Comparative Cross-National Study in the Middle East and North Africa

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


All frequencies are raw numbers (no weights used).
1) Study country code (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
368) Iraq300014.2
422) Lebanon303914.4
586) Pakistan352316.7
682) Saudi Arabia20039.5
788) Tunisia307014.5
818) Egypt349616.5
949) Turkey301914.3
TOTAL21150100.0
2) Questionnaire ID (QUESTIONNAIREID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211502160.5991969
3) Date of interview (DATE)
4) Exact time now (start time) (V1)
5) Taking all things together, would you say you are very happy, happy, not very happy, or not at all happy? (V2)
TOTAL%
1) Very happy341916.2
2) Happy1197156.6
3) Not very happy398518.8
4) Not at all happy15507.3
8) Don't know860.4
9) No response1390.7
TOTAL21150100.0
6) All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? (V3)
TOTAL%
1) Completely dissatisfied9994.7
2) 26713.2
3) 311475.4
4) 415877.5
5) 5391418.5
6) 6314814.9
7) 7317515.0
8) 8313314.8
9) 914126.7
10) Completely satisfied16117.6
98) Don't know1410.7
99) No response2121.0
TOTAL21150100.0
7) How important is family in your life - very important, rather important, not very important, or not all important? (V4)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1528684.5
2) Rather important240013.3
3) Not very important2691.5
4) Not important at all500.3
8) Don't know190.1
9) No response560.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
8) How important is religion in your life - very important, rather important, not very important, or not all important? (V5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1526884.4
2) Rather important221412.2
3) Not very important3662.0
4) Not important at all1490.8
8) Don't know190.1
9) No response640.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
9) Are you currently... (V6)
TOTAL%
1) Never been married (Skip to V8)552426.1
2) Married1405966.5
3) Divorced3761.8
4) Separated1100.5
5) Widowed10475.0
8) Don't know60.0
9) No response280.1
TOTAL21150100.0
10) Altogether, how many children have you had? (V7)
TOTAL%
0) No child15937.5
1) One child20919.9
2) Two children352516.7
3) Three children328515.5
4) Four children244411.6
5) Five children13466.4
6) Six children7973.8
7) Seven children3941.9
8) Eight or more children3251.5
96) Inappropriate; Coded 1 in V6527624.9
98) Don't know220.1
99) No response520.2
TOTAL21150100.0
11) Can you tell me your year of birth, please? 19____ (V8)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2115079.76878
12) This means you are __ __ years old. Is that correct? (V9)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL2115044.65881
13) If I asked you about your religion, what do you prefer your answer to be? (V10)
TOTAL%
102) Egypt: Muslim Sunni301014.2
103) Egypt: Christian4862.3
301) Iraq: Muslim-Shia9214.4
302) Iraq: Muslim-Sunni12065.7
303) Iraq: Christian130.1
398) Iraq: Muslim (sect not otherwise specified)8604.1
401) Lebanon: Muslim-Shia9944.7
402) Lebanon: Muslim-Sunni7093.4
403) Lebanon: Roman Catholic1800.9
404) Lebanon: Druze1910.9
405) Lebanon: Maronite3951.9
406) Lebanon: Greek Orthodox2131.0
407) Lebanon: Muslim (Sect not otherwise specified)810.4
408) Lebanon: Christian (Sect not otherwise specified)270.1
496) Lebanon: None730.3
497) Lebanon: Other (Specify)1450.7
501) Pakistan: Muslim-Shia2301.1
502) Pakistan: Muslim-Sunni290213.7
503) Pakistan: Christian260.1
504) Pakistan: Hindu170.1
505) Pakistan: Muslim (not otherwise specified)2971.4
506) Pakistan: Sikh30.0
507) Pakistan: Ismaili480.2
601) Saudi Arabia: Muslim Shia majority governorate4972.3
602) Saudi Arabia: Muslim Sunni majority governorate15067.1
801) Turkey: Muslim-Shia710.3
802) Turkey: Muslim-Sunni247411.7
803) Turkey: Muslim-Alewi1130.5
804) Turkey: Christian10.0
805) Turkey: Atheist10.0
806) Turkey: Gypsy10.0
807) Turkey: Hanafi1060.5
808) Turkey: Muslim (not otherwise specified)1990.9
809) Turkey: Normal10.0
810) Turkey: Shafi120.1
811) Turkey: Zaza10.0
897) Turkey: Other (not otherwise specified)10.0
901) Tunisia: Muslim-Shia30.0
902) Tunisia: Muslim-Sunni300514.2
903) Tunisia: Jewish10.0
904) Tunisia: Atheist10.0
905) Tunisia: Muslim (Sect not otherwise specified)40.0
906) Tunisia: Maliki290.1
996) Tunisia: None20.0
998) All countries: Don't know80.0
999) All countries: No response860.4
TOTAL21150100.0
14) Majority sect in Iraq sample area (V10_A)
TOTAL%
1) Majority Sunni119039.7
2) Majority Shia87029.0
3) Mixed Sunni and Shia, no clear majority94031.3
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
15) Estimated percentage of Shias in Hafouf PSUs [Saudi Arabia] (V10_B)
TOTAL%
1) 70 percent majority Shia in PSU183.6
2) 80 percent majority Shia in PSU10020.1
3) 90 percent majority Shia in PSU8016.1
4) 100 percent majority Shia in PSU29960.2
Missing20653 
TOTAL497100.0
16) Religious affiliation (V10_C)
TOTAL%
1) Muslim Shia320515.2
2) Muslim Sunni1508871.3
3) Muslim (sect not otherwise specified)9844.7
4) Druze1910.9
5) Christian13416.3
6) Other1700.8
7) Atheist/None770.4
8) Don't know80.0
9) No response860.4
TOTAL21150100.0
17) In your view, which of the following is the more important basis for marriage? (V11)
TOTAL%
1) Parental approval1295061.2
2) Love755635.7
7) Both (volunteered)1330.6
8) Don't know2451.2
9) No response2661.3
TOTAL21150100.0
18) Marriage is an out-dated institution (V12)
TOTAL%
1) Agree278913.2
2) Disagree1754282.9
8) Don't know5782.7
9) No response2411.1
TOTAL21150100.0
19) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V13A and V13B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Independence? (V13)
TOTAL%
1) Selected718839.8
2) Not selected1040157.5
8) Don't know4282.4
9) No response630.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
20) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V14A and V14B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Hard work? (V14)
TOTAL%
1) Selected1049958.1
2) Not selected702438.8
8) Don't know4992.8
9) No response580.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
21) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V15A and V15B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Feeling of responsibility? (V15)
TOTAL%
1) Selected1293271.5
2) Not selected468925.9
8) Don't know4022.2
9) No response570.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
22) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V16A and V16B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Imagination? (V16)
TOTAL%
1) Selected291916.1
2) Not selected1436479.4
8) Don't know6993.9
9) No response980.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
23) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V17A and V17B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Tolerance and respect for other people? (V17)
TOTAL%
1) Selected1204266.6
2) Not selected569731.5
8) Don't know2721.5
9) No response690.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
24) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V18A and V18B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Thrift? (V18)
TOTAL%
1) Selected632035.0
2) Not selected1107761.3
8) Don't know5983.3
9) No response850.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
25) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V19A and V19B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Determination, perseverance? (V19)
TOTAL%
1) Selected777743.0
2) Not selected971953.8
8) Don't know5082.8
9) No response760.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
26) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V20A and V20B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Religious faith? (V20)
TOTAL%
1) Selected1282770.9
2) Not selected494427.3
8) Don't know2561.4
9) No response530.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
27) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V21A and V21B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Unselfishness? (V21)
TOTAL%
1) Selected658036.4
2) Not selected1080959.8
8) Don't know5973.3
9) No response940.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
28) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. Please see V22A and V22B] Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Obedience? (V22)
TOTAL%
1) Selected906150.1
2) Not selected860847.6
8) Don't know3351.9
9) No response760.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
29) Among religious teachers, parents/guardians, and school teachers, who do you think should be most responsible for the following: Teaching children about religion? (V23)
TOTAL%
1) Religious teachers723440.0
2) Parents/Guardians950452.6
3) School teachers11106.1
8) Don't know710.4
9) No response1610.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
30) Among religious teachers, parents/guardians, and school teachers, who do you think should be most responsible for the following: Teaching children about politics? (V24)
TOTAL%
1) Religious teachers5112.8
2) Parents/Guardians820545.4
3) School teachers737340.8
8) Don't know13547.5
9) No response6373.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
31) Among religious teachers, parents/guardians, and school teachers, who do you think should be most responsible for the following: Teaching children about history? (V25)
TOTAL%
1) Religious teachers4372.4
2) Parents/Guardians252714.0
3) School teachers1493082.6
8) Don't know1190.7
9) No response670.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
32) Among religious teachers, parents/guardians, and school teachers, who do you think should be most responsible for the following: Teaching children about science? (V26)
TOTAL%
1) Religious teachers4192.3
2) Parents/Guardians10916.0
3) School teachers1638090.6
8) Don't know1240.7
9) No response660.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
33) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: It is acceptable for a man to have more than one wife (V27)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree17348.2
2) Agree418119.8
3) Disagree628529.7
4) Strongly disagree871441.2
8) Don't know1460.7
9) No response900.4
TOTAL21150100.0
34) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: A wife must always obey her husband (V28)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree829839.2
2) Agree859940.7
3) Disagree309714.6
4) Strongly disagree9564.5
8) Don't know1080.5
9) No response920.4
TOTAL21150100.0
35) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do (V29)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree673631.8
2) Agree701233.2
3) Disagree479822.7
4) Strongly disagree20219.6
8) Don't know4372.1
9) No response1460.7
TOTAL21150100.0
36) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: A university education is more important for a boy than for a girl (V30)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree283313.4
2) Agree430120.3
3) Disagree785137.1
4) Strongly disagree586327.7
8) Don't know1870.9
9) No response1150.5
TOTAL21150100.0
37) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: It is up to a woman to dress whichever way she wants (V31)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree265812.6
2) Agree522524.7
3) Disagree710733.6
4) Strongly disagree588927.8
8) Don't know1670.8
9) No response1040.5
TOTAL21150100.0
38) Next, please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree: When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women (V32)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree791237.4
2) Agree760035.9
3) Disagree371417.6
4) Strongly disagree15847.5
8) Don't know2011.0
9) No response1390.7
TOTAL21150100.0
39) Which one of these women is dressed most appropriately for public places? Just tell me the number on the card (Respondent Show Card 3) (V33)
TOTAL%
1) Woman #15592.6
2) Woman #2307514.5
3) Woman #3306814.5
4) Woman #4797937.7
5) Woman #5264612.5
6) Woman #6337716.0
8) Don't know1240.6
9) No response3221.5
TOTAL21150100.0
40) Next, I will read you a list of traits that women can have. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important for women to have that trait. Being religious? (V34)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1054958.3
2) Important526429.1
3) Somewhat important14848.2
4) Not very important5343.0
5) Not at all important1680.9
8) Don't know320.2
9) No response490.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
41) Next, I will read you a list of traits that women can have. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important for women to have that trait. Being educated? (V35)
TOTAL%
1) Very important764442.3
2) Important622534.4
3) Somewhat important342919.0
4) Not very important6123.4
5) Not at all important1210.7
8) Don't know200.1
9) No response290.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
42) Next, I will read you a list of traits that women can have. For each one, please tell me whether you think it is very important, important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important for women to have that trait. Having a job outside the home? (V36)
TOTAL%
1) Very important294516.3
2) Important366820.3
3) Somewhat important516728.6
4) Not very important451625.0
5) Not at all important16359.0
8) Don't know1060.6
9) No response430.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
43) Now think about customs and habits in your society. Which of the following statements comes closer to your sentiment: (V37)
TOTAL%
1) I feel constrained by the number of customs and habits that exist in my society396821.9
2) There are not enough customs and habits in my society to guide me422923.4
3) There are just about the right amount of customs and habits in my society892349.4
8) Don't know6533.6
9) No response3071.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
44) Now think about governmental laws and regulations. Which of the following statements comes closer to your sentiment: (V38)
TOTAL%
1) I feel constrained by the number of governmental laws and regulations291615.2
2) There are not enough governmental laws and regulations to guide me710637.1
3) There are just about the right amount of governmental laws and regulations745238.9
8) Don't know11986.3
9) No response4752.5
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
45) Thinking about what should change to make your country a better place to live, please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following: [Study country] will be a better society: If religion and politics are separated (V39)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly616132.2
2) Agree444423.2
3) Disagree387220.2
4) Disagree strongly367819.2
8) Don't know8544.5
9) No response1380.7
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
46) Thinking about what should change to make your country a better place to live, please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following: [Study country] will be a better society: If its government was similar to Western governments (V40)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly278814.6
2) Agree492325.7
3) Disagree606031.6
4) Disagree strongly427022.3
8) Don't know9474.9
9) No response1590.8
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
47) Thinking about what should change to make your country a better place to live, please tell us if you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or disagree strongly with the following: [Study country] will be a better society: If it had the technology of the West (V41)
TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly920043.5
2) Agree819438.7
3) Disagree20239.6
4) Disagree strongly8173.9
8) Don't know7723.7
9) No response1440.7
TOTAL21150100.0
48) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. (Tunisia: ...how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all?) Religious institutions? (Tunisia: Mosques/Churches) (V42)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal803344.3
2) Quite a lot563931.1
3) Not very much319917.6
4) None at all9055.0
8) Don't know2211.2
9) No response1340.7
Missing3019 
TOTAL18131100.0
49) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. The Diyanet? [Turkey only] (V42A)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal79826.4
2) Quite a lot104734.7
3) Not very much64321.3
4) None at all41513.7
8) Don't know732.4
9) No response431.4
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
50) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. Other religious organizations [Turkey only] (V42B)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal43714.5
2) Quite a lot73124.2
3) Not very much89029.5
4) None at all78726.1
8) Don't know1173.9
9) No response571.9
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
51) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. (Tunisia: ...how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all?) The public sector/government? (V43)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal223712.4
2) Quite a lot429623.8
3) Not very much666136.8
4) None at all447924.8
8) Don't know3041.7
9) No response1030.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
52) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. Parliament [Turkey only] (V43A)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal59019.5
2) Quite a lot98432.6
3) Not very much84428.0
4) None at all49916.5
8) Don't know652.2
9) No response371.2
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
53) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. (Tunisia: ...how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all?) The courts [Turkey/Tunisia only] (V43B)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal125820.7
2) Quite a lot186530.6
3) Not very much110618.2
4) None at all151424.9
8) Don't know2784.6
9) No response681.1
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
54) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. (Tunisia: ...how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all?) The military [Turkey/Tunisia only] (V43C)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal329154.0
2) Quite a lot142323.4
3) Not very much66310.9
4) None at all5348.8
8) Don't know1181.9
9) No response601.0
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
55) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all? Assembly of National Constitution [Tunisia only] (V43D)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal1595.2
2) Quite a lot54417.7
3) Not very much35811.7
4) None at all176157.4
8) Don't know2157.0
9) No response331.1
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
56) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all? President [Tunisia only] (V43E)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal2618.5
2) Quite a lot63020.5
3) Not very much32310.5
4) None at all162753.0
8) Don't know1996.5
9) No response301.0
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
57) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all? Prime Minister [Tunisia only] (V43F)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal43914.3
2) Quite a lot64721.1
3) Not very much2979.7
4) None at all141346.0
8) Don't know2397.8
9) No response351.1
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
58) I am going to name a number of groups and organizations. For each one, please tell me whether you have a great deal of confidence in it, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all. (Tunisia: ...how much trust, in general, do you have in them? A lot, some, only a little, or not at all?) The United Nations? (V44)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal12345.8
2) Quite a lot242811.5
3) Not very much505223.9
4) None at all1037449.0
8) Don't know18388.7
9) No response2241.1
TOTAL21150100.0
