true453.2
Missing943 
TOTAL1405100.0
476) My supervisor is helpful to me in getting the job done (SUPHELP)
TOTAL%
1) Very true72252.1
2) Somewhat true48935.3
3) Not too true1319.5
4) Not at all true433.1
Missing963 
TOTAL1385100.0
477) I have enough time to get the job done (WRKTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Very true61543.6
2) Somewhat true56740.2
3) Not too true16711.9
4) Not at all true604.3
Missing939 
TOTAL1409100.0
478) The people I work with can be relied on when I need help (COWRKHLP)
TOTAL%
1) Very true73152.2
2) Somewhat true53838.4
3) Not too true946.7
4) Not at all true382.7
Missing947 
TOTAL1401100.0
479) In general, how would you describe relations in your work place between management and employees? (MANVSEMP)
TOTAL%
1) Very good47433.9
2) Quite good51436.8
3) Neither good nor bad29521.1
4) Quite bad997.1
5) Very bad161.1
Missing950 
TOTAL1398100.0
480) Does your job require you to do repeated lifting, pushing, pulling or bending? (HVYLIFT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes72251.1
2) No69048.9
Missing936 
TOTAL1412100.0
481) Does your job regularly require you to perform repetitive or forceful hand movements or involve awkward postures? (HANDMOVE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes69649.3
2) No71750.7
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
482) When you do your job well, are you likely to be praised by your supervisor or employer? (WKPRAISE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76554.7
2) Maybe41829.9
3) No21515.4
Missing950 
TOTAL1398100.0
483) How fair is what you earn on your job in comparison to others doing the same type of work you do? (FAIREARN)
TOTAL%
1) Much less than you deserve16712.0
2) Somewhat less than you deserve37827.1
3) About as much as you deserve71051.0
4) Somewhat more than you deserve1168.3
5) Much more than you deserve221.6
Missing955 
TOTAL1393100.0
484) Do you feel that the income from your job alone is enough to meet your family's usual monthly expenses and bills? (RINCBLLS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes71350.7
2) No69349.3
Missing942 
TOTAL1406100.0
485) Were you laid off your main job at any time in the last year? (LAIDOFF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes674.7
2) No134695.3
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
486) How easy would it be for you to find a job with another employer with approximately the same income and fringe benefits as you have now? (JOBFIND1)
TOTAL%
1) Very easy to find similar job34124.3
2) Somewhat easy to find similar job59242.2
3) Not easy at all to find similar job46933.5
Missing946 
TOTAL1402100.0
487) Taking everything into consideration, how likely is it you will make a genuine effort to find a new job with another employer within the next year? (TRYNEWJB)
TOTAL%
1) Very likely24617.4
2) Somewhat likely35325.0
3) Not at all likely81457.6
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
488) Do you feel in any way discriminated against on your job because of your age? (WKAGEISM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1258.9
2) No128791.1
Missing936 
TOTAL1412100.0
489) Do you feel in any way discriminated against on your job because of your race or ethnic origin? (WKRACISM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes805.7
2) No133094.3
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
490) Do you feel in any way discriminated against on your job because of your gender? (WKSEXISM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes956.7
2) No131593.3
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
491) In the last 12 months, were you sexually harassed by anyone while you were on the job? (WKHARSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes483.4
2) No136296.6
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
492) In the last 12 months, were you threatened or harassed in any other way by anyone while you were on the job? (WKHAROTH)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1208.5
2) No129091.5
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
493) Would you say that in general your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? (HEALTH1)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent29220.6
2) Very good44931.7
3) Good44031.1
4) Fair20714.6
5) Poor271.9
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
494) Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good? (PHYSHLTH)
TOTAL%
0) 88462.7
1) 825.8
2) 1299.2
3) 604.3
4) 302.1
5) 523.7
6) 40.3
7) 342.4
8) 50.4
10) 332.3
12) 50.4
13) 10.1
14) 120.9
15) 171.2
16) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 90.6
21) 40.3
25) 30.2
27) 10.1
30) 423.0
Missing939 
TOTAL1409100.0
495) Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good? (MNTLHLTH)
TOTAL%
0) 78856.0
1) 765.4
2) 1077.6
3) 856.0
4) 322.3
5) 755.3
6) 90.6
7) 261.8
8) 60.4
9) 10.1
10) 604.3
11) 10.1
12) 50.4
14) 130.9
15) 412.9
16) 20.1
18) 10.1
20) 191.3
22) 20.1
25) 70.5
29) 10.1
30) 513.6
Missing940 
TOTAL1408100.0
496) During the past 30 days, for about how many days did your poor physical or mental health keep you from doing your usual activities, such as self-care, work, or recreation? (HLTHDAYS)
TOTAL%
0) 105875.0
1) 654.6
2) 755.3
3) 382.7
4) 191.3
5) 382.7
6) 30.2
7) 241.7
8) 40.3
9) 20.1
10) 261.8
12) 30.2
14) 60.4
15) 211.5
20) 90.6
22) 10.1
25) 30.2
27) 10.1
30) 141.0
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
497) How often during the past month have you felt used up at the end of the day? (USEDUP)
TOTAL%
1) Very often20714.6
2) Often31222.1
3) Sometimes50335.6
4) Rarely27919.7
5) Never1138.0
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
498) In the past 12 months, have you had back pain every day for a week or more? (BACKPAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes37826.7
2) No103673.3
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
499) In the past 12 months, have you had pain in the hands, wrists, arms, or shoulders every day for a week or more? (PAINARMS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40628.7
2) No100871.3
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
500) In the past 12 months, how many times have you been injured on the job? (HURTATWK)
TOTAL%
0) 0127290.2
1) 1795.6
2) 2342.4
3) 360.4
5) 550.4
6) 640.3
7) 7 or more100.7
Missing938 
TOTAL1410100.0
501) My supervisor treats me fairly (SPVTRFAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Very true84861.2
2) Somewhat true43831.6
3) Not too true674.8
4) Not at all true332.4
Missing962 
TOTAL1386100.0
502) Do you have access to stress management or stress reduction programs at your current workplace? (STRREDPG)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51137.6
2) No84762.4
Missing990 
TOTAL1358100.0
503) Please rate the overall physical effort at the job you normally do (PHYEFFRT)
TOTAL%
1) Very hard1057.4
2) Hard15410.9
3) Somewhat hard43130.5
4) Fairly light33323.6
5) Very light39027.6
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
504) During the past 12 months, how often have you had trouble going to sleep or staying asleep? (SLPPRBLM)
TOTAL%
1) Often31622.3
2) Sometimes50535.6
3) Rarely39527.9
4) Never20114.2
Missing931 
TOTAL1417100.0
505) All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your job? (SATJOB1)
TOTAL%
1) Very satisfied68948.8
2) Somewhat satisfied59642.2
3) Not too satisfied1017.1
4) Not at all satisfied271.9
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
506) How far in advance do you usually know what days and hours you will need to work? (KNOWSCHD)
TOTAL%
1) One week or less59942.8
2) Between 1 and 2 weeks18313.1
3) Between 3 and 4 weeks856.1
4) 4 weeks or more53138.0
Missing950 
TOTAL1398100.0
507) During a typical week, about what percentage of your total time at work would you normally spend using different types of electronic technologies (such as computers, tablets, smart phones, cash registers, scanners, GPS devices, robotic devices, and so on)? (USETECH)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL141255.12638
508) In the past 12 months, have you participated in any of these stress management or stress reduction programs? (STRESS12)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8115.9
2) No42984.1
Missing1838 
TOTAL510100.0
509) Now I would like to ask you some questions about general health conditions. Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you had hypertension or high blood pressure? (HYPERTEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39528.0
2) No101672.0
Missing937 
TOTAL1411100.0
510) Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you had arthritis or rheumatism? (ARTHRTIS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes24217.1
2) No117082.9
Missing936 
TOTAL1412100.0
511) Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you had diabetes or high blood sugar? (DIABETES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15310.8
2) No126089.2
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
512) Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you had depression? (DEPRESS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes27119.2
2) No114380.8
Missing934 
TOTAL1414100.0
513) About how much do you weigh without shoes? (WEIGHT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1380182.41745
514) About how tall are you without shoes? (HEIGHT)
TOTAL%
48) 10.1
55) 10.1
56) 20.1
57) 10.1
58) 20.1
59) 151.1
60) 332.4
61) 382.7
62) 936.6
63) 1027.3
64) 1359.6
65) 1158.2
66) 1218.6
67) 1168.3
68) 1007.1
69) 966.8
70) 946.7
71) 926.6
72) 1027.3
73) 564.0
74) 433.1
75) 171.2
76) 130.9
77) 80.6
78) 20.1
79) 10.1
80) 20.1
81) 10.1
Missing946 
TOTAL1402100.0
515) During the past week, about what percentage of time did you not work as hard as you should have? (NTWKHARD)
TOTAL%
0) 46333.4
0) 10.1
1) 181.3
2) 10.1
2) 332.4
2) 30.2
3) 181.3
4) 20.1
4) 171.2
4) 10.1
5) 1128.1
8) 20.1
8) 50.4
9) 10.1
10) 26819.3
12) 10.1
12) 20.1
13) 10.1
14) 10.1
15) 362.6
17) 10.1
18) 10.1
18) 10.1
20) 1198.6
25) 584.2
30) 604.3
35) 30.2
40) 402.9
50) 473.4
60) 110.8
65) 20.1
70) 161.2
75) 130.9
80) 50.4
85) 20.1
90) 60.4
100) 151.1
Missing962 
TOTAL1386100.0
516) During the past 30 days, about how many days did you miss work due to your mental or physical health? (MISSWORK)
TOTAL%
0) 115081.5
1) 966.8
2) 644.5
3) 251.8
4) 141.0
5) 181.3
6) 20.1
7) 151.1
8) 30.2
10) 80.6
14) 20.1
15) 10.1
20) 20.1
21) 10.1
30) 100.7
Missing937 
TOTAL1411100.0
517) If you were asked to rate your overall life from 0-10, where 10 represents the best possible state and 0 represents the worst possible state, how would you rate your life today? (LIFENOW)
TOTAL%
0) Worst possible state40.3
1) 150.4
2) 240.3
3) 3120.8
4) 4312.2
5) 51238.7
6) 61349.5
7) 735525.1
8) 842730.2
9) 918713.2
10) Best possible state1319.3
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
518) If you were asked to rate your overall life from 0-10, where 10 represents the best possible state and 0 represents the worst possible state, how do you think you would rate your life five years from today? (LIFEIN5)
TOTAL%
0) Worst possible state10.1
1) 130.2
2) 250.4
3) 3151.1
4) 4201.4
5) 5533.8
6) 6483.5
7) 715611.2
8) 835925.8
9) 935825.8
10) Best possible state37126.7
Missing959 
TOTAL1389100.0
519) In your day-to-day life how often have any of the following things happened to you? You are treated with less courtesy or respect than other people (DISRSPCT)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day1227.8
2) At least once a week19912.7
3) A few times a month23314.9
4) A few times a year39925.6
5) Less than once a year27017.3
6) Never33821.7
Missing787 
TOTAL1561100.0
520) You receive poorer service than other people at restaurants or stores (POORSERV)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day161.0
2) At least once a week724.6
3) A few times a month15810.1
4) A few times a year40826.2
5) Less than once a year37524.0
6) Never53134.0
Missing788 
TOTAL1560100.0
521) People act as if they think you are not smart (NOTSMART)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day1056.8
2) At least once a week956.1
3) A few times a month1419.1
4) A few times a year37324.0
5) Less than once a year34322.1
6) Never49832.0
Missing793 
TOTAL1555100.0
522) People act as if they are afraid of you (AFRAIDOF)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day624.0
2) At least once a week613.9
3) A few times a month1056.7
4) A few times a year20713.2
5) Less than once a year23815.2
6) Never89157.0
Missing784 
TOTAL1564100.0
523) You are threatened or harassed (THREATEN)
TOTAL%
1) Almost every day140.9
2) At least once a week301.9
3) A few times a month392.5
4) A few times a year1559.9
5) Less than once a year34422.0
6) Never98262.8
Missing784 
TOTAL1564100.0
524) In general, would you say your quality of life is... (QUALLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent47920.6
2) Very good95040.8
3) Good64027.5
4) Fair2249.6
5) Poor371.6
Missing18 
TOTAL2330100.0
525) In general, how would you rate your physical health? (HLTHPHYS)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent37816.2
2) Very good64727.8
3) Good77733.4
4) Fair43118.5
5) Poor964.1
Missing19 
TOTAL2329100.0
526) In general, how would you rate your mental health, including your mood and your ability to think? (HLTHMNTL)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent47820.5
2) Very good90538.9
3) Good67128.8
4) Fair23210.0
5) Poor431.8
Missing19 
TOTAL2329100.0
527) In general, how would you rate your satisfaction with your social activities and relationships? (SATSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent34614.9
2) Very good83235.8
3) Good75832.6
4) Fair30913.3
5) Poor823.5
Missing21 
TOTAL2327100.0
528) In general, please rate how well you carry out your usual social activities and roles. (This includes activities at home, at work and in your community, and responsibilities as a parent, child, spouse, employee, friend, etc.) (ACTSSOC)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent31513.5
2) Very good104945.1
3) Good74332.0
4) Fair1777.6
5) Poor411.8
Missing23 
TOTAL2325100.0
529) To what extent are you able to carry out your everyday physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, carrying groceries, or moving a chair? (PHYSACTS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely149964.4
