Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya

Data Archive > International Surveys and Data > Multiple Nation Surveys > Codebook


Percentages are weighted by 5) GPWGT; Total Ns reported are unweighted
1) Country name (COUNTRY)
TOTAL%
5) Kenya 100.0
TOTAL1001100.0
2) Identification number (PSRAID)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL1001106029.36206.24
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
TOTAL%
1) General Public Sample 100.0
2) Oversample of Renewalists 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
4) Is the respondent a non-renewalist, Pentecostal, or Charismatic? Pentecostal is defined as belonging to a Pentecostal denomination or church, as indicated by responses labeled "coded as Pentecostal" in the Q4KEN. Charismatic is defined as non-Pentecostal Christians, who describe themselves as Pentecostal in question Q5C, or as Charismatic in question Q5D, or who say they speak or pray in tongues at least several times a year in the survey question named TONGUES. (RENEWLST)
TOTAL%
0) Non-renewalist 44.3
1) Pentecostal (as coded in Q4KEN) 32.9
2) Charismatic (as indicated in questions Q5C, Q5D, or TONGUES) 22.8
TOTAL1001100.0
5) Weight for use in analyzing general public samples in each country (GPWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10010.650.56
6) Weight for use in analyzing renewalists in each country (PENTWGT)
NMeanStd.Deviation
TOTAL10010.630.62
7) Now thinking about (survey country), overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (SATISFY)
TOTAL%
1) Satisfied 21.9
2) Dissatisfied 77.6
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
8) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (RELIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing 18.1
2) Very important 66.3
3) Somewhat important 12.0
4) Not too important 3.2
5) Not at all important 0.5
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
9) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Instituted Church (AIC); Muslim; Hindu; African Traditional Religion (ATR); No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Jehovah's Witness; Other religion? [Question asked in Kenya.] (Q3KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic 22.8
2) Protestant (such as Anglican, Presbyterian, etc.) 61.5
3) African Instituted Church (AIC) 4.6
4) Muslim 7.5
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR) 1.1
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic 2.1
9) Jehovah's Witness 0.3
97) Other religion 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
10) [Ask in Kenya if Q3KEN = 2 "Protestant" or 3 "African Instituted Church, AIC"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican; Presbyterian; Another Protestant denomination (such as Adventist, Baptist, Methodist, Holiness, Reformed, Africa Inland Church, Friends, or Lutheran); African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa; An African Spirit (Roho) Church; African Israel Church Nineveh; Another AIC denomination (such as Nomiya Luo Roho Church, Church of Christ in Africa, or African Brotherhood Church); Kenya Assemblies of God; Pentecostal Assemblies of God; Full Gospel Churches of Kenya; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as Redeemed Gospel Church, Free Pentecostal Fellowship in Kenya, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, or Nairobi Pentecostal Church); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Anglican 16.7
2) Presbyterian 7.7
3) Another Protestant denomination 18.6
4) African Independent Pentecostal Church of Africa 0.7
5) An African Spirit (Roho) Church 0.7
6) African Israel Church Nineveh 0.2
7) Another AIC denomination 5.3
8) Kenya Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal] 6.0
9) Pentecostal Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal] 8.4
10) Full Gospel Churches of Kenya [Coded as Pentecostal] 11.4
11) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal] 24.0
12) Nondenominational or Independent Church 0.2
Missing270 
TOTAL731100.0
11) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Evangelical Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Evangelical Catholic"]? (Q5_A)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 44.8
2) No, does not apply 53.5
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
12) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Born-again Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Born-again Catholic"]? (Q5_B)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 61.3
2) No, does not apply 37.3
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
13) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Pentecostal Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Pentecostal Catholic"]? (Q5_C)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 36.4
2) No, does not apply 61.2
8) Don't know 2.4
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
14) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Charismatic Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Charismatic Catholic"]? (Q5_D)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 33.1
2) No, does not apply 64.7
8) Don't know 2.2
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
15) How often do you pray to God outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (PRAY_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 70.6
2) More than once a week 12.9
3) Once a week 6.6
4) At least once a month 3.7