59) Among the following, which problems for your country do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? Aggression from a neighboring country (V45)
TOTAL%
1) Very important1111061.4
2) Important421523.3
3) Somewhat important180710.0
4) Least important4172.3
5) Not important2771.5
8) Don't know2131.2
9) No response410.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
60) Among the following, which problems for your country do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? The exploitation of this country's natural resources by more powerful countries (V46)
TOTAL%
1) Very important924351.1
2) Important485026.8
3) Somewhat important267114.8
4) Least important6773.7
5) Not important2961.6
8) Don't know2811.6
9) No response620.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
61) Among the following, which problems for your country do you consider very important (very serious), important, somewhat important, least important, or not important? Cultural invasion by the West [NOTE: In Tunisia, the categories were 'Large problem' to 'Not a large problem at all' on a scale of '1' to '5'] (V47)
TOTAL%
1) Very important907142.9
2) Important444521.0
3) Somewhat important399818.9
4) Least important16267.7
5) Not important12135.7
8) Don't know7023.3
9) No response950.4
TOTAL21150100.0
62) Next, I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having a democratic political system (V48)
TOTAL%
1) Very good1234664.5
2) Fairly good495725.9
3) Fairly bad7053.7
4) Very bad3992.1
8) Don't know6503.4
9) No response900.5
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
63) Next, I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having (an Islamic government/a government inspired by Christian values [For Christian respondents]) where religious authorities have absolute power (V49)
TOTAL%
1) Very good262813.7
2) Fairly good458023.9
3) Fairly bad571529.8
4) Very bad495725.9
8) Don't know9495.0
9) No response3181.7
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
64) Next, I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having a strong head of government who does not have to bother with parliament and elections (V50)
TOTAL%
1) Very good13697.1
2) Fairly good191810.0
3) Fairly bad530427.7
4) Very bad955449.9
8) Don't know8064.2
9) No response1961.0
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
65) Next, I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? Having the army rule (V51)
TOTAL%
1) Very good257413.4
2) Fairly good292715.3
3) Fairly bad405821.2
4) Very bad846144.2
8) Don't know9404.9
9) No response1871.0
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
66) Here is a scale for rating how well the government is doing: 1 means very bad; 10 means very good. What point on this scale would you choose to describe how well the government is doing? (V52)
TOTAL%
1) Very bad305215.9
2) 2201010.5
3) 3243912.7
4) 4194610.2
5) 5294315.4
6) 6216811.3
7) 717169.0
8) 812146.3
9) 95252.7
10) Very good5372.8
98) Don't know4832.5
99) No response1140.6
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
67) How important is it for you to live in a country that is governed democratically? On this scale where 1 means it is 'not at all important' and 10 means 'absolutely important' what position would you choose? (V53)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important1510.9
2) 21631.0
3) 32211.4
4) 43051.9
5) 510466.5
6) 613518.4
7) 7186611.6
8) 8283117.6
9) 9258116.1
10) Absolutely important512531.9
98) Don't know3862.4
99) No response510.3
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
68) And how democratically is (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) being governed today? Again using a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 means that it is 'not at all democratic' and 10 means that it is 'completely democratic,' what position would you choose? (V54)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all democratic252113.2
2) 2206910.8
3) 3234912.3
4) 4193010.1
5) 5285114.9
6) 6208710.9
7) 718269.5
8) 813977.3
9) 96703.5
10) Completely democratic5843.1
98) Don't know7453.9
99) No response1180.6
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
69) Do you believe the politicians of (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) agree on political and social issues always, most of the time, occasionally, or never? (V55)
TOTAL%
1) Always4432.8
2) Most of the time171210.6
3) Occasionally647940.3
4) Never648640.3
8) Don't know8245.1
9) No response1330.8
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
70) How often are diverse views represented in your country's political system - all of the time, most of the time, occasionally, or never? (V56)
TOTAL%
1) All the time13198.2
2) Most of the time373123.2
3) Occasionally661241.1
4) Never304218.9
8) Don't know11507.2
9) No response2231.4
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
71) How proud are you to be [STUDY COUNTRY NATIONALITY]? (V57)
TOTAL%
1) Very proud1473369.7
2) Quite proud495823.4
3) Not very proud8844.2
4) Not at all proud3591.7
8) Don't know990.5
9) No response1170.6
TOTAL21150100.0
72) Which of the following best describes you? (V58)
TOTAL%
1) Above all, I am (Egyptian/Iranian/Iraqi/Lebanese/Pakistani/Saudi/Syrian/Tunisian/Turkish citizen)936944.3
2) Above all, I am a (Muslim [Christian for Christian respondents, Hindu for Hindu respondents])975746.1
3) Above all, I am an Arab8313.9
4) Above all, I am a Kurd [for Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria]2311.1
5) Above all, I am a Punjabi [for Pakistan]40.0
6) Above all, I am a Sindhi [for Pakistan]190.1
8) Above all, I am a Pathan [for Pakistan]160.1
9) Above all, I am a Baluchi [for Pakistan and Iran]20.0
12) Above all, I am a Yashkon [for Pakistan]10.0
13) Above all, I am a Sheen [for Pakistan]40.0
14) Above all, I am a Gilgiti [for Pakistan]20.0
15) Above all, I am a Kashmiri [for Pakistan]60.0
16) Above all, I am a Turk [for Turkey]3341.6
17) Above all, I am an Allawi [for Turkey]240.1
18) Above all, I am a Berber [for Tunisia]190.1
96) Other specified in V58A [for Turkey] and V58B [for Tunisia]1720.8
98) Don't know900.4
99) No response2691.3
TOTAL21150100.0
73) Other specified from V58 [Turkey only] (V58A)
TOTAL%
1) ALEVÝ KÜRDÜM11.4
2) ALEVÝ TÜRKÜM11.4
3) ATATÜRKÇÜYÜM11.4
4) ÇERKEZ11.4
5) DÜNYA VATANDAÞI22.8
6) HÝÇ BÝRÝ11.4
7) KÜRT VE MÜSLÜMANIM11.4
8) TÜRK VE MÜSLÜMANIM4360.6
9) ÝNSANIM2028.2
Missing21079 
TOTAL71100.0
74) Other specified from V58 [Tunisia only] (V58B)
TOTAL%
1) Arab Muslim87.9
2) I'm a human76.9
3) I'm a human of principles22.0
4) I'm a woman33.0
5) Tunisian Muslim8180.2
Missing21049 
TOTAL101100.0
75) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Religious leaders should not interfere in politics. Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V59)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree774836.6
2) Agree623329.5
3) Disagree416319.7
4) Strongly disagree217110.3
8) Don't know6723.2
9) No response1630.8
TOTAL21150100.0
76) It would be better for [COUNTRY] if more people with strong religious beliefs held public office. Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V60)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree639630.2
2) Agree714533.8
3) Disagree420619.9
4) Strongly disagree236911.2
8) Don't know7823.7
9) No response2521.2
TOTAL21150100.0
77) There are conspiracies against Muslims. Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V61)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree848940.1
2) Agree734034.7
3) Disagree239211.3
4) Strongly disagree14807.0
8) Don't know12766.0
9) No response1730.8
TOTAL21150100.0
78) Democracy may face problems but it's better than any other form of government. Do you agree strongly, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V62)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree901242.6
2) Agree826139.1
3) Disagree18949.0
4) Strongly disagree7723.7
8) Don't know10104.8
9) No response2011.0
TOTAL21150100.0
79) How important is each of the following traits for the good government? It should make laws according to the people's wishes (V63)
TOTAL%
1) Very important957445.3
2) Important639330.2
3) Somewhat important331615.7
4) Least important9594.5
5) Not important5282.5
8) Don't know2791.3
9) No response1010.5
TOTAL21150100.0
80) How important is each of the following traits for the good government? It should implement only the laws of the shari'a (V64)
TOTAL%
1) Very important406119.2
2) Important501923.7
3) Somewhat important441020.9
4) Least important313914.8
5) Not important362617.1
8) Don't know6222.9
9) No response2731.3
TOTAL21150100.0
81) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would equality between women and men increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V65)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot867648.0
2) Increase a little720939.9
3) Decrease a little10645.9
4) Decrease a lot3742.1
8) Don't know5923.3
9) No response1650.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
82) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would faith in Allah increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V66)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot282915.6
2) Increase a little429323.7
3) Decrease a little580732.1
4) Decrease a lot398622.0
8) Don't know6983.9
9) No response4672.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
83) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would restrictions on personal freedom increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V67)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot14578.1
2) Increase a little243313.5
3) Decrease a little756241.8
4) Decrease a lot577131.9
8) Don't know7093.9
9) No response1480.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
84) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would parents choosing who their children marry increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V68)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot8134.5
2) Increase a little208011.5
3) Decrease a little785843.5
4) Decrease a lot641435.5
8) Don't know6423.6
9) No response2731.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
85) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would the influence of religion on politics increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V69)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot10996.1
2) Increase a little285815.8
3) Decrease a little735440.7
4) Decrease a lot559731.0
8) Don't know9445.2
9) No response2281.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
86) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would freedom to mix with the opposite sex increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V70)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot814145.0
2) Increase a little661336.6
3) Decrease a little16599.2
4) Decrease a lot7944.4
8) Don't know6603.7
9) No response2131.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
87) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would the number of children couples have increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V71)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot9885.5
2) Increase a little259914.4
3) Decrease a little904350.0
4) Decrease a lot408222.6
8) Don't know10645.9
9) No response3041.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
88) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would following the teachings of the Quran [Bible (for Christian respondents)] increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V72)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot16989.4
2) Increase a little340218.8
3) Decrease a little681937.7
4) Decrease a lot467725.9
8) Don't know10025.5
9) No response4822.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
89) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would age at marriage increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V73)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot407622.5
2) Increase a little667036.9
3) Decrease a little404822.4
4) Decrease a lot17369.6
8) Don't know12256.8
9) No response3251.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
90) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would selfish people increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V74)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot651436.0
2) Increase a little573131.7
3) Decrease a little293516.2
4) Decrease a lot13997.7
8) Don't know11396.3
9) No response3622.0
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
91) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would democracy increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V75)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot749441.4
2) Increase a little719539.8
3) Decrease a little14848.2
4) Decrease a lot6293.5
8) Don't know10735.9
9) No response2051.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
92) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would immodest dress increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V76)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot944152.2
2) Increase a little571031.6
3) Decrease a little13517.5
4) Decrease a lot7264.0
8) Don't know6103.4
9) No response2421.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
93) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would respect for elders increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V77)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot310717.2
2) Increase a little404022.3
3) Decrease a little617034.1
4) Decrease a lot365220.2
8) Don't know7804.3
9) No response3311.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
94) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would emphasis on material possessions increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V78)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot682837.8
2) Increase a little668837.0
3) Decrease a little240513.3
4) Decrease a lot7934.4
8) Don't know10906.0
9) No response2761.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
95) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would the number of educated individuals running the national economy increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V79)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot675037.3
2) Increase a little759342.0
3) Decrease a little186910.3
4) Decrease a lot5212.9
8) Don't know11456.3
9) No response2021.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
96) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would the overall standard of living increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V80)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot670237.1
2) Increase a little770342.6
3) Decrease a little188410.4
4) Decrease a lot5493.0
8) Don't know10695.9
9) No response1731.0
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
97) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would the role of science and technology in people's lives increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V81)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot944052.2
2) Increase a little672637.2
3) Decrease a little9285.1
4) Decrease a lot2651.5
8) Don't know6033.3
9) No response1180.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
98) If (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more like western countries, would respect for human rights increase a lot, increase a little, little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V82)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot657636.4
2) Increase a little624034.5
3) Decrease a little284015.7
4) Decrease a lot13827.6
8) Don't know8594.8
9) No response1831.0
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
99) Please tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements. Any infraction of religious instruction will bring about Allah's severe punishment. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V83)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1227458.0
2) Agree541125.6
3) Disagree20399.6
4) Strongly disagree8844.2
8) Don't know3811.8
9) No response1610.8
TOTAL21150100.0
100) Only Islam [Christianity (for Christian respondents)] provides comprehensive truth about Allah. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V84)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1278560.4
2) Agree508124.0
3) Disagree19059.0
4) Strongly disagree7813.7
8) Don't know4362.1
9) No response1620.8
TOTAL21150100.0
101) Non-Muslims [Non-Christians (for Christian respondents)] should be prohibited from practicing their religion in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY). Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V85)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree219810.4
2) Agree217610.3
3) Disagree763736.1
4) Strongly disagree844739.9
8) Don't know5352.5
9) No response1570.7
TOTAL21150100.0
102) Only the fear of Allah keeps people on the right path. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V86)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1262559.7
2) Agree547325.9
3) Disagree19749.3
4) Strongly disagree7393.5
8) Don't know2281.1
9) No response1110.5
TOTAL21150100.0
103) The Quran [Bible (for Christian respondents)] is true from beginning to end. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V87)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1584474.9
2) Agree414819.6
3) Disagree4622.2
4) Strongly disagree1860.9
8) Don't know3531.7
9) No response1570.7
TOTAL21150100.0
104) Only Islam [Christianity (for Christian respondents)] gives a complete and unfailing guide to human salvation. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V88)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1040458.9
2) Agree449225.4
3) Disagree15038.5
4) Strongly disagree5413.1
8) Don't know5423.1
9) No response1721.0
Missing3496 
TOTAL17654100.0
105) The followers of all religions should have equal rights to practice their religion in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY). Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V89)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree754850.1
2) Agree515534.2
3) Disagree11977.9
4) Strongly disagree7475.0
8) Don't know3082.0
9) No response1060.7
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
106) Non-Muslims [Non-Christians (for Christian respondents)] should be free to build their places of worship in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY). Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V90)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree622641.3
2) Agree511634.0
3) Disagree166311.0
4) Strongly disagree11957.9
8) Don't know7304.8
9) No response1310.9
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
107) Allah requires his slaves to repent (tobbah). Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V91)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1538072.7
2) Agree398318.8
3) Disagree6563.1
4) Strongly disagree7373.5
8) Don't know2331.1
9) No response1610.8
TOTAL21150100.0
108) The Quran's [Bible's (for Christian respondents)] description of past historical events is not always accurate. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V92)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree5714.9
2) Agree8006.9
3) Disagree319627.6
4) Strongly disagree616953.3
8) Don't know6916.0
9) No response1381.2
Missing9585 
TOTAL11565100.0
109) Muslims [Christians (for Christian respondents)] are going only to heaven. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V93)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree780036.9
2) Agree458321.7
3) Disagree365717.3
4) Strongly disagree220010.4
8) Don't know256712.1
9) No response3431.6
TOTAL21150100.0