2) Mostly40717.5
3) Moderately27611.9
4) A little1295.5
5) Not at all180.8
Missing19 
TOTAL2329100.0
530) In the past seven days, how often have you been bothered by emotional problems such as feeling anxious, depressed or irritable? (EMOPROBS)
TOTAL%
1) Never72731.2
2) Rarely68629.5
3) Sometimes60125.8
4) Often23410.0
5) [ARDA Note: Unknown code]813.5
Missing19 
TOTAL2329100.0
531) In the past seven days, how would you rate your fatigue on average? (FATIGUE)
TOTAL%
1) None40917.6
2) Mild89838.7
3) Moderate79534.2
4) Severe1847.9
5) Very severe371.6
Missing25 
TOTAL2323100.0
532) On a scale from 0 to 10, with 0 meaning no pain and 10 being the worst imaginable pain, how would you rate your pain on average? (RATEPAIN)
TOTAL%
0) No pain56924.4
1) 135315.2
2) 231213.4
3) 329512.7
4) 41938.3
5) 52048.8
6) 61436.1
7) 71406.0
8) 8682.9
9) 9281.2
10) The worst imaginable pain231.0
Missing20 
TOTAL2328100.0
533) [Women only] Leaving aside what you think of abortion for yourself, do you think a woman should continue to be able to have an abortion legally or not, or would you say it depends? (ABFELEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Should48138.3
2) Should not19315.4
3) It depends58146.3
Missing1093 
TOTAL1255100.0
534) [Men only] Leaving aside what you think of abortion for those close to you, do you think a woman should continue to be able to have an abortion legally or not or would you say it depends? (ABMELEGL)
TOTAL%
1) Should42341.4
2) Should not13413.1
3) It depends46445.4
Missing1327 
TOTAL1021100.0
535) Leaving aside whether or not you think abortion should be legal, are you morally opposed to abortion or not, or would you say it depends? (ABMORAL)
TOTAL%
1) Morally opposed66028.9
2) Not morally opposed63227.6
3) It depends99543.5
Missing61 
TOTAL2287100.0
536) Here in [CURRENT STATE], how easy or hard do you think it is for a woman to get an abortion? (ABSTATE1)
TOTAL%
1) Very easy36719.8
2) Easy67136.2
3) Neither easy nor hard51827.9
4) Hard21711.7
5) Very hard834.5
Missing492 
TOTAL1856100.0
537) Here in [CURRENT STATE], do you think that laws should be changed to make it easier for a woman to get an abortion, be changed to make it harder for a woman to get an abortion, or should the laws stay as they are now? (ABSTATE2)
TOTAL%
1) Make it easier40319.6
2) Make it harder61029.6
3) Stay as they are now104650.8
Missing289 
TOTAL2059100.0
538) If a close family member or friend decided to have an abortion, which of the following kinds of help, if any, would you give if you were able? Help with arrangements, like a ride or childcare (ABHELP1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes159071.5
2) No63328.5
Missing125 
TOTAL2223100.0
539) If a close family member or friend decided to have an abortion, which of the following kinds of help, if any, would you give if you were able? Help paying for the abortion (ABHELP2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes65629.4
2) No157670.6
Missing116 
TOTAL2232100.0
540) If a close family member or friend decided to have an abortion, which of the following kinds of help, if any, would you give if you were able? Help paying for costs other than the abortion, like for a ride or hotel if she needs to stay overnight (ABHELP3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes126156.2
2) No98143.8
Missing106 
TOTAL2242100.0
541) If a close family member or friend decided to have an abortion, which of the following kinds of help, if any, would you give if you were able? Help by providing emotional support (ABHELP4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes199287.8
2) No27812.2
Missing78 
TOTAL2270100.0
542) Which of these statements comes closer to your view about what information a woman should have when she makes a decision about whether to have an abortion? (ABMEDGOV1)
TOTAL%
1) A woman and her medical professional should decide104392.2
2) The government should decide887.8
Missing1217 
TOTAL1131100.0
543) Which of these statements comes closer to your view about what information a woman should have when she makes a decision about childbirth? (ABMEDGOV2)
TOTAL%
1) A woman and her medical professional should decide105494.9
2) The government should decide575.1
Missing1237 
TOTAL1111100.0
544) People use their health insurance to help cover the cost of receiving health care. Do you think people should be able to use their health insurance to help cover the cost of receiving an abortion? (ABINSPAY)
TOTAL%
1) People should be able107750.2
2) People should not be able106849.8
Missing203 
TOTAL2145100.0
545) Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements: In my everyday life, I take notice of the natural elements around me (trees, water, wildlife, etc.) (NATNOTICE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree81571.1
2) Somewhat agree30326.4
3) Somewhat disagree201.7
4) Strongly disagree80.7
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
546) I have views of nature (trees, lawns, gardens, water, etc.) when I am home (NATVIEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree78168.2
2) Somewhat agree27524.0
3) Somewhat disagree585.1
4) Strongly disagree322.8
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
547) I have easy access to natural environments, such as public parks, gardens or trails (NATACCESS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree88577.3
2) Somewhat agree21418.7
3) Somewhat disagree302.6
4) Strongly disagree161.4
Missing1203 
TOTAL1145100.0
548) Usually, I spend time in natural environments, such as public parks, gardens or trails, at least once a week (NATTIME)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree40835.6
2) Somewhat agree34730.3
3) Somewhat disagree25121.9
4) Strongly disagree14112.3
Missing1201 
TOTAL1147100.0
549) I am satisfied with my day to day experience of nature (NATSAT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree62954.9
2) Somewhat agree37032.3
3) Somewhat disagree11510.0
4) Strongly disagree322.8
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
550) I am satisfied with my day to day experience of nature. Natural environments are peaceful and relaxing (NATRELAX)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree97585.1
2) Somewhat agree15513.5
3) Somewhat disagree70.6
4) Strongly disagree90.8
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
551) Natural environments are a good place for physical activity, such as walking, cycling, sports, etc. (NATACTIVE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree103890.6
2) Somewhat agree1028.9
3) Somewhat disagree10.1
4) Strongly disagree50.4
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
552) Natural environments are a good place to meet others from the local community (NATMEET)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree68760.2
2) Somewhat agree39234.3
3) Somewhat disagree534.6
4) Strongly disagree100.9
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
553) I spend as much time as I would like in natural environments (NATTIMEOK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree39334.3
2) Somewhat agree36531.8
3) Somewhat disagree29225.5
4) Strongly disagree968.4
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
554) There is a lack of interesting activities in natural environments (NATLACK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree988.6
2) Somewhat agree22419.8
3) Somewhat disagree37533.1
4) Strongly disagree43738.5
Missing1214 
TOTAL1134100.0
555) How many pets does your family have? By family, we mean members of your family with whom you currently live (NUMPETS)
TOTAL%
0) No pets47441.3
1) 128825.1
2) 215913.9
3) 3827.1
4) 4453.9
5) 5292.5
6) 6141.2
7) 780.7
8) 850.4
9) 950.4
10) 1040.3
11) 1170.6
12) 1250.4
13) 1330.3
14) 1410.1
15) 1530.3
17) 1710.1
18) 1810.1
19) 1910.1
20) 20 or more pets121.0
Missing1201 
TOTAL1147100.0
556) Why doesn't your family have a pet? Please choose the most important reason (WHYNOPET)
TOTAL%
1) No interest9520.0
2) Too expensive285.9
3) Too much time or work to care for pet15833.3
4) Allergies (own or another household member)398.2
5) Health risks143.0
6) Residential restrictions5812.2
7) Pet died377.8
8) Away too much, travelling, working, or both204.2
9) Other255.3
Missing1874 
TOTAL474100.0
557) Did your family have a pet 5 years ago? (PETB4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes76566.5
2) No38533.5
Missing1198 
TOTAL1150100.0
558) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Dog (DOG)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have16925.1
1) Has50474.9
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
559) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Cat (CAT)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have40259.7
1) Has27140.3
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
560) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? A small mammal (rabbit, gerbil, hamster) (SMAMMAL)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have63794.7
1) Has365.3
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
561) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Bird (BIRD)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have63494.2
1) Has395.8
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
562) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Fish (FISH)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have63394.1
1) Has405.9
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
563) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Reptile (turtle, snake, lizard) (REPTILE)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have64395.5
1) Has304.5
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
564) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Horse (HORSE)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have65797.6
1) Has162.4
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
565) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Pig (PIG)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have67099.6
1) Has30.4
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
566) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Goat (GOAT)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have67199.7
1) Has20.3
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
567) What kind of pet(s) does your family have? Other pet (OTHPET)
TOTAL%
0) Does not have65296.9
1) Has213.1
Missing1675 
TOTAL673100.0
568) Thinking about your favorite pet, how often do you spend time each day playing with or exercising your pet? Would you say almost always, often, sometimes, or never? (PETPLAY)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always26639.6
2) Often21632.1
3) Sometimes14020.8
4) Never507.4
Missing1676 
TOTAL672100.0
569) When you feel bad, how often do you seek your pet for comfort? (PETCMFRT)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always22834.0
2) Often16624.8
3) Sometimes15623.3
4) Never12017.9
Missing1678 
TOTAL670100.0
570) How often do you consider your pet to be a member of your family? (PETFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always52277.8
2) Often8011.9
3) Sometimes385.7
4) Never314.6
Missing1677 
TOTAL671100.0
571) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Dog (DOGB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have3619.9
1) Had14580.1
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
572) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Cat (CATB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have13172.4
1) Had5027.6
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
573) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? A small mammal (rabbit, gerbil, hamster) (SMAMMALB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have17596.7
1) Had63.3
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
574) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Bird (BIRDB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have17697.2
1) Had52.8
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
575) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Fish (FISHB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have17395.6
1) Had84.4
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
576) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Reptile (turtle, snake, lizard) (REPTILEB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have17496.1
1) Had73.9
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
577) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Horse (HORSEB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have18099.4
1) Had10.6
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
578) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Pig (PIGB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have181100.0
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
579) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Goat (GOATB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have181100.0
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
580) What kind of pet(s) did your family have? Some other pet (OTHPETB4)
TOTAL%
0) Did not have17898.3
1) Had31.7
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
581) Thinking about your favorite pet, how often did you spend time each day playing with or exercising your pet? Would you say almost always, often, sometimes, or never? (PETB4PLY)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always9250.8
2) Often4122.7
3) Sometimes3217.7
4) Never168.8
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
582) When you felt bad, how often did you seek your pet for comfort? (PETB4CMFRT)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always5530.4
2) Often4323.8
3) Sometimes4927.1
4) Never3418.8
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
583) How often did you consider your pet to be a member of your family? (PETB4FAM)
TOTAL%
1) Almost always12870.7
2) Often2513.8
3) Sometimes105.5
4) Never189.9
Missing2167 
TOTAL181100.0
584) Do you work for a for-profit company, a non-profit or not-for-profit organization, or for the government or a government agency? (WORKFOR1)
TOTAL%
1) For-profit company93668.5
2) Non-profit or not-for-profit organization20114.7
3) The government or government agency22916.8
Missing982 
TOTAL1366100.0
