Single-Item Measures

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Gay Marriage, Attitude about

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Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (INF_HOMO)
  TOTAL %
10) A personal experience 399 9.5
11) The views of your friends and family 299 7.2
12) What you have seen or read in the media 372 8.9
13) Your religious beliefs 1,541 36.9
14) Your education 695 16.6
15) Something else 734 17.6
16) Dont know/Refused 139 3.3
TOTAL4,179100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on the issue of allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (INFGYMRY)
  TOTAL %
1) A personal experience 577 12.3
2) The views of your friends and family 360 7.7
3) What you have seen or read in the media 412 8.8
4) Your religious beliefs 1,847 39.4
5) Your education 568 12.1
6) Something else (specify) 716 15.3
9) Dont know/Refused 203 4.3
TOTAL4,683100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which one of the following has had the biggest influence on your thinking on this issue? Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally [IF R SAYS ALL OR MORE THAN ONE, PROBE WITH: Which has had the biggest influence?] (INFTHNK3)
  TOTAL %
1) A personal experience 813 16.6
2) The views of your friends and family 491 10
3) What you have seen or read in the media 340 6.9
4) Your religious beliefs 1,720 35.1
5) Your education 653 13.3
6) Something else 742 15.1
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 147 3
TOTAL4,906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Q39b. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed civil unions (GAYUNION)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 415 25.7
2) Disagree 194 12
3) Agree 494 30.6
4) Strongly agree 358 22.2
8) Undecided 152 9.4
TOTAL1,613100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions, but not to marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships? (GAYMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Allowed legally to marry 266 26.8
2) Allowed legally to form civil unions, but not to marry 289 29.1
3) Should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships 398 40.1
8) DK/No opinion 39 3.9
TOTAL992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think homosexual couples should or should not be allowed to form legally recognized civil unions, giving them the legal rights of married couples in areas such as health insurance, inheritance and pension coverage? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR1)
  TOTAL %
1) Should be allowed, STRONGLY 286 29.5
2) Should be allowed, SOMEWHAT 150 15.5
3) Should NOT be allowed, SOMEWHAT 67 6.9
4) Should NOT be allowed, STRONGLY 400 41.2
8) DK/No Opinion 67 6.9
TOTAL970100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(ROTATE CVLUNION AND PEWGAYM1 AND PEWGAYM2) Would you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose a law that would allow homosexual couples to legally form civil unions, giving them some of the legal rights of married couples? (CVLUNION)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 188 11.7
2) Favor 387 24
3) Oppose 302 18.8
4) Strongly oppose 605 37.6
5) Dont know/Refused 128 8
TOTAL1,610100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYLEG)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 380 19
2) Favor 705 35.2
3) Oppose 360 18
4) Strongly oppose 475 23.7
9) Dont know/Refused 83 4.1
TOTAL2,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (ALLOWGAY)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 602 22.3
2) Favor 826 30.6
3) Oppose 431 16
4) Strongly oppose 636 23.6
9) Dont know/Refused 200 7.4
TOTAL2,695100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (Q146B) (LGLGL_A)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 1,918 21.7
2) Favor 3,087 35
3) Oppose 1,481 16.8
4) Strongly oppose 1,830 20.7
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.) 514 5.8
TOTAL8,830100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRGHTS)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 540 16.4
2) Favor 1,079 32.8
3) Oppose 586 17.8
4) Strongly oppose 844 25.6
9) Dont know/Refused 242 7.4
TOTAL3,291100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYMAR2)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 352 13.2
2) Favor 755 28.3
3) Oppose 551 20.6
4) Strongly oppose 812 30.4
9) Dont know/Refused 202 7.6
TOTAL2,672100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Another proposal is that states could pass laws allowing gay and lesbian couples to form civil unions that are not marriages, but would give gay couples rights such as inheritance, joint insurance, and pension converage. To what extent would you support or oppose such laws. Do you: (CIVILUNI)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly Against 167 29.8
2) Against 68 12.1
3) Neutral 71 12.7
4) Support 118 21.1
5) Strongly Support 136 24.3
TOTAL560100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to enter into legal agreements with each other that would give them many of the same rights as married couples? (GAYRIGHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 515 15.4
2) Favor 1,108 33.2
3) Oppose 688 20.6
4) Strongly oppose 788 23.6
9) Dont know/Refused 239 7.2
TOTAL3,338100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In making your decision about who to vote for in the presidential election of 2008, will social issues like abortion and gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (IMPSOCIS)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 1,170 38.3
2) Somewhat important 971 31.8
3) Not too important 529 17.3
4) Not at all important 333 10.9
9) Dont Know/Refused 49 1.6
TOTAL3,052100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which of these kinds of issues are more important in the United States today: issues like abortion and gay marriage or issues like poverty and homelessness? [Asked only if FORM = 1.] (IMPTISS)
  TOTAL %
1) Issues like abortion and gay marriage 400 18.1
2) Issues like poverty and homelessness 1,592 72.1
3) Both 148 6.7
4) Neither 20 0.9
9) Dont know/Refused 48 2.2
TOTAL2,208100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of Iraq be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22B) (IRAQ)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 2,027 69.8
2) Somewhat important 629 21.6
3) Not too important 136 4.7
4) Not at all important 69 2.4
9) Dont know/Refused 45 1.5
TOTAL2,906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you vote for a candidate who disagrees with you about gay marriage, if they agree with you on most other issues? (PEWGAYM3)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would vote for candidate 802 49.8
2) No, would not vote for candidate 605 37.6
3) Depends 108 6.7
4) Dont know/Refused 95 5.9
TOTAL1,610100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of gay marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 1,485 27.2
2) Somewhat important 1,047 19.2
3) Not too important 898 16.4
4) Not at all important 1,881 34.4
9) Dont know/ Refused (Vol.) 156 2.9
TOTAL5,467100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