110) Our children should not be allowed to learn about other religions. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V94)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree438820.7
2) Agree446921.1
3) Disagree692732.8
4) Strongly disagree437920.7
8) Don't know7303.5
9) No response2571.2
TOTAL21150100.0
111) Allah is the source of everything good. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V95)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1162077.2
2) Agree238815.9
3) Disagree2731.8
4) Strongly disagree1250.8
8) Don't know3932.6
9) No response2621.7
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
112) The Quran [the Bible (for Christian respondents)] has correctly predicted all the major events that have occurred in human history. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V96)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1063860.3
2) Agree466226.4
3) Disagree9175.2
4) Strongly disagree4752.7
8) Don't know7684.4
9) No response1941.1
Missing3496 
TOTAL17654100.0
113) All religions are equally acceptable to Allah. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V97)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree379725.2
2) Agree334522.2
3) Disagree337822.4
4) Strongly disagree288619.2
8) Don't know13589.0
9) No response2972.0
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
114) The followers of other religions should not have the same rights as mine. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V98)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree262512.4
2) Agree318815.1
3) Disagree766136.2
4) Strongly disagree641230.3
8) Don't know8914.2
9) No response3731.8
TOTAL21150100.0
115) Satan is behind any attempt to undermine belief in Allah. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V99)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1264859.8
2) Agree550526.0
3) Disagree15527.3
4) Strongly disagree7023.3
8) Don't know4752.2
9) No response2681.3
TOTAL21150100.0
116) The Quran [the Bible (for Christian respondents)] contains general facts, but some of its stories need to be interpreted. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V100)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree316427.4
2) Agree378132.7
3) Disagree199017.2
4) Strongly disagree192116.6
8) Don't know5434.7
9) No response1661.4
Missing9585 
TOTAL11565100.0
117) Criticism of Islam [Christianity (for Christian respondents)] should not be tolerated. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V101)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree898342.5
2) Agree615629.1
3) Disagree340616.1
4) Strongly disagree15557.4
8) Don't know7693.6
9) No response2811.3
TOTAL21150100.0
118) People stay on the right path only because they expect to be rewarded in heaven. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V102)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree978446.3
2) Agree671431.7
3) Disagree269212.7
4) Strongly disagree10134.8
8) Don't know6943.3
9) No response2531.2
TOTAL21150100.0
119) In the presence of the Quran [the Bible (for Christian respondents)], there is no need for man-made laws. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V103)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree837239.6
2) Agree502423.8
3) Disagree468422.1
4) Strongly disagree19399.2
8) Don't know8684.1
9) No response2631.2
TOTAL21150100.0
120) Criticism of Muslim [Christian (for Christian respondents)] religious leaders should not be tolerated. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V104)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree589027.8
2) Agree596428.2
3) Disagree546125.8
4) Strongly disagree263512.5
8) Don't know9084.3
9) No response2921.4
TOTAL21150100.0
121) Different interpretations of the Quran [the Bible (for Christian respondents)] are equally valid. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V105)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree531535.3
2) Agree305520.3
3) Disagree334222.2
4) Strongly disagree181812.1
8) Don't know13008.6
9) No response2311.5
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
122) Islam [Christianity (for Christian respondents)] is the only true religion. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V106)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1088061.6
2) Agree386821.9
3) Disagree15859.0
4) Strongly disagree5883.3
8) Don't know5202.9
9) No response2131.2
Missing3496 
TOTAL17654100.0
123) Whenever there is a conflict between religion and science, religion is always right. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (V107)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1209757.2
2) Agree505123.9
3) Disagree19919.4
4) Strongly disagree8073.8
8) Don't know9314.4
9) No response2731.3
TOTAL21150100.0
124) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Family members - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V108)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal852456.6
2) Some472631.4
3) Not very much12858.5
4) Not at all3482.3
8) Don't know1070.7
9) No response710.5
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
125) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Friends - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V109)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal342122.7
2) Some734348.8
3) Not very much318521.1
4) Not at all8765.8
8) Don't know1741.2
9) No response620.4
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
126) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Local religious leaders - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V110)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal405126.9
2) Some514434.2
3) Not very much385025.6
4) Not at all164910.9
8) Don't know2711.8
9) No response960.6
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
127) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Tele-evangelists (da'ya) - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V111)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal394726.2
2) Some403126.8
3) Not very much411827.3
4) Not at all236115.7
8) Don't know4833.2
9) No response1210.8
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
128) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Political leaders - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V112)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal5754.4
2) Some185814.2
3) Not very much480236.8
4) Not at all518739.7
8) Don't know4883.7
9) No response1481.1
Missing8092 
TOTAL13058100.0
129) (This series not asked in Tunisia or Turkey) Let's talk about a bit about the people you trust in giving you information about the role of religion in politics. Tribal leaders (COUNTRY/REGION SPECIFIC QUESTION) (In Pakistan, Tribal/Biradari leaders) - do you trust what they tell you about the role of religion in politics a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all? (V113)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal241216.0
2) Some487432.4
3) Not very much407227.0
4) Not at all271018.0
8) Don't know7665.1
9) No response2271.5
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
130) Which of the following is the most important attributes of God? (V114)
TOTAL%
1) Any infraction of Allah's law will bring about Allah's severe punishments243313.8
2) Allah is forgiving and kind1446882.0
8) Don't know2311.3
9) No response5223.0
Missing3496 
TOTAL17654100.0
131) Which of the follow statements is closer to your view of religious laws: (V115)
TOTAL%
1) It is OK to change the religious laws according to changes in social conditions686643.9
2) The religious laws practiced during the time of the Prophet must still be practiced in our society today739647.3
7) Both (volunteered)10.0
8) Don't know7514.8
9) No response6374.1
Missing5499 
TOTAL15651100.0
132) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to: The moral problems and needs of the individual? (V116)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1048469.6
2) No402526.7
8) Don't know4583.0
9) No response940.6
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
133) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to: The problems of family life? (V117)
TOTAL%
1) Yes855656.8
2) No580838.6
8) Don't know5813.9
9) No response1160.8
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
134) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to: People's spiritual needs? (V118)
TOTAL%
1) Yes979365.0
2) No435628.9
8) Don't know7845.2
9) No response1280.8
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
135) Generally speaking, do you think that the religious authorities in this country are giving adequate answers to: The social problems facing (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) today? (V119)
TOTAL%
1) Yes773551.4
2) No639442.5
8) Don't know7434.9
9) No response1891.3
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
136) Apart from funerals, about how often do you go to a mosque [church (for Christian respondents)] these days? (V120)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week587727.8
2) Once a week324015.3
3) Once a month8153.9
4) Only on the religious events231611.0
5) Once a year4552.2
6) Rarely218610.3
7) I do not go to mosque [church (for Christian respondents)]593928.1
8) Don't know670.3
9) No response2551.2
TOTAL21150100.0
137) How often do you pray? (V121)
TOTAL%
1) Five times a day1277960.4
2) Two to four times a day [Tunisia: One to four times a day]339716.1
3) Once a day10034.7
4) Once or twice a week11225.3
5) Once or twice a month6172.9
6) Once a year [option offered in Turkey only] / Two to three times a year [option offered in Tunisia only]2391.1
7) Never13866.6
8) Don't know1050.5
9) No response5022.4
TOTAL21150100.0
138) To what extent do you consider yourself a religious person, on a scale from 1 to 10? (V122)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all religious3711.8
2) 22181.0
3) 35282.5
4) 49354.4
5) 5308714.6
6) 6335415.9
7) 7386518.3
8) 8398918.9
9) 919809.4
10) Very religious223310.6
98) Don't know3051.4
99) No response2851.3
TOTAL21150100.0
139) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? First, do you believe in God? (V123)
TOTAL%
1) Yes2096099.1
2) No870.4
8) Don't know330.2
9) No response700.3
TOTAL21150100.0
140) Do you believe in life after death? (V124)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1702394.2
2) No7013.9
8) Don't know2501.4
9) No response1060.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
141) Do you believe people have a soul? (V125)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1760097.3
2) No2601.4
8) Don't know1340.7
9) No response860.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
142) Do you believe in hell? (V126)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1744196.5
2) No4012.2
8) Don't know1410.8
9) No response970.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
143) Do you believe in heaven? (V127)
TOTAL%
1) Yes1753197.0
2) No3191.8
8) Don't know1330.7
9) No response970.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
144) How important is the presence of God in your life? Please use this scale to indicate: 10 means very important and 1 means not at all important (V128)
TOTAL%
1) Not at all important930.4
2) 2450.2
3) 3530.3
4) 4950.4
5) 53041.4
6) 65642.7
7) 77963.8
8) 812505.9
9) 914396.8
10) Very important1639877.5
98) Don't know380.2
99) No response750.4
TOTAL21150100.0
145) How much time do you usually spend watching television on an average per day? (V129)
TOTAL%
0) I do not watch TV8174.5
1) Less than one hour per day305816.9
2) One to two hours per day571831.6
3) Two to three hours per day427123.6
4) More than three hours per day406122.5
8) Don't know1250.7
9) No response300.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
146) How many hours do you usually spend watching television on an average day? ______ Number of hours [Tunisia only] (V129A)
TOTAL%
0) 0882.9
1) 166521.7
2) 280626.3
3) 352517.1
4) 437512.2
5) 52066.7
6) 61585.2
7) 7652.1
8) 8802.6
9) 980.3
10) 10471.5
11) 1130.1
12) 12280.9
14) 1410.0
98) Don't know60.2
99) No response50.2
Missing18084 
TOTAL3066100.0
147) How much do you rely on domestic television as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or not at all? (V130)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal503123.8
2) Some826639.1
3) Not very much328815.5
4) Not at all (Skip to V132)407419.3
6) I do not watch domestic TV (volunteered)1480.7
7) Have no access to television (volunteered)90.0
8) Don't know (Skip to V132)1740.8
9) No response (Skip to V132)1560.7
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
148) Which domestic channel is the most reliable source of information for you? (V131)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211503132.284240
149) How much do you rely on satellite television (foreign) as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or not at all? (V132)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal380618.0
2) Some662731.3
3) Not very much307814.6
4) Not at all (Skip to V134)656531.0
7) Have no access to cable TV (volunteered)4662.2
8) Don't know (Skip to V134)3351.6
9) No response (Skip to V134)2691.3
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
150) Which satellite television channel (foreign) is the most reliable source of information for you? (V133)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211504235.5124662
151) How much do you rely on radio as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or not at all? (V134)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal17288.2
2) Some430420.4
3) Not very much334515.8
4) Not at all (Skip to V136)1107752.4
8) Don't know (Skip to V136)4232.0
9) No response (Skip to V136)2691.3
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
152) Which radio channel is the most reliable source of information for you? (V135)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211506062.6444652
153) How much do you rely on newspapers as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or not at all? (V136)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal222310.5
2) Some565426.7
3) Not very much254412.0
4) Not at all (Skip to V138)1003947.5
7) Have no access to newspaper (volunteered)1220.6
8) Don't know (Skip to V138)3381.6
9) No response (Skip to V138)2261.1
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
154) Which newspaper is the most reliable source of information for you? (V137)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL211505659.4174717
155) How much do you rely on the Internet as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or not at all? (V138)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal336315.9
2) Some407719.3
3) Not very much264312.5
4) Not at all994447.0
7) Have no access to internet (volunteered)4762.3
8) Don't know4722.2
9) No response1710.8
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
156) How much do you rely on social networking sites, such as Facebook and Twitter, as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or at all? [Tunisia only] (V138A)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal56318.4
2) Some34611.3
3) Not very much1876.1
4) Not at all195763.8
8) Don't know30.1
9) No response100.3
Missing18084 
TOTAL3066100.0
157) How much do you rely on mobile, that is, SMS or MMS as a source of information - a great deal, some, not very much or at all? (V139)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal242711.5
2) Some401119.0
3) Not very much337616.0
4) Not at all1086251.4
7) Have no access to mobile (volunteered)140.1
8) Don't know2981.4
9) No response1580.7
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
158) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Sign a petition? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139A)
TOTAL%
1) A lot1232.0
2) Sometimes4988.2
3) Rarely64010.5
4) Not at all475578.1
8) Don't know440.7
9) No response290.5
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
159) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Attend a non-violent protest, march, or sit-in? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139B)
TOTAL%
1) A lot1893.1
2) Sometimes3696.1
3) Rarely3095.1
4) Not at all515984.7
8) Don't know370.6
9) No response260.4
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
160) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Attend a demonstration to support a political figure or party? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139C)
TOTAL%
1) A lot851.4
2) Sometimes1903.1
3) Rarely1562.6
4) Not at all559691.9
8) Don't know340.6
9) No response280.5
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
161) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Participate in a political activity in which there was the possibility of being arrested? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139D)
TOTAL%
1) A lot621.0
2) Sometimes651.1
3) Rarely851.4
4) Not at all578995.1
8) Don't know550.9
9) No response330.5
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
162) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Participate in a political activity in which you feared for your personal safety? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139E)
TOTAL%
1) A lot460.8
2) Sometimes721.2
3) Rarely791.3
4) Not at all580195.3
8) Don't know591.0
9) No response320.5
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
163) I'm going to read out some types of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things a lot, sometimes, rarely, or not at all, since December 2010. Participate in a violent political activity that might lead to property damage or injury of others? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139F)
TOTAL%
1) A lot320.5
2) Sometimes370.6
3) Rarely530.9
4) Not at all587496.5
8) Don't know611.0
9) No response320.5
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
164) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Family - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139G)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal253441.6
2) Some113518.6
3) Not very much5108.4
4) Not at all167427.5
8) Don't know1262.1
9) No response1101.8
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
165) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Friends and peers - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139H)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal62710.3
2) Some182029.9
3) Not very much102316.8
4) Not at all237138.9
8) Don't know1392.3
9) No response1091.8
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
166) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Religious figures - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139I)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal67611.1
2) Some105517.3
3) Not very much97516.0
4) Not at all309250.8
8) Don't know1732.8
9) No response1181.9
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
167) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Political leaders - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139J)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal2193.6
2) Some73212.0
3) Not very much95915.7
4) Not at all385963.4
8) Don't know1983.3
9) No response1222.0
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
168) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Journalists or press - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139K)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal1742.9
2) Some6009.9
3) Not very much98816.2
4) Not at all400665.8
8) Don't know2013.3
9) No response1202.0
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
