Carnegie Foundation National Survey of Higher Education, Faculty Sample (1975)

Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > National > Other National Surveys > Summary

In 1975 the Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education commissioned the Survey Research Center at University of California, Berkeley to design and execute national surveys of faculty and students in colleges and universities throughout the United States. The objectives of the studies were both to identify any new developments in higher education that had transpired since the 1969 surveys, and to track any movement in trends or practices discovered in previous research. Additionally the surveys were designed specifically to gather more information on a variety of new problems posed by emerging issues of affirmative action, the changing role of women, a changing job market for graduates, and new forms of academic governance.
Data File
Cases: 25,262
Variables: 315
Weight Variable: WEIGHT
Weighting procedures were employed to adjust for (1) differential non-response among nonrespondents and institutions; (2) adjust for the different rates at which four-year and two-year institutions were selected; (3) adjust the faculty and undergraduate weighted totals.
Data Collection
Date Collected: March 19-August 15, 1975
Collection Procedures
Mail questionnaires were sent to the approximately 10,000 faculty members in the sample. A subsequent mailing of reminder/thank you postcards and duplicate questionnaires were also sent to respondents. Finally, a telephone follow-up was conducted to attempt collection of attitudes and demographic characteristics from those not responding to the initial mail survey.
Sampling Procedures
A two-stage stratified random sample design was used for the 1975 Carnegie Foundation surveys. The first stage sample consisted of institutions of higher education in the continental United States. The universe of colleges and universities included institutions in the nine 1969 Carnegie Classifications. Any institution that ceased operation since 1969 or was outside of the continental United Stated was removed from the universe. Institutions were selected with probability proportionate to size.

The second stage of sampling consisted of the selection of individual faculty members and students from the institutions chosen in the first stage of sampling. All of the lists used were sampled in a systematic random fashion that resulted in ten faculty replicates across the institutions in the study. Of the 47,753 faculty sampled, a total of 25,262 (53 percent) returned completed questionnaires.
Principal Investigators
Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education
Survey Research Center, University of California, Berkeley
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