Single-Item Measures


Interracial Marriage, Attitude about

Subcategories    [ Details ]
Date Range:
Geographic Scope
Survey Frame
Sample Type
Survey Mode
Survey Questions
Would you disapprove if a member of your family adopted a child of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJADOPT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 18 4.4
2) Wouldnt make any difference (would not disapprove) 378 93.3
3) Would depend on person or race (volunteered) 4 1
4) Dont know/No answer 5 1.2
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that a child whose mother is one race and whose father is another race is likely to face unique problems in life, or not? (MIXPAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, will face problems 313 77.3
2) No, no unique problems 69 17
3) Dont know/No answer/It depends 23 5.7
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you disapprove if a member of your family adopted a child of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJADOPT)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 65 4.8
2) Wouldnt make any difference/Would not disapprove 1,258 92.2
3) Would depend on person or race [volunteered] 15 1.1
4) Dont know/No answer 27 2
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that a child whose mother is one race and whose father is another race is likely to face unique problems in life, or not? (MIXPR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, will face problems 1,027 75.2
2) No, no unique problems 263 19.3
3) Dont know/No answer/It depends 75 5.5
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think that a child whose mother is one race and whose father is another race is likely to face unique problems in life, or not? (MIXPR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, will face problems 635 76.6
2) No, no unique problems 148 17.9
3) Dont know/No answer/It depends 46 5.5
TOTAL829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Y146. [If teen has dated one person since turning 13 years old][IF Y145=1] Was the person you dated of a different race, or not? (DATRAC1)
  TOTAL %
0) No 0 0
1) Yes 58 1.9
777) Dont know 3 0.1
999) Not asked 2,979 98
TOTAL3,040100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Youth
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Y147. [If teen has dated more than one person since turning 13][IF Y145>1] How many, if any, of these [INSERT NUMBER FROM Y145] people you dated were of a different race? [RECORD NUMBER, RANGE=0-100, 998=DK, 999=REFUSED, RANGE 100=100 or more] (DATRAC2)
  TOTAL %
0) 0 0 0
1) 1 348 16.7
2) 2 266 12.7
3) 3 134 6.4
4) 4 72 3.4
5) 5 57 2.7
6) 6 16 0.8
7) 7 11 0.5
8) 8 5 0.2
9) 9 6 0.3
10) 10 18 0.9
12) 12 1 0
13) 13 1 0
14) 14 2 0.1
15) 15 8 0.4
16) 16 1 0
20) 20 6 0.3
23) 23 1 0
24) 24 1 0
25) 25 2 0.1
30) 30 7 0.3
40) 40 1 0
50) 50 1 0
60) 60 1 0
777) Dont know 9 0.4
999) Not asked 1,115 53.3
TOTAL2,090100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other
Frame: U.S. Youth
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Q55. Have you ever dated or been romantically involved with a person of another race? (DATERACE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 559 38.5
2) No 893 61.5
TOTAL1,452100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Have you ever dated someone of another race? (DATERACE)
  TOTAL %
0) Refused 0 0
1) Yes 1,071 41.9
2) No 1,488 58.1
99) Dont know 0 0
TOTAL2,559100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now, think about your family. Has any member of your family ever married a person of another race? (MIXMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 142 35.1
2) No 259 64
3) Dont know/No answer 4 1
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Has any member of your family ever dated a person of another race? (MIXDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 242 59.8
2) No 144 35.6
3) Dont know/No answer 19 4.7
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And now, thinking about your family... Has any member of your family ever married a person of another race? (MIXMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 496 36.3
2) No 858 62.9
3) Dont know/No answer 11 0.8
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Has any member of your family ever dated a person of another race? (MIXDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 809 59.3
2) No 492 36
3) Dont know/No answer 64 4.7
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And now, thinking about your family... Has any member of your family ever married a person of another race? (MIXMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 251 30.3
2) No 568 68.5
3) Dont know/No answer 10 1.2
TOTAL829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Has any member of your family ever dated a person of another race? (MIXDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 415 50.1
2) No 363 43.8
3) Dont know/No answer 51 6.2
TOTAL829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