169) When you decide to participate in various types of political actions, how much do you rely on the opinions of the following people? Rumors you hear from other people - Do you rely a great deal, some, not very much, or not at all when deciding to engage in political activities? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V139L)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal711.2
2) Some2794.6
3) Not very much5428.9
4) Not at all492280.8
8) Don't know1712.8
9) No response1041.7
Missing15061 
TOTAL6089100.0
170) We are interested in your views concerning business and the economy here in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY). How would you place your views on this scale? Incomes should be made more equal / We need larger income differences as incentives for individuals (V140)
TOTAL%
1) Incomes should be made more equal165111.0
2) 2180412.0
3) 3186512.4
4) 414069.3
5) 5199713.3
6) 6163110.8
7) 7167211.1
8) 8150010.0
9) 96614.4
10) We need larger income differences as incentives for individuals4923.3
98) Don't know3132.1
99) No response690.5
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
171) Private ownership of business and industry should be increased / Government ownership of business and industry should be increased (V141)
TOTAL%
1) Private ownership of business and industry should be increased5994.0
2) 27745.1
3) 39876.6
4) 411477.6
5) 5232115.4
6) 6190712.7
7) 7201913.4
8) 8221114.7
9) 913569.0
10) Government ownership of business and industry should be increased10997.3
98) Don't know5533.7
99) No response880.6
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
172) People can only get rich at the expense of others / People can become rich without being at the expense of others (V142)
TOTAL%
1) People can only get rich at the expense of others9094.3
2) 210104.8
3) 313356.3
4) 411755.6
5) 5211110.0
6) 619699.3
7) 7242811.5
8) 8313014.8
9) 9246511.7
10) People can become rich without being at the expense of others392918.6
98) Don't know5652.7
99) No response1240.6
TOTAL21150100.0
173) Competition is good / Competition is bad (V143)
TOTAL%
1) Competition is good446421.1
2) 2274513.0
3) 3282013.3
4) 419329.1
5) 5285113.5
6) 615577.4
7) 710535.0
8) 89974.7
9) 95612.7
10) Competition is bad9534.5
98) Don't know10915.2
99) No response1260.6
TOTAL21150100.0
174) The government should take more responsibility to ensure that everyone is provided for / People should take more responsibility to provide for themselves (V144)
TOTAL%
1) The government should take more responsibility to make sure that everyone is provided for415519.6
2) 2255912.1
3) 3236411.2
4) 417898.5
5) 5324015.3
6) 618418.7
7) 715087.1
8) 814727.0
9) 97903.7
10) People should take more responsibility to provide for themselves'9694.6
98) Don't know3661.7
99) No response970.5
TOTAL21150100.0
175) Generally speaking, would you say that this country's economy is run by a few big influential people and organizations who are looking out for themselves only or that it is run for the benefit of all the people? (V145)
TOTAL%
1) Run by a few big interests1227964.1
2) Run for all the people543828.4
8) Don't know11185.8
9) No response3121.6
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
176) Which one of the following do you think the government should do - let anyone come who wants to, let people come as long as there are jobs available, place strict limits on the number of foreigners who can come here, or prohibit people coming here from other countries? (V146)
TOTAL%
1) Let anyone come who wants to267112.6
2) Let people come as long as there are jobs available692732.8
3) Place strict limits on the number of foreigners who can come here721134.1
4) Prohibit people coming here from other countries322315.2
8) Don't know8914.2
9) No response2271.1
TOTAL21150100.0
177) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would equality between women and men increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V147)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot779543.1
2) Increase a little809644.8
3) Decrease a little10655.9
4) Decrease a lot3682.0
8) Don't know5873.2
9) No response1690.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
178) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would faith in Allah increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V148)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot591432.7
2) Increase a little507228.1
3) Decrease a little379521.0
4) Decrease a lot194510.8
8) Don't know8344.6
9) No response5202.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
179) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would restrictions on personal freedom increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V149)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot12206.7
2) Increase a little353519.6
3) Decrease a little793343.9
4) Decrease a lot457725.3
8) Don't know6533.6
9) No response1620.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
180) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would parents choosing who their children marry increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V150)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot9745.4
2) Increase a little368920.4
3) Decrease a little757141.9
4) Decrease a lot484126.8
8) Don't know6823.8
9) No response3231.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
181) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would the influence of religion on politics increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V151)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot189010.5
2) Increase a little452425.0
3) Decrease a little658136.4
4) Decrease a lot374820.7
8) Don't know10025.5
9) No response3351.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
182) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would freedom to mix with the opposite sex increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V152)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot604233.4
2) Increase a little745441.2
3) Decrease a little241113.3
4) Decrease a lot10275.7
8) Don't know8474.7
9) No response2991.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
183) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would the number of children couples have increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V153)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot11776.5
2) Increase a little328818.2
3) Decrease a little911050.4
4) Decrease a lot319217.7
8) Don't know9585.3
9) No response3552.0
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
184) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would following the teachings of the Quran [Bible (for Christian respondents)] increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V154)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot296816.4
2) Increase a little565031.3
3) Decrease a little549630.4
4) Decrease a lot227612.6
8) Don't know10996.1
9) No response5913.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
185) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would age at marriage increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V155)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot363420.1
2) Increase a little744241.2
3) Decrease a little405222.4
4) Decrease a lot14478.0
8) Don't know12106.7
9) No response2951.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
186) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would selfish people increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V156)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot557030.8
2) Increase a little614834.0
3) Decrease a little337618.7
4) Decrease a lot15528.6
8) Don't know10685.9
9) No response3662.0
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
187) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would democracy increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V157)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot766342.4
2) Increase a little738540.8
3) Decrease a little13157.3
4) Decrease a lot4862.7
8) Don't know10335.7
9) No response1981.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
188) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would immodest dress increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V158)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot730040.4
2) Increase a little656436.3
3) Decrease a little205411.4
4) Decrease a lot9835.4
8) Don't know8404.6
9) No response3391.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
189) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would respect for elders increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V159)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot387421.4
2) Increase a little591232.7
3) Decrease a little528929.3
4) Decrease a lot186310.3
8) Don't know7954.4
9) No response3471.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
190) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would emphasis on material possessions increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V160)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot628634.8
2) Increase a little757241.9
3) Decrease a little220612.2
4) Decrease a lot6893.8
8) Don't know10826.0
9) No response2451.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
191) What things would increase and what things would decrease if (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) became more developed? Over time would respect for human rights increase a lot, increase a little, decrease a little, or decrease a lot? (V161)
TOTAL%
1) Increase a lot618034.2
2) Increase a little759342.0
3) Decrease a little245413.6
4) Decrease a lot7264.0
8) Don't know8804.9
9) No response2471.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
192) What if there is more equality between women and men? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V162)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed704939.0
2) A little more developed773742.8
3) A little less developed187510.4
4) A lot less developed5743.2
8) Don't know5863.2
9) No response2591.4
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
193) What if faith in Allah increases? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V163)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed1021856.5
2) A little more developed514128.4
3) A little less developed13287.3
4) A lot less developed4482.5
8) Don't know5603.1
9) No response3852.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
194) What if restrictions on personal freedom increase? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V164)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed215011.9
2) A little more developed372920.6
3) A little less developed739540.9
4) A lot less developed391121.6
8) Don't know6823.8
9) No response2131.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
195) What if more parents choose who their children marry? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V165)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed224512.4
2) A little more developed474926.3
3) A little less developed626834.7
4) A lot less developed322117.8
8) Don't know10866.0
9) No response5112.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
196) What if the influence of religion on politics increases? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V166)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed403222.3
2) A little more developed456225.2
3) A little less developed525329.1
4) A lot less developed266614.7
8) Don't know11646.4
9) No response4032.2
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
197) What if the freedom to mix with the opposite sex increases? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V167)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed218412.1
2) A little more developed467825.9
3) A little less developed539229.8
4) A lot less developed414222.9
8) Don't know11696.5
9) No response5152.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
198) What if couples have fewer children? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V168)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed533529.5
2) A little more developed651536.0
3) A little less developed341018.9
4) A lot less developed13177.3
8) Don't know10365.7
9) No response4672.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
199) What if belief in the truth of the Quran [Bible (for Christian respondents)] increases? Would that help make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) a lot more developed, a little more developed, a little less developed, or a lot less developed? (V169)
TOTAL%
1) A lot more developed1005755.6
2) A little more developed506728.0
3) A little less developed12937.2
4) A lot less developed4532.5
8) Don't know7264.0
9) No response4842.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
200) Which one would help the most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed - more democracy, more freedom of choice over one's own life, more religiosity, more gender equality, or more integrity in government officials? (V170)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy497230.9
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life14669.1
3) More religiosity330320.5
4) More gender equality5103.2
5) More integrity in government officials550734.3
8) Don't know2061.3
9) No response1130.7
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
201) Which one would help second most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed? (V171)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy359522.4
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life223913.9
3) More religiosity236314.7
4) More gender equality11657.2
5) More integrity in government officials577835.9
8) Don't know5873.7
9) No response3502.2
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
202) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put France? (V172)
TOTAL%
1) Low development1130.6
2) 2700.4
3) 31190.7
4) 42791.5
5) 56913.8
6) 611226.2
7) 7249613.8
8) 8413422.9
9) 9342318.9
10) High development392821.7
98) Don't know16148.9
99) No response910.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
203) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put Yemen? (V173)
TOTAL%
1) Low development14307.9
2) 215868.8
3) 3244913.5
4) 4290316.1
5) 5335018.5
6) 6192610.7
7) 79275.1
8) 84872.7
9) 92141.2
10) High development1140.6
98) Don't know256814.2
99) No response1260.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
204) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put Egypt? (V174)
TOTAL%
1) Low development7394.1
2) 28674.8
3) 317539.7
4) 4240313.3
5) 5378420.9
6) 6296216.4
7) 7210211.6
8) 810896.0
9) 93622.0
10) High development2471.4
98) Don't know16569.2
99) No response1160.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
205) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put the UAE? (V175)
TOTAL%
1) Low development3281.8
2) 24392.4
3) 37103.9
4) 411436.3
5) 5207411.5
6) 6275115.2
7) 7329118.2
8) 8289016.0
9) 914638.1
10) High development11756.5
98) Don't know17109.5
99) No response1060.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
206) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put Sudan? (V176)
TOTAL%
1) Low development181410.0
2) 2218512.1
3) 3280215.5
4) 4286015.8
5) 5284515.7
6) 614498.0
7) 78414.7
8) 84422.4
9) 91460.8
10) High development1010.6
98) Don't know245013.6
99) No response1450.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
207) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put Iran? (V177)
TOTAL%
1) Low development4682.6
2) 25102.8
3) 38754.8
4) 412767.1
5) 5266814.8
6) 6329818.2
7) 7281015.5
8) 8213011.8
9) 911186.2
10) High development8584.7
98) Don't know194210.7
99) No response1270.7
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
208) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put Saudi Arabia? (V178)
TOTAL%
1) Low development4252.4
2) 23842.1
3) 37694.3
4) 410475.8
5) 5183710.2
6) 6247013.7
7) 7341918.9
8) 8339818.8
9) 916419.1
10) High development11286.2
98) Don't know14508.0
99) No response1120.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
209) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put the US? (V179)
TOTAL%
1) Low development1080.6
2) 2620.3
3) 3970.5
4) 42101.2
5) 53461.9
6) 65052.8
7) 79155.1
8) 8222412.3
9) 9430423.8
10) High development815545.1
98) Don't know10565.8
99) No response980.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
210) The least developed places in the world are rated one and the most developed places in the world are rated 10. Now, using this development scale, where would you put China? [For Egypt, Iran, and Saudi Arabia] or (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) [For Lebanon, Iraq, Pakistan, Syria, Turkey] (V180)
TOTAL%
1) Low development5923.3
2) 25853.2
3) 311786.5
4) 4221412.2
5) 5324317.9
6) 6203411.3
7) 717229.5
8) 814207.9
9) 914017.7
10) High development292416.2
98) Don't know7093.9
99) No response580.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
211) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. France? (V181)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality289413.7
2) 218338.7
3) 3261112.3
4) 4236211.2
5) 5291413.8
6) 617378.2
7) 714216.7
8) 812806.1
9) 96363.0
10) High morality6653.1
98) Don't know262412.4
99) No response1730.8
TOTAL21150100.0
212) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Yemen? (V182)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality3802.1
2) 24272.4
3) 38654.8
4) 415128.4
5) 5381121.1
6) 6342819.0
7) 7219012.1
8) 814738.1
9) 95232.9
10) High morality3161.7
98) Don't know298816.5
99) No response1670.9
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
213) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Egypt? (V183)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality2871.6
2) 24142.3
3) 39385.2
4) 416359.0
5) 5387621.4
6) 6295216.3
7) 7241513.4
8) 8191210.6
9) 97884.4
10) High morality7664.2
98) Don't know195610.8
99) No response1410.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
214) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. The UAE? (V184)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality2131.2
2) 22421.3
3) 35853.2
4) 410495.8
5) 5288716.0
6) 6346519.2
7) 7321917.8
8) 8234413.0
9) 911076.1
10) High morality6883.8
98) Don't know212811.8
99) No response1530.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
215) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Sudan? (V185)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality3542.0
2) 25202.9
3) 311446.3
4) 4200111.1
5) 5377820.9
6) 6248613.8
7) 7204611.3
8) 814698.1
9) 95483.0
10) High morality3702.0
98) Don't know316617.5
99) No response1981.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
216) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Iran? (V186)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality5553.1
2) 24362.4
3) 38034.4
4) 412006.6
5) 5296316.4
6) 6330218.3
7) 7254114.1
8) 8197110.9
9) 910926.0
10) High morality6963.8
98) Don't know232512.9
99) No response1961.1
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
217) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Saudi Arabia? (V187)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality3161.7
2) 22791.5
3) 34982.8
4) 48474.7
5) 5181710.0
6) 6217312.0
7) 7286415.8
8) 8320417.7
9) 9225712.5
10) High morality199411.0
98) Don't know16889.3
99) No response1430.8
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
218) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. The US? (V188)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality433720.5
2) 2268112.7
3) 3280413.3
4) 4218810.3
5) 5223410.6
6) 612455.9
7) 710244.8
8) 89184.3
9) 95892.8
10) High morality6723.2
98) Don't know226410.7