As you think about the elections for Congress this November, how important are each of the following issues to you? Is the issue of same-sex marriage very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [INTERVIEWER: PLEASE RE-READ RESPONSE OPTIONS AS NECESSARY TO REMIND RESPONDENTS OF OPTIONS] (SSMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 1,584 28.9
2) Somewhat important 1,007 18.4
3) Not too important 925 16.9
4) Not at all important 1,752 32
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 205 3.7
TOTAL5,473100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Issue of gay marriage/same-sex marriage (GAYSSMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 3,068 28
2) Somewhat important 2,054 18.8
3) Not too important 1,823 16.7
4) Not at all important 3,634 33.2
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 361 3.3
TOTAL10,940100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I will read a list of some stories covered by news organizations this past month. As I read each item, tell me if you happened to follow this news story very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely: The issue of gay and lesbian marriage (F_GAYMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Very closely 968 29.4
2) Fairly closely 1,094 33.3
3) Not too closely 650 19.8
4) Not at all closely 552 16.8
9) Dont know/Refused 26 0.8
TOTAL3,290100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In making your decision about who to vote for, will the issue of gay marriage be very important, somewhat important, or not too important, or not at all important? How important will the issue of gay marriage be? (ISSGAY)
  TOTAL %
1) Very important 1,098 32.9
2) Somewhat important 614 18.4
3) Not too important 479 14.3
4) Not at all important 1,057 31.7
9) Dont know/Refused 90 2.7
TOTAL3,338100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Which of these statements comes closer to your view: 1. Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals; or 2. Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 1 or 2 (if the respondent supports gay marriage). See variable at end named MARPUSHC for combined responses.] (MARPUSH)
  TOTAL %
1) Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals. 289 41.2
2) Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals. 356 50.7
9) Dont know/Refused 57 8.1
TOTAL702100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and MARPUSH (regarding pushing legalizing gay marriage). (MARPUSHC)
  TOTAL %
1) Favor gay marriage and say push hard to legalize 356 17.8
2) Favor gay marriage but say do not push too hard 289 14.4
3) Favor gay marriage but dont know on push 57 2.8
4) Oppose gay marriage 1,127 56.3
5) Dont know on gay marriage 174 8.7
TOTAL2,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