5) Several times a year 1.7
6) Less often 3.2
7) Never 1.2
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
16) How often do you speak or pray in tongues: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] (TONGUES)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 5.8
2) More than once a week 7.2
3) Once a week 5.8
4) At least once a month 6.1
5) Several times a year 8.6
6) Less often 4.2
7) Never 61.5
8) Don't know 0.6
9) Refused 0.2
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
17) How often do you participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (GROUPS)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 9.3
2) More than once a week 24.0
3) Once a week 30.5
4) At least once a month 6.9
5) Several times a year 3.5
6) Less often 9.3
7) Never 16.1
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
18) How often do you listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (RADIO_TV)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 33.4
2) More than once a week 23.3
3) Once a week 22.4
4) At least once a month 6.7
5) Several times a year 3.2
6) Less often 6.6
7) Never 4.4
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
19) How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 11.9
2) More than once a week 16.4
3) Once a week 19.6
4) At least once a month 13.8
5) Several times a year 6.4
6) Less often 13.9
7) Never 17.3
8) Don't know 0.6
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
20) How often do you read scripture outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (READ_OUT)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 39.1
2) More than once a week 20.5
3) Once a week 12.7
4) At least once a month 6.7
5) Several times a year 3.5
6) Less often 10.4
7) Never 6.9
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
21) How often do you fast: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (FAST)
TOTAL%
1) Every day 2.9
2) More than once a week 3.7
3) Once a week 7.2
4) At least once a month 16.4
5) Several times a year 21.7
6) Less often 14.9
7) Never 32.9
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
22) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 88.8
2) No 10.0
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
23) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 95.9
2) No 3.7
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
24) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in the Rapture of the Church, that is, that before the world comes to an end, the religiously faithful will be saved and taken up to Heaven? [Question asked only if respondent is Christian.] (RAPTURE)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 87.3
2) No 9.1
8) Don't know 3.6
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
25) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? [Question asked only if respondent indicates any of the following: no religion, not a believer, atheist, or agnostic.] (GOD)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 85.7
2) No 7.1
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 7.1
Missing988 
TOTAL13100.0
26) Have you always been a [if answer given in Q4, insert religious affiliation from Q4; otherwise, insert religious affiliation from Q3]? Question asked in United States if respondent belongs to a particular religion. In all other countries, question asked of all respondents. (REL_ALWS)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 74.4
2) No 25.5
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
27) What were you before? [Question asked only in Kenya if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic 41.0
2) Protestant 32.5
3) African Instituted Church (AIC) 11.4
4) Muslim 1.8
5) Hindu 0.0
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR) 0.6
7) Other religion 0.0
8) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic 7.2
97) Other religion 5.4
98) Don't know 0.0
99) Refused 0.0
Missing720 
TOTAL281100.0
28) How old were you when you changed your religion to your present religion? ___ years [Asked only if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (CHANGE)
TOTAL%
10) 10 3.0
12) 12 3.0
13) 13 0.6
14) 14 0.6
15) 15 6.7
16) 16 2.4
17) 17 6.7
18) 18 8.5
19) 19 6.1
20) 20 9.7
21) 21 7.3
22) 22 1.8
23) 23 2.4
24) 24 1.8
25) 25 2.4
26) 26 2.4
27) 27 1.2
28) 28 3.0
29) 29 0.6
30) 30 6.1
31) 31 1.8
32) 32 3.6
33) 33 0.6
34) 34 0.6
35) 35 3.6
36) 36 1.8
37) 37 1.8
38) 38 0.0
39) 39 0.6
40) 40 2.4
42) 42 0.6
43) 43 0.0
45) 45 1.8
46) 46 0.0
47) 47 0.0
48) 48 0.0
49) 49 0.0
50) 50 0.6
51) 51 0.6
52) 52 0.0
53) 53 0.0
55) 55 0.0
59) 59 0.0
60) 60 0.6
68) 68 0.0
97) 97 or older 0.0
98) Don't know 1.8
99) Refused 0.6
Missing720 
TOTAL281100.0
29) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services: more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? [Question asked of all respondents in Chile, Guatemala, South Korea, and the United States. In all other countries, question asked only if respondent is not Muslim.] (ATTEND)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 31.4
2) Once a week 47.4
3) Once or twice a month 9.4
4) A few times a year 4.3
5) Seldom 4.1
6) Never 2.1
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 1.0
Missing48 
TOTAL953100.0
30) On average, how often do you attend the mosque for salah and Jum'ah Prayer? [Question asked only of Muslims in Brazil, India, Kenya, Nigeria, Philippines, and South Africa.] (ATTEND_M)
TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 48.0
2) Once a week for Jum'ah 38.0
3) Once or twice a month 6.0
4) A few times a year 0.0
5) Seldom 0.0
6) Never 6.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 2.0
Missing953 
TOTAL48100.0
31) When you attend religious services, how often do they include people speaking tongues, prophesying, praying for miraculous or divine healings, or displaying physical signs of the spirit such as laughing and shaking: would you say always, frequently, occasionally, or never? [Question only asked if respondent is Christian and attends religious services more than "never."] (TONGUES2)
TOTAL%
1) Always 8.0
2) Frequently 29.2
3) Occasionally 25.7
4) Never 35.1
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.0
Missing76 
TOTAL925100.0
32) Have you ever experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (HEALING)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 70.5
2) No 28.9
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
33) Have you ever given or interpreted prophecy? (PROPHECY)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 21.4
2) No 75.7
8) Don't know 2.8
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
34) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (ANSWER)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 85.1
2) No 13.0
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
35) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (REVELAT)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 39.2
2) No 57.6
8) Don't know 3.1
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
36) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (DEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Yes 61.1
2) No 38.0
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
37) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 63.0
2) Mostly agree 30.7
3) Mostly disagree 2.6
4) Completely disagree 2.0
98) Don't know 1.5
99) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
38) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: miracles still occur today as in ancient times. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (MIRACLES)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 50.8
2) Mostly agree 22.9
3) Mostly disagree 12.7
4) Completely disagree 10.7
98) Don't know 2.8
99) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
39) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 61.3
2) Mostly agree 24.5
3) Mostly disagree 7.4
4) Completely disagree 4.6
98) Don't know 2.0
99) Refused 0.3
TOTAL1001100.0
40) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION] [IF ELSE: Religious people] ____ have a duty to convert people of other religious faiths to ___ [IF CHRISTIAN: Christianity] [IF JEWISH: Judaism] [IF MUSLIM: Islam] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELGION][IF ELSE: their religious faith]. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (CONVERT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 70.1
2) Mostly agree 20.7
3) Mostly disagree 4.5
4) Completely disagree 4.2
98) Don't know 0.5
99) Refused 0.0
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
41) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION][IF ELSE: Religious people] ______ have a responsibility to work for justice for the poor. (WORK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 79.2
2) Mostly agree 16.6
3) Mostly disagree 3.1
4) Completely disagree 0.5
98) Don't know 0.5
99) Refused 0.2
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
42) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant material prosperity to all believers who have enough faith. (PROSPER)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 59.9
2) Mostly agree 23.3
3) Mostly disagree 6.9
4) Completely disagree 5.4
98) Don't know 4.5
99) Refused 0.0
Missing2 
TOTAL999100.0
43) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant health and relief from sickness to believers who have enough faith. (HEALTH)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 72.4
2) Mostly agree 18.1
3) Mostly disagree 3.2
4) Completely disagree 3.1
98) Don't know 3.2
99) Refused 0.0
Missing2 
TOTAL999100.0
44) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God fulfills his purposes through politics and elections. (POLITICS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.6
2) Mostly agree 12.6
3) Mostly disagree 17.2
4) Completely disagree 41.7
98) Don't know 4.9
99) Refused 0.0
Missing2 
TOTAL999100.0
45) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (AIDS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 40.8
2) Mostly agree 18.3
3) Mostly disagree 10.3
4) Completely disagree 23.3
98) Don't know 7.2
99) Refused 0.2
Missing2 
TOTAL999100.0
46) Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR)
TOTAL%
1) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is][IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the actual word of God and [IS/ARE] to be taken literally, word for word, OR 80.3
2) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the word of God, but not everything in [IT/THEM] should be taken literally, word for word, OR 17.9
3) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] written by men and [IS/ARE] not the word of God 0.5
4) Other (VOLUNTEERED THIS RESPONSE) 0.0
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
47) Which of the following is most important to you: your continent, your nationality, your religion, or your ethnic group? (MOSTIMP)