585) Do you own any shares of stock in the company where you now work, either directly or through some type of retirement or stock plan? (OWNSTOCK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes20421.9
2) No, I work for a company that does not have stock33035.4
3) No, my company has stock but I do not own any of my company's stock15116.2
4) No, I do not own stock and do not know if my company has stock17719.0
5) I do not know if I own stock in my company697.4
Missing1417 
TOTAL931100.0
586) Please give a general estimate of how much cash you would get if all this stock were sold today? (STOCKVAL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL151310369.526967633
587) Do you currently hold any stock options in your company (vested or unvested)? (STOCKOPS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes8214.1
2) No49985.9
Missing1767 
TOTAL581100.0
588) In your job are you eligible for any type of performance-based pay, such as individual or group bonuses or any type of profit-sharing? (EXTRAPAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50035.8
2) No89864.2
Missing950 
TOTAL1398100.0
589) Does the size of these performance-based payments depend on company profits or performance? (COMPPERF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes40583.2
2) No8216.8
Missing1861 
TOTAL487100.0
590) Does the size of these performance-based payments depend on workgroup or department performance? (DEPTPERF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes30862.7
2) No18337.3
Missing1857 
TOTAL491100.0
591) Does the size of these performance-based payments depend on individual performance? (INDPERF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes38277.0
2) No11423.0
Missing1852 
TOTAL496100.0
592) Did you receive any of these performance-based payments in the year 2017? If asked: Performance-based pay means individual or group bonuses, commissions, or any type of profit-sharing (EXTR2017)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36072.0
2) No14028.0
Missing1848 
TOTAL500100.0
593) What was the approximate total dollar value of these various payments in the previous year? (EXTRAVAL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL31614232.67950180
594) What was the most recent year in which you received these performance-based payments? (EXTRAYR)
TOTAL%
2000) 10.7
2006) 10.7
2008) 21.5
2009) 10.7
2010) 21.5
2013) 10.7
2014) 32.2
2015) 85.8
2016) 2014.6
2017) 3122.6
2018) 6748.9
Missing2211 
TOTAL137100.0
595) What was the approximate total dollar value of these various payments in that year? (YEARVAL)
TOTAL%
3) 11.4
10) 11.4
18) 11.4
25) 11.4
30) 11.4
50) 11.4
62) 11.4
75) 11.4
100) 68.2
124) 11.4
125) 11.4
150) 11.4
200) 11.4
240) 11.4
250) 22.7
288) 11.4
300) 56.8
450) 11.4
500) 22.7
600) 11.4
620) 11.4
750) 11.4
800) 11.4
950) 11.4
1000) 912.3
1000) 11.4
1200) 22.7
1400) 11.4
1500) 22.7
2000) 11.4
2400) 22.7
2500) 45.5
3000) 45.5
4000) 34.1
4500) 11.4
5000) 11.4
7000) 22.7
10000) 22.7
12000) 11.4
13500) 11.4
25000) 11.4
Missing2275 
TOTAL73100.0
596) If you (are/were) self-employed and (have/had) employees, how many employees (do/did) you have? (NUMEMPS)
TOTAL%
0) 14963.7
1) 166.8
2) 114.7
3) 93.8
4) 52.1
5) 31.3
6) 104.3
7) 41.7
8) 41.7
9) 31.3
10) 31.3
12) 31.3
13) 10.4
14) 10.4
15) 31.3
20) 20.9
25) 20.9
34) 10.4
50) 10.4
75) 10.4
95) 10.4
97) 10.4
Missing2114 
TOTAL234100.0
597) (Do/did) you work in your own family business or farm? (WRKSLFFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13056.0
2) No10244.0
Missing2116 
TOTAL232100.0
598) We are interested in how people get information about events in the news. Where do you get most of your information about current news events - newspapers, magazines, the Internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source? (NEWSFROM)
TOTAL%
1) Newspapers796.7
2) Magazines20.2
3) The Internet53945.9
4) Books/other printed material50.4
5) TV42235.9
6) Radio695.9
7) Government agencies40.3
8) Family302.6
9) Friends/colleagues221.9
10) Other20.2
Missing1174 
TOTAL1174100.0
599) We are interested in how people get information about science and technology. Where do you get most of your information about science and technology - newspapers, magazines, the Internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source? (SCIFROM)
TOTAL%
1) Newspapers494.2
2) Magazines484.1
3) The Internet64955.5
4) Books/other printed material463.9
5) TV28724.5
6) Radio211.8
7) Government agencies60.5
8) Family272.3
9) Friends/colleagues312.6
10) Other60.5
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
600) If you wanted to learn about scientific issues such as global warming or biotechnology, where would you get information - newspapers, magazines, the Internet, books or other printed materials, TV, radio, government agencies, family, friends, colleagues or some other source? (SEEKSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Newspapers282.4
2) Magazines252.2
3) The Internet79168.1
4) Books/other printed material958.2
5) TV14512.5
6) Radio141.2
7) Government agencies201.7
8) Family221.9
9) Friends/colleagues110.9
10) Library100.9
Missing1187 
TOTAL1161100.0
601) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Because of science and technology, there will be more opportunities for the next generation (NEXTGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree45538.9
2) Agree62553.4
3) Disagree766.5
4) Strongly disagree141.2
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
602) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Science makes our way of life change too fast (TOOFAST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree15913.7
2) Agree41836.0
3) Disagree49042.2
4) Strongly disagree938.0
Missing1188 
TOTAL1160100.0
603) I'm going to read to you some statements like those you might find in a newspaper or magazine article. For each statement, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree. Even if it brings no immediate benefits, scientific research that advances the frontiers of knowledge is necessary and should be supported by the federal government (ADVFRONT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree33929.5
2) Agree64956.5
3) Disagree13611.8
4) Strongly disagree242.1
Missing1200 
TOTAL1148100.0
604) Now, for a new subject. Do you ever read a horoscope or your personal astrology report? (ASTROLGY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50643.2
2) No66656.8
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
605) Would you say that astrology is very scientific, sort of scientific or not at all scientific? (ASTROSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very scientific776.8
2) Sort of scientific38333.6
3) Not at all scientific68059.6
Missing1208 
TOTAL1140100.0
606) Now for another type of question. People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that, on balance, the benefits of scientific research have outweighed the harmful results, or have the harmful results of scientific research been greater than its benefits? (SCIBNFTS)
TOTAL%
1) Benefits greater86178.1
2) About equal (volunteered)12411.3
3) Harmful results greater11710.6
Missing1246 
TOTAL1102100.0
607) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the benefits or only slightly? (BALPOS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor53162.4
2) Slightly in favor32037.6
Missing1497 
TOTAL851100.0
608) People have frequently noted that scientific research has produced benefits and harmful results. Would you say that the balance has been strongly in favor of the harmful results or only slightly? (BALNEG)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor2521.9
2) Slightly in favor8978.1
Missing2234 
TOTAL114100.0
609) Now, for a slightly different type of question. When you read news stories, you see certain sets of words and terms. We are interested in how many people recognize certain kinds of terms. First, some articles refer to the results of a scientific study. When you read or hear the term scientific study, do you have a clear understanding of what it means, a general sense of what it means or little understanding of what it means? (SCISTUDY)
TOTAL%
1) Clear understanding33028.4
2) General sense59751.3
3) Little understanding23620.3
Missing1185 
TOTAL1163100.0
610) In your own words, could you tell me what it means to study something scientifically? (SCITEXT)
TOTAL%
1) Formulation of theories, test hypotheses11713.8
2) Do experiments, control group8510.0
3) Rigorous, systematic comparison10111.9
4) Measurement15818.6
5) Classification26230.9
6) Redundancies/incorrect12614.8
Missing1499 
TOTAL849100.0
611) Now, please think about this situation. Two scientists want to know if a certain drug is effective against high blood pressure. The first scientist wants to give the drug to 1,000 people with high blood pressure and see how many of them experience lower blood pressure levels. The second scientist wants to give the drug to 500 people with high blood pressure, and not give the drug to another 500 people with high blood pressure, and see how many in both groups experience lower blood pressure levels. Which is the better way to test this drug? (EXPDESGN)
TOTAL%
1) All 1,000 get the drug22219.7
2) 500 get the drug; 500 don't90380.3
Missing1223 
TOTAL1125100.0
612) Why is it better to test the drug this way? (EXPTEXT)
TOTAL%
1) Correct - control group28825.7
2) Correct - vague reason28125.0
3) Correct - wrong reason30327.0
4) Correct - don't know282.5
5) Wrong - reservations about control group443.9
6) Wrong - reservations about sample1049.3
7) Wrong - other reason575.1
8) Wrong - don't know171.5
Missing1226 
TOTAL1122100.0
613) Now, think about this situation. A doctor tells a couple that their genetic makeup means that they've got a one-in-four chance of having a child with an inherited illness. Does this mean that if their first child has the illness, the next three will not have the illness? (ODDS1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes13211.9
2) No97588.1
Missing1241 
TOTAL1107100.0
614) Now, think about this situation. A doctor tells a couple that their genetic makeup means that they've got a one-in-four chance of having a child with an inherited illness. Does this mean that each of the couple's children will have the same risk of suffering from the illness? (ODDS2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes85476.6
2) No26123.4
Missing1233 
TOTAL1115100.0
615) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. First, the center of the earth is very hot (Is that true or false?) (HOTCORE)
TOTAL%
1) True100295.0
2) False535.0
Missing1293 
TOTAL1055100.0
616) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. All radioactivity is man-made (Is that true or false?) (RADIOACT)
TOTAL%
1) True23522.7
2) False80277.3
Missing1311 
TOTAL1037100.0
617) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. It is the father's gene that decides whether the baby is a boy or a girl (Is that true or false?) (BOYORGRL)
TOTAL%
1) True67966.6
2) False34133.4
Missing1328 
TOTAL1020100.0
618) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Lasers work by focusing sound waves (Is that true or false?) (LASERS)
TOTAL%
1) True25532.8
2) False52267.2
Missing1571 
TOTAL777100.0
619) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Electrons are smaller than atoms (Is that true or false?) (ELECTRON)
TOTAL%
1) True54465.0
2) False29335.0
Missing1511 
TOTAL837100.0
620) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Antibiotics kill viruses as well as bacteria (Is that true or false?) (VIRUSES)
TOTAL%
1) True51246.2
2) False59753.8
Missing1239 
TOTAL1109100.0
621) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe began with a huge explosion (Is that true or false?) (BIGBANG)
TOTAL%
1) True15351.2
2) False14648.8
Missing2049 
TOTAL299100.0
622) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. According to astronomers, the universe began with a huge explosion (Is that true or false?) (BIGBANG1)
TOTAL%
1) True25575.4
2) False8324.6
Missing2010 
TOTAL338100.0
623) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The universe has been expanding ever since it began (Is that true or false?) (BIGBANG2)
TOTAL%
1) True25982.7
2) False5417.3
Missing2035 
TOTAL313100.0
624) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. The continents on which we live have been moving their locations for millions of years and will continue to move in the future (Is that true or false?) (CONDRIFT)
TOTAL%
1) True92386.8
2) False14013.2
Missing1285 
TOTAL1063100.0
625) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Human beings, as we know them today, developed from earlier species of animals (Is that true or false?) (EVOLVED)
TOTAL%
1) True29456.1
2) False23043.9
Missing1824 
TOTAL524100.0
626) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Elephants, as we know them today, descended from earlier species of animals (Is that true or false?) (EVOLVED2)
TOTAL%
1) True40882.9
2) False8417.1
Missing1856 
TOTAL492100.0
627) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. For each statement that I read, please tell me if it is true or false. If you don't know or aren't sure, just tell me so, and we will skip to the next question. Remember true, false or don't know. Now, does the earth go around the sun or does the sun go around the earth? (Is that true or false?) (EARTHSUN)
TOTAL%
1) Earth around sun83674.8
2) Sun around earth28125.2
Missing1231 
TOTAL1117100.0
628) Now, I would like to ask you a few short questions like those you might see on a television game show. How long does it take for the earth to go around the sun: One day, one month or one year? (Is that true or false?) (SOLARREV)
TOTAL%
1) One day15920.1
2) One month81.0
3) One year62478.8
4) Other time period (If volunteered)10.1
Missing1556 
TOTAL792100.0
629) What is the highest degree you have earned? (COLDEG1)
TOTAL%
1) Associate degree8219.0
2) Bachelor's degree21549.8
3) Master's degree9522.0
4) MBA92.1
5) Law40.9
6) Ph.D.153.5
7) M.D.51.2
8) Other71.6
Missing1916 
TOTAL432100.0
630) In what field was that degree? (MAJORCOL)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL43329.81820
631) Have you ever taken any college-level science courses? (COLSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Yes51344.0
2) No65256.0
Missing1183 
TOTAL1165100.0
632) How many college-level science courses have you taken? (COLSCINM)
TOTAL%
1) 9018.4
2) 10421.2
3) 8617.6