If MARGL_A = 1 or 2: Which of these statements comes closer to your view? [Choices #1 and 2 were read in random order] (Q147) (GAYMAR_A)
  TOTAL %
1) Supporters of gay marriage should not push too hard to make it legal right away, because doing so could create bad feelings against homosexuals 1,430 41.8
2) Supporters of gay marriage should push hard to make it legal as soon as possible, despite the risk of creating bad feelings against homosexuals 1,556 45.5
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.) 435 12.7
TOTAL3,421100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


As a Catholic, how important is each of the following to you? Would you say the following is or are very important, somewhat important, or not important at all? K. The Catholic Churchs teachings that oppose same-sex marriage (NOHOMMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Not important at all 233 26.6
2) Somewhat important 217 24.8
3) Very important 413 47.2
4) Dont know 12 1.4
TOTAL875100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


To be a good Catholic, do you have to . . .? Accept Churchs teaching on gay marriage (GDCTH_15)
  TOTAL %
-2) Dont know/Undecided 12 3
-1) Refused 0 0
1) Yes 126 31.8
2) No 258 65.2
TOTAL396100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED LEGAL TO HOMOLAW.] Is your view that homosexual marriage should be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNL)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 11 7.7
2) No 126 88.7
3) Dont know / No answer 5 3.5
TOTAL142100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL.] Would you say that your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY)
  TOTAL %
1) One of several 7 63.6
2) The only reason 1 9.1
3) Dont know / No answer 3 27.3
TOTAL11100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED ILLEGAL TO HOMOLAW.] Is your view that homosexual marriage should not be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNNL)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 133 69.6
2) No 56 29.3
3) Dont know / No answer 2 1
TOTAL191100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL.] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY)
  TOTAL %
1) One of several 86 64.7
2) The only reason 44 33.1
3) Dont know / No answer 3 2.3
TOTAL133100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED LEGAL TO HOMOLAW] Is your view that homosexual marriage should be legal based at all on your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNL)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 17 8.1
2) No 181 86.6
3) Dont know; No answer 11 5.3
TOTAL209100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should be legal, or the only reason you think that homosexual marriage should be legal? (LRELONLY)
  TOTAL %
1) One of several 10 58.8
2) The only reason 5 29.4
3) Dont know/No answer 2 11.8
TOTAL17100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED ILLEGAL TO HOMOLAW] Is your view that homosexual marriage should not be legal based at all on you your religious beliefs, such as what the Bible or church teaches? (RELRSNNL)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 370 76.1
2) No 100 20.6
3) Dont know/No answer 16 3.3
TOTAL486100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASKED OF RESPONDENTS WHO ANSWERED YES TO RELRSNNL] Would you say your religious beliefs are one of several reasons you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal, or the ONLY reason you think that homosexual marriage should not be legal? (NRELONLY)
  TOTAL %
1) One of several 243 65.7
2) The only reason 122 33
3) Dont know/No answer 5 1.4
TOTAL370100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it against the law for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S., or should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage? (GAYAMEND)
  TOTAL %
1) Support amending Constitution 389 39.2
2) Each state should make own laws 551 55.5
8) DK/No opinion 52 5.2
TOTAL992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(Would you support amending the U.S. Constitution to make it illegal for homosexual couples to get married anywhere in the U.S.), or (should each state make its own laws on homosexual marriage)? [INTERVIEWER: ROTATE ITEMS IN PARENTHESES; Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR3)
  TOTAL %
1) Support amending Constitution, STRONGLY 175 36
2) Support amending Constitution, SOMEWHAT 29 6
3) Each state should make own laws, SOMEWHAT 71 14.6
4) Each state should make own laws, STRONGLY 165 34
8) DK/No Opinion 46 9.5
TOTAL486100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(IF OPPOSE OR STRONGLY OPPOSE IN PEWGAYM1) Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (PEWGAYM2)
  TOTAL %
1) Amend the Constitution 398 37.2
2) Enough to prohibit by law 593 55.4
3) Dont know/Refused 79 7.4
TOTAL1,070100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea or a bad idea? [Answered only if GAYMAR = 3 or 4 (if the respondent opposes gay marriage). See variable at end named GAYMAR_C for combined responses.] (GAYCONST)
  TOTAL %
1) Good idea / favor Constitutional amendment 605 53.7
2) Bad idea / oppose Constitutional amendment 479 42.5
9) Dont know/Refused 43 3.8
TOTAL1,127100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[IF Oppose to GAYMARR] to There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (AMGAYMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment 769 54.1
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment 595 41.9
9) Dont know/Refused 57 4
TOTAL1,421100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 or 4 ] There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? (GAYMAR2)
  TOTAL %
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment 1,189 61.1
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment 675 34.7
9) Dont know/Refused 83 4.3
TOTAL1,947100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR2= 2 BAD IDEA] Why do you think the Constitution should NOT be amended to ban gay marriage? [OPEN ENDED QUESTION; SEE VARIABLE AT END NAMED GAYMAR3B] (GAYMAR3)
  TOTAL %
1) Answer given 616 91.3
9) Dont know/Refused 59 8.7
TOTAL675100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Should the U.S. Constitution be amended to ban gay marriage, or is it enough to prohibit gay marriage by law without changing the Constitution? (CNSTAMND)
  TOTAL %
1) Amend the Constitution 282 17.7
2) Enough to prohibit by law 1,130 71
9) Dont know/Refused 179 11.3
TOTAL1,591100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I am going to read to you a list of statements about marriage. Which of the following statements comes closest to your view about the proper legal status of marriage? (JGMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) The law should define marriage as a union between one man and one woman 650 57.5
2) The law should define marriage as a union between one man and one woman, but recognize legal agreements between same-sex couples. 165 14.6
3) The law should define marriage as a union between two people, regardless of their gender. 293 25.9
4) None 11 1
5) Refused 5 0.4
6) Dont know/remember 7 0.6
TOTAL1,131100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution to ban gay marriage. Do you think amending the Constitution to ban gay marriage is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 1.] (BANMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment 630 38.5
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment 906 55.3
9) Dont know/Refused 102 6.2
TOTAL1,638100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