(mardiffrel_w3) R22 In general, people should not marry someone of a different religion. (Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree?) (MARDIFF)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 124 4.9
2) Agree 355 14
3) Undecided/DK (Interviewer: Do not read) 7 0.3
4) Disagree 1,257 49.6
5) Strongly disagree 776 30.6
888) Refused 2 0.1
999) Legitimate skip 11 0.4
TOTAL2,532100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Im going to read you a statement and please tell me whether you tend to agree or disagree with it, or if perhaps you have no opinion about the statement. Marriages between blacks and whites are not a good idea. Do you agree or disagree? (OPINWHIT)
  TOTAL %
1) Agree 239 27.3
2) Disagree 566 64.8
8) DK/No opinion 69 7.9
TOTAL874100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the response that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. C. Marriages between blacks and whites (see note 1 on the ARDA summary page) (WINTERM)
  TOTAL %
1) Wrong for all, and should not be legally tolerated 57 5.1
2) Wrong for all, but should be tolerated 41 3.7
3) Right for some, but not for me personally 256 23
4) Right for me, but not necessarily for others 47 4.2
5) Right for all 122 10.9
6) Not a moral issue 592 53.1
TOTAL1,115100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I am going to read a list of things that some people consider to be morally wrong. For each item, please select the number that best indicates how wrong you, personally, think it is when people engage in that behavior. D. Marriages between blacks and whites (W4INTERM)
  TOTAL %
1) Wrong for all, and should not be legally tolerated 246 12.8
2) Wrong for all, but should be tolerated 258 13.4
3) Right for some, but not for me personally 725 37.6
4) Right for me, but not necessarily for others 110 5.7
5) Right for all 290 15.1
6) Not a moral issue 297 15.4
TOTAL1,926100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Text for GROUPY (see MARX) (Q50E). The following categories were inserted into the following question: (Do you) favor/oppose marrying a ___ person? (Question 50E on the original survey) (GROUPY)
  TOTAL %
1) Native American person 501 1.7
2) Jewish person 510 1.7
3) Vietnamese person 500 1.7
4) Person from the Middle East 500 1.7
5) Native American person 1,500 5.1
6) Native American person 541 1.9
7) Jewish person 750 2.6
8) Native American person 1,001 3.4
9) Native American person 500 1.7
10) Vietnamese person 500 1.7
11) Person from the Middle East 500 1.7
12) Native American person 500 1.7
13) Native American person 515 1.8
14) Native American person 503 1.7
15) Immigrant or refugee 504 1.7
16) Native American person 500 1.7
17) Arab American 501 1.7
18) SKIP 750 2.6
19) Jewish person 500 1.7
20) Native American person 500 1.7
21) Native American person 500 1.7
22) Native American person 502 1.7
23) Native American person 1,001 3.4
24) SKIP 753 2.6
25) Native American person 1,001 3.4
26) Native American person 99 0.3
27) Native American person 508 1.7
28) Native American person 160 0.5
29) Native American person 43 0.1
30) Native American person 501 1.7
31) Native American person 251 0.9
32) Native American person 1,505 5.1
33) Native American person 523 1.8
34) Native American person 506 1.7
35) Native American person 502 1.7
36) Native American person 502 1.7
37) Person of a different religion 400 1.4
38) Person of a different religion 204 0.7
39) Native American person 500 1.7
40) Native American person 345 1.2
41) Native American person 343 1.2
42) Native American person 595 2
43) Native American person 100 0.3
44) Native American person 814 2.8
45) Native American person 174 0.6
46) Native American person 501 1.7
47) Native American person 452 1.5
48) Native American person 368 1.3
49) Native American person 501 1.7
51) Native American person 3,003 10.3
TOTAL29,233100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I have some questions about relationships between various groups of people and Id like to know how you feel about these. Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between Whites and nonwhites? (MWHTNON)
  TOTAL %
1) Approve 301 74.9
2) Disapprove 65 16.2
3) Depends (Volunteered) 12 3
4) Dont know / No answer 24 6
TOTAL402100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