99) No response1930.9
Missing1 
TOTAL21149100.0
219) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. China? [For Egypt, Iran, and Saudi Arabia] or (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) [For Lebanon, Iraq, Pakistan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey] (V189)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality11785.6
2) 29114.3
3) 312415.9
4) 415707.4
5) 5391518.5
6) 6343416.2
7) 7290513.7
8) 8231510.9
9) 912315.8
10) High morality13596.4
98) Don't know9764.6
99) No response1150.5
TOTAL21150100.0
220) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Libya? [Tunisia only] (V189A)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality94130.7
2) 22949.6
3) 33009.8
4) 42317.5
5) 538012.4
6) 61685.5
7) 71404.6
8) 81033.4
9) 9501.6
10) High morality561.8
98) Don't know37412.2
99) No response331.1
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
221) Countries where people have the lowest morality levels are rated one and countries where people have the highest morality levels are rated 10. Algeria? [Tunisia only] (V189B)
TOTAL%
1) Low morality2126.9
2) 21444.7
3) 31846.0
4) 42177.1
5) 567021.8
6) 634311.2
7) 72839.2
8) 82638.6
9) 91284.2
10) High morality1374.5
98) Don't know45614.9
99) No response331.1
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
222) Which one of the following four actions is most immoral - stealing other people's property, violence against other people, premarital sex, or telling lies to other people to protect one's own interests? (V190)
TOTAL%
1) Stealing other people's property412719.5
2) Violence against other people518824.5
3) Premarital sex846240.0
4) Telling lies to other people to protect one's own interests256812.1
8) Don't know2021.0
9) No response6032.9
TOTAL21150100.0
223) To what extent does allowing men and women to work together in public places lead to moral decay - always, most of the time, occasionally, or never? (V191)
TOTAL%
1) Always15967.5
2) Most of the time412819.5
3) Occasionally905442.8
4) Never546225.8
8) Don't know6783.2
9) No response2321.1
TOTAL21150100.0
224) Behaviors that are immoral are rated one and behaviors that are moral are rated 10. Using this scale where one is immoral and 10 is moral, where would you put: Stealing other people's property? (V192)
TOTAL%
1) Immoral1583474.9
2) 2244711.6
3) 315987.6
4) 46853.2
5) 52111.0
6) 6700.3
7) 7420.2
8) 8570.3
9) 9370.2
10) Moral980.5
98) Don't know520.2
99) No response190.1
TOTAL21150100.0
225) Behaviors that are immoral are rated one and behaviors that are moral are rated 10. Using this scale where one is immoral and 10 is moral, where would you put: Violence against other people? (V193)
TOTAL%
1) Immoral1579774.7
2) 2276813.1
3) 313586.4
4) 45202.5
5) 52161.0
6) 6960.5
7) 7580.3
8) 8580.3
9) 9480.2
10) Moral770.4
98) Don't know1150.5
99) No response390.2
TOTAL21150100.0
226) Behaviors that are immoral are rated one and behaviors that are moral are rated 10. Using this scale where one is immoral and 10 is moral, where would you put: Premarital sex? (V194)
TOTAL%
1) Immoral1676579.3
2) 216217.7
3) 38414.0
4) 44542.1
5) 54342.1
6) 62251.1
7) 71730.8
8) 81400.7
9) 9930.4
10) Moral1840.9
98) Don't know1130.5
99) No response1070.5
TOTAL21150100.0
227) Behaviors that are immoral are rated one and behaviors that are moral are rated 10. Using this scale where one is immoral and 10 is moral, where would you put: Telling lies to other people to protect one's own interests? (V195)
TOTAL%
1) Immoral1373564.9
2) 2288213.6
3) 319029.0
4) 49214.4
5) 56423.0
6) 62511.2
7) 71950.9
8) 81880.9
9) 91440.7
10) Moral1630.8
98) Don't know890.4
99) No response380.2
TOTAL21150100.0
228) People have different views about the factors that lead to the total decay of society and its failure to satisfy the various needs of the individual. In your view, which one of the following is the most important cause of the decadence of society? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V195A)
TOTAL%
1) Economic backwardness236038.8
2) Religious extremism74112.2
3) Mistreatment of women4627.6
4) Abandoning religious values108217.8
5) Lack of support for science and technology3395.6
6) Political despotism77812.8
8) Don't know2604.3
9) No response631.0
Missing15065 
TOTAL6085100.0
229) And which one is the second most important cause? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V195B)
TOTAL%
1) Economic backwardness137222.5
2) Religious extremism71311.7
3) Mistreatment of women70111.5
4) Abandoning religious values95615.7
5) Lack of support for science and technology91615.1
6) Political despotism86614.2
8) Don't know3866.3
9) No response1752.9
Missing15065 
TOTAL6085100.0
230) Now, which of the following factors are most important in helping societies to overcome decadence? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V195C)
TOTAL%
1) Development of science and technology183930.2
2) The establishment of an Islamic system84513.9
3) Democratic system228537.6
4) Gender equality60610.0
8) Don't know3826.3
9) No response1282.1
Missing15065 
TOTAL6085100.0
231) What language do you normally speak at home? (V196)
TOTAL%
101) Egypt: Arabic349616.5
301) Iraq: Arabic249211.8
302) Iraq: Kurdish/Esid4802.3
304) Iraq: Turkman280.1
401) Lebanon: Arabic289713.7
402) Lebanon: English280.1
403) Lebanon: French380.2
404) Lebanon: Armenian120.1
497) Lebanon: Other (Specify)100.0
501) Pakistan: Baluchi710.3
502) Pakistan: Barahvi190.1
503) Pakistan: Hindko2981.4
504) Pakistan: Punjabi10885.1
505) Pakistan: Pushto4121.9
506) Pakistan: Seriaki2681.3
507) Pakistan: Sindhi3991.9
508) Pakistan: Urdu4922.3
509) Pakistan: Potohari140.1
510) Pakistan: Shina1390.7
511) Pakistan: Hindo and Pushto70.0
512) Pakistan: English10.0
513) Pakistan: Kishmiri220.1
514) Pakistan: Hazara40.0
515) Pakistan: Khowar240.1
516) Pakistan: Bilti1140.5
517) Pakistan: Kohistani20.0
518) Pakistan: Domaaki90.0
519) Pakistan: Chitrali40.0
520) Pakistan: Aghnatar40.0
521) Pakistan: Burushaski150.1
522) Pakistan: Wakhi40.0
523) Pakistan: Pahari1130.5
601) Saudi Arabia: Arabic20019.5
602) Saudi Arabia: English10.0
604) Saudi Arabia: Urdu10.0
801) Turkey: Turkish265712.6
802) Turkey: Kurdish3271.5
803) Turkey: Arabic220.1
804) Turkey: Albania10.0
805) Turkey: Azerýce10.0
806) Turkey: Circassian20.0
807) Turkey: Ýngýlýzce10.0
808) Turkey: Zaza40.0
901) Tunisia: Tunisian dialect of Arabic286413.5
902) Tunisia: French100.0
903) Tunisia: English40.0
904) Tunisia: Switching between Arabic and French1890.9
905) Tunisia: Amazighy10.0
998) All countries: Don't know10.0
999) All countries: No response590.3
TOTAL21150100.0
232) What is your ethnic origin? (V197)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL21150504.926267
233) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Religious organization (V198)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong1529684.6
1) Inactive member12426.9
2) Active member11016.1
8) Don't know1991.1
9) No response2421.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
234) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Religious organization [Tunisia only] (V198A)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong270388.0
1) Participate rarely1163.8
2) Participate occasionally1424.6
3) Participate regularly862.8
8) Don't know160.5
9) No response70.2
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
235) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Political party (V199)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong1420288.3
1) Inactive member9045.6
2) Active member5153.2
8) Don't know1771.1
9) No response2791.7
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
236) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Political party [Tunisia only] (V199A)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong277290.3
1) Participate rarely993.2
2) Participate occasionally1163.8
3) Participate regularly642.1
8) Don't know140.5
9) No response50.2
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
237) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Humanitarian or charitable organization (V200)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong1507683.4
1) Inactive member14297.9
2) Active member10395.7
8) Don't know2651.5
9) No response2711.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
238) For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? Humanitarian or charitable organization [Tunisia only] (V200A)
TOTAL%
0) Don't belong244579.6
1) Participate rarely2106.8
2) Participate occasionally2407.8
3) Participate regularly1545.0
8) Don't know130.4
9) No response80.3
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
239) Please use this scale where one means 'none at all' and 10 means 'a great deal' to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way your life turns out (V201)
TOTAL%
1) None at all6703.2
2) 26263.0
3) 314967.1
4) 418368.7
5) 5332315.7
6) 6295013.9
7) 7301014.2
8) 8311714.7
9) 915587.4
10) A great deal16898.0
98) Don't know7453.5
99) No response1300.6
TOTAL21150100.0
240) To what extent are you optimistic/pessimistic about your future? Please use this scale where one means 'Highly pessimistic' and 10 means 'Highly optimistic' to indicate how you feel about your future (V202)
TOTAL%
1) Highly pessimistic4162.0
2) 24162.0
3) 38003.8
4) 413726.5
5) 5355516.8
6) 6309114.6
7) 7367417.4
8) 8372017.6
9) 920009.5
10) Highly optimistic17938.5
98) Don't know2231.1
99) No response900.4
TOTAL21150100.0
241) Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: In (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) these days, life is unpredictable and dangerous (V203)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree666034.8
2) Agree707837.0
3) Disagree354218.5
4) Strongly disagree13627.1
8) Don't know3872.0
9) No response1180.6
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
242) Please tell us if you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree with the following statements: It is not possible to live happily in this mortal life (V204)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree224410.6
2) Agree579427.4
3) Disagree804638.0
4) Strongly disagree427220.2
8) Don't know5962.8
9) No response1980.9
TOTAL21150100.0
243) Which comes closest to your view on this scale on which one means 'everything in life is determined by fate' and 10 means that 'people shape their fate themselves' (V205)
TOTAL%
1) Everything is determined by fate409519.4
2) 217128.1
3) 318708.8
4) 416437.8
5) 5322715.3
6) 6218210.3
7) 7218610.3
8) 820039.5
9) 99514.5
10) People shape fate themselves8774.1
98) Don't know2631.2
99) No response1410.7
TOTAL21150100.0
244) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? People with criminal record (V206)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like1473391.6
2) Like10276.4
8) Don't know2391.5
9) No response780.5
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
245) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Sunnis [Salafis for Tunisia] (V207)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like414521.6
2) Like1440175.2
8) Don't know3882.0
9) No response2131.1
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
246) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Kurds [Berbers for Tunisia] (V208)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like897846.9
2) Like866645.3
8) Don't know12326.4
9) No response2711.4
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
247) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Shi'is [Allawis for Turkey] (V209)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like525732.7
2) Like1006562.6
8) Don't know5673.5
9) No response1881.2
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
248) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Americans (V210)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like1252565.4
2) Like569029.7
8) Don't know7013.7
9) No response2311.2
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
249) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? French (V211)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like1132759.2
2) Like684735.8
8) Don't know7283.8
9) No response2451.3
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
250) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? British (V212)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like1066766.3
2) Like457828.5
8) Don't know6213.9
9) No response2111.3
Missing5073 
TOTAL16077100.0
251) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Jews (V213)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like989378.6
2) Like213317.0
8) Don't know3803.0
9) No response1751.4
Missing8569 
TOTAL12581100.0
252) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Christians (V214)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like435934.6
2) Like750159.6
8) Don't know5214.1
9) No response2001.6
Missing8569 
TOTAL12581100.0
253) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Iranians [Pakistanis for Iran/Qataris for Tunisia] (V215)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like741247.4
2) Like725946.4
8) Don't know7344.7
9) No response2461.6
Missing5499 
TOTAL15651100.0
254) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? [Kuwaitis for Iraq/Indian for Pakistan/Algerians for Tunisia/Iraqis for all other countries] (V216)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like1002452.4
2) Like813642.5
8) Don't know7313.8
9) No response2561.3
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
255) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? [Turkish for Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Iran/Saudis for all other countries] (V217)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like806642.1
2) Like997852.1
8) Don't know8574.5
9) No response2461.3
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
256) Next let's talk about neighbors. On this list are various groups of people. Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? [Jordanians for Iraq/Saudis for Iran/Bangladeshi, Nepalis, Afghanis for Pakistan/Libyans for Tunisia/Pakistanis for Saudi Arabia/Egyptians for Syria/Syrians for all other countries] (V218)
TOTAL%
1) Don't like853944.6
2) Like947349.5
8) Don't know8844.6
9) No response2511.3
Missing2003 
TOTAL19147100.0
257) I am going to name a number of groups. For each one, could you tell me how much trust, in general, you have in them: Is it a great deal of trust, some trust, not very much trust or none at all? Shi'i [Allawi for Turkey] (V219)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal555835.5
2) Some635040.6
3) Not very much187112.0
4) None at all11307.2
8) Don't know4743.0
9) No response2681.7
Missing5499 
TOTAL15651100.0
258) I am going to name a number of groups. For each one, could you tell me how much trust, in general, you have in them: Is it a great deal of trust, some trust, not very much trust or none at all? Sunni [Salafis for Tunisia] (V220)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal466729.8
2) Some649241.5
3) Not very much166710.7
4) None at all209513.4
8) Don't know4562.9
9) No response2741.8
Missing5499 
TOTAL15651100.0
259) I am going to name a number of groups. For each one, could you tell me how much trust, in general, you have in them: Is it a great deal of trust, some trust, not very much trust or none at all? [Kurd for Iraq and Turkey/Christian for Lebanon and Tunisia/Copt for Egypt/Followers of other religions for all other study site countries] (V221)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal273117.4
2) Some516033.0
3) Not very much326720.9
4) None at all347022.2
8) Don't know6694.3
9) No response3542.3
Missing5499 
TOTAL15651100.0
260) I am going to name a number of groups. For each one, could you tell me how much trust, in general, you have in them: Is it a great deal of trust, some trust, not very much trust or none at all? Turk [Turkey only] (V221A)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal125841.7
2) Some138245.8
3) Not very much2086.9
4) None at all682.3
8) Don't know531.8
9) No response501.7
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
261) I am going to name a number of groups. For each one, could you tell me how much trust, in general, you have in them: Is it a great deal of trust, some trust, not very much trust or none at all? Jews [Tunisia only] (V221B)
TOTAL%
1) A great deal842.7
2) Some2026.6
3) Not very much1364.4
4) None at all248280.8
8) Don't know1454.7
9) No response210.7
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
262) What is the highest educational level that you have attained? (If student, code highest level he/she expects to complete): (V222)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education209311.5
2) Incomplete primary school13897.7
3) Complete primary school181410.0
4) Incomplete secondary school: Technical/Vocational type16198.9
5) Complete secondary school: Technical/Vocational type196710.8
6) Incomplete secondary: University - preparatory type205111.3
7) Complete secondary: University - preparatory type291416.1
8) Some university-level education, without degree15248.4
9) University-level education, with degree (include post-graduate education)269214.8
98) Don't know170.1
99) No response510.3
Missing3019 
TOTAL18131100.0
263) What is the highest educational level that you have attained? (If student, code highest level he/she expects to complete): [Turkey only] (V222A)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education2638.7
2) Incomplete primary school1585.2
3) Complete primary school105434.9
4) Incomplete middle school682.3
5) Complete middle school2879.5
6) Incomplete high school752.5
7) Complete high school68222.6
8) Some university-level education, without degree381.3
9) University-level education, with degree (include post-graduate education)39313.0
99) No response10.0
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
264) Are you employed now including self-employment? (V223)
TOTAL%
1) Yes932244.1
2) No1179755.8
9) No response310.1
TOTAL21150100.0
265) About how many hours do you work per week on your main job? ____Coded hours per week (V224)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1610135.49113
266) About how many hours do you work per day on your main job? ____Coded hours per day [Tunisia only] (V224A)
TOTAL%
1) 140.3
2) 260.5
3) 3282.4
4) 41038.8
5) 5736.3
6) 611710.0
7) 7746.4
8) 845238.8
9) 9574.9
10) 101048.9
11) 1170.6
12) 12847.2
13) 1390.8
14) 14141.2
15) 15121.0
16) 1690.8
17) 1730.3
18) 1830.3
20) 2010.1
98) Don't know50.4
Missing19985 
TOTAL1165100.0
267) About how many days each week do you work on your main job? ____Coded days per week [Tunisia only] (V224B)
TOTAL%
1) 130.3
2) 290.8
3) 3453.9
4) 4615.2
5) 526923.1
6) 649542.5
7) 728024.1
8) 810.1
98) Don't know10.1
Missing19986 
TOTAL1164100.0
268) Why aren't you employed at the present time? (V225)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Code 1 in V223817140.9
1) Lost job/Laid off4582.3
2) Retired12146.1
3) Housewife676633.9
4) Student226111.3
5) Permanently disabled2721.4
6) They refused to let me work80.0
7) There is no job opportunity5112.6
8) I do not have a degree150.1
9) Abroad (volunteered)20.0
10) Sickness (volunteered)90.0
11) I do not want to work (volunteered)30.0
12) I resigned (volunteered)20.0
13) I'm already studying (volunteered)410.2
14) I want to set my own business (volunteered)20.0
15) My family doesn't agree with the idea of my work (volunteered)20.0
16) Lack of security (volunteered)10.0
17) I've lost my passport (volunteered)10.0
18) Because of my age (volunteered)20.0
96) Other (Turkey: Specified in V225A)1200.6
99) No response1200.6
Missing1169 
TOTAL19981100.0
269) Have you ever done any work for pay including self-employment? (V226)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Code 1 in V223; Code 1 in V225850442.8