There has been a proposal to change the U.S. Constitution that would define marriage as being between a man and a woman, thus barring marriages between gay or lesbian couples? Do you think amending the Constitution in this way is a good idea, or a bad idea? [Ask if FORM = 2.] (DEFMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Good idea/favor Constitutional amendment 549 32.3
2) Bad idea/oppose Constitutional amendment 1,073 63.2
9) Dont know/Refused 77 4.5
TOTAL1,699100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly agree 392 16.4
2) Agree 514 21.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree 323 13.5
4) Disagree 381 15.9
5) Strongly disagree 759 31.7
8) Cant choose 23 1
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL2,396100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Q36 How do you feel about the following marriage and family related issues... f. Gay marriage (Q36F)
  TOTAL %
1) Always wrong 952 56.6
2) Almost always wrong 86 5.1
3) Only wrong sometimes 122 7.3
4) Not wrong at all 521 31
TOTAL1,681100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q39a. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about homosexuals: Homosexuals should be allowed to marry (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 583 36
2) Disagree 322 19.9
3) Agree 220 13.6
4) Strongly agree 300 18.5
8) Undecided 193 11.9
TOTAL1,618100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 135 11.1
2) Agree 216 17.8
3) Neither agree nor disagree 173 14.2
4) Disagree 240 19.7
5) Strongly disagree 420 34.5
8) Cant choose 22 1.8
9) No answer 10 0.8
TOTAL1,216100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Should same-sex couples be ALLOWED to marry, or do you think they should NOT BE ALLOWED to marry? (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Should be allowed 400 33
3) Should not be allowed 705 58.2
5) Should not be allowed to marry but should be allowed to legally forma civil union 41 3.4
7) Other 30 2.5
8) Dont know 28 2.3
9) Refused 8 0.7
TOTAL1,212100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another. (MARHOMO)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 307 15.3
2) Agree 391 19.5
3) Neither agree nor disagree 260 13
4) Disagree 329 16.4
5) Strongly 695 34.7
8) Cant choose 17 0.8
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL2,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Agree/Disagree: Marriages between homosexuals should be given the same legal status as heterosexual marriages. (93, 97, 99, 01, 03, 04, 07, 09) (GAYMARRY)
  TOTAL %
-1) RF/DK 431 18.4
0) Disagree 0 0
1) Agree 1,912 81.6
TOTAL2,343100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now, I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. -- Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (HOMOMRRY)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 261 6.2
2) Favor 881 21.1
3) Oppose 1,007 24.1
4) Strongly oppose 1,708 40.9
5) Dont know 322 7.7
TOTAL4,179100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now, Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose – c. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 395 12.9
2) Favor 718 23.5
3) Oppose 722 23.7
4) Strongly oppose 951 31.2
9) Dont Know/Refused 266 8.7
TOTAL3,052100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Id like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ISSUES5)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 108 10.8
2) Favor 282 28.1
3) Oppose 223 22.2
4) Strongly oppose 297 29.6
9) Dont know/Refused 93 9.3
TOTAL1,003100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing homosexuals to marry members of their own sex and have regular marriage laws apply to them? (W11N13_A)
  TOTAL %
-7) No answer 4 0.1
-6) Not asked, unit non-response 321 10.5
-2) Missing, see documentation 19 0.6
1) Favor 813 26.7
2) Oppose 1,344 44.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose 548 18
TOTAL3,049100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Online