I think it is wrong for a boy and girl of different races to date each other. (YRACDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 2,956 36.4
2) Disagree 2,279 28.1
3) Not sure 1,548 19.1
4) Agree 680 8.4
5) Strongly agree 652 8
TOTAL8,115100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Below are a number of statements people have made about Negro and white relations in America. Would you please read each and decide whether or not you tend to agree with it. -- The Bible makes it quite clear that God meant for the races to be kept separate. (BBLRACE)
  TOTAL %
1) Definitely agree 255 9.9
2) Agree somewhat 231 8.9
3) Disagree somewhat 280 10.8
4) Definitely disagree 1,816 70.3
TOTAL2,582100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


I think it is wrong for a boy and girl of different races to date each other. (FRACEDAT)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 316 7.4
2) Disagree 1,060 24.8
3) Not sure 773 18.1
4) Agree 1,233 28.8
5) Strongly agree 899 21
TOTAL4,281100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Now I have some questions about relationships between various groups of people and Id like to know how you feel about these. Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between whites and nonwhites? (MWHTNON)
  TOTAL %
1) Approve 487 57.5
2) Disapprove 241 28.5
3) Depends [Volunteered] 47 5.5
4) Dont know/No answer 72 8.5
TOTAL847100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


I think it is wrong for a boy and girl of different races to date each other. (MRACEDAT)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 433 7.2
2) Disagree 1,561 26.1
3) Not sure 1,258 21
4) Agree 1,580 26.4
5) Strongly agree 1,153 19.3
TOTAL5,985100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Which of the following marital arrangements would you find most unacceptable? Those who marry people: (BADMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) From different countries 13 3.2
2) From different races 202 49.9
3) From different religions 24 5.9
4) All of the above 15 3.7
5) Country/race 5 1.2
7) Religion/race 2 0.5
8) Dont care in any way 105 25.9
9) Dont know/not sure 39 9.6
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 88 9.5
2) No 828 89.6
8) Dont know 7 0.8
9) No answer 1 0.1
TOTAL924100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 172 9.8
2) No 1,525 87.1
8) Dont know 47 2.7
9) No answer 6 0.3
TOTAL1,750100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 171 18.6
2) No 719 78.4
8) Dont know 26 2.8
9) No answer 1 0.1
TOTAL917100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 209 10.9
2) No 1,672 86.9
8) Dont know 41 2.1
9) No answer 1 0.1
TOTAL1,923100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 213 21.8
2) No 732 74.9
8) Dont know 29 3
9) No answer 3 0.3
TOTAL977100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and Whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 168 16.9
2) No 786 79.2
8) Dont know 32 3.2
9) No answer 7 0.7
TOTAL993100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/ Blacks/ African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 204 10.8
2) No 1,625 86.3
8) Dont know 50 2.7
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,882100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


ASKED ONLY OF NON-BLACKS: Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 433 31.6
2) No 897 65.5
8) Dont know 33 2.4
9) No answer 7 0.5
TOTAL1,370100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 427 29.1
2) No 1,000 68.1
8) Dont know 39 2.7
9) No answer 2 0.1
TOTAL1,468100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 268 13.4
2) No 1,678 84.1
8) Dont know 46 2.3
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL1,996100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you think there should be laws against marriages between (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) and Whites? (RACMAR)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 178 16.6
2) No 859 79.9
8) Dont know 35 3.3
9) No answer 3 0.3
TOTAL1,075100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