TOTAL%
1) Your continent 2.7
2) Your nationality 26.7
3) Your religion 63.9
4) Your ethnic group 5.5
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.3
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
48) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: if enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ILLS)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 64.1
2) Mostly agree 27.5
3) Mostly disagree 4.1
4) Completely disagree 2.4
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
49) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Belief in Jesus Christ is the only way to be saved from eternal damnation. (ONLYWAY)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 77.3
2) Mostly agree 18.6
3) Mostly disagree 1.4
4) Completely disagree 1.2
8) Don't know 1.5
9) Refused 0.0
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
50) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime. (RETURN)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 29.2
2) Mostly agree 17.2
3) Mostly disagree 10.0
4) Completely disagree 12.4
8) Don't know 31.1
9) Refused 0.2
Missing68 
TOTAL933100.0
51) Turning to another subject, suppose you could choose between different kinds of jobs. Which one would you prefer: being an employee or being self-employed? (EMPLOY)
TOTAL%
1) Being an employee 22.5
2) Being self employed 75.2
3) Neither/None 2.0
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
52) To what extent, if at all, do you think our country benefits from the greater influence of international business practices, trade, ideas, communication and products such as international foods and TV programs from other countries: would you say to a great extent, moderate extent, small extent, or not at all? (INTERNA)
TOTAL%
1) Great extent 32.5
2) Moderate extent 37.0
3) Small extent 16.4
4) Not at all 4.3
5) Harms our country 5.4
8) Don't know 4.4
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
53) Thinking about your own personal finances, how would you rate your own personal financial situation: would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape? (FINANCE)
TOTAL%
1) Excellent shape 1.8
2) Good shape 18.5
3) Only fair shape 47.3
4) Poor shape 32.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.3
TOTAL1001100.0
54) Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, get a lot worse, or stay the same? (FINANCE2)
TOTAL%
1) Improve a lot 20.0
2) Improve some 51.7
3) Get a little worse 4.4
4) Get a lot worse 4.7
5) Stay the same 6.4
8) Don't know 12.4
9) Refused 0.3
TOTAL1001100.0
55) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is hard work a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (HARDWORK)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 93.7
2) Somewhat important 6.0
3) Not too important 0.3
4) Not at all important 0.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
56) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is fate a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FATE)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 18.9
2) Somewhat important 19.3
3) Not too important 33.6
4) Not at all important 27.0
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
57) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are people's parent's economic situations very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (ECONPAR)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 46.6
2) Somewhat important 28.6
3) Not too important 17.3
4) Not at all important 7.2
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
58) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is faith in God a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FAITH_GD)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 88.5
2) Somewhat important 9.5
3) Not too important 1.4
4) Not at all important 0.5
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
59) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are government policies very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (GOVPOLIC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 44.8
2) Somewhat important 36.7
3) Not too important 15.0
4) Not at all important 2.1
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
60) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are personal connections and contracts very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (CONNECT)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 48.4
2) Somewhat important 29.1
3) Not too important 17.0
4) Not at all important 4.6
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
61) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is education a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (IMPEDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 74.0
2) Somewhat important 20.7
3) Not too important 4.6
4) Not at all important 0.6
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
62) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (WOMEN1)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 22.5
2) Mostly agree 12.7
3) Mostly disagree 23.9
4) Completely disagree 40.8
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
63) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (WOMEN2)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 31.3
2) Mostly agree 19.9
3) Mostly disagree 19.6
4) Completely disagree 29.0
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
64) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A wife must always obey her husband. (WOMEN3)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 69.5
2) Mostly agree 19.8
3) Mostly disagree 7.4
4) Completely disagree 3.2
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
65) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure of a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (WOMEN4)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 49.1
2) Mostly agree 27.1
3) Mostly disagree 13.2
4) Completely disagree 8.7
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
66) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. Women should be allowed to serve as pastors or priests. (WOMEN5)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 42.5
2) Mostly agree 21.1
3) Mostly disagree 13.6
4) Completely disagree 21.7
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
67) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted 17.2
2) Can't be too careful 59.9
3) Other/Depends 22.1
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
68) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: homosexuality. (HOMOSEXU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 0.3
2) Sometimes justified 1.2
3) Never justified 98.0
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
69) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: prostitution. (PROSTITU)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 0.2
2) Sometimes justified 6.9
3) Never justified 93.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
70) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: divorce. (DIVORCE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 5.4
2) Sometimes justified 34.0
3) Never justified 60.5
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
71) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick. (EUTHANAS)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 1.7
2) Sometimes justified 7.2
3) Never justified 89.0
8) Don't know 2.1
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
72) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: suicide. (SUICIDE)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 0.3
2) Sometimes justified 2.8
3) Never justified 95.9
8) Don't know 1.1
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
73) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 3.5
2) Sometimes justified 29.7
3) Never justified 66.7
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
74) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 3.2
2) Sometimes justified 18.1
3) Never justified 78.6
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
75) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: abortion. (ABORTION)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 0.5
2) Sometimes justified 11.0
3) Never justified 88.1
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
76) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: polygamy. (POLYGAMY)
TOTAL%
1) Always justified 6.1
2) Sometimes justified 34.0
3) Never justified 59.6
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
77) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. First, how about people in your immediate family? Do you feel you can trust them a lot, trust them some, trust them only a little, or not trust them at all? (TRUST1)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 46.5
2) Can trust some 42.6
3) Trust a little 9.2
4) Not at all 1.7
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
78) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people in your neighborhood? (TRUST2)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 9.0
2) Can trust some 45.6
3) Trust a little 36.0
4) Not at all 9.3
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
79) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about your city or local government? (TRUST3)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 6.9
2) Can trust some 29.2
3) Trust a little 44.6
4) Not at all 17.9
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
80) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the media? (TRUST4)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 12.9
2) Can trust some 49.8
3) Trust a little 28.8
4) Not at all 6.7
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
81) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about our national government? (TRUST5)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 11.3
2) Can trust some 34.0
3) Trust a little 35.4
4) Not at all 19.3
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
82) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the military? (TRUST6)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 21.4
2) Can trust some 43.2
3) Trust a little 19.8
4) Not at all 12.3
8) Don't know 3.4
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
83) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people from other religions? (TRUST7)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 8.3
2) Can trust some 44.6
3) Trust a little 28.8
4) Not at all 17.3
8) Don't know 1.1
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
84) [Asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people at your church or place of worship? (TRUST8)
TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 36.3
2) Can trust some 48.5
3) Trust a little 10.5
4) Not at all 2.0
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.8