4) 5310.8
5) 265.3
6) 183.7
7) 81.6
8) 102.0
9) 40.8
10) 244.9
12) 91.8
15) 102.0
16) 10.2
20) 153.1
25) 30.6
30) 142.9
31) 10.2
35) 10.2
40) 51.0
44) 10.2
45) 10.2
48) 10.2
50) 51.0
Missing1858 
TOTAL490100.0
633) Now, let me ask you to think about the courses you took in high school. What was the highest level of math that you completed in high school? (HSMATH)
TOTAL%
0) No math in high school; didn't go to high school191.8
1) General math, business or vocational math11711.1
2) Pre-algebra333.1
3) One year of algebra17616.6
4) Two years of algebra19118.1
5) Geometry (plane or solid or both)16315.4
6) Trigonometry/Linear programming/Analysis12111.4
7) Pre-calculus858.0
8) Calculus11811.2
9) Statistics/Probability292.7
10) Other60.6
Missing1290 
TOTAL1058100.0
634) Did you take a high school biology course? (HSBIO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes88579.9
2) No22220.1
Missing1241 
TOTAL1107100.0
635) Did you take a high school chemistry course? (HSCHEM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes63457.0
2) No47843.0
Missing1236 
TOTAL1112100.0
636) Did you take a high school physics course? (HSPHYS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes39835.9
2) No71164.1
Missing1239 
TOTAL1109100.0
637) Nanotechnology works at the molecular level atom by atom to build new structures, materials, and machines. People have frequently noted that new technologies have produced both benefits and harmful results. Do you think the benefits of nanotechnology will outweigh the harmful results or the harmful results will outweigh the benefits? (NANOWILL)
TOTAL%
1) Benefits greater42165.1
2) About equal (If volunteered)639.7
3) Harmful results greater16325.2
Missing1701 
TOTAL647100.0
638) [If respondent answered 'Benefits greater' to NANOWILL] Would you say that the balance will be strongly in favor of the benefits, or only slightly? (NANOBEN)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor23556.5
2) Slightly in favor18143.5
Missing1932 
TOTAL416100.0
639) [If respondent answered 'Harmful results greater' to NANOWILL] Would you say that the balance will be strongly in favor of the harmful results, or only slightly? (NANOHARM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly in favor5836.5
2) Slightly in favor10163.5
Missing2189 
TOTAL159100.0
640) International and foreign policy issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested, or not at all interested?) (INTINTL)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested27523.4
2) Moderately interested54346.2
3) Not at all interested35730.4
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
641) Agriculture and farm issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTFARM)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested23720.2
2) Moderately interested57348.8
3) Not at all interested36531.1
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
642) Local school issues. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested57048.5
2) Moderately interested44938.2
3) Not at all interested15613.3
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
643) Issues about new scientific discoveries. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested47640.6
2) Moderately interested52044.3
3) Not at all interested17715.1
Missing1175 
TOTAL1173100.0
644) Economic issues and business conditions. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTECON)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested47640.5
2) Moderately interested52444.6
3) Not at all interested17414.8
Missing1174 
TOTAL1174100.0
645) Issues about the use of new inventions and technologies. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTTECH)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested46839.9
2) Moderately interested54946.8
3) Not at all interested15613.3
Missing1175 
TOTAL1173100.0
646) Issues about new medical discoveries. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTMED)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested66957.0
2) Moderately interested44337.7
3) Not at all interested625.3
Missing1174 
TOTAL1174100.0
647) Issues about space exploration. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTSPACE)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested30025.6
2) Moderately interested52444.7
3) Not at all interested34929.8
Missing1175 
TOTAL1173100.0
648) Issues about environmental pollution. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTENVIR)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested53145.3
2) Moderately interested51644.0
3) Not at all interested12610.7
Missing1175 
TOTAL1173100.0
649) Issues about military and defense policy. (Are you very interested, moderately interested or not at all interested?) (INTMIL)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested38532.8
2) Moderately interested57749.2
3) Not at all interested21118.0
Missing1175 
TOTAL1173100.0
650) A natural history museum. How many times did you visit a natural history museum during the last year? (VISNHIST)
TOTAL%
0) 83070.6
1) 22018.7
2) 736.2
3) 171.4
4) 151.3
5) 110.9
6) 20.2
10) 20.2
12) 10.1
15) 10.1
20) 20.2
95) 10.1
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
651) A zoo or aquarium. How many times did you visit a zoo or aquarium during the last year? (VISZOO)
TOTAL%
0) 62753.4
1) 32327.5
2) 12710.8
3) 443.7
4) 232.0
5) 131.1
6) 80.7
7) 10.1
8) 10.1
10) 40.3
20) 20.2
30) 10.1
50) 10.1
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
652) A science or technology museum. How many times did you visit a science or technology museum during the last year? (VISSCI)
TOTAL%
0) 83671.1
1) 23520.0
2) 584.9
3) 201.7
4) 131.1
5) 50.4
6) 50.4
7) 10.1
50) 10.1
52) 10.1
Missing1173 
TOTAL1175100.0
653) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from newspapers. Would that be printed newspapers or online newspapers? (SCINEWS1)
TOTAL%
1) Printed newspapers3163.3
2) Online newspapers1530.6
3) Other (specify)36.1
Missing2299 
TOTAL49100.0
654) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from magazines. Would that be printed magazines or online magazines? (SCINEWS2)
TOTAL%
1) Printed magazines3777.1
2) Online magazines918.8
3) Other (specify)24.2
Missing2300 
TOTAL48100.0
655) You said you get most of your information about science and technology from the Internet. What is the place you are most likely to go on the Internet for science and technology information - online newspapers, online magazines or some other place on the Internet? [If respondent gives more than one place or says 'it depends,' probe once] Which site are you most likely to go on the Internet for science and technology information? (SCINEWS3)
TOTAL%
1) Online newspapers16125.3
2) Online magazines8513.3
3) Science site518.0
4) News site243.8
5) Electronic books and reports30.5
6) Wikipedia71.1
7) Government site111.7
8) Social media (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube)345.3
10) Other416.4
11) Search engine (Google, Bing)22034.5
Missing1711 
TOTAL637100.0
656) Scientific researchers are dedicated people who work for the good of humanity. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (SCIENTGO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32328.0
2) Agree72863.2
3) Disagree917.9
4) Strongly disagree100.9
Missing1196 
TOTAL1152100.0
657) Scientists are helping to solve challenging problems. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (SCIENTHE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree32427.9
2) Agree76766.0
3) Disagree665.7
4) Strongly disagree50.4
Missing1186 
TOTAL1162100.0
658) Scientists are apt to be odd and peculiar people. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (SCIENTOD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree11510.2
2) Agree46541.2
3) Disagree46541.2
4) Strongly disagree847.4
Missing1219 
TOTAL1129100.0
659) Most scientists want to work on things that will make life better for the average person. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (SCIENTBE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27724.0
2) Agree76666.4
3) Disagree988.5
4) Strongly disagree131.1
Missing1194 
TOTAL1154100.0
660) Approximately what percent of the company stock that you own today did you buy with your own savings or money from your wages? (BUYVALUE)
TOTAL%
0) 6034.9
1) 63.5
2) 42.3
4) 10.6
5) 63.5
6) 74.1
8) 10.6
10) 21.2
20) 10.6
25) 42.3
33) 21.2
35) 10.6
40) 10.6
48) 10.6
50) 179.9
51) 10.6
60) 31.7
70) 21.2
75) 21.2
80) 31.7
85) 10.6
90) 52.9
95) 10.6
97) 10.6
100) 3922.7
Missing2176 
TOTAL172100.0
661) Do you believe your fixed annual wages in calendar year 2005 were higher or lower than those of employees with similar experience and job descriptions in other companies in your region? Please answer on a 1 to 5 scale (COMPWAGE)
TOTAL%
1) 1 Lower15311.2
2) 223717.4
3) 366248.6
4) 419414.2
5) 5 Higher1168.5
Missing986 
TOTAL1362100.0
662) About how many people work in your organization at all locations? Count part-time as well as full-time employees (NUMORG)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL12803934.7664640
663) Some companies have organized workplace decision-making in ways to get more employee input and involvement. Are you personally involved in any group, team, committee, or task force that addresses issues such as product quality, cost cutting, productivity, health and safety, or other workplace issues? (EMPINPUT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes36125.5
2) No105474.5
Missing933 
TOTAL1415100.0
664) Are you currently involved in a self-managed team? (SLFMANGD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes44731.7
2) No96268.3
Missing939 
TOTAL1409100.0
665) In the last 12 months have you received any formal training from your current employer, such as in classes or seminars sponsored by the employer? (EMPTRAIN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes73952.2
2) No67747.8
Missing932 
TOTAL1416100.0
666) Please estimate your total wealth. If asked: Wealth means the value of your house plus the value of your vehicles, stocks and mutual funds, cash, checking accounts, retirement accounts including 401(k) and pension assets, and any other assets minus what you owe for your mortgage and your debts (WEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Less than $5,00017313.2
2) $5,000 to $20,00018113.8
3) $20,000 to $40,00013210.1
4) $40,000 to $75,00014411.0
5) $75,000 to $100,000816.2
6) $100,000 to $150,000896.8
7) $150,000 to $250,0001249.5
8) $250,000 to $500,00018113.8
9) $500,000 to $1 million1098.3
10) $1 million to $2 million554.2
11) $2 million to $3 million181.4
12) $3 million to $4 million60.5
13) $4 million to $5 million50.4
14) $5 million to $10 million80.6
15) Above $10 million40.3
Missing1038 
TOTAL1310100.0
667) Are you a member of an Employee Stock Ownership Plan commonly called an ESOP? (ESOP)
TOTAL%
1) Yes5829.9
2) No13670.1
Missing2154 
TOTAL194100.0
668) Do you have a defined benefit pension plan at your company? (DEFPENSN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes52537.7
2) No86862.3
Missing955 
TOTAL1393100.0
669) If you were thinking of buying from a company, would you be influenced by whether the company was employee-owned? Please read the definition of employee-owned: Employee-owned is when a company is owned by all of its employees, with each employee having a share of ownership (BUYESOP)
TOTAL%
1) I would be less likely to buy from an employee-owned company1218.7
2) I would be neither more nor less likely to buy from an employee-owned company75354.1
3) I would be more likely to buy from an employee-owned company51737.2
Missing957 
TOTAL1391100.0
670) If you are given two job offers for the same position with the same salary and benefits, one in a company that also has an ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing for its employees and the other in a company that does not have an ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing for its employees, which job offer are you most inclined to take? (ESOPNOT)
TOTAL%
1) I would definitely take the job WITHOUT the ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing977.0
2) I would probably take the job WITHOUT the ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing453.2
3) I would be neutral38427.7
4) I would probably take the job WITH the ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing43731.6
5) I would definitely take the job WITH the ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan) or cash profit sharing42230.5
Missing963 
TOTAL1385100.0
671) What kind of company would you be most likely to work for if these were your choices? (COMPANY)
TOTAL%
1) A company in which the government owns the stock and appoints the management to run the company's operations1239.1
2) A company whose stock is owned by the employees who appoint the management to run the company's operations98172.5
3) A company whose stock is owned by outside investors who appoint the management to run the company's operations25018.5
Missing994 
TOTAL1354100.0
672) For the next several questions, please tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the statement. People like [NAME] are unpredictable (MHUNSURE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25122.6
2) Agree49844.9
3) Disagree28125.3
4) Strongly disagree797.1
Missing1239 
TOTAL1109100.0
673) We are done talking about [John/Juan/Mary/Maria]. Now I want to talk about people you know personally. Leaving yourself aside, have you ever known someone personally who has been diagnosed with a mental health problem? (MHDIAGNO)
TOTAL%
1) Yes59752.8
2) No53347.2
Missing1218 
TOTAL1130100.0
674) Interviewer: Please record the color from the color card that most closely corresponds to the respondent's facial coloring (RATETONE)
TOTAL%
1) Lightest90444.0
2) 255627.1
3) 321910.7
4) 41065.2
5) 5864.2
6) 6602.9
7) 7562.7
8) 8462.2
9) 9170.8
10) Darkest30.1
Missing295 
TOTAL2053100.0
675) People have different opinions on who should provide services in America. Who do you think should primarily provide healthcare for the sick? Should it be... (PRVDHLTH)
TOTAL%
1) Government67060.6
2) Private companies/for-profit organizations22120.0
3) Non-profit organizations/charities/cooperatives12110.9
4) Religious organizations80.7
5) Family, relatives or friends867.8
Missing1242 
TOTAL1106100.0