As far as your own personal feelings go would you be personally concerned or not if a close friend or relative married a black? (CRNBKMRD)
  TOTAL %
1) Concerned 402 63.4
2) Not concerned 182 28.7
3) Not sure 50 7.9
TOTAL634100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: In-Person


As far as your own personal feelings go, would you be personally concerned or not if a close friend or relative married a black? (CRNBKMRD)
  TOTAL %
1) Concerned 222 43.6
2) Not concerned 227 44.6
3) No sure 60 11.8
TOTAL509100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a black person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly favor 395 16.9
2) Favor 319 13.7
3) Neither favor nor appose 1,092 46.8
4) Oppose 257 11
5) Strongly oppose 254 10.9
8) Dont know 10 0.4
9) No answer 5 0.2
TOTAL2,332100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry an Asian American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARASIAN)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly favor 384 16.5
2) Favor 372 16
3) Neither favor nor oppose 1,220 52.3
4) Oppose 218 9.3
5) Strongly oppose 118 5.1
8) Dont know 17 0.7
9) No answer 3 0.1
TOTAL2,332100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a Hispanic American person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARHISP)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly favor 418 17.9
2) Favor 360 15.4
3) Neither favor nor oppose 1,179 50.6
4) Oppose 225 9.6
5) Strongly oppose 133 5.7
8) Dont know 13 0.6
9) No answer 4 0.2
TOTAL2,332100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be in very favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
0) Inapplicable 0 0
1) Strongly favor 947 40.6
2) Favor 334 14.3
3) Neither favor nor oppose 975 41.8
4) Oppose 42 1.8
5) Strongly oppose 23 1
8) Dont know 8 0.3
9) No answer 3 0.1
TOTAL2,332100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 186 20.5
2) Favor 102 11.2
3) Neither favor nor oppose 356 39.2
4) Oppose 127 14
5) Strongly oppose 131 14.4
8) Dont know 6 0.7
TOTAL908100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Very much favor 478 52.6
2) Somewhat favor 109 12
3) Neither favor nor oppose 275 30.3
4) Somewhat oppose 26 2.9
5) Very opposed 13 1.4
8) Dont know 6 0.7
9) No answer 1 0.1
TOTAL908100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Q54a. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours married someone who is white, non-Hispanic? (MARRYWHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all comfortable 33 2.1
2) Somewhat comfortable 119 7.7
3) Very comfortable 1,403 90.2
TOTAL1,555100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q54b. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours married someone who is black or African American? (MARRYBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all comfortable 440 28.4
2) Somewhat comfortable 425 27.4
3) Very comfortable 684 44.2
TOTAL1,549100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q54c. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours married someone who is Hispanic or Latino? (MARRYHSP)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all comfortable 311 20.2
2) Somewhat comfortable 496 32.1
3) Very comfortable 736 47.7
TOTAL1,543100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q54d. How comfortable would you be if a daughter of yours married someone who is Asian? (MARRYASN)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all comfortable 321 20.9
2) Somewhat comfortable 494 32.1
3) Very comfortable 723 47
TOTAL1,538100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 131 14.5
2) Favor 106 11.7
3) Neither favor nor oppose 432 47.7
4) Oppose 124 13.7
5) Strongly oppose 108 11.9
8) Dont know 1 0.1
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Asian American person? (MARASIAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 106 11.7
2) Favor 155 17.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose 482 53.2
4) Oppose 99 10.9
5) Strongly oppose 58 6.4
8) Dont know 3 0.3
9) No answer 3 0.3
TOTAL906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Hispanic American person? (MARHISP)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 121 13.4
2) Favor 140 15.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose 484 53.4
4) Oppose 100 11
5) Strongly oppose 54 6
8) Dont know 3 0.3
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Very in favor 387 42.7
2) Somewhat in favor 119 13.1
3) Neither in favor nor opposed 362 40
4) Somewhat opposed 19 2.1
5) Very opposed 13 1.4
8) Dont know 2 0.2
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL906100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 333 16.7
2) Favor 263 13.2
3) Neither favor nor oppose 900 45.2
4) Oppose 235 11.8
5) Strongly oppose 248 12.4
8) Dont know 10 0.5
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry an Asian American person? (MARASIAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 303 15.2
2) Favor 335 16.8
3) Neither favor nor oppose 1,000 50.2
4) Oppose 215 10.8
5) Strongly oppose 125 6.3
8) Dont know 11 0.6
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a Hispanic American person? (MARHISP)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 360 18.1
2) Favor 321 16.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose 950 47.7
4) Oppose 227 11.4
5) Strongly oppose 123 6.2
8) Dont know 8 0.4
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Very much favor 876 44
2) Somewhat favor 280 14.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose 767 38.5
4) Somewhat oppose 38 1.9
5) Very much oppose 21 1.1
8) Dont know 7 0.4
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,992100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