Missing13 
TOTAL988100.0
85) How often, if ever, do you discuss politics with your family or friends: never, once or twice a month, once or twice a week, three or four times a week, or every day? (DISCPOLI)
TOTAL%
1) Never 20.7
2) Once or twice a month 24.3
3) Once or twice a week 22.4
4) Three or four times a week 14.5
5) Every day 14.5
8) Don't know 3.4
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
86) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can openly say what you think and can criticize the government? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM1)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 72.3
2) Somewhat important 17.0
3) Not too important 6.6
4) Not important at all 3.2
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
87) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM2)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 79.3
2) Somewhat important 13.9
3) Not too important 3.5
4) Not important at all 1.8
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
88) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is a judicial system that treats everyone in the same way? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM3)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 85.9
2) Somewhat important 8.7
3) Not too important 2.3
4) Not important at all 2.1
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
89) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can practice your religion freely? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM4)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 87.1
2) Somewhat important 10.3
3) Not too important 1.7
4) Not important at all 0.5
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
90) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is freedom of religion for religions other than your own? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM5)
TOTAL%
1) Very important 75.1
2) Somewhat important 17.7
3) Not too important 4.0
4) Not important at all 3.1
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
91) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: conflict between religious groups. (PROB_CON)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 56.1
2) Moderately big problem 13.7
3) Small problem 19.6
4) Not a problem at all 10.1
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
92) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: corrupt political leaders. (PROB_POL)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 87.7
2) Moderately big problem 10.0
3) Small problem 1.7
4) Not a problem at all 0.5
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
93) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: moral decline. (PROB_MOR)
TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 73.0
2) Moderately big problem 21.0
3) Small problem 5.2
4) Not a problem at all 0.5
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
94) Some people say to solve our country's problems we should have a government that allows greater political participation by ordinary people and limits the power of individual political leaders. Others say to solve our country's problems we should have a leader with a strong hand even if there is little participation by ordinary people. Which comes closer to your opinion? (PARTIC)
TOTAL%
1) Participatory government 75.2
2) Strong leader 24.2
8) Don't know 0.6
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
95) In your opinion, should religious groups keep out of political matter - or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (RELGRO)
TOTAL%
1) Should keep out 16.2
2) Should express views 82.8
8) Don't know 0.6
9) Refused 0.3
TOTAL1001100.0
96) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: most people are better off in a free market economy, even though some people are rich and some are poor. (GOV_MARK)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 47.5
2) Mostly agree 39.2
3) Mostly disagree 7.4
4) Completely disagree 3.4
8) Don't know 2.6
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
97) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (GOV_EAT)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 65.4
2) Mostly agree 17.6
3) Mostly disagree 11.9
4) Completely disagree 4.9
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
98) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should not interfere with a woman's ability to have an abortion. (GOV_ABOR)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 14.4
2) Mostly agree 3.8
3) Mostly disagree 12.1
4) Completely disagree 68.5
8) Don't know 1.1
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
99) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders have strong _______ [insert respondent's religion from Q3 (Christian, Muslim, etc.); if respondent is not religious, insert "religious"] beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (POL_BEL)
TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 38.4
2) Mostly agree 37.7
3) Mostly disagree 13.9
4) Completely disagree 9.0
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
100) Which comes closer to your view? 1) the government should take special steps to make our country a _____ [insert religion from Q3 (Christian/Muslim/etc.)] country, or 2) there should be a separation between _____ [insert church/mosque, as appropriate)] and state? [In the United States, if the respondent is "other religion," the words "Christian" and "church" were used.] (CHRSTATE)