1) Yes252612.7
2) No878044.2
9) No response730.4
Missing1267 
TOTAL19883100.0
270) What (is/was) your main profession - what type of work (do/did) you do? (V227)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V226514434.2
1) Employer/Manager of establishment with 10 or more employees2401.6
2) Employer/Manager of establishment with less than 10 employees5153.4
3) Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc.160810.7
4) Supervisory - office worker: Supervises others8895.9
5) Non-manual - office worker: Non-supervisory6874.6
6) Foreman and supervisor3512.3
7) Skilled manual worker11237.5
8) Semi-skilled manual worker4553.0
9) Unskilled manual worker4543.0
10) Farmer: Has own farm3552.4
11) Agricultural worker4102.7
12) Member of armed forces, security personnel4633.1
13) Never had a job154010.2
14) School teacher (volunteered)1591.1
15) Personal business (volunteered)4763.2
16) Stitching and embroidery (volunteered)10.0
17) Domestic servant (volunteered)40.0
18) Private driver (volunteered)10.0
19) Farming and Business (volunteered)10.0
20) Tuition (volunteered)40.0
21) Welfare organization (volunteered)20.0
22) Homeopathic doctor (volunteered)10.0
23) Beautician (volunteered)20.0
24) Teaching of Quran (volunteered)20.0
25) Computer operator (volunteered)10.0
26) Madrasah Nazim (volunteered)10.0
27) Midwife (volunteered)10.0
28) Retired supervisor and relying on pension (volunteered)10.0
98) Don't know30.0
99) No response1671.1
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
271) What (is/was) your main profession - what type of work (do/did) you do? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V227A)
TOTAL%
1) Legislators and senior officials (all members of state, regional or local legislatures)80.2
2) Corporate managers (organizations having three or more managers or 11 or more employees)1253.2
3) General managers (organizations having one to two managers or less than 11 employees)2055.3
4) Physical, mathematical, and engineering science professionals (university degrees required)431.1
5) Life science and health professionals (university degree required)1082.8
6) Teaching professionals (university degree required)2737.0
7) Other professionals (university degree required)1213.1
8) Physical and engineering science associate professionals (some formal training required)701.8
9) Life science and health associate professionals (some formal training required)140.4
10) Teaching associate professionals (some formal training required)120.3
11) Other associate professionals (some formal training required)1253.2
12) Office clerks (no direct contact with clients)1794.6
13) Customer service clerks (direct contact with clients)862.2
14) Personal and protective service workers (provide personal services)1754.5
15) Models, salespersons, and demonstrators (pose, display, demonstrate or sell goods)1243.2
16) Market-oriented skilled agricultural and fishery workers (perform complex, non-routine tasks)1513.9
17) Subsistence agricultural and fishery workers (for personal, not commercial use)280.7
18) Extraction and building trades workers (mining, quarrying, and construction industries)1213.1
19) Metal, machinery and related trades workers (manufacturing, repair, communications, public utilities)1283.3
20) Precision, handicraft, printing and related trades workers (skilled handicraft, printing)1463.7
21) Other craft and related trades workers (skilled craftsman)3849.8
22) Stationary plant and related operators (make materials from which parts are made)270.7
23) Machine operators and assemblers (make finished products)1072.7
24) Drivers and mobile plant operators (mobile implies operating a machine in a plant)741.9
25) Sales and services elementary occupations (perform routine, unskilled services)1313.4
26) Agricultural, fishery and related laborers (perform routine tasks using hand-held tools)1072.7
27) Laborers in mining, construction, manufacturing and transport (perform routine tasks)1704.4
28) Armed forces631.6
29) Other: See specified in V227B58114.9
99) No response140.4
Missing17250 
TOTAL3900100.0
272) Does the job require a university degree? [Tunisia only] (V227C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes78956.3
5) No61343.7
Missing19748 
TOTAL1402100.0
273) (Are/Were) you self-employed? (V228)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V226787439.0
1) Yes496124.5
2) No710135.1
9) No response2771.4
Missing937 
TOTAL20213100.0
274) (Are/Were) you working for the government or public organization, a private business or industry, or what? (V229)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V226791139.2
1) Government or public organization349517.3
2) Private business or industry681333.7
3) Private non-profit organization (If volunteered)1790.9
7) Other (Specify)2851.4
8) Private business (volunteered)4542.2
9) Personal work (volunteered)4482.2
10) Private business and work (volunteered)20.0
11) Private school teacher (volunteered)630.3
12) Tailor (volunteered)30.0
13) Domestic servant (volunteered)50.0
14) Hari/Tenant (volunteered)510.3
15) Welfare organization (volunteered)10.0
16) Home doctor (volunteered)10.0
17) Daily wage labour (volunteered)70.0
18) Teaching of Quran (volunteered)30.0
19) Personal school (volunteered)40.0
20) Stitching and embroidery (volunteered)110.1
21) Private doctor (volunteered)10.0
22) Law practitioner (volunteered)60.0
23) Private industry (volunteered)10.0
24) Private tuition (volunteered)10.0
25) Employee of a private workshop etc. (volunteered)30.0
26) Abroad (volunteered)10.0
27) ALIA 16 (volunteered)10.0
28) Both (volunteered)10.0
99) No response4402.2
Missing959 
TOTAL20191100.0
275) Government or private sector: Other specified (V229B)
TOTAL%
4) ALIA 1612.7
5) Both12.7
6) For my own3594.6
Missing21113 
TOTAL37100.0
276) Are you the chief wage earner in your household? (V230)
TOTAL%
1) Yes797537.7
2) No1314462.2
9) No response270.1
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
277) Is the chief wage earner in your household employed now? (V231)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 1 in V230681134.1
1) Yes1144957.3
2) No16538.3
9) No response640.3
Missing1173 
TOTAL19977100.0
278) What (is/was) the main profession of the chief wage earner in your household - what type of work (does/did) the chief wage earner do? (V232)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 1 in V230546036.3
1) Employer/Manager of establishment with 10 or more employees2101.4
2) Employer/Manager of establishment with less than 10 employees8595.7
3) Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc.155710.3
4) Supervisory - office worker: Supervises others9036.0
5) Non-manual - office worker: Non-supervisory8095.4
6) Foreman and supervisor3872.6
7) Skilled manual worker11367.5
8) Semi-skilled manual worker4483.0
9) Unskilled manual worker4392.9
10) Farmer: Has own farm7304.8
11) Agricultural worker5783.8
12) Member of armed forces, security personnel5153.4
13) Never had a job400.3
14) School teacher (volunteered)890.6
15) Personal business (volunteered)7485.0
16) Private driver (volunteered)10.0
17) Non-qualified doctor (volunteered)10.0
18) Abroad (volunteered)240.2
99) No response1270.8
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
279) What (is/was) the main profession of the chief wage earner in your household - what type of work (does/did) the chief wage earner do? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V232A)
TOTAL%
1) Legislators and senior officials (all members of state, regional or local legislatures)100.3
2) Corporate managers (organizations having three or more managers or 11 or more employees)1434.1
3) General managers (organizations having one to two managers or less than 11 employees)2146.2
4) Physical, mathematical, and engineering science professionals (university degrees required)361.0
5) Life science and health professionals (university degree required)421.2
6) Teaching professionals (university degree required)1584.5
7) Other professionals (university degree required)461.3
8) Physical and engineering science associate professionals (some formal training required)421.2
9) Life science and health associate professionals (some formal training required)40.1
10) Teaching associate professionals (some formal training required)20.1
11) Other associate professionals (some formal training required)1163.3
12) Office clerks (no direct contact with clients)1153.3
13) Customer service clerks (direct contact with clients)320.9
14) Personal and protective service workers (provide personal services)1243.6
15) Models, salespersons, and demonstrators (pose, display, demonstrate or sell goods)571.6
16) Market-oriented skilled agricultural and fishery workers (perform complex, non-routine tasks)1614.6
17) Subsistence agricultural and fishery workers (for personal, not commercial use)160.5
18) Extraction and building trades workers (mining, quarrying, and construction industries)1795.1
19) Metal, machinery and related trades workers (manufacturing, repair, communications, public utilities)1414.1
20) Precision, handicraft, printing and related trades workers (skilled handicraft, printing)511.5
21) Other craft and related trades workers (skilled craftsman)2296.6
22) Stationary plant and related operators (make materials from which parts are made)210.6
23) Machine operators and assemblers (make finished products)1002.9
24) Drivers and mobile plant operators (mobile implies operating a machine in a plant)922.6
25) Sales and services elementary occupations (perform routine, unskilled services)1073.1
26) Agricultural, fishery and related laborers (perform routine tasks using hand-held tools)551.6
27) Laborers in mining, construction, manufacturing and transport (perform routine tasks)1694.9
28) Armed forces962.8
29) Other: See specified in V232B92026.4
98) Don't know10.0
Missing17671 
TOTAL3479100.0
280) Does the job require a university degree? [Tunisia only] (V232C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes66779.5
5) No17220.5
Missing20311 
TOTAL839100.0
281) Sex of respondent: (V233)
TOTAL%
1) Male1058450.0
2) Female1056650.0
TOTAL21150100.0
282) Please remind me, are you currently married? (V234)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V233884745.5
1) Yes700136.0
2) No356718.3
9) 9300.2
Missing1705 
TOTAL19445100.0
283) Is your wife employed now including self-employment? (V235)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V233; Coded 2 in V2341196063.0
1) Yes9665.1
2) No602631.7
9) No response320.2
Missing2166 
TOTAL18984100.0
284) About how many hours does she work per week on her main job? ___________Coded number of hours per week (V236)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL180805.19261
285) About how many hours do you work per day on your main job? ____Coded hours per day [Tunisia only] (V236A)
TOTAL%
3) 3105.3
4) 43317.4
5) 52010.5
6) 6178.9
7) 7168.4
8) 88243.2
9) 973.7
10) 1021.1
11) 1121.1
98) Don't know10.5
Missing20960 
TOTAL190100.0
286) About how many days each week do you work on your main job? ____Coded days per week [Tunisia only] (V236B)
TOTAL%
2) 10.5
3) 21.1
4) 115.9
5) 7841.5
6) 8042.6
7) 158.0
20) 10.5
Missing20962 
TOTAL188100.0
287) Have she ever done any work for pay including self-employment? (V237)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V233; Coded 2 in V234; Coded 1 in V2351274167.8
1) Yes4362.3
2) No557229.6
9) No response440.2
Missing2357 
TOTAL18793100.0
288) What (is/was) her main profession - what type of work (does/did) she do? (V238)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate; Coded 2 in V233; Coded 2 in V234; Coded 2 in V2371321887.8
1) Employer/Manager of establishment with 10 or more employees160.1
2) Employer/Manager of establishment with less than 10 employees470.3
3) Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc.3842.5
4) Supervisory - office worker: Supervises others1150.8
5) Non-manual - office worker: Non-supervisory820.5
6) Foreman and supervisor150.1
7) Skilled manual worker590.4
8) Semi-skilled manual worker240.2
9) Unskilled manual worker180.1
10) Farmer: Has own farm30.0
11) Agricultural worker300.2
12) Member of armed forces, security personnel20.0
13) Never had a job9476.3
14) School teacher (volunteered)390.3
15) Personal business (volunteered)60.0
16) Stitching and embroidery (volunteered)10.0
17) Domestic servant (volunteered)10.0
18) Nurse (volunteered)10.0
99) No response530.4
Missing6089 
TOTAL15061100.0
289) What (is/was) her main profession - what type of work (does/did) she do? [Turkey and Tunisia only] (V238A)
TOTAL%
2) Corporate managers (organizations having three or more managers or 11 or more employees)193.7
3) General managers (organizations having one to two managers or less than 11 employees)163.1
4) Physical, mathematical, and engineering science professionals (university degrees required)30.6
5) Life science and health professionals (university degree required)275.3
6) Teaching professionals (university degree required)7815.3
7) Other professionals (university degree required)152.9
8) Physical and engineering science associate professionals (some formal training required)40.8
9) Life science and health associate professionals (some formal training required)61.2
10) Teaching associate professionals (some formal training required)10.2
11) Other associate professionals (some formal training required)163.1
12) Office clerks (no direct contact with clients)387.5
13) Customer service clerks (direct contact with clients)91.8
14) Personal and protective service workers (provide personal services)203.9
15) Models, salespersons, and demonstrators (pose, display, demonstrate or sell goods)102.0
16) Market-oriented skilled agricultural and fishery workers (perform complex, non-routine tasks)193.7
18) Extraction and building trades workers (mining, quarrying, and construction industries)30.6
19) Metal, machinery and related trades workers (manufacturing, repair, communications, public utilities)30.6
20) Precision, handicraft, printing and related trades workers (skilled handicraft, printing)305.9
21) Other craft and related trades workers (skilled craftsman)5811.4
22) Stationary plant and related operators (make materials from which parts are made)30.6
23) Machine operators and assemblers (make finished products)163.1
24) Drivers and mobile plant operators (mobile implies operating a machine in a plant)10.2
25) Sales and services elementary occupations (perform routine, unskilled services)122.4
26) Agricultural, fishery and related laborers (perform routine tasks using hand-held tools)81.6
27) Laborers in mining, construction, manufacturing and transport (perform routine tasks)183.5
28) Armed forces10.2
29) Other: See specified in V238B7614.9
Missing20640 
TOTAL510100.0
290) Does the job require a university degree? [Tunisia only] (V238C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes18271.9
5) No7128.1
Missing20897 
TOTAL253100.0
291) How satisfied are you with the financial situation of your household? If '1' means you are completely dissatisfied on this scale, and '10' means you are completely satisfied, where would you put your satisfaction with your household's financial situation? (V239)
TOTAL%
1) Completely dissatisfied11875.6
2) 212395.9
3) 3211810.0
4) 419529.2
5) 5396118.7
6) 6313914.8
7) 7310314.7
8) 8248511.7
9) 98894.2
10) Completely satisfied9934.7
98) Don't know400.2
99) No response440.2
TOTAL21150100.0
292) During the past year, did your family save money, just get by, spend some savings, or spend some savings and borrow money? (V240)
TOTAL%
1) Save money239611.3
2) Just get by1246258.9
3) Spent some savings272112.9
4) Spent savings and borrowed money278413.2
8) Don't know4712.2
9) No response3161.5
TOTAL21150100.0
293) Would you describe yourself as belonging to the upper class, upper middle class, lower middle class, working class, or lower class? (V241)
TOTAL%
1) Upper class3471.6
2) Upper middle class404019.1
3) Lower middle class794937.6
4) Working class595728.2
5) Lower class232311.0
8) Don't know2991.4
9) No response2351.1
TOTAL21150100.0
294) One indicates the 'country specific lowest income range decile' and 10 the 'country specific highest income range decile'. Please, specify the appropriate number, counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes per year pre-taxes/other deductions (V242)
TOTAL%
1) Country specific lowest income range decile14337.9
2) Country specific income range second decile355019.6
3) Country specific income range third decile420323.2
4) Country specific income range fourth decile318717.6
5) Country specific income range fifth decile219112.1
6) Country specific income range sixth decile11906.6
7) Country specific income range seventh decile5182.9
8) Country specific income range eighth decile2871.6
9) Country specific income range ninth decile2001.1
10) Country specific highest income range decile3441.9
98) Don't know4982.8
99) No response4792.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
295) On this card is a scale of household incomes per month. We would like to know in what group your household is counting all wages, salaries, pensions, and other incomes that come in per month. Just give the name of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions [Tunisia only] (V242A)
TOTAL%
1) 3,501 or more Tunisian Dinars230.7
2) 2,501 to 3,500 Tunisian Dinars371.2
3) 1,501 to 2,500 Tunisian Dinars1615.2
4) 1,001 to 1,500 Tunisian Dinars31810.4
5) 501 to 1,000 Tunisian Dinars76925.0
6) 201 to 500 Tunisian Dinars94330.7
7) Less than 201 Tunisian Dinars40113.1
98) Don't know2578.4
99) No response1615.2
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
296) Next we will talk about the characteristics of a good government. Which of the following two statements comes closest to the way you feel? (V243)
TOTAL%
1) A good government implements only the law of the shari'a [laws inspired by Christian/Hindu values (for Christian/Hindu respondents)]524224.8
2) A good government makes laws according to the people's wishes1396666.0
7) Both (volunteered)3721.8
8) Don't know9604.5
9) No response6102.9
TOTAL21150100.0
297) Which of these two statements comes closest to the way you feel? (V244)
TOTAL%
1) It would be better for (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) if more people with strong religious views held public office554726.2
2) It would be better for (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) if more people with strong commitment to national interests held public office1417067.0
8) Don't know9704.6
9) No response4632.2
TOTAL21150100.0
298) People have different views about themselves and how they relate to the world. Please tell me which of these four statements comes closest to the way you feel (V245)
TOTAL%
1) I see myself as a citizen of the world14206.7
2) I see myself as a citizen of (STUDY SITE COUNTRY)1237458.5
3) I see myself as a citizen of the Islamic umma [world-wide Christian community (for Christian respondents) / world-wide Hindu community for Hindu respondents]541225.6
4) I see myself as a citizen of the Arab community6573.1
5) I see myself as a citizen of Kurdish community [For Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria]3511.7
6) I see myself as a citizen of Turkish community [for Turkey]1400.7
7) I see myself as a citizen of the Punjabi community [for Pakistan]30.0
8) I see myself as a citizen of the Sindhi community [for Pakistan]590.3
9) I see myself as a citizen of the Mohajar community [for Pakistan]50.0
10) I see myself as a citizen of the Pathan community [for Pakistan]940.4
11) I see myself as a citizen of the Baluchi community [for Pakistan and Iran]100.0