All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] the U.S. government guaranteeing health insurance for all citizens, even if it means raising taxes? (Q25A) (HLINSALL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 856 29.5
2) Favor 969 33.4
3) Oppose 597 20.6
4) Strongly oppose 385 13.3
9) Dont know/Refused 98 3.4
TOTAL2,905100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


All in all, [how strongly do you favor or oppose] allowing churches and other houses of worship to apply, along with other organizations, for government funding to provide social services such as job training or drug treatment counseling to people who need them? (Q25B) (WORSHP)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 762 26.2
2) Favor 1,189 40.9
3) Oppose 546 18.8
4) Strongly oppose 297 10.2
9) Dont know/Refused 111 3.8
TOTAL2,905100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry, or do you think they should not be allowed to marry? (V083214)
  TOTAL %
-9) Refused 35 1.5
-8) Dont know 35 1.5
1) Should be allowed 846 36.4
3) Should not be allowed 820 35.3
5) Should not be allowed to marry but should be allowed to legally form a civil union [Vol.] 552 23.8
7) Other [Vol.] {SPECIFY} 35 1.5
TOTAL2,323100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Homosexual couples should have the right to marry one another--do you agree or disagree? (MARHOMO)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 44 3.1
2) Agree 118 8.3
3) Neither agree nor disagree 196 13.9
4) Disagree 336 23.8
5) Strongly disagree 613 43.4
8) Cant choose 82 5.8
9) No answer 25 1.8
TOTAL1,414100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think it should be legal or illegal for homosexual couples to get married? [INTERVIEWER: Get answer and then ask: Do you feel that way STRONGLY or SOMEWHAT?] (GAYMARR2)
  TOTAL %
1) Legal, STRONGLY 247 25.3
2) Legal, SOMEWHAT 131 13.4
3) Illegal, SOMEWHAT 59 6
4) Illegal, STRONGLY 481 49.2
8) DK/No Opinion 60 6.1
TOTAL978100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Say a homosexual couple is legally married in one state, then moves to another state. Should that other state be required to recognize that marriage as legal, or not? (GAYMARR4)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, should be required to recognize 405 41.1
2) No, should NOT be required to recognize 532 54
8) DK/No Opinion 48 4.9
TOTAL985100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples (that is couples of the same sex) should have to right to marry. (H2MARRY)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 234 20.1
2) Mostly agree 231 19.8
3) Mostly disagree 170 14.6
4) Completely disagree 529 45.4
TOTAL1,164100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I want you to tell me how much you agree with these statements about homosexuality. Would you say you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree that . . . b. homosexual couples-that is couples of the same sex-should have the right to marry. (H2MARRY)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 178 9.8
2) Mostly agree 348 19.1
3) Mostly disagree 358 19.7
4) Completely disagree 756 41.5
5) Dont know 181 9.9
TOTAL1,821100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The next one is: allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (FAVGYMRY)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 395 8.4
2) Favor 1,239 26.5
3) Oppose 1,063 22.7
4) Strongly oppose 1,597 34.1
9) Dont know/Refused 390 8.3
TOTAL4,684100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (PEWGAYM1)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 152 9.4
2) Favor 244 15.2
3) Oppose 295 18.3
4) Strongly oppose 775 48.1
5) Dont know/Refused 144 8.9
TOTAL1,610100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