If a close relative of yours wanted to marry a non-[Rs ethnicity], would you approve or disapprove? (95, 02) (INTMARR1)
  TOTAL %
-1) RF/DK 46 4.2
0) Disapprove 0 0
1) Ethnicity makes no difference (Vol.) 122 11.2
2) Approve 919 84.5
TOTAL1,087100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


If a close relative of yours wanted to marry an African American [IF R IS BLACK: a Hispanic], would you approve or disapprove? (99, 06) (INTMARR2)
  TOTAL %
-1) RF/DK 71 5.9
0) Disapprove 0 0
1) Ethnicity makes no difference (Vol.) 242 20.1
2) Approve 888 73.9
TOTAL1,201100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


If a close relative of yours wanted to marry an African American [IF R IS BLACK: an Anglo], would you approve or disapprove? (04) (INTMARR3)
  TOTAL %
-1) RF/DK 35 6.4
0) Disapprove 0 0
1) Ethnicity makes no difference (Vol.) 129 23.7
2) Approve 381 69.9
TOTAL545100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a Jewish person? (MARJEW)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 245 17.5
2) Favor 245 17.5
3) Neither favor nor oppose 649 46.4
4) Oppose 110 7.9
5) Strongly oppose 66 4.7
8) Dont know 70 5
9) No answer 13 0.9
TOTAL1,398100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 413 17.7
2) Favor 278 11.9
3) Neither favor nor oppose 875 37.5
4) Oppose 307 13.2
5) Strongly oppose 402 17.2
8) Dont know 30 1.3
9) No answer 26 1.1
TOTAL2,331100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Asian American person? (MARASIAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 202 14.4
2) Favor 236 16.9
3) Neither favor nor oppose 609 43.6
4) Oppose 159 11.4
5) Strongly oppose 115 8.2
8) Dont know 62 4.4
9) No answer 15 1.1
TOTAL1,398100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying an Hispanic American person? (MARHISP)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 243 17.4
2) Favor 228 16.3
3) Neither favor nor oppose 597 42.7
4) Oppose 158 11.3
5) Strongly oppose 111 7.9
8) Dont know 47 3.4
9) No answer 14 1
TOTAL1,398100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