TOTAL%
1) Government should make our country a [Christian/Muslim/etc.] country 43.3
2) Should be a separation of [church/mosque] and state 54.7
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
101) Turning now to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (DISPUTE)
TOTAL%
1) Israel 41.8
2) Palestinians 16.4
3) Both 21.7
4) Neither 11.8
8) Don't know 7.8
9) Refused 0.5
TOTAL1001100.0
102) Which of the following phrases comes closer to describing your view? 1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism, or 2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism. [Asked in all countries.] (US_TERR)
TOTAL%
1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 54.8
2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 34.9
8) Don't know 9.5
9) Refused 0.8
TOTAL1001100.0
103) Some people talk about politics in terms of left, center, right. On a ten-point scale, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? [Range is from 1 to 10.] (POLSCALE)
TOTAL%
1) Extreme left 9.0
2) 2 6.7
3) 3 6.1
4) 4 8.1
5) 5 16.1
6) 6 21.7
7) 7 12.5
8) 8 8.6
9) 9 4.1
10) Extreme right 2.1
98) Don't know 4.7
99) Refused 0.2
TOTAL1001100.0
104) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] a) social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people (ORGANIZ1)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 12.6
2) No, do not belong 87.0
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
105) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] b) education, arts, music, or cultural activities (ORGANIZ2)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 15.8
2) No, do not belong 83.8
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
106) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] c) labor unions (ORGANIZ3)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 7.4
2) No, do not belong 92.3
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
107) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] d) political organizations or parties (ORGANIZ4)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 11.5
2) No, do not belong 88.2
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
108) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] e) local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights (ORGANIZ5)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 22.5
2) No, do not belong 77.3
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
109) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] f) women's groups (ORGANIZ6)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 27.9
2) No, do not belong 72.0
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
110) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] g) other groups (ORGANIZ7)
TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 30.8
2) No, do not belong 68.8
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
111) [Asked only if ORGANIZ1 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in providing social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL1)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 60.2
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 27.7
3) Both equally 12.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing873 
TOTAL128100.0
112) [Asked only if ORGANIZ2 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in education, arts, music or cultural activities, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL2)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 44.7
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 39.8
3) Both equally 15.5
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing845 
TOTAL156100.0
113) [Asked only if ORGANIZ5 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL5)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 41.5
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 46.3
3) Both equally 12.2
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing795 
TOTAL206100.0
114) [Asked only if ORGANIZ6 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in women's groups, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL6)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 28.6
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 60.4
3) Both equally 11.0
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing710 
TOTAL291100.0
115) [Asked only if ORGANIZ7 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in "other groups," would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL7)
TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 45.5
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 38.6
3) Both equally 15.8
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing685 
TOTAL316100.0
116) How often do you - receive food or housing assistance, health care, or other social services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_SERV)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently 2.1
2) Sometimes 25.1
3) Hardly ever 21.3
4) Never 51.5
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
117) How often do you - participate in language or literacy classes - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_LANG)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently 3.8
2) Sometimes 14.1
3) Hardly ever 25.9
4) Never 56.1
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