All in all do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (ALLOWGAY)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 1,908 17.4
2) Favor 2,625 24
3) Oppose 2,627 24
4) Strongly oppose 2,654 24.3
9) Dont know/Refused (Vol.) 1,127 10.3
TOTAL10,941100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


On a different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? [See variables GAYMAR_C and MARPUSHC at end for combined responses on abortion.] (GAYMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 245 12.2
2) Favor 458 22.9
3) Oppose 505 25.2
4) Strongly oppose 622 31
9) Dont know/Refused 174 8.7
TOTAL2,004100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think the question of whether gay marriage should be legal is something that should be decided at the national level, or is it something that each state should decide for itself?[Answered only if FORM = 1.] (STANAT)
  TOTAL %
1) Should be decided at the national level 481 48.3
2) Each state should decide for itself 453 45.5
9) Dont know/Refused 62 6.2
TOTAL996100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Combined responses to questions GAYMAR and GAYCONST (regarding banning gay marriage). (GAYMAR_C)
  TOTAL %
1) Favor gay marriage 703 35.1
2) Oppose gay marriage and think amendment is good idea 605 30.2
3) Oppose gay marriage but think amendment is bad idea 479 23.9
4) Oppose gay marriage but dont know if amendment is good or bad idea 43 2.1
5) Dont know/Refused (on gay marriage questions) 174 8.7
TOTAL2,004100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 356 13.2
2) Favor 618 22.9
3) Oppose 601 22.3
4) Strongly oppose 820 30.4
9) Dont know/Refused 299 11.1
TOTAL2,694100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


All in all, do you favor or oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (QN11_C)
  TOTAL %
1) Favor 1,116 27.8
2) Oppose 2,428 60.5
8) Dont know 351 8.7
9) Refused 121 3
TOTAL4,016100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I want to talk to you about something different. Which one of the following statements do you most agree with when it comes to the issue of gay marriage? (rotate statement A and statement C; keep statement B in middle): (statement A) Gay and Lesbian couples should have the same legal right to marry as do a man and a woman (statement B) Marriage under the law should only be between a man and a woman, but there should be domestic partnerships or some other legal rights that would give same-sex couples many of the benefits and protections of marriage (statement C) there should be no legal recognition of a relationship for gay or lesbian couples. (THREEWAY)
  TOTAL %
1) Statement A 362 25.9
2) Statement B 521 37.2
3) Statement C 466 33.3
4) Dont know/refused 51 3.6
TOTAL1,400100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally? (Q146A) (MARGL_A)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 1,245 14.1
2) Favor 2,176 24.6
3) Oppose 1,954 22.1
4) Strongly oppose 2,729 30.9
9) Dont know/Refused (VOL.) 725 8.2
TOTAL8,829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 328 10
2) Favor 711 21.6
3) Oppose 776 23.6
4) Strongly oppose 1,172 35.6
9) Dont know/Refused 304 9.2
TOTAL3,291100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