676) People have different opinions on who should provide services in America. Who do you think should primarily provide care for old people? Should it be... (PRVDOLD)
TOTAL%
1) Government64457.3
2) Private companies/for-profit organizations978.6
3) Non-profit organizations/charities/cooperatives908.0
4) Religious organizations80.7
5) Family, relatives or friends28425.3
Missing1225 
TOTAL1123100.0
677) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? People like me don't have any say about what the government does (POLEFF11)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17415.1
2) Agree30026.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree22219.3
4) Disagree36731.9
5) Strongly disagree887.6
Missing1197 
TOTAL1151100.0
678) Which of these statements applies to you? [CODE ONE ONLY] (POSSLQ)
TOTAL%
1) I am married and living in the same household as my husband or wife49041.5
2) I am living as married and my partner and I together live in the same household1169.8
3) I have a husband or wife or steady partner, but we don't live in the same household867.3
4) I don't have a steady partner48941.4
Missing1167 
TOTAL1181100.0
679) Which of these statements applies to you? [CODE ONE ONLY] (POSSLQY)
TOTAL%
1) I am married and living in the same household as my husband or wife46740.3
2) I am living as married and my partner and I together live in the same household12811.1
3) I have a husband or wife or steady partner but we don't live in the same household1038.9
4) I don't have a steady partner46039.7
Missing1190 
TOTAL1158100.0
680) Marriage and cohabitation status (MARCOHAB)
TOTAL%
1) Married99842.5
2) Not married, cohabitating partner2319.8
3) Not married, no cohabitating partner111147.3
4) Not married, missing on cohabitating70.3
Missing1 
TOTAL2347100.0
681) Please select a response to indicate how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements: Adult children have a duty to look after their elderly parents (KIDPARS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree37132.0
2) Agree45839.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree23420.2
4) Disagree786.7
5) Strongly disagree181.6
Missing1189 
TOTAL1159100.0
682) You should take care of yourself and your family first, before helping other people (FIRSTYOU)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46439.9
2) Agree50143.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree13111.3
4) Disagree585.0
5) Strongly disagree100.9
Missing1184 
TOTAL1164100.0
683) People who are better off should help friends who are less well-off (HELPFRDS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17815.3
2) Agree50343.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree36831.7
4) Disagree958.2
5) Strongly disagree161.4
Missing1188 
TOTAL1160100.0
684) Do you feel that your family, relatives and/or friends make too many demands on you? (DEMANDS)
TOTAL%
1) No, never69659.5
2) Yes, but seldom22819.5
3) Yes, sometimes17715.1
4) Yes, often443.8
5) Yes, very often242.1
Missing1179 
TOTAL1169100.0
685) Do you know a woman or a man who is a bus driver? (KNWBUS)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative12510.7
2) Close friend1139.6
3) Someone else I know19917.0
4) No one73562.7
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
686) Do you know a woman or a man who is a senior executive of a large company? (KNWEXEC)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative14912.7
2) Close friend14712.6
3) Someone else I know18415.7
4) No one68958.9
Missing1179 
TOTAL1169100.0
687) Do you know a woman or a man who is a home or office cleaner? (KNWCLENR)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative16714.3
2) Close friend16113.7
3) Someone else I know30426.0
4) No one53946.0
Missing1177 
TOTAL1171100.0
688) Do you know a woman or a man who is a hairdresser or barber? (KNWCUTTR)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative21618.4
2) Close friend32727.9
3) Someone else I know31526.9
4) No one31426.8
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
689) Do you know a woman or a man who is a human resource manager or personnel manager? (KNWHRMAN)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative13511.6
2) Close friend19016.3
3) Someone else I know29825.5
4) No one54546.7
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
690) Do you know a woman or a man who is a lawyer? (KNWLAWYR)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative18716.0
2) Close friend24921.2
3) Someone else I know24320.7
4) No one49342.1
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
691) Do you know a woman or a man who is a car mechanic? (KNWMCHNC)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative27823.7
2) Close friend28624.4
3) Someone else I know28624.4
4) No one32227.5
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
692) Do you know a woman or a man who is a nurse? (KNWNURSE)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative49141.9
2) Close friend32828.0
3) Someone else I know15613.3
4) No one19716.8
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
693) Do you know a woman or a man who is a police officer? (KNWCOP)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative27823.7
2) Close friend22018.8
3) Someone else I know23420.0
4) No one44037.5
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
694) Do you know a woman or a man who is a school teacher? (KNWTCHER)
TOTAL%
1) Family or relative42536.3
2) Close friend31226.6
3) Someone else I know18415.7
4) No one25021.3
Missing1177 
TOTAL1171100.0
695) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? For a society to be fair, differences in people's standards of living should be small (SMALLGAP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1059.1
2) Agree29625.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree34129.7
4) Disagree34229.8
5) Strongly disagree645.6
Missing1200 
TOTAL1148100.0
696) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The social benefits from the government make people lazy (GOVLAZY)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17114.8
2) Agree41936.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree25121.7
4) Disagree22619.5
5) Strongly disagree907.8
Missing1191 
TOTAL1157100.0
697) Some activities are done with others in organized groups, clubs or associations. The next questions are about your participation, if any, in such activities. In the past 12 months, how often, if at all, have you taken part in the activities? Of groups or associations for leisure, sports or culture? (PARTLSC)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more19917.1
2) One to three times a month15012.9
3) Several times a year23920.5
4) Once in the past year13811.8
5) Never44037.7
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
698) In the past 12 months, how often, if at all, have you taken part in the activities? Of political parties, political groups or political associations? (PARTPART)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more141.2
2) One to three times a month171.5
3) Several times a year827.1
4) Once in the past year13311.4
5) Never91778.8
Missing1185 
TOTAL1163100.0
699) In the past 12 months, how often, if at all, have you taken part in the activities? Of charitable or religious organizations that do voluntary work? (PARTVOL)
TOTAL%
1) Once a week or more645.5
2) One to three times a month1089.3
3) Several times a year27923.9
4) Once in the past year22519.3
5) Never48942.0
Missing1183 
TOTAL1165100.0
700) This section is about who you would turn to for help in different situations, if you needed it. For each of the following situations, please say who you would turn to first. If there are several people you are equally likely to turn to, please choose the one you feel closest to. Who would you turn to first to help you with a household or a garden job that you can't do yourself? (HLPHOME)
TOTAL%
1) Close family member67958.1
2) More distant family member80.7
3) Close friend27723.7
4) Neighbor796.8
5) Someone I work with232.0
6) Someone else685.8
7) No one342.9
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
701) Who would you turn to first to help you around your home if you were sick and had to stay in bed for a few days? (HLPSICK)
TOTAL%
1) Close family member91077.6
2) More distant family member100.9
3) Close friend17014.5
4) Neighbor221.9
5) Someone I work with50.4
6) Someone else262.2
7) No one292.5
Missing1176 
TOTAL1172100.0
702) Who would you turn to first to be there for you if you felt a bit down or depressed and wanted to talk about it? (HLPDOWN)
TOTAL%
1) Close family member57849.5
2) More distant family member211.8
3) Close friend49142.0
4) Neighbor60.5
5) Someone I work with90.8
6) Someone else201.7
7) No one433.7
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
703) Who would you turn to first to give you advice about family problems? (HLPADVCE)
TOTAL%
1) Close family member44237.9
2) More distant family member363.1
3) Close friend52845.3
4) Neighbor60.5
5) Someone I work with191.6
6) Someone else524.5
7) No one837.1
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
704) Who would you turn to first to enjoy a pleasant social occasion with? (HLPSOCOC)
TOTAL%
1) Close family member54246.5
2) More distant family member131.1
3) Close friend53646.0
4) Neighbor181.5
5) Someone I work with191.6
6) Someone else262.2
7) No one110.9
Missing1183 
TOTAL1165100.0
705) This section is about who you would turn to for help in different situations, if you needed it. For each of the following situations, please say who or where you would turn to first for help. If there are several choices you are equally likely to make, please choose the one you would try first. Who or where would you turn to first to help you if you needed to borrow a large sum of money? (HLPLOAN)
TOTAL%
1) Family members or close friends59651.6
2) Other persons221.9
3) Private companies35030.3
4) Public services423.6
5) Non-profit or religious organizations121.0
6) Other organizations423.6
7) No person or organization928.0
Missing1192 
TOTAL1156100.0
706) Who or where would you turn to first to help you if you needed to find a job? (HLPJOB)
TOTAL%
1) Family members or close friends43238.0
2) Other persons16614.6
3) Private companies14712.9
4) Public services21518.9
5) Non-profit or religious organizations171.5
6) Other organizations736.4
7) No person or organization887.7
Missing1210 
TOTAL1138100.0
707) Who or where would you turn to first to help you with administrative problems or official paperwork? (HLPPAPER)
TOTAL%
1) Family members or close friends56649.0
2) Other persons15913.8
3) Private companies12410.7
4) Public services17715.3
5) Non-profit or religious organizations221.9
6) Other organizations504.3
7) No person or organization574.9
Missing1193 
TOTAL1155100.0
708) Who or where would you turn to first to help you if you needed to find a place to live? (HLPRESDE)
TOTAL%
1) Family members or close friends76966.4
2) Other persons696.0
3) Private companies766.6
4) Public services1079.2
5) Non-profit or religious organizations433.7
6) Other organizations453.9
7) No person or organization494.2
Missing1190 
TOTAL1158100.0
709) Who or where would you turn to first to look after you if you were seriously ill? (HLPSICKR)
TOTAL%
1) Family members or close friends106491.3
2) Other persons151.3
3) Private companies211.8
4) Public services211.8
5) Non-profit or religious organizations151.3
6) Other organizations151.3
7) No person or organization151.3
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
710) The next questions are about how you feel about different aspects of your life. For each one, please indicate how often during the past 4 weeks you have felt that way. How often in the past 4 weeks have you felt that you lack companionship? (LONELY1)
TOTAL%
1) Never55547.6
2) Rarely26422.6
3) Sometimes21318.3
4) Often736.3
5) Very often625.3
Missing1181 
TOTAL1167100.0
711) How often in the past 4 weeks have you felt that you are isolated from others? (LONELY2)
TOTAL%
1) Never64054.9
2) Rarely24420.9
3) Sometimes17114.7
4) Often685.8
5) Very often433.7
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
712) How often in the past 4 weeks have you felt that you are left out? (LONELY3)
TOTAL%
1) Never64154.8
2) Rarely30125.7
3) Sometimes15213.0
4) Often504.3
5) Very often262.2
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
713) Using the following scale ranging from 0 to 10, where 0 means 'No trust at all' and 10 means 'Complete trust', please indicate how much trust you personally have in America's courts? (TRCOURTS)
TOTAL%
0) No trust716.1
1) 1262.2
2) 2464.0
3) 31139.7
4) 412610.8
5) 520817.9
6) 614212.2
7) 723620.3
8) 813011.2
9) 9353.0
10) Complete trust292.5
Missing1186 
TOTAL1162100.0
714) Using the following scale ranging from 0 to 10, where 0 means 'No trust at all' and 10 means 'Complete trust', please indicate how much trust you personally have in major private companies in America? (TRBIGBUS)
TOTAL%
0) No trust887.6
1) 1322.8
2) 2736.3
3) 315213.2
4) 414312.4
5) 528024.3
6) 615013.0
7) 714412.5
8) 8625.4
9) 9151.3
10) Complete trust121.0
Missing1197 
TOTAL1151100.0
715) In general, do your family members put pressure on you about the way you live or organize your personal life? (FAMPRESS)
TOTAL%
1) No, never62653.6
2) Yes, but rarely23920.5
3) Yes, sometimes21118.1
4) Yes, often544.6
5) Yes, very often383.3
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
716) Thinking about the important people in your life, such as your spouse or partner, your family members, or close friends, how often in the past 4 weeks did any of these people act angry or upset with you? (UPSET)
TOTAL%
1) Never45438.8
2) Rarely44437.9
3) Sometimes21118.0
4) Often423.6
5) Very often191.6
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
717) The following questions are about your social activities: How often do you go out to eat or drink with three or more friends or acquaintances who are not family members? (DINEFRDS)
TOTAL%
1) Daily131.1
2) Several times a week574.9
3) Once a week1139.7
4) Two to three times a month17815.2
5) Once a month18415.7
6) Several times a year19616.8
7) Less often20117.2
8) Never22819.5
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
718) At these occasions, how often do you make new friends or acquaintances? (NEWFRDS)
TOTAL%
1) Never869.2