118) How often do you - receive job training or employment services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_JOB)
TOTAL%
1) Frequently 6.7
2) Sometimes 15.9
3) Hardly ever 21.7
4) Never 55.6
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
119) Gender (GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male 49.3
2) Female 50.7
TOTAL1001100.0
120) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (AGE)
TOTAL%
18) 18 2.8
19) 19 2.5
20) 20 3.2
21) 21 3.7
22) 22 4.8
23) 23 5.2
24) 24 3.4
25) 25 5.1
26) 26 2.9
27) 27 2.1
28) 28 5.2
29) 29 3.1
30) 30 3.5
31) 31 1.7
32) 32 3.5
33) 33 2.3
34) 34 2.1
35) 35 2.8
36) 36 1.5
37) 37 2.0
38) 38 2.9
39) 39 2.0
40) 40 3.4
41) 41 1.4
42) 42 1.7
43) 43 1.8
44) 44 1.1
45) 45 2.5
46) 46 1.2
47) 47 0.9
48) 48 1.2
49) 49 0.9
50) 50 1.2
51) 51 0.5
52) 52 0.9
53) 53 0.8
54) 54 0.8
55) 55 1.2
56) 56 1.5
57) 57 0.6
58) 58 0.8
59) 59 0.6
60) 60 1.4
61) 61 0.5
62) 62 0.8
63) 63 0.0
64) 64 0.5
65) 65 1.4
66) 66 0.2
67) 67 0.5
68) 68 0.3
69) 69 0.2
70) 70 0.2
71) 71 0.0
72) 72 0.0
75) 75 0.2
81) 81 0.2
86) 86 0.2
98) Don't know 0.2
99) Refused 0.5
TOTAL1001100.0
121) Have you had any children? If yes, how many? (CHILDREN)
TOTAL%
0) No 28.8
1) 1 child 12.4
2) 2 children 13.8
3) 3 children 11.5
4) 4 children 13.8
5) 5 children 8.0
6) 6 children 4.7
7) 7 children 3.7
8) 8 or more children 2.9
98) Don't know 0.0
99) Refused 0.5
TOTAL1001100.0
122) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Kenya.] (EDUC_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) None/Cannot read or write 3.7
2) Adult education 3.5
3) Primary school not completed (Std 7/8) 11.6
4) Primary school completed (Std 7/8) 17.9
5) Secondary school not completed (Form 4) 14.1
6) Secondly school not completed (Form 4) 24.5
7) High school not completed (Form 6) 1.7
8) High school completed (Form 6) 4.0
9) College/Polytechnic not completed (Diploma/Certificate) 3.7
10) College/Polytechnic complete (Diploma/Certificate) 12.3
11) Not completed University degree 0.8
12) Completed University first degree 1.7
13) Post-graduate not completed 0.2
14) Post-graduate completed 0.0
98) Don't know 0.0
99) Refused 0.5
TOTAL1001100.0
123) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Kenya.] (ETH_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Kikuyu 25.6
2) Luo 14.1
3) Luhya 17.8
4) Kamba 11.8
5) Kalenjin 7.2
6) Kisii 2.8
7) Meru 3.7
8) Miji Kenda 5.4
9) Swahili 0.5
10) Embu 2.0
11) Somali 1.2
12) Maasai 6.1
13) Other (specify) 0.0
14) Turkana 0.2
15) Taita 0.5
16) Teso 0.0
17) Saboti 0.0
18) Kuria 0.0
19) Pokot 1.4
98) Don't know 0.0
99) Refused 0.0
TOTAL1001100.0
124) Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARRIAGE)
TOTAL%
1) Married 58.8
2) Living with a partner 1.7
3) Widowed 5.7
4) Divorced 2.0
5) Separated 3.2
6) Never been married 28.3
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.3
TOTAL1001100.0
125) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Kenya.] (INC_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Less than 150,000 shillings per year (less than 12,500 per month) 68.8
2) 150,001 to 240,000 shillings per year (12,501 – 20,000 per month) 15.6
3) 240,001 to 480,000 shillings per year (20,001 – 40,000 per month) 5.5
4) 480,001 to 600,000 shillings per year (40,001 – 50,00 per month) 0.8
5) 600,001 to 840,000 shillings per year (50,001 – 70,000 per month) 0.0
6) 840,001 to 1,200,000 shillings per year (70,0001 – 100,000 per month) 0.0
7) 1,200,001 to 1,800,000 shillings per year (100,001 – 150,000 per month) 0.0
8) 1,800,001 to 2,400,000 shillings per year (150,001- 200,000 per month) 0.0
9) 2,400,001 to 6,000,000 shillings per year (200,001 – 500,000 per month) 0.0
10) 6,000,001 or more shillings per year (500,001 and above per month) 0.0
98) Don't know 5.8
99) Refused 3.5
TOTAL1001100.0
126) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
TOTAL%
1) Full-time 30.2
2) Part-time 14.7
3) Not employed 54.4
8) Don't know 0.2
9) Refused 0.5
TOTAL1001100.0
127) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) Nairobi 6.0
2) Central 14.3
3) Eastern 18.7
4) Rift Valley 25.2
5) Western 13.8
6) Nyanza 13.5
7) Coast 8.6
TOTAL1001100.0
128) Language of interview in Kenya (LAN_KEN)
TOTAL%
1) English 62.8
2) Kiswahili 37.2
TOTAL1001100.0
129) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
TOTAL%
1) 18 - 24 25.6
2) 25 - 29 18.6
3) 30 - 39 24.5
4) 40 - 49 16.0
5) 50 or more 15.3
Missing4 
TOTAL997100.0
130) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
TOTAL%
1) Did not complete primary (Std 7/8) 18.9
2) Primary completed (Std 7/8) 18.0
3) Secondary not comp. (Form 4) 14.1
4) Secondary comp. (Form 4) 24.6
5) Some HS or college/poly. not comp. 9.4
6) College/poly. comp. (Diploma/Cert.) or more 15.1
Missing6 
TOTAL995100.0
131) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-ETHNIC)
TOTAL%
1) Kikuyu 25.6
2) Luo 14.1
3) Luhya 17.8
4) Kamba 11.8
5) All other groups 30.8
TOTAL1001100.0
132) Gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
TOTAL%
1) Male 49.3
2) Female 50.7
TOTAL1001100.0
133) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in Kenya.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-INCOME)
TOTAL%
1) LT 150,000 shillings/yr. 75.8
2) 150,001 to 240,000 shillings/yr. 17.2
3) 240,001 to 600,000 shillings/yr. 6.9
Missing104 
TOTAL897100.0
134) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing 18.1
2) Very important 66.3
3) Somewhat important 12.0
4) Not too important or Not at all imp. 3.7
TOTAL1000100.0