On a completely different subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMAR1)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 233 8.7
2) Favor 611 22.9
3) Oppose 643 24.1
4) Strongly oppose 945 35.4
9) Dont know/Refused 239 8.9
TOTAL2,671100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In your opinion, should it be legal or not legal for homosexuals to marry? (HOMOLAW)
  TOTAL %
1) Legal 142 35.3
2) Illegal 191 47.5
3) Dont know / No answer 69 17.2
TOTAL402100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


On another subject… Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally? (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 282 8.5
2) Favor 700 21
3) Oppose 831 24.9
4) Strongly oppose 1,160 34.8
9) Dont know/Refused 364 10.9
TOTAL3,337100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


As I read some programs and proposals that are being discussed in the country today, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose each. Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. (GAYMARR)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 544 13.3
2) Favor 990 24.2
3) Oppose 881 21.5
4) Strongly oppose 1,349 32.9
9) Dont know 334 8.2
TOTAL4,098100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


In your opinion, should it be legal or not legal for homosexuals to marry? (HOMOLAW)
  TOTAL %
1) Legal 209 24.7
2) Illegal 486 57.4
3) Dont know/No answer 152 17.9
TOTAL847100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Allowing gay and lesbian couples to legally marry would undermine the traditional American family. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_FAMILY)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 1,069 40
2) Somewhat agree 418 15.6
3) Somewhat disagree 402 15
4) Completely disagree 639 23.9
5) Mixed opinion 51 1.9
9) Dont know/Refused 93 3.5
TOTAL2,672100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Im going to read you some statements, some of which you will probably agree with, others you will probably disagree with: Gay marriage would go against my religious beliefs. Do you completely agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or completely disagree with this statement. (G_RELIG)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 1,339 50.1
2) Somewhat agree 325 12.2
3) Somewhat disagree 266 10
4) Completely disagree 608 22.8
5) Mixed opinion 29 1.1
9) Dont know/Refused 104 3.9
TOTAL2,671100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF GAYMAR1= 3 OPPOSE OR 4 STRONGLY OPPOSE] Earlier you said you were opposed to allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally. What would you say is the main reason you object to allowing gays and lesbians to marry? [OPEN END: USE PRECODES OR ENTER RESPONSE VERBATIM. INTERVIEWER: PROBE ONCE FOR CLARITY If response is simply Its wrong or Its bad or I just dont agree with it or similarly vague answers.] (WHYOBJEC)
  TOTAL %
1) Definition of marriage is only for a man and a woman 260 16.4
2) Purpose of marriage is to have children 57 3.6
3) Not natural/Not normal 151 9.5
4) Morally wrong/A sin/The Bible says 445 28.1
5) Against my religious beliefs 270 17
6) They dont have stable, long-term relationships 14 0.9
7) Opens the door to other immoral behavior 31 2
8) Its just wrong/I just dont agree with it 189 11.9
9) Other (specify) 48 3
11) Economic/legal problems 7 0.4
12) Bad for children 34 2.1
13) Undermines traditional family 15 0.9
99) Dont know/Refused 65 4.1
TOTAL1,586100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Biggest Influence?: What has had the biggest influence on respondents' views toward gay marriage?
Civil Unions: Should civil unions be available to gay couples?
Important Issue?: In this question respondents report whether they believe gay marriage is an important social issue.
Push Agenda?: Respondents answer how hard supporters of gay marriage should push their agenda.
Religious Teachings?: How important are the Bible or church teachings on gay marriage to respondents?
Support Amendment?: In this question respondents share whether they support an amendment that outlaws gay marriage and in some questions answer why.
Support Gay Marriage?: Should gay marriage be legal?
Why Oppose?: Respondents indicate why they oppose gay marriage.

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