2) Rarely29631.5
3) Sometimes41344.0
4) Often9510.1
5) Very often495.2
Missing1409 
TOTAL939100.0
719) Please indicate about how many people do you have contact with on a typical weekday irrespective of whether you know them or not. Include anyone you chat with, talk to, or text, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device (CONWKDAY)
TOTAL%
1) 0-4 people22619.3
2) 5-9 people31326.8
3) 10-19 people26822.9
4) 20-49 people22419.2
5) 50-99 people675.7
6) 100 or more people706.0
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
720) About how many of these people do you see face-to-face on a typical weekday? (CONF2F)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all of them18916.2
2) Most of them30826.4
3) About half of them23620.2
4) Some of them33228.4
5) None or almost none of them1028.7
Missing1181 
TOTAL1167100.0
721) Please think about the parent you have contact with most frequently: How often do you have contact with that parent, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device? (CNTCTPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Daily26222.4
2) Several times a week20817.8
3) Once a week14112.1
4) Two to three times a month675.7
5) Once a month292.5
6) Several times a year181.5
7) Less often141.2
8) Never221.9
9) My parents are no longer alive39033.3
10) The parent I have contact with most frequently lives with me191.6
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
722) Think about the brother or sister you have contact with most frequently: How often do you have contact with that brother or sister, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device? (CNTCTSIB)
TOTAL%
1) Daily17615.1
2) Several times a week25822.1
3) Once a week16414.1
4) Two to three times a month19316.6
5) Once a month11810.1
6) Several times a year716.1
7) Less often453.9
8) Never615.2
9) I do not have brothers or sisters716.1
10) The brother or sister I have contact with most frequently lives with me90.8
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
723) Think about your adult child you have contact with most frequently: How often do you have contact with this child aged at least 18, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device? (CNTCTKID)
TOTAL%
1) Daily26422.8
2) Several times a week15113.1
3) Once a week635.4
4) Two to three times a month383.3
5) Once a month161.4
6) Several times a year131.1
7) Less often70.6
8) Never232.0
9) I do not have any adult children56348.7
10) The adult child I have contact with most frequently lives with me181.6
Missing1192 
TOTAL1156100.0
724) Now, think about the other family member you have contact with most frequently, aside of your spouse or partner, parents, siblings or adult children. How often do you have contact with that family member, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device? (CNTCTFAM)
TOTAL%
1) Daily13711.7
2) Several times a week22118.9
3) Once a week17815.2
4) Two to three times a month16514.1
5) Once a month1159.8
6) Several times a year16714.3
7) Less often796.8
8) Never746.3
9) I do not have other family members282.4
10) The other family member I have the most contact with the most frequently lives with me60.5
Missing1178 
TOTAL1170100.0
725) And, think about the close friend you have contact with most frequently: How often do you have contact with that close friend, either face-to-face, by phone, Internet or any other communication device? (CNTCTFRD)
TOTAL%
1) Daily27423.5
2) Several times a week40234.4
3) Once a week17114.6
4) Two to three times a month13711.7
5) Once a month544.6
6) Several times a year625.3
7) Less often221.9
8) Never232.0
9) I do not have any close friends211.8
10) The close friend I have contact with the most frequently lives with me20.2
Missing1180 
TOTAL1168100.0
726) Think now of your contact with all of your family members and close friends. How much of it is through text messages, mobile phones, or other communication devices that use the Internet? (INTCNTCT)
TOTAL%
1) All or almost all of it27523.7
2) Most of it35730.8
3) About half of it26522.9
4) Some of it18415.9
5) None or almost none of it786.7
Missing1189 
TOTAL1159100.0
727) In general, would you say your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? (HEALTHISSP)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent46419.9
2) Very good66628.5
3) Good69229.6
4) Fair42018.0
5) Poor934.0
Missing13 
TOTAL2335100.0
728) During the past four weeks how often have you felt unhappy and depressed? (UNHAPPY)
TOTAL%
1) Never43437.2
2) Rarely38733.2
3) Sometimes23520.1
4) Often806.9
5) Very often312.7
Missing1181 
TOTAL1167100.0
729) During the past four weeks how often have you felt difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them? (PILINGUP)
TOTAL%
1) Never54546.8
2) Rarely33528.8
3) Sometimes19516.8
4) Often625.3
5) Very often272.3
Missing1184 
TOTAL1164100.0
730) To what extent is the following statement true or untrue for you? It is easy for me to accomplish my goals (MYGOALS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely true14312.3
2) Mostly true47540.7
3) Somewhat true34529.6
4) Neither true nor untrue1048.9
5) Somewhat untrue605.1
6) Mostly untrue292.5
7) Completely untrue110.9
Missing1181 
TOTAL1167100.0
731) All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? (SATLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Completely satisfied18716.0
2) Very satisfied44638.2
3) Fairly satisfied38933.3
4) Neither satisfied nor unsatisfied827.0
5) Fairly unsatisfied443.8
6) Very unsatisfied121.0
7) Completely unsatisfied90.8
Missing1179 
TOTAL1169100.0
732) Thinking of your household's total income, including all the sources of income of all the members who contribute to it, how difficult or easy is it currently for your household to make ends meet? (ENDSMEET)
TOTAL%
1) Very difficult867.4
2) Fairly difficult21618.5
3) Neither easy nor difficult30826.4
4) Fairly easy36831.6
5) Very easy18716.1
Missing1183 
TOTAL1165100.0
733) How many languages do you speak well enough to hold a conversation in, including the language(s) you speak at home? (NUMLANGS)
TOTAL%
1) One language92078.7
2) Two languages21318.2
3) Three languages292.5
4) Four or more languages70.6
Missing1179 
TOTAL1169100.0
734) The way things are in America, people like me and my family have a good chance of improving our standard of living - do you agree or disagree? (GOODLIFE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree27117.5
2) Agree71646.1
3) Neither agree nor disagree29118.7
4) Disagree23014.8
5) Strongly disagree452.9
Missing795 
TOTAL1553100.0
735) Do you agree or disagree? Differences in income in America are too large (INCGAP)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree34930.5
2) Agree37933.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree26623.3
4) Disagree11810.3
5) Strongly disagree312.7
Missing1205 
TOTAL1143100.0
736) Do you agree or disagree? It is the responsibility of the government to reduce the differences in income between people with high incomes and those with low incomes (GOVEQINC)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1109.6
2) Agree26623.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree26523.1
4) Disagree35531.0
5) Strongly disagree14913.0
Missing1203 
TOTAL1145100.0
737) Do you agree or disagree? A husband's job is to earn money; a wife's job is to look after the home and family (HUBBYWRK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree736.3
2) Agree15713.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree21318.3
4) Disagree35130.2
5) Strongly disagree37031.8
Missing1184 
TOTAL1164100.0
738) Do you agree or disagree? Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another (MARHOMO)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree61939.8
2) Agree41626.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree15710.1
4) Disagree1489.5
5) Strongly disagree21413.8
Missing794 
TOTAL1554100.0
739) Family life often suffers because men concentrate too much on their work (MEOVRWRK)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1348.7
2) Agree64441.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree22014.2
4) Disagree47530.7
5) Strongly disagree734.7
Missing802 
TOTAL1546100.0
740) All things considered, how satisfied are you with your family life? (SATFAM7)
TOTAL%
1) Completely satisfied33128.4
2) Very satisfied45038.6
3) Fairly satisfied25421.8
4) Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied605.1
5) Fairly dissatisfied403.4
6) Very dissatisfied232.0
7) Completely dissatisfied90.8
Missing1181 
TOTAL1167100.0
741) Now some more questions about your working conditions. Please circle one code for each item below to show how often it applies to your work. How often: Do you find your work stressful? (STRESS)
TOTAL%
1) Always1077.6
2) Often30421.5
3) Sometimes62844.4
4) Hardly ever26418.7
5) Never1107.8
Missing935 
TOTAL1413100.0
742) In your main job, do you supervise or are you directly responsible for the work of other people? (SUPERVIS)
TOTAL%
0) No ISSP90038.9
1) Yes52822.8
2) No88838.3
Missing32 
TOTAL2316100.0
743) About how many people work at the location where you work? (Count part-time as well as full-time employees in all areas, departments and buildings) (LOCALNUM)
TOTAL%
1) 1-934224.1
2) 10-4932923.2
3) 50-9917612.4
4) 100-49928520.1
5) 500-999704.9
6) 1,000-1,999584.1
7) More than 2,00015811.1
Missing930 
TOTAL1418100.0
744) If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole? (HAPUNHAP)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy53545.9
2) Fairly happy56848.7
3) Not very happy504.3
4) Not at all happy131.1
Missing1182 
TOTAL1166100.0
745) What about a married person having sexual relations with someone other than his or her husband or wife, is it... (XMARSEX1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong88876.9
2) Almost always wrong15713.6
3) Wrong only sometimes776.7
4) Not wrong at all332.9
Missing1193 
TOTAL1155100.0
746) And what about sexual relations between two adults of the same sex, is it... (HOMOSEX1)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong39936.6
2) Almost always wrong444.0
3) Wrong only sometimes615.6
4) Not wrong at all58753.8
Missing1257 
TOTAL1091100.0
747) Do you personally think it is wrong or not wrong for a woman to have an abortion if the family has a very low income and cannot afford any more children (ABPOORW)
TOTAL%
1) Always wrong51146.0
2) Almost always wrong938.4
3) Wrong only sometimes13412.1
4) Not wrong at all37233.5
Missing1238 
TOTAL1110100.0
748) How much confidence do you have in the U.S. Congress (CONCONG)
TOTAL%
1) Complete confidence242.1
2) A great deal of confidence575.0
3) Some confidence43838.3
4) Very little confidence45840.1
5) No confidence at all16614.5
Missing1205 
TOTAL1143100.0
749) How much confidence do you have in business and industry (CONBIZ)
TOTAL%
1) Complete confidence353.0
2) A great deal of confidence22319.4
3) Some confidence68759.6
4) Very little confidence16614.4
5) No confidence at all413.6
Missing1196 
TOTAL1152100.0
750) How much confidence do you have in churches and religious organizations (CONCHURH)
TOTAL%
1) Complete confidence736.4
2) A great deal of confidence28825.1
3) Some confidence53246.3
4) Very little confidence17915.6
5) No confidence at all776.7
Missing1199 
TOTAL1149100.0
751) How much confidence do you have in courts and the legal system (CONCOURT)
TOTAL%
1) Complete confidence494.2
2) A great deal of confidence19416.8
3) Some confidence57549.7
4) Very little confidence26022.5
5) No confidence at all806.9
Missing1190 
TOTAL1158100.0
752) How much confidence do you have in schools and the educational system (CONSCHLS)
TOTAL%
1) Complete confidence544.6
2) A great deal of confidence30426.1
3) Some confidence60251.8
4) Very little confidence17214.8
5) No confidence at all312.7
Missing1185 
TOTAL1163100.0
753) Religious leaders should not try to influence how people vote in elections (CLERGVTE)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree46339.9
2) Agree37232.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree17415.0
4) Disagree1109.5
5) Strongly disagree423.6
Missing1187 
TOTAL1161100.0
754) Do you think that churches and religious organizations in this country have too much power or too little power? (CHURHPOW)
TOTAL%
1) Far too much power837.4
2) Too much power32028.7
3) About the right amount of power48143.1
4) Too little power21619.4
5) Far too little power161.4
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
755) Which best describes your beliefs about God? (GODCHNGE)
TOTAL%
1) I don't believe in God now, and I never have736.5
2) I don't believe in God now, but I used to1059.3
3) I believe in God now, but I didn't used to12010.7
4) I believe in God now, and I always have82673.5
Missing1224 
TOTAL1124100.0
756) Do you believe in life after death? (AFTERLIF)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely66258.6
2) Yes, probably24221.4
3) No, probably not12611.2
4) No, definitely not998.8
Missing1219 
TOTAL1129100.0
757) Do you believe in heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely69861.2
2) Yes, probably22419.6
3) No, probably not11810.3
4) No, definitely not1018.9
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
758) Do you believe in hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely58951.6
2) Yes, probably22519.7
3) No, probably not16214.2
4) No, definitely not16614.5
Missing1206 
TOTAL1142100.0
759) Do you believe in religious miracles? (MIRACLES)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely59151.8
2) Yes, probably27724.3
3) No, probably not15913.9
4) No, definitely not11410.0
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
760) Do you agree or disagree with the following? There is a God who concerns Himself with every human being personally (THEISM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48141.7
2) Agree29825.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree17515.2
4) Disagree998.6
5) Strongly disagree1008.7
Missing1195 
TOTAL1153100.0
761) There is little that people can do to change the course of their lives (FATALISM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree463.9
2) Agree1038.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree847.2
4) Disagree47240.5
5) Strongly disagree46039.5
Missing1183 
TOTAL1165100.0
