Congregational QuickStats > Can Women be Religious Leaders?
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If they are otherwise qualified, are women in your congregation permitted to: Be the head clergyperson or primary religious leader of your congregation? (National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019))

Each question was asked of a key informant from the congregation, such as a minister, priest, rabbi, or other staff person or leader.


Can Women be Religious Leaders? (2018-2019)

[Results weighted by WT_ALL4_CONG_DUP]


Demographic Patterns


Can Women be Religious Leaders? (Demographic Patterns)

 

Can Women be Religious Leaders? by Political Ideology (2018-2019)


More conservativeRight in the middleMore liberalMissingTOTAL
Yes
40.0%
218
63.8%
293
89.4%
160

33
56.7%
671
No
57.2%
312
32.9%
151
10.6%
19

29
40.7%
482
Don't know
2.8%
15
3.3%
15
0.0%
0

3
2.5%
30
Missing
0
6
0
0
6
TOTAL
100.0%
545
100.0%
459
100.0%
179

65

1183


 


Can Women be Religious Leaders? by Region (2018-2019)


New England or Mid-AtlanticEast North Central or West North CentralSouth Atlantic, East South Central or West South CentralMountain or PacificTOTAL
Yes
76.2%
125
54.7%
163
51.0%
294
58.3%
123
56.4%
705
No
18.9%
31
41.9%
125
46.4%
268
41.2%
87
40.9%
511
Don't know
4.9%
8
3.4%
10
2.6%
15
0.5%
1
2.7%
34
Missing
0
3
8
0
11
TOTAL
100.0%
164
100.0%
298
100.0%
577
100.0%
211

1250


 


Can Women be Religious Leaders? by Religious Tradition (2018-2019)


Roman CatholicWhite conservative, evangelical or fundamentalistBlack ProtestantWhite liberal or moderateNon-ChristianTOTAL
Yes
9.2%
7
32.7%
173
66.0%
177
94.7%
250
86.0%
98
56.4%
705
No
90.8%
69
62.2%
329
31.3%
84
5.3%
14
14.0%
16
40.9%
512
Don't know
0.0%
0
5.1%
27
2.6%
7
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
2.7%
34
Missing
1
10
1
0
0
12
TOTAL
100.0%
76
100.0%
529
100.0%
268
100.0%
264
100.0%
114

1251


 


Can Women be Religious Leaders? by Theology (2018-2019)


More conservativeRight in the middleMore liberalMissingTOTAL
Yes
40.2%
258
68.0%
276
94.4%
135

36
56.2%
669
No
57.6%
369
29.3%
119
5.6%
8

16
41.7%
496
Don't know
2.2%
14
2.7%
11
0.0%
0

8
2.1%
25
Missing
6
0
0
0
6
TOTAL
100.0%
641
100.0%
406
100.0%
143

60

1190


 


Can Women be Religious Leaders? by Year of Survey


19982006-200720122018-2019TOTAL
Yes
0.0%
0
46.7%
702
57.7%
764
56.4%
705
53.2%
2171
No
0.0%
0
51.3%
771
41.6%
551
40.9%
512
45.0%
1834
Don't know
0.0%
0
1.9%
29
0.7%
9
2.7%
34
1.8%
72
Missing
1234
5
7
12
1258
TOTAL
100.0%
0
100.0%
1502
100.0%
1324
100.0%
1251

4077



Notes

The National Congregations Study (NCS) dataset fills a void in the sociological study of congregations by providing data that can be used to draw a nationally aggregate picture of congregations. Thanks to innovations in sampling techniques, the 1998 NCS data was the first nationally representative sample of American congregations. Subsequent NCS waves were conducted in 2006-07, 2012, and 2018-19. The 2006-07 NCS sample includes a subset of cases that were also interviewed in 1998. The 2012 NCS includes an oversample of Hispanic congregations. The 2018-19 NCS includes a subset of congregations that also were interviewed in 2012.



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