14) I see myself as a citizen of the Sheen community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]20.0
15) I see myself as a citizen of the Kamein community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]10.0
16) I see myself as a citizen of the Gilgit-Biltistan community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]80.0
17) I see myself as a citizen of the Ismaili community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]180.1
18) I see myself as a citizen of the Gilgiti community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]90.0
19) I see myself as a citizen of the Kashmiri community [for Pakistan (volunteered)]1020.5
20) I see myself as a citizen of the Allawi community [for Turkey]310.1
21) I see myself as a citizen of the Turk-Muslim community [for Turkey]100.0
22) I see myself as a citizen of the Berber community [for Tunisia]200.1
98) Don't know1360.6
99) No response2881.4
TOTAL21150100.0
299) Attacks on (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) security forces - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V246)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve2731.3
2) Somewhat approve4101.9
3) Somewhat disapprove268812.7
4) Strongly disapprove1738082.2
8) Don't know2771.3
9) No response1220.6
TOTAL21150100.0
300) Suicide bomb attacks against civilians in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V247)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1570.9
2) Somewhat approve2791.5
3) Somewhat disapprove193110.7
4) Strongly disapprove1533584.8
8) Don't know2721.5
9) No response1060.6
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
301) Attacks on civilian foreigners working in (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V248)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve2721.5
2) Somewhat approve4632.6
3) Somewhat disapprove326418.1
4) Strongly disapprove1346674.5
8) Don't know3852.1
9) No response2301.3
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
302) Attacks on US military troops in Iraq or Afghanistan - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V249)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve465622.0
2) Somewhat approve422520.0
3) Somewhat disapprove336815.9
4) Strongly disapprove726434.3
8) Don't know10725.1
9) No response5652.7
TOTAL21150100.0
303) Attacks on US civilians working for US companies in Europe - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V250)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve8874.2
2) Somewhat approve12125.7
3) Somewhat disapprove478522.6
4) Strongly disapprove1246859.0
8) Don't know11645.5
9) No response6343.0
TOTAL21150100.0
304) Attacks on US civilians working for US companies in Islamic countries - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V251)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve7603.6
2) Somewhat approve11025.2
3) Somewhat disapprove468122.1
4) Strongly disapprove1308861.9
8) Don't know10775.1
9) No response4422.1
TOTAL21150100.0
305) Attacks on Iraqis or Afghanis working for US companies in Iraq or Afghanistan - do you strongly approve of them, somewhat approve of them, somewhat disapprove of them, or strongly disapprove of them? (V252)
TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve7743.7
2) Somewhat approve13086.2
3) Somewhat disapprove441720.9
4) Strongly disapprove1299461.4
8) Don't know11765.6
9) No response4812.3
TOTAL21150100.0
306) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. Iran (V252A)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative110836.5
2) Negative43514.3
3) Neutral51617.0
4) Positive46415.3
5) Very positive48115.8
9) No response351.2
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
307) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. Syria (V252B)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative97732.1
2) Negative49816.4
3) Neutral68522.5
4) Positive49316.2
5) Very positive34911.5
9) No response371.2
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
308) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. KSA (V252C)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative95531.4
2) Negative78725.9
3) Neutral65421.5
4) Positive31210.3
5) Very positive2819.2
8) Don't know10.0
9) No response491.6
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
309) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. USA (V252D)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative175657.8
2) Negative59319.5
3) Neutral43114.2
4) Positive1244.1
5) Very positive953.1
9) No response401.3
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
310) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. Israel (V252E)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative275190.5
2) Negative1083.6
3) Neutral461.5
4) Positive260.9
5) Very positive672.2
9) No response411.3
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
311) Some people believe that Lebanon is experiencing considerable political problems and violence nowadays, and some of these problems are caused by foreign countries. In your opinion, how do you rate the role of the following countries in affecting these conditions in Lebanon? 'One' means very negative and 'five' means very positive. France (V252F)
TOTAL%
1) Very negative84927.9
2) Negative85728.2
3) Neutral78926.0
4) Positive32510.7
5) Very positive1785.9
8) Don't know10.0
9) No response401.3
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
312) Recent political upheavals in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and other places in Middle East: Most important purpose of these movements (V252G)
TOTAL%
1) National movements for freedom and democracy725945.0
2) Religious movements for the establishment of an Islamic government194512.0
3) Movements to counter Western influence8885.5
4) Movements for economic equality and prosperity255315.8
5) These movements are a part of a Western conspiracy15169.4
6) Movements of the Arab people for the unity of all Arab countries4652.9
7) Other (e.g., Unemployment/Injustice and oppression/Price rising)600.4
8) Plan for weakening of Muslim countries (volunteered)70.0
9) Plan for weakening of Arab countries (volunteered)20.0
10) Only against the president (volunteered)100.1
11) For control of resources (volunteered)10.0
12) Lack of public cohesion (volunteered)10.0
13) Stop the dictatorship in the Arab countries (volunteered)110.1
14) Movement for political reasons (volunteered)30.0
15) Justice (volunteered)30.0
16) Eliminate the unemployment phenomenon (volunteered)90.1
17) A popular uplifting (volunteered)30.0
18) There was no revolution (volunteered)10.0
19) For dignity (volunteered)50.0
98) Don't know9816.1
99) No response4242.6
Missing5003 
TOTAL16147100.0
313) Recent political upheavals in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and other places in Middle East: Second most important purpose of these movements (V252H)
TOTAL%
1) National movements for freedom and democracy283517.6
2) Religious movements for the establishment of an Islamic government14889.2
3) Movements to counter Western influence12717.9
4) Movements for economic equality and prosperity536933.3
5) These movements are a part of a Western conspiracy12998.0
6) Movements of the Arab people for the unity of all Arab countries12878.0
7) Other (e.g., Unemployment/Injustice and oppression/Price rising)920.6
8) Plan for weakening of Muslim countries (volunteered)920.6
9) Plan for weakening of Arab countries (volunteered)30.0
10) Apparently for democracy but in fact it is not (volunteered)20.0
11) For control of resources (volunteered)380.2
12) For protection of human rights (volunteered)10.0
13) Western governments want to occupy (volunteered)20.0
14) Violation of Islamic values by ruling class (volunteered)10.0
15) Change the world (volunteered)40.0
16) For dignity (volunteered)50.0
17) Eliminate the unemployment phenomenon (volunteered)60.0
18) Justice (volunteered)70.0
19) Freedom (volunteered)20.0
20) Political extremism (volunteered)20.0
21) Tyranny (volunteered)10.0
98) Don't know176710.9
99) No response5733.5
Missing5003 
TOTAL16147100.0
314) On the scale of one to 10, with one indicating minimum to none participation and 10 the utmost participation, where do you put the extent of your participation on this scale? (V252I)
TOTAL%
1) No participation359054.7
2) 25979.1
3) 34687.1
4) 44176.4
5) 54186.4
6) 62864.4
7) 72924.4
8) 82333.5
9) 9811.2
10) Utmost participation1462.2
98) Don't know220.3
99) No response160.2
Missing14584 
TOTAL6566100.0
315) In your view, should the blasphemy law be kept the way it is, but provisions should be added to protect the law against abuse, the blasphemy law be amended to avoid misunderstanding, the blasphemy law be kept the way it is, the blasphemy law be abolished altogether, or I don't know what the blasphemy law is? (V252J)
TOTAL%
1) The blasphemy law be kept the way it is, but provisions should be added to protect the law against abuse172549.0
2) The blasphemy law be amended to avoid misunderstanding2366.7
3) The blasphemy law be kept the way it is130537.0
4) The blasphemy law be abolished altogether320.9
5) I don't know what the blasphemy law is2256.4
Missing17627 
TOTAL3523100.0
316) Whom did you vote for in the last (March 07, 2010) parliamentary elections? [Iraq only] (V252K)
TOTAL%
1) I did not vote53317.8
2) Iyad Allawi al-Iraqiyyah party96132.0
3) Al-Maliki80026.7
4) Muqtada Sadr1123.7
5) SIR (Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council)1103.7
6) Other parties, please specify280.9
7) Democratic party of Kurdistan120.4
8) National Reform Movement140.5
9) Tareq AlHashimi270.9
10) Methal Ala'alosi60.2
11) Mahmod Almash-hdani40.1
12) Turkman Front30.1
13) List of Iraq's Unity30.1
14) List of Change371.2
16) Independence of the National Coalition10.0
17) Salih Almtleq60.2
18) Adnan Ala'sadi10.0
19) Abd Almne'm Salih Alshare'10.0
20) Khaled Shwani60.2
21) Masood Albarazani130.4
22) Jlal Altalabani70.2
23) Kurdistan Coalition1434.8
24) Kurdistan Islamic Union (YKKRTOO)190.6
25) Peoples' Supporters10.0
26) National Coalition of Work and Salvation10.0
27) Constitutional Party10.0
28) Islamic Group10.0
99) No answer/Does not wish to answer1495.0
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
317) Who did you vote for in the last (October 2011) election? [Tunisia only] (V252KK)
TOTAL%
1) Abed fateh mourou10.0
2) Afek tunis200.7
3) El aridha chaabia581.9
4) Al Badil20.1
5) Al Koteb200.7
6) Al Majed40.1
7) Al Nejma Bouzidi10.0
8) Aymen Mnif10.0
9) AL Choumoukh20.1
10) CPR2056.7
11) Dostourouna30.1
12) Ettakatol1344.4
13) Fathi Ayouni10.0
14) Hamma Hamemi20.1
15) Iradet Chaab10.0
16) Kamel Morjen50.2
17) Les démocrates10.0
18) Liste indépendantes321.0
19) May Jribi20.1
20) Moncef Marzouki150.5
21) Mostakbel20.1
22) Mostafa Ben Jaafer10.0
23) Moubedra250.8
24) Mouvement chaab40.1
25) Mouvement National10.0
26) Movement wafa20.1
27) Nahdha89429.1
28) Naser Aouni10.0
29) Najib Chebbi90.3
30) Noomen Fehri10.0
31) Nouveau Parti omstitutionel10.0
32) Amor Shabou10.0
33) Parti Borguibi10.0
34) Parti Communiste170.6
35) Parti Islamique10.0
36) Parti Mahjoub10.0
37) Parti Taliaa10.0
38) Parti watad40.1
39) Parti Nour10.0
40) PDP672.2
41) Rached Ghanouchi10.0
42) Trik Salama10.0
43) Sahafa10.0
44) Slehddine Zahaf30.1
45) Slim Riahi20.1
46) Union National libre10.0
47) Al wihda Chaabia20.1
97) I did not participate in the elections108535.3
98) Don't know2287.4
99) No response2016.5
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
318) If elections were held tomorrow, who would you vote for? [Tunisia only] (V252KKK)
TOTAL%
1) Afek Tunis20.1
2) AL aridha Chaabia290.9
3) AL Jebha Chaabia662.1
4) Al Majed40.1
5) AL Nejma Bouzidi10.0
6) Alliance démocratique120.4
7) Ansar Chariaa10.0
8) Beji Kaied Sebsi60.2
9) CPR150.5
10) Ettakatol140.5
11) Hachmi Hamdi20.1
12) Hamadi Jbeli50.2
13) Hama Hamemi120.4
14) Hezb Tahrir10.0
15) Iradt Chaab10.0
16) Kamel Morjen20.1
17) Liste indépendante20.1
18) Masar dymocratique10.0
19) May jribi10.0
20) Moncef Marzouki20.1
21) Moubadra60.2
22) Mouvement wafa130.4
23) Nahdha37212.1
24) Najib chebii20.1
25) Nida Tounes2668.7
26) Parti Travailleur comiste60.2
27) Parti islamique30.1
28) Jomhouri140.5
29) Parti tahrir40.1
30) PDP80.3
31) Slim Riahi90.3
32) Taher Hmila10.0
33) Union pour la Tunisie30.1
97) I would not participate in the elections85727.9
98) Don't know114937.4
99) No response1785.8
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
319) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To have been born in Turkey [Turkey only] (V252L)
TOTAL%
1) Very important132844.0
2) Fairly important102333.9
3) Not very important42113.9
4) Not important at all1926.4
7) Can't choose200.7
8) Don't know170.6
9) No response180.6
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
320) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To have Turkish citizenship [Turkey only] (V252M)
TOTAL%
1) Very important146448.5
2) Fairly important119239.5
3) Not very important1956.5
4) Not important at all1143.8
7) Can't choose170.6
8) Don't know170.6
9) No response200.7
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
321) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To have lived in Turkey for most of one's life [Turkey only] (V252N)
TOTAL%
1) Very important115238.2
2) Fairly important112437.2
3) Not very important50816.8
4) Not important at all1705.6
7) Can't choose200.7
8) Don't know260.9
9) No response190.6
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
322) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To be able to speak Turkish [Turkey only] (V252O)
TOTAL%
1) Very important137045.4
2) Fairly important114638.0
3) Not very important31610.5
4) Not important at all1324.4
7) Can't choose220.7
8) Don't know150.5
9) No response180.6
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
323) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To be Muslim [Turkey only] (V252P)
TOTAL%
1) Very important144848.0
2) Fairly important113737.7
3) Not very important2468.1
4) Not important at all1274.2
7) Can't choose200.7
8) Don't know120.4
9) No response291.0
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
324) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To respect Turkish political institutions and laws [Turkey only] (V252Q)
TOTAL%
1) Very important111937.1
2) Fairly important134344.5
3) Not very important2949.7
4) Not important at all1525.0
7) Can't choose301.0
8) Don't know411.4
9) No response401.3
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
325) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To feel Turkish [Turkey only] (V252R)
TOTAL%
1) Very important149549.5
2) Fairly important117138.8
3) Not very important1675.5
4) Not important at all1183.9
7) Can't choose200.7
8) Don't know260.9
9) No response220.7
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
326) Some people say that the following things are truly important for being Turkish. Others say they are not important. How important to you are each of the following: To have Turkish ancestry [Turkey only] (V252S)
TOTAL%
1) Very important141046.7
2) Fairly important108235.8
3) Not very important2789.2
4) Not important at all1735.7
7) Can't choose230.8
8) Don't know311.0
9) No response220.7
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
327) Should university students be free to wear the turban? [Turkey only] (V252T)
TOTAL%
1) Yes242180.2
5) No41113.6
8) Don't know1073.5
9) No response802.6
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
328) Which of the following languages were spoken at home during your childhood? Turkish [Turkey only] (V252U)
TOTAL%
1) Yes282993.7
2) No1565.2
8) Don't know10.0
9) No response331.1
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
329) Which of the following languages were spoken at home during your childhood? Kurdish [Turkey only] (V252V)
TOTAL%
1) Yes50116.6
2) No237678.7
8) Don't know60.2
9) No response1364.5
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
330) Which of the following languages were spoken at home during your childhood? Arabic [Turkey only] (V252W)
TOTAL%
1) Yes612.0
2) No278792.3
8) Don't know80.3
9) No response1635.4
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
331) Which of the following languages were spoken at home during your childhood? Other (Specify) [Turkey only] (V252X)
TOTAL%
1) Albanian37.1
2) Azeri12.4
3) Bulgarian37.1
4) Circassian37.1
5) English1228.6
6) German49.5
7) Greek12.4
8) Lazca24.8
9) Macedonian24.8
10) Moldovian12.4
11) Persian12.4
12) Pomak12.4
13) Romanian12.4
14) Turkmenian12.4
15) Zaza (Kurdish dialect)614.3
Missing21108 
TOTAL42100.0
332) Exact time now (start time) (V253)
333) Total length of interview: ____ Coded number of minutes (V254)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL20929102.78710
334) During the interview the respondent was: (V255)
TOTAL%
1) Very interested1206857.1
2) Somewhat interested757835.8
3) Not very interested13746.5
9) No response1260.6
Missing4 
TOTAL21146100.0
335) Size of town: (V256)
TOTAL%
1) Under 2,00019859.4
2) 2,000 to 5,000422020.0
3) 5,000 to 10,000368217.4
4) 10,000 to 20,000233311.0
5) 20,000 to 50,00010515.0
6) 50,000 to 100,0009964.7
7) 100,000 to 500,00019709.3
8) 500,000 and more478622.6
99) No response1270.6
TOTAL21150100.0
336) Iraq: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_IRAQ)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3000183.859250
337) Saudi Arabia: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_KSA)
TOTAL%
1) Western Province56028.0
2) Central Province53326.6
3) Eastern Province74237.0
4) Northern Province462.3
5) Southern Province1226.1
Missing19147 
TOTAL2003100.0
338) Lebanon: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_LB)
TOTAL%
1) BE-1130.4
2) BE-2250.8
3) BE-31685.5
4) BE-5140.5
5) BE-6140.5
6) BK-230.1
7) BK-352517.3
8) BK-420.1
9) BK-51545.1
10) ML-1200.7
11) ML-2993.3
12) ML-3200.7
13) ML-4923.0
14) ML-52718.9
15) ML-6401.3
16) ML-71304.3
17) NT-1100.3
18) NT-22297.5
19) NT-3341.1
20) NT-5291.0
21) SN-11494.9
22) SN-2652.1
23) SN-3230.8
24) SN-546315.2
25) SN-644714.7
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
339) Egypt: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_EGY)
TOTAL%
1) Cairo44512.7
2) Alexandria2025.8
3) Port-Said310.9
4) Suez180.5
5) Helwan702.0
6) 6 October1103.1
11) Dameiate521.5
12) Dakhalia2276.5
13) El-Sharqia2196.3
14) Qalioubia1985.7
15) Kafr El-Sehikha1143.3
16) El-Garbia2015.7
17) El-Menofia1584.5
18) Baharia2156.1
19) Ismalia411.2
21) Giza1394.0
22) Beni-Suief1022.9
23) El-Fayoum1002.9
24) El-Menia2938.4
25) Asyuit2477.1
26) Sohag1404.0
27) Qena1083.1
28) Aswan461.3
29) Luxor200.6
Missing17654 
TOTAL3496100.0
340) Pakistan: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_PAK)
TOTAL%
1) Urban Islamabad140.4
2) Rural Islamabad70.2
3) Urban Punjab59817.0
4) Rural Punjab90925.8
5) Urban Sind36910.5
6) Rural Sind2717.7
7) Urban KPK752.1
8) Rural KPK2858.1
9) Urban Baluchistan371.1
10) Rural Baluchistan932.6
11) FATA (tribal area)651.8
12) Urban GB501.4
13) Rural GB3509.9
14) Urban AJK501.4
15) Rural AJK3509.9
Missing17627 
TOTAL3523100.0
341) Turkey: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_TK)
TOTAL%
1) Istanbul55418.4
2) Tekirdag612.0
3) Balýkesir662.2
4) Izmir1605.3
5) Denizli1123.7
6) Manisa1183.9
7) Bursa1454.8
8) Kocaeli1344.4
9) Ankara1996.6
10) Konya933.1
11) Antalya1113.7
12) Adana1565.2
13) Hatay1204.0
14) Nevþehir602.0
15) Kayseri933.1
16) Zonguldak401.3
17) Sinop291.0
18) Samsun1083.6
19) Trabzon1013.3
20) Erzurum431.4
21) Kars461.5
22) Malatya662.2
23) Van832.7
24) Gaziantep1013.3
25) Diyarbakýr1354.5
26) Mardin852.8
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
342) Tunisia: Region where the interview was conducted: (V257_TN)
TOTAL%
1) Tunis33110.8
2) Ariana1444.7