762) To me, life is meaningful only because God exists (GODMEANS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree25321.9
2) Agree26422.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree22619.5
4) Disagree24020.7
5) Strongly disagree17415.0
Missing1191 
TOTAL1157100.0
763) In my opinion, life does not serve any purpose (NIHILISM)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree121.0
2) Agree221.9
3) Neither agree nor disagree675.8
4) Disagree39634.2
5) Strongly disagree66157.1
Missing1190 
TOTAL1158100.0
764) Life is only meaningful if you provide the meaning yourself (EGOMEANS)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17715.3
2) Agree38133.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree15813.7
4) Disagree29725.7
5) Strongly disagree14112.2
Missing1194 
TOTAL1154100.0
765) What was your mother's religious preference when you were a child? Was it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (MARELKID)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask MADENKID]60052.8
2) Catholic37933.3
3) Jewish201.8
4) None60.5
5) Other171.5
6) Buddhism40.4
7) Hinduism1079.4
8) Other Eastern religions10.1
9) Muslim/Islam10.1
10) Orthodox-Christian10.1
12) Other Christian10.1
Missing1211 
TOTAL1137100.0
766) If Protestant, what specific denomination was that? (MADENKID)
TOTAL%
10000) American Baptist Association20.4
14000) Southern Baptist Convention152.6
15000) Other Baptist churches10.2
18000) Baptist, don't know which18632.6
20000) African Methodist Episcopal Church10.2
21000) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church10.2
22000) United Methodist Church122.1
23000) Other Methodist Churches10.2
28000) Methodist, don't know which5810.2
32000) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod40.7
33000) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod10.2
35000) Evangelical Lutheran10.2
38000) Lutheran, don't know which427.4
43000) Presbyterian Church in the (U.S.A.)10.2
48000) Presbyterian, don't know which274.7
50000) Episcopal Church213.7
60006) New Testament Christian10.2
60009) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.2
60012) Assembly of God30.5
60016) Free Will Baptist40.7
60020) Brethren Church, Brethren30.5
60031) Christian; Central Christian559.6
60035) Church of Christ132.3
60036) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)30.5
60038) Church of God in Christ Holiness20.4
60040) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation40.7
60042) Covenant10.2
60044) Disciples of Christ10.2
60045) Evangelical, Evangelist50.9
60056) Holiness; Church of Holiness20.4
60058) Jehovah's Witnesses122.1
60063) Mennonite30.5
60064) Mormon142.5
60065) Nazarene10.2
60068) Pentecostal213.7
60070) Quaker30.5
60071) Reformed20.4
60077) Seventh-day Adventist71.2
60080) Unitarian, Universalist20.4
60081) United Church of Christ20.4
60083) Wesleyan10.2
60093) Missionary Baptist30.5
60119) United Church of Canada10.2
60133) Primitive Baptist10.2
60215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.2
70000) No denomination given or non-denom. church244.2
Missing1778 
TOTAL570100.0
767) What was your father's religious preference when you were a child? Was it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (PARELKID)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask PADENKID]48345.2
2) Catholic34832.6
3) Jewish232.2
4) None40.4
5) Other181.7
6) Buddhism50.5
7) Hinduism18317.1
9) Muslim/Islam30.3
11) Native American10.1
Missing1280 
TOTAL1068100.0
768) If Protestant, what specific denomination was that? (PADENKID)
TOTAL%
10000) American Baptist Association20.4
11000) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.10.2
14000) Southern Baptist Convention92.0
15000) Other Baptist churches10.2
18000) Baptist, don't know which15835.0
20000) African Methodist Episcopal Church20.4
22000) United Methodist Church102.2
28000) Methodist, don't know which449.7
32000) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod20.4
33000) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod10.2
35000) Evangelical Lutheran10.2
38000) Lutheran, don't know which388.4
43000) Presbyterian Church in the (U.S.A.)10.2
48000) Presbyterian, don't know which194.2
50000) Episcopal Church143.1
60006) New Testament Christian10.2
60009) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.2
60012) Assembly of God20.4
60014) Apostolic Faith10.2
60016) Free Will Baptist10.2
60020) Brethren Church, Brethren51.1
60021) Witness Holiness10.2
60031) Christian; Central Christian439.5
60032) Christian Reform10.2
60033) Christian Scientist10.2
60035) Church of Christ61.3
60036) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)40.9
60038) Church of God in Christ Holiness10.2
60040) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation30.7
60042) Covenant10.2
60044) Disciples of Christ10.2
60045) Evangelical, Evangelist10.2
60056) Holiness; Church of Holiness20.4
60058) Jehovah's Witnesses81.8
60061) LDS - Reorganized10.2
60063) Mennonite20.4
60064) Mormon112.4
60065) Nazarene10.2
60068) Pentecostal143.1
60070) Quaker20.4
60071) Reformed20.4
60077) Seventh-day Adventist71.5
60080) Unitarian, Universalist20.4
60081) United Church of Christ40.9
60093) Missionary Baptist30.7
60119) United Church of Canada10.2
60213) Hebrew Roots10.2
60215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.2
70000) No denomination given or non-denom. church132.9
Missing1896 
TOTAL452100.0
769) What religion, if any, were you raised in? Was it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIGKID)
TOTAL%
1) Protestant [Ask DENKID]58851.0
2) Catholic38333.2
3) Jewish201.7
4) None60.5
5) Other100.9
6) Buddhism232.0
7) Hinduism11910.3
9) Muslim/Islam10.1
10) Orthodox-Christian10.1
12) Other Christian10.1
Missing1196 
TOTAL1152100.0
770) If Protestant, what specific denomination was that? (DENKID)
TOTAL%
11000) American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.20.3
14000) Southern Baptist Convention172.9
15000) Other Baptist churches30.5
18000) Baptist, don't know which19333.4
20000) African Methodist Episcopal Church10.2
21000) African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church10.2
22000) United Methodist Church132.2
23000) Other Methodist Churches10.2
28000) Methodist, don't know which539.2
30000) American Lutheran Church10.2
32000) Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod30.5
33000) Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod10.2
35000) Evangelical Lutheran10.2
38000) Lutheran, don't know which498.5
43000) Presbyterian Church in the (U.S.A.)10.2
48000) Presbyterian, don't know which254.3
50000) Episcopal Church183.1
60009) Christian and Missionary Alliance10.2
60011) Spiritualist10.2
60012) Assembly of God30.5
60016) Free Will Baptist30.5
60020) Brethren Church, Brethren20.3
60031) Christian; Central Christian518.8
60035) Church of Christ111.9
60036) Churches of God (except with Christ and Holiness)40.7
60038) Church of God in Christ Holiness10.2
60040) Congregationalist, 1st Congregation71.2
60041) Community Church10.2
60042) Covenant10.2
60044) Disciples of Christ20.3
60045) Evangelical, Evangelist30.5
60046) Evangelical Reformed20.3
60056) Holiness; Church of Holiness40.7
60058) Jehovah's Witnesses111.9
60063) Mennonite20.3
60064) Mormon142.4
60065) Nazarene40.7
60068) Pentecostal183.1
60070) Quaker30.5
60071) Reformed20.3
60077) Seventh-day Adventist71.2
60080) Unitarian, Universalist20.3
60081) United Church of Christ20.3
60083) Wesleyan10.2
60093) Missionary Baptist30.5
60119) United Church of Canada10.2
60120) Evangelical United Brethren10.2
60138) Apostolic Church10.2
60215) Armenian Apostolic Church10.2
70000) No denomination given or non-denom. church254.3
Missing1770 
TOTAL578100.0
771) When you were a child, how often did your mother attend religious services? (ATTENDMA)
TOTAL%
1) Never15914.0
2) Less than once a year312.7
3) About once or twice a year1049.2
4) Several times a year776.8
5) About once a month615.4
6) 2-3 times a month736.4
7) Nearly every week635.6
8) Every week44139.0
9) Several times a week1129.9
10) No mother/mother not present111.0
Missing1216 
TOTAL1132100.0
772) When you were a child, how often did your father attend religious services? (ATTENDPA)
TOTAL%
1) Never25623.7
2) Less than once a year464.3
3) About once or twice a year1049.6
4) Several times a year756.9
5) About once a month676.2
6) 2-3 times a month666.1
7) Nearly every week423.9
8) Every week30628.3
9) Several times a week666.1
10) No father/father not present524.8
Missing1268 
TOTAL1080100.0
773) And what about when you were around 11 or 12, how often did you attend religious services then? (ATTEND12)
TOTAL%
1) Never12711.1
2) Less than once a year252.2
3) About once or twice a year706.1
4) Several times a year685.9
5) About once a month524.5
6) 2-3 times a month817.1
7) Nearly every week968.4
8) Every week48542.4
9) Several times a week14112.3
Missing1203 
TOTAL1145100.0
774) Now thinking about the present, about how often do you pray? (PRAYFREQ)
TOTAL%
1) Never16814.7
2) Less than once a year111.0
3) About once or twice a year282.4
4) Several times a year353.1
5) About once a month282.4
6) 2-3 times a month302.6
7) Nearly every week312.7
8) Every week837.3
9) Several times a week73063.8
Missing1204 
TOTAL1144100.0
775) How often do you take part in the activities and organizations of a church or place of worship other than attending services? (RELACTIV)
TOTAL%
1) Never108746.9
2) Less than once a year1486.4
3) About once or twice a year30413.1
4) Several times a year24110.4
5) About once a month1546.6
6) 2-3 times a month1456.3
7) Nearly every week371.6
8) Every week1807.8
9) Several times a week130.6
10) Once a day90.4
Missing30 
TOTAL2318100.0
776) During the last 12 months, have you read or listened to the reading of any holy scripture such as the Bible, Buddhist sutra, Koran, Sruti, Torah, or other religious scripture, not counting any reading that happened during a worship service? (RELSCRPT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes68558.9
2) No47841.1
Missing1185 
TOTAL1163100.0
777) Would you describe yourself as... (FEELREL)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely religious736.3
2) Very religious24921.5
3) Somewhat religious45139.0
4) Neither religious nor non-religious13611.8
5) Somewhat non-religious827.1
6) Very non-religious928.0
7) Extremely non-religious736.3
Missing1192 
TOTAL1156100.0
778) How often do you think that people would try to take advantage of you if they got the chance and how often would they try to be fair? (BEFAIR)
TOTAL%
1) Try to take advantage almost all of the time817.2
2) Try to take advantage most of the time24021.2
3) Try to be fair most of the time65457.8
4) Try to be fair almost all of the time15613.8
Missing1217 
TOTAL1131100.0
779) Generally speaking, would you say that people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (CANTRUST)
TOTAL%
1) People can almost always be trusted645.5
2) People can usually be trusted41135.4
3) You usually can't be too careful in dealing with people54947.3
4) You almost always can't be too careful in dealing with people13611.7
Missing1188 
TOTAL1160100.0
780) We trust too much in science and not enough in religious faith (TRUSTSCI)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree12711.1
2) Agree29525.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree35731.2
4) Disagree22119.3
5) Strongly disagree14512.7
Missing1203 
TOTAL1145100.0
781) Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Looking around the world, religions bring more conflict than peace (RELIGCON)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree18516.2
2) Agree41636.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree25722.5
4) Disagree23520.5
5) Strongly disagree514.5
Missing1204 
TOTAL1144100.0
782) People with very strong religious beliefs are often too intolerant of others (RELIGINT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17915.5
2) Agree52445.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree23920.7
4) Disagree18115.6
5) Strongly disagree342.9
Missing1191 
TOTAL1157100.0
783) People belong to different religions and have different religious views. Would you accept a person from a different religion or with a very different religious view from yours marrying a relative of yours? Would you say... (RELMARRY)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely accept51745.3
2) Probably accept51345.0
3) Probably not accept726.3
4) Definitely not accept393.4
Missing1207 
TOTAL1141100.0
784) There are some people whose views are considered extreme by the majority. Consider religious extremists, that is people who believe that their religion is the only true faith and all other religions should be considered as enemies. Do you think such people should be allowed to hold a public meeting to express their views? Would you say... (RELEXT1)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely26022.7
2) Probably39134.1
3) Probably not29125.4
4) Definitely not20417.8
Missing1202 
TOTAL1146100.0
785) Do you think such people should be allowed to publish their views on the Internet or social media? Would you say... (RELEXT3)
TOTAL%
1) Definitely28625.0
2) Probably44538.9
3) Probably not25822.6
4) Definitely not15513.5
Missing1204 
TOTAL1144100.0
786) Do you believe in the supernatural powers of deceased ancestors? (ANCESTRS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely16414.7
2) Yes, probably23721.2
3) No, probably not34731.1
4) No, definitely not36833.0
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
787) Do you agree or disagree with the following? I have my own way of connecting with God without churches or religious services (MYWAYGOD)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree29925.8
2) Agree44338.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree14412.4
4) Disagree15813.6
5) Strongly disagree1149.8
Missing1190 
TOTAL1158100.0
788) In your opinion, does your religion treat men and women equally, treat men better than women, or treat women better than men? (RELGENEQ)
TOTAL%
1) Treats men and women equally16715.0
2) Treats men better than women77369.3
3) Treats women better than men16114.4
4) I don't belong to or follow any religion151.3
Missing1232 
TOTAL1116100.0
789) For religious reasons do you have in your home a shrine, altar, or a religious object on display such as an icon, menorah, or crucifix? (RELOBJCT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes46640.1