3) Ben Arous1595.2
4) Manouba1053.4
5) Nabeul2096.8
6) Zaghouane491.6
7) Bizert1695.5
8) Beja1013.3
9) Jandouba1294.2
10) Kef943.1
11) Sliana712.3
12) Kairouan1484.8
13) Kasserine1113.6
14) Sidi Bouzid1093.6
15) Sousse1705.5
16) Monastir1364.4
17) Mahdia1113.6
18) Sfax2769.0
19) Gafsa902.9
20) Tozeur341.1
21) Kebili511.7
22) Gabes1063.5
23) Mednine1224.0
24) Tataouine451.5
Missing18080 
TOTAL3070100.0
343) Language in which interview was conducted (V258)
TOTAL%
1) Arabic1109661.4
2) Persian20.0
3) Kurdish4682.6
4) Lori20.0
5) Gilaki10.0
6) Urdu302616.7
7) Punjabi1330.7
8) Sindhi920.5
9) Pushto1210.7
10) Baluchi370.2
11) Sariaki270.1
12) Turkmen50.0
13) Barahvi70.0
14) Hindko320.2
15) Shina280.2
16) Balti190.1
17) English10.0
18) Turkish and Kurdish mixed70.0
19) Turkish297616.5
Missing3070 
TOTAL18080100.0
344) Interviewer ID (Egypt, Iraq, KSA, Pakistan) (V259)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL18111532.1923104
345) Interviewer ID [Lebanon] (V259_LB)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL303931.44619
346) Sex of interviewer: (V260)
TOTAL%
1) Male1000547.3
2) Female1112952.7
Missing16 
TOTAL21134100.0
347) Interviewer year of birth: 19___ (V262)
TOTAL%
53) 260.1
55) 540.3
56) 1130.5
58) 720.3
59) 420.2
60) 1200.6
61) 1650.8
62) 770.4
63) 1070.5
64) 2091.0
65) 4252.0
66) 1630.8
67) 2101.0
68) 3231.5
69) 1090.5
70) 3231.5
71) 2051.0
72) 5352.5
73) 4532.1
74) 2741.3
75) 7583.6
76) 3931.9
77) 2781.3
78) 4242.0
79) 6152.9
80) 10745.1
81) 7163.4
82) 15717.4
83) 13556.4
84) 9064.3
85) 14036.6
86) 16057.6
87) 17218.1
88) 11915.6
89) 9414.5
90) 7913.7
91) 5012.4
92) 6122.9
93) 630.3
94) 1220.6
95) 680.3
96) 210.1
Missing16 
TOTAL21134100.0
348) Education of interviewer: (V263)
TOTAL%
2) Incomplete primary school540.3
5) Complete secondary school: Technical/Vocational type1630.9
6) Incomplete secondary: University - preparatory type380.2
7) Complete secondary: University - preparatory type220712.2
8) Some university-level education, without degree395221.8
9) University-level education, with degree (include post-graduate education)1171764.6
Missing3019 
TOTAL18131100.0
349) What is the highest educational level that you have attained? (If student, code highest level he/she expects to complete): [Turkey only] (V263A)
TOTAL%
1) No formal education20.1
3) Complete primary school80.3
5) Complete middle school551.8
6) Incomplete high school642.1
7) Complete high school176458.7
8) Some university-level education, without degree1515.0
9) University-level education, with degree (include post-graduate education)95931.9
Missing18147 
TOTAL3003100.0
350) Female interviewers: Type of head covering you wore during this interview (Use Respondent Show Card 3) (V264)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate: Interviewer is male; Coded 1 in V260677346.3
1) Woman #130.0
2) Woman #25413.7
3) Woman #36224.3
4) Woman #4378725.9
5) Woman #56854.7
6) Woman #6222415.2
Missing6515 
TOTAL14635100.0
351) Female interviewers: Wearing head covering [Turkey only] (V264A)
TOTAL%
0) Inappropriate: Interviewer is male; Coded 1 in V260165054.7
1) Yes2076.9
2) No116238.5
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
352) Respondent reinterviewed [Pakistan] (V265)
TOTAL%
1) Recontacted253271.9
2) Not recontacted99128.1
Missing17627 
TOTAL3523100.0
353) Area of interview (rural/urban) (AREA)
TOTAL%
1) Urban855368.0
2) Rural403232.0
Missing8565 
TOTAL12585100.0
354) Iraq: Sample governorate (GOVERNORATE_IRAQ)
TOTAL%
1) Baghdad72024.0
2) Salah Ad-Din1003.3
3) Diyala1404.7
4) Wasit1003.3
5) Maysan1003.3
6) Al Basrah2207.3
7) Dhi Qar1705.7
8) Al Muthana602.0
9) Al Qadissiyah1003.3
10) Babil1505.0
11) Kerbala903.0
12) Al Najaf1003.3
13) Al Anbar1404.7
14) Ninawa2809.3
15) Duhok1003.3
16) Erbil1505.0
17) Al Ta'mem1003.3
18) Suleimaniyah1806.0
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
355) Iraq: Sample block (BLOCK_IRAQ)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3000183.859250
356) Iraq: Sample qada (QADA_IRAQ)
TOTAL%
111) Dohuk1003.3
121) Musel2809.3
141) Karkuk1003.3
151) Arbil center1505.0
161) Sulaimaniya center1806.0
211) Ba'quba1404.7
221) Al ramadi1404.7
231) Al risafa1153.8
232) Al adhamiya1194.0
233) Al thawra1605.3
235) Karkh Center1996.6
236) Al kadhimiya1073.6
237) Al mahmudiya200.7
241) Hilla1505.0
251) Karbala903.0
261) Kut1003.3
272) Tikreet1003.3
281) Najaf1003.3
311) Dewanya1003.3
321) Samawa602.0
331) Naserya1705.7
341) Al amara1003.3
351) Al basra2207.3
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
357) Iraq: Sample nahia (NAHIA_IRAQ)
TOTAL%
1111) Duhuk qadha center1003.3
1211) Musel qadha center2809.3
1411) Karkuk qada center1003.3
1511) Arbil qadha center1505.0
1611) Sulaimaniya qadha center1806.0
2111) Ba'quba qada center1404.7
2211) Al ramadi qadha center1404.7
2311) Al risafa qada center190.6
2312) Al karrada321.1
2313) Baghdad al jedeeda642.1
2321) Al adhamiya qada center381.3
2322) Al rashdia301.0
2323) Al Sha'b511.7
2331) Al thawra qada center1605.3
2351) Al karkh qada center130.4
2352) Al mansour642.1
2353) Al mamoon1224.1
2361) Al kadhimiya qada center772.6
2365) Al taji301.0
2371) Al mahmudiya qada center200.7
2411) Hilla qada center1505.0
2511) Karbala center903.0
2611) Kut qadha center1003.3
2722) Tikreet center qadha1003.3
2811) Najaf qadha center1003.3
3111) Dewanya qadha center1003.3
3211) Samawa qadha center602.0
3311) Naserya qadha center1705.7
3411) Al amara qadha center1003.3
3511) Al basra qadha center2207.3
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
358) Lebanon: Kaza (district) size; (second-level administration division) (KAZA_LB)
TOTAL%
5) 20,000 to 50,0002969.7
6) 50,000 to 100,0002387.8
7) 100,000 to 500,000200566.0
8) 500,000 and more50016.5
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
359) Lebanon: Region (REGION_LB)
TOTAL%
1) Beirut2347.7
2) Bekaa68422.5
3) Mount LB67222.1
4) North3029.9
5) South114737.7
Missing18111 
TOTAL3039100.0
360) KSA: City (CITY_KSA)
TOTAL%
1) Jeddah24912.4
2) Taif804.0
3) Makkah1206.0
4) Riyadh41920.9
5) Qassim733.6
6) Hail412.0
7) Dammam/Khopar24212.1
8) Abha/Khamis Musheet1226.1
9) Madina1145.7
10) Tabuk462.3
11) Hafouf49724.8
Missing19147 
TOTAL2003100.0
361) KSA: PSU Code (PSU_KSA)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL200398.36258
362) Population weight for KSA, weighting for CITY; (Formula: WEIGHT_KSA_A/6687008) / (WEIGHT_KSA_B/2003) _______Weight based on population of sample CITY (WEIGHT_KSA)
TOTAL%
0) 49724.8
1) 24212.1
1) 1226.1
1) 733.6
1) 804.0
1) 1145.7
1) 41920.9
1) 1206.0
1) 24912.4
2) 412.0
3) 462.3
Missing19147 
TOTAL2003100.0
363) Weight for Hafouf only (.26); all other cases in entire dataset are weighted '1'. This pertains to both Saudis and non-Saudis. This weight can be used for the entire seven-country dataset (WEIGHT_KSA_A)
TOTAL%
207282) Number of Saudis in Qassim733.6
240506) Number of Saudis in Hail412.0
312336) Number of Saudis in Taif804.0
343522) Number of Saudis in Abha Khamis Musheet1226.1
393333) Number of Saudis in Tabuk462.3
436649) Number of Saudis in Hafouf49724.8
458855) Number of Saudis in Madina1145.7
540783) Number of Saudis in Damman Khopar24212.1
575686) Number of Saudis in Makkah1206.0
1238998) Number of Saudis in Jeddah24912.4
1939058) Number of Saudis in Riyadh41920.9
Missing19147 
TOTAL2003100.0
364) KSA: Number of Saudi citizens, age 15 or older, living in CITY_KSA (used to calculate WEIGHT_KSA) (WEIGHT_KSA_B)
TOTAL%
41) Number of Saudis sampled from Hail412.0
46) Number of Saudis sampled from Tabuk462.3
73) Number of Saudis sampled from Qassim733.6
80) Number of Saudis sampled from Taif804.0
114) Number of Saudis sampled from Madina1145.7
120) Number of Saudis sampled from Makkah1206.0
122) Number of Saudis sampled from Abha Khamis Musheet1226.1
242) Number of Saudis sampled from Damman Khopar24212.1
249) Number of Saudis sampled from Jeddah24912.4
419) Number of Saudis sampled from Riyadh41920.9
497) Number of Saudis sampled from Hafouf49724.8
Missing19147 
TOTAL2003100.0
365) KSA: Number of respondents sampled from CITY_KSA (used to calculate WEIGHT_KSA) (WEIGHT2_KSA)
TOTAL%
0) 4972.3
1) 2065397.7
TOTAL21150100.0
366) Tunisia: Nonresponse and household size weight calculated in 2013 (W_P)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL30704.0352
367) Defines respondent as having been sampled by CAPMAS as nationally representative or chosen in the separate Coptic sample (SAMPLE_EGY)
TOTAL%
1) CAPMAS sample314389.9
2) Separate Coptic Christian sample35310.1
Missing17654 
TOTAL3496100.0
368) Internal sample cluster code one for Turkey (CL_01_TK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3019145565.20681623
369) Internal sample cluster code two for Turkey (CL_02_TK)
TOTAL%
1) 1595.3
2) 1575.2
3) 1695.6
4) 1535.1
5) 1605.3
6) 1695.6
7) 1645.4
8) 1635.4
9) 1474.9
10) 1494.9
11) 1494.9
12) 1494.9
13) 1414.7
14) 1384.6
15) 1424.7
16) 1484.9
17) 1474.9
18) 1454.8
19) 1314.3
20) 1394.6
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
370) Internal PSU sample code for Turkey (PSU_TK)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL30193393537.1275059754
371) Turkey: Visit 1 (VISIT1_TK)
TOTAL%
1) Complete interview176358.4
2) Incomplete interview (survey questionnaire began but never completed)60.2
3) Refusal541.8
4) No eligible respondent in household1705.6
5) No one ever answered the door; but house not vacant55718.4
6) Locked/Gated; and/or vacancy status otherwise unknown2207.3
12) Appointment made (interim code)2498.2
Missing18131 
TOTAL3019100.0
372) Turkey: Visit 2 (VISIT2_TK)
TOTAL%
1) Complete interview96977.1
2) Incomplete interview (survey questionnaire began but never completed)30.2
3) Refusal100.8
4) No eligible respondent in household504.0
5) No one ever answered the door; but house not vacant21817.4
6) Locked/Gated; and/or vacancy status otherwise unknown60.5
Missing19894 
TOTAL1256100.0
373) Turkey: Visit 3 (VISIT3_TK)
TOTAL%
1) Complete interview25990.2
4) No eligible respondent in household155.2
5) No one ever answered the door; but house not vacant124.2
6) Locked/Gated; and/or vacancy status otherwise unknown10.3
Missing20863 
TOTAL287100.0
374) Turkey: Visit 4 (VISIT4_TK)
TOTAL%
1) Complete interview28100.0
Missing21122 
TOTAL28100.0
375) Tunisia: Codesaisie (CODESAISIE_TN)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL3070970.776683
376) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Independence? (V13A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected214642.9
2) Not selected247849.5
8) Don't know3587.2
9) No response210.4
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
377) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V13A to V13) (V13B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed42100.0
Missing21108 
TOTAL42100.0
378) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V13C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected4197.6
8) Don't know12.4
Missing21108 
TOTAL42100.0
379) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Hard work? (V14A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected232946.6
2) Not selected220744.1
8) Don't know4489.0
9) No response190.4
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
380) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V14A to V14) (V14B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed85100.0
Missing21065 
TOTAL85100.0
381) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V14C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected8498.8
8) Don't know11.2
Missing21065 
TOTAL85100.0
382) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Feeling of responsibility? (V15A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected287657.5
2) Not selected173234.6
8) Don't know3687.4
9) No response270.5
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
383) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V15A to V15) (V15B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed106100.0
Missing21044 
TOTAL106100.0
384) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V15C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected10397.2
8) Don't know32.8
Missing21044 
TOTAL106100.0
385) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Imagination? (V16A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected113922.8
2) Not selected321764.3
8) Don't know59812.0
9) No response491.0
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
386) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V16A to V16) (V16B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed103100.0
Missing21047 
TOTAL103100.0
387) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V16C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected10198.1
8) Don't know21.9
Missing21047 
TOTAL103100.0
388) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Tolerance and respect for other people? (V17A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected351970.3
2) Not selected122724.5
8) Don't know2254.5
9) No response320.6
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
389) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V17A to V17) (V17B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed108100.0
Missing21042 
TOTAL108100.0
390) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V17C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected10698.1
8) Don't know21.9
Missing21042 
TOTAL108100.0
391) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Thrift? (V18A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected164532.9
2) Not selected279155.8
8) Don't know53810.8
9) No response290.6
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
392) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V18A to V18) (V18B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed127100.0
Missing21023 
TOTAL127100.0
393) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V18C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected12497.6
8) Don't know21.6
9) No response10.8
Missing21023 
TOTAL127100.0
394) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Determination, perseverance? (V19A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected251250.2
2) Not selected202240.4
8) Don't know4458.9
9) No response240.5
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
395) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V19A to V19) (V19B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed108100.0
Missing21042 
TOTAL108100.0
396) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V19C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected10799.1
8) Don't know10.9
Missing21042 
TOTAL108100.0
397) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Religious faith? (V20A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected366073.2
2) Not selected112522.5
8) Don't know1973.9
9) No response210.4
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
398) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V20A to V20) (V20B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed118100.0
Missing21032 
TOTAL118100.0
399) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V20C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected118100.0
Missing21032 
TOTAL118100.0
400) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Unselfishness? (V21A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected201340.2
2) Not selected244848.9
8) Don't know50810.2
9) No response340.7
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
401) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V21A to V21) (V21B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed83100.0
Missing21067 
TOTAL83100.0
402) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V21C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected83100.0
Missing21067 
TOTAL83100.0
403) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? (Please choose up to five). Obedience? (V22A)
TOTAL%
1) Selected315563.1
2) Not selected156531.3
8) Don't know2615.2
9) No response220.4
Missing16147 
TOTAL5003100.0
404) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V22A to V22) (V22B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed42100.0
Missing21108 
TOTAL42100.0
405) [NOTE: Instructions to interviewers for V13 - V22 were to code up to five choices. These instructions were, however, not consistently carried out by interviewers. In both Iraq and Saudi Arabia, respondents who chose more than five qualities were reinterviewed and asked to choose only five qualities. The variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V22C)
TOTAL%
1) Selected42100.0
Missing21108 
TOTAL42100.0
406) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Which one would help the most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed - more democracy, more freedom of choice over one's own life, more religiosity, more gender equality, or more integrity in government officials? (V170A)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy71723.9
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life2157.2
3) More religiosity43114.4
4) More gender equality1073.6
5) More integrity in government officials145848.6
8) Don't know461.5
9) No response260.9
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
407) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original responses - All - Which one would help second most to make (STUDY SITE COUNTRY) more developed? (V171A)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy63821.3
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life39313.1
3) More religiosity50416.8
4) More gender equality2829.4
5) More integrity in government officials100533.5
8) Don't know1264.2
9) No response521.7
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
408) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent had same response for V170A and V171A (V170 and V171 in original dataset) (V170A_V171A)
TOTAL%
1) Respondent had same response for V170A and V171A299100.0
Missing20851 
TOTAL299100.0
409) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V170A to V170) (V170B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed43100.0
Missing21107 
TOTAL43100.0
410) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Respondent reinterviewed and answer changed from original to new (V171A to V171) (V171B)
TOTAL%
1) Reinterviewed199100.0
Missing20951 
TOTAL199100.0
411) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V170C)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy920.9
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life49.3
3) More religiosity818.6
4) More gender equality12.3
5) More integrity in government officials1841.9
8) Don't know12.3
9) No response24.7
Missing21107 
TOTAL43100.0
412) [NOTE: In Iraq, a number of respondents chose the same response for both V170 and V171 These respondents were reinterviewed and their new answers are recorded as V170 and V171 in the dataset. However, the variables below can be used to view the original responses and to identify those respondents who were reinterviewed] Original answers only for those who were reinterviewed (V171C)
TOTAL%
1) More democracy5125.6
2) More freedom of choice over one's own life147.0
3) More religiosity2713.6
4) More gender equality52.5
5) More integrity in government officials10251.3
Missing20951 
TOTAL199100.0
413) Indicates whether the PSU (in Iraq) was considered to be majority Sunni (MAJORITYSUNNI)
TOTAL%
0) 181060.3
1) 119039.7
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
414) Indicates whether the PSU (in Iraq) was considered to be majority Shia (MAJORITYSHIA)
TOTAL%
0) 213071.0
1) 87029.0
Missing18150 
TOTAL3000100.0
415) Indicates whether the PSU (in Iraq) was considered to be neither majority Sunni or Shia, but, rather, mixed (SUNNISHIA)
TOTAL%
0) Sunni120656.7
1) Shia92143.3
Missing19023 
TOTAL2127100.0