2) No69559.9
Missing1187 
TOTAL1161100.0
790) How often do you visit a holy place for religious reasons such as going to a shrine, temple, church, or mosque? Please do not count attending regular religious services at your usual place of worship, if you have one. Would you say... (VISTHOLY)
TOTAL%
1) Never69860.1
2) Less than once a year1159.9
3) About once or twice a year13711.8
4) Several times a year806.9
5) About once a month or more13111.3
Missing1187 
TOTAL1161100.0
791) What best describes you: (RELSPRT)
TOTAL%
1) I follow a religion and consider myself to be a spiritual person interested in the sacred and the supernatural49544.4
2) I follow a religion, but don't consider myself to be a spiritual person interested in the sacred and the supernatural23120.7
3) I don't follow a religion, but consider myself to be a spiritual person interested in the sacred and the supernatural24321.8
4) I don't follow a religion and don't consider myself to be a spiritual person interested in the sacred and the supernatural14513.0
Missing1234 
TOTAL1114100.0
792) Do you agree or disagree that that practicing a religion helps people to find inner peace and happiness? Would you say... (MAKEFRND)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree22819.7
2) Agree62554.0
3) Neither agree nor disagree19116.5
4) Disagree968.3
5) Strongly disagree171.5
Missing1191 
TOTAL1157100.0
793) Do you agree or disagree that that practicing a religion helps people to gain comfort in times of trouble and sorrow? (COMFORT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree48441.7
2) Agree60251.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree554.7
4) Disagree171.5
5) Strongly disagree40.3
Missing1186 
TOTAL1162100.0
794) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Religions are usually a barrier to equality between women and men (RELGENBAR)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree625.4
2) Agree25522.4
3) Neither agree nor disagree30526.8
4) Disagree41536.5
5) Strongly disagree1018.9
Missing1210 
TOTAL1138100.0
795) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Governments should not interfere with the attempts of any religion to spread its faith (GOVVSREL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree30926.9
2) Agree55348.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree14913.0
4) Disagree1149.9
5) Strongly disagree221.9
Missing1201 
TOTAL1147100.0
796) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All things considered, people belonging to different religions cannot get along with each other when living close together (DIFREL)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree232.0
2) Agree13311.6
3) Neither agree nor disagree21218.4
4) Disagree59852.0
5) Strongly disagree18516.1
Missing1197 
TOTAL1151100.0
797) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In America, religion represents the past and not the future (RELPAST)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree332.9
2) Agree18416.2
3) Neither agree nor disagree25122.0
4) Disagree53146.6
5) Strongly disagree14012.3
Missing1209 
TOTAL1139100.0
798) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In America, religion is just as relevant to life today as it was in the past (RELRLVNT)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree14712.8
2) Agree44338.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree15913.9
4) Disagree34630.2
5) Strongly disagree494.3
Missing1204 
TOTAL1144100.0
799) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Christians? (CHRISTNS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive51344.4
2) Somewhat positive34329.7
3) Neither positive nor negative24921.6
4) Somewhat negative413.5
5) Very negative90.8
Missing1193 
TOTAL1155100.0
800) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Muslims? (MUSLIMS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive14512.9
2) Somewhat positive30026.7
3) Neither positive nor negative47342.1
4) Somewhat negative13411.9
5) Very negative726.4
Missing1224 
TOTAL1124100.0
801) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Hindus? (HINDUS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive16415.2
2) Somewhat positive27425.3
3) Neither positive nor negative53749.6
4) Somewhat negative615.6
5) Very negative464.3
Missing1266 
TOTAL1082100.0
802) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Buddhists? (BUDDHSTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive19918.0
2) Somewhat positive29927.1
3) Neither positive nor negative49645.0
4) Somewhat negative514.6
5) Very negative585.3
Missing1245 
TOTAL1103100.0
803) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Jews? (JEWS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive24521.8
2) Somewhat positive36132.1
3) Neither positive nor negative46241.0
4) Somewhat negative433.8
5) Very negative151.3
Missing1222 
TOTAL1126100.0
804) What is your personal attitude towards members of the following religious groups? Atheists? (ATHEISTS)
TOTAL%
1) Very positive1089.6
2) Somewhat positive21319.0
3) Neither positive nor negative49444.0
4) Somewhat negative15714.0
5) Very negative15113.4
Missing1225 
TOTAL1123100.0
805) In general, do you think that nuclear power stations are... (NUKEGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment21828.2
2) Very dangerous21327.6
3) Somewhat dangerous25733.3
4) Not very dangerous648.3
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment202.6
Missing1576 
TOTAL772100.0
806) In general, do you think that air pollution caused by industry is... (INDUSGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment28136.2
2) Very dangerous29738.2
3) Somewhat dangerous17322.3
4) Not very dangerous222.8
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment40.5
Missing1571 
TOTAL777100.0
807) In general, do you think that pesticides and chemicals used in farming are... (CHEMGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment24231.2
2) Very dangerous24832.0
3) Somewhat dangerous24431.4
4) Not very dangerous374.8
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment50.6
Missing1572 
TOTAL776100.0
808) In general, do you think that pollution of America's rivers, lakes, and streams is... (WATERGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment34644.5
2) Very dangerous26233.7
3) Somewhat dangerous14118.1
4) Not very dangerous233.0
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment50.6
Missing1571 
TOTAL777100.0
809) In general, do you think that a rise in the world's temperature caused by the 'greenhouse effect', is... (TEMPGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment25333.6
2) Very dangerous19726.2
3) Somewhat dangerous20527.2
4) Not very dangerous7510.0
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment233.1
Missing1595 
TOTAL753100.0
810) Do you think that modifying the genes of certain crops is... (GENEGEN)
TOTAL%
1) Extremely dangerous for the environment11014.6
2) Very dangerous18925.1
3) Somewhat dangerous29439.0
4) Not very dangerous12116.1
5) Not dangerous at all for the environment395.2
Missing1595 
TOTAL753100.0
811) Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be... (LETIN1A)
TOTAL%
1) Increased a lot1137.4
2) Increased a little22714.9
3) Remain the same as it is64642.5
4) Reduced a little29819.6
5) Reduced a lot23615.5
Missing828 
TOTAL1520100.0
812) How many sex partners have you had in the last 12 months? (PARTNERS)
TOTAL%
0) No partners [Skip to EVIDU]35825.7
1) 1 partner86862.2
2) 2 partners795.7
3) 3 partners402.9
4) 4 partners211.5
5) 5-10 partners231.6
6) 11-20 partners10.1
7) 21-100 partners10.1
9) 1 or more partners (unspecified)40.3
Missing953 
TOTAL1395100.0
813) Was one of the partners your husband or wife or regular sexual partner? (MATESEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes93190.2
2) No1019.8
Missing1316 
TOTAL1032100.0
814) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Close personal friend (FRNDSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes12764.5
2) No7035.5
Missing2151 
TOTAL197100.0
815) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Neighbor, co-worker, or long-term acquaintance (ACQNTSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes6935.2
2) No12764.8
Missing2152 
TOTAL196100.0
816) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Casual date or pick-up (PIKUPSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes7840.0
2) No11760.0
Missing2153 
TOTAL195100.0
817) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Person you paid or paid you for sex (PAIDSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31.5
2) No19398.5
Missing2152 
TOTAL196100.0
818) If you had other partners, please indicate all categories that apply to them: Other (OTHERSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes31.5
2) No19298.5
Missing2153 
TOTAL195100.0
819) Have your sex partners in the last 12 months been... (SEXSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male50849.1
2) Both male and female212.0
3) Exclusively female50548.8
Missing1314 
TOTAL1034100.0
820) About how often did you have sex during the last 12 months? (SEXFREQ)
TOTAL%
0) Not at all36526.9
1) Once or twice1279.4
2) About once a month16211.9
3) 2 or 3 times a month20815.3
4) About once a week21415.8
5) 2 or 3 times a week19714.5
6) More than 3 times a week846.2
Missing991 
TOTAL1357100.0
821) Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past 12 months) how many female partners have you had sex with? (NUMWOMEN)
TOTAL%
0) 067050.6
1) 113310.0
2) 2685.1
3) 3554.2
4) 4433.2
5) 5624.7
6) 6302.3
7) 7110.8
8) 8241.8
9) 930.2
10) 10352.6
11) 1120.2
12) 12201.5
13) 1340.3
14) 1430.2
15) 15282.1
16) 1610.1
17) 1710.1
18) 1840.3
19) 1910.1
20) 20332.5
21) 2110.1
23) 2310.1
25) 2590.7
26) 2620.2
30) 30201.5
32) 3210.1
35) 3530.2
40) 4080.6
42) 4210.1
50) 50161.2
52) 5210.1
60) 6040.3
75) 7520.2
80) 8010.1
90) 9010.1
100) 10030.2
120) 12020.2
140) 14010.1
200) 20030.2
700) 70010.1
989) 989 or higher10.1
991) 1 or more, number unknown90.7
993) Garbled text10.1
995) 'Many,' 'Lots'10.1
Missing1024 
TOTAL1324100.0
822) Now thinking about the time since your 18th birthday (including the past 12 months) how many male partners have you had sex with? (NUMMEN)
TOTAL%
0) 60745.3
1) 20014.9
2) 866.4
3) 695.1
4) 765.7
5) 745.5
6) 332.5
7) 201.5
8) 131.0
9) 20.1
10) 503.7
11) 30.2
12) 100.7
13) 30.2
14) 30.2
15) 231.7
17) 10.1
18) 30.2
20) 161.2
24) 10.1
25) 60.4
26) 20.1
27) 10.1
30) 50.4
33) 10.1
38) 10.1
40) 20.1
42) 10.1
45) 10.1
50) 60.4
56) 10.1
57) 10.1
62) 10.1
65) 10.1
85) 10.1
991) 161.2
Missing1008 
TOTAL1340100.0
823) Now think about the past five years-the time since February/March [2018], and including the past 12 months, how many sex partners have you had in that five year period? (PARTNRS5)
TOTAL%
0) No partners [Skip to EVIDU]21915.8
1) 1 partner73753.1
2) 2 partners14510.4
3) 3 partners906.5
4) 4 partners584.2
5) 5-10 partners644.6
6) 11-20 partners352.5
7) 21-100 partners60.4
8) More than 100 partners10.1
9) 1 or more, number unknown332.4
Missing960 
TOTAL1388100.0
824) Have your sex partners in the last five years been... (SEXSEX5)
TOTAL%
1) Exclusively male57549.4
2) Both male and female252.1
3) Exclusively female56348.4
Missing1185 
TOTAL1163100.0
825) Thinking about the time since your 18th birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex? (EVPAIDSX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes866.2
2) No130293.8
Missing960 
TOTAL1388100.0
826) Have you ever had sex with someone other than your husband or wife while you were married? (EVSTRAY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes15911.4
2) No80658.0
3) Never married42530.6
Missing958 
TOTAL1390100.0
827) The last time you had sex, was a condom used? By 'sex' we mean vaginal, oral, or anal sex (CONDOM)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, the last time I had sex, a condom was used28221.1
2) No, the last time I had sex, a condom was not used105778.9
Missing1009 
TOTAL1339100.0
828) The last time you had sex, was it with someone you were in an on-going relationship with, or was it with someone else? Remember that by 'sex' we mean only vaginal, oral, or anal sex (RELATSEX)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, the last time I had sex, it was with someone I was in an on-going relationship with118788.6
2) No, the last time I had sex, it was not with someone I was in an on-going relationship with15211.4
Missing1009 
TOTAL1339100.0
829) Have you ever, even once, taken any drugs by injection with a needle (like heroin, cocaine, amphetamines or steroids)? Do not include anything you took under a doctor's orders (EVIDU)
TOTAL%
1) Yes412.9
2) No135097.1
Missing957 
TOTAL1391100.0
830) How long has it been since you last used a needle to inject drugs? (IDU30)
TOTAL%
1) Within the past 30 days410.0
2) More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months410.0
3) More than 12 months ago but within the past three years512.5
4) More than three years ago2767.5
Missing2308 
TOTAL40100.0
831) Have you ever, even once, used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (EVCRACK)
TOTAL%
1) Yes836.0
2) No131094.0
Missing955 
TOTAL1393100.0
832) How long has it been since you last used 'crack' cocaine in chunk or rock form? (CRACK30)
TOTAL%
1) Within the past 30 days22.4
2) More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months910.8
3) More than 12 months ago but within the past three years44.8
4) More than three years6881.9
Missing2265 
TOTAL83100.0
833) Have you ever been tested for HIV? Do not count tests you may have had as part of a blood donation. Include oral tests (where they take a swab from your mouth) (HIVTEST)
TOTAL%
1) Yes56140.8
2) No81559.2
Missing972 
TOTAL1376100.0
834) Not including blood donations, in what month and year was your last HIV test? (HIVTEST1)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL492201218.803757
835) Where did you have your last HIV test - at a private doctor or HMO office, at a counseling and testing site, at a hospital, at a clinic, in a jail or prison, at home or somewhere else? (HIVTEST2)
TOTAL%
1) Private doctor or HMO office29052.2
2) Counseling and testing site162.9
3) Hospital9416.9
4) Clinic11921.4
5) Jail or prison101.8
6) Home61.1
7) Somewhere else213.8
Missing1792 
TOTAL556100.0