What about having a close relative marry a white person? Would you be very in favor of it happening, somewhat in favor, neither in favor nor opposed to it happening, somewhat opposed, or very opposed to it happening? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 698 49.9
2) Favor 154 11
3) Neither favor nor oppose 405 29
4) Oppose 29 2.1
5) Strongly oppose 14 1
8) Dont know 12 0.9
9) No answer 86 6.2
TOTAL1,398100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 96 7
2) Favor 61 4.4
3) Neither favor nor oppose 407 29.7
4) Oppose 342 24.9
5) Strongly oppose 441 32.1
8) Dont know 15 1.1
9) No answer 10 0.7
TOTAL1,372100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry and Asian American person?D (MARASIAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 39 2.8
2) Favor 90 6.6
3) Neither favor nor oppose 632 46.1
4) Oppose 373 27.2
5) Strongly oppose 205 14.9
8) Dont know 24 1.7
9) No answer 9 0.7
TOTAL1,372100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a Hispanic American person? (MARHISP)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 62 4.5
2) Favor 94 6.9
3) Neither favor nor oppose 636 46.4
4) Oppose 343 25
5) Strongly oppose 208 15.2
8) Dont know 19 1.4
9) No answer 10 0.7
TOTAL1,372100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a white raised in the North? (Only asked of persons in the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (MARNO)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 51 11.1
2) Favor 77 16.8
3) Neither favor nor oppose 268 58.5
4) Oppose 35 7.6
5) Strongly oppose 16 3.5
8) Dont know 6 1.3
9) No answer 5 1.1
TOTAL458100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How about having a close relative or family member marry a white raised in the South? (Only asked of respondents not in the South Atlantic, South East Central, and South West Central regions) (MARSO)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 62 6.8
2) Favor 125 13.7
3) Neither favor nor oppose 598 65.4
4) Oppose 78 8.5
5) Strongly oppose 34 3.7
8) Dont know 13 1.4
9) No answer 4 0.4
TOTAL914100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 125 12.9
2) Favor 108 11.1
3) Neither favor nor oppose 373 38.5
4) Oppose 152 15.7
5) Strongly oppose 192 19.8
8) Dont know 10 1
9) No answer 9 0.9
TOTAL969100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Asian? (ARE_2)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 37 1.5
-4) Dont know 13 0.5
1) Very uncomfortable 247 9.9
2) Somewhat uncomfortable 288 11.6
3) Neither comfortable nor uncomfortable 739 29.6
4) Somewhat comfortable 246 9.9
5) Very comfortable 477 19.1
6) Depends 446 17.9
TOTAL2,493100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Hispanic or Latino? (ARE_3)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 34 1.5
-4) Dont know 11 0.5
1) Very uncomfortable 262 11.5
2) Somewhat uncomfortable 326 14.3
3) Neither comfortable nor uncomfortable 610 26.7
4) Somewhat comfortable 214 9.4
5) Very comfortable 429 18.8
6) Depends 395 17.3
TOTAL2,281100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


In general, how comfortable or uncomfortable would you be if your daughter married someone who is Black or African American? (ARE_4)
  TOTAL %
-7) Refused 34 1.5
-4) Dont know 10 0.4
1) Very uncomfortable 491 21.1
2) Somewhat uncomfortable 446 19.2
3) Neither comfortable nor uncomfortable 479 20.6
4) Somewhat comfortable 188 8.1
5) Very comfortable 306 13.2
6) Depends 371 16
TOTAL2,325100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How would you respond to a close relative marrying a black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly favor 251 13.4
2) Favor 198 10.6
3) Neither favor nor oppose 738 39.4
4) Oppose 313 16.7
5) Strongly oppose 345 18.4
8) Dont know 15 0.8
9) No answer 11 0.6
TOTAL1,871100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


50A. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying an Asian person? (MARASN)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 0 0
1) Somewhat oppose 656 4.6
2) Neither favor nor oppose 6,906 48.5
3) Somewhat favor 1,772 12.4
4) Very much favor 4,376 30.7
8) Dont know 290 2
9) Refused 253 1.8
TOTAL14,253100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50B. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a Black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 0 0
1) Somewhat oppose 1,107 8.1
2) Neither favor nor oppose 6,368 46.7
3) Somewhat favor 1,608 11.8
4) Very much favor 4,014 29.4
8) Dont know 279 2
9) Refused 274 2
TOTAL13,650100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50C. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a White person? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 0 0
1) Somewhat oppose 285 2
2) Neither favor nor oppose 6,318 43.7
3) Somewhat favor 1,749 12.1
4) Very much favor 5,573 38.6
8) Dont know 261 1.8
9) Refused 261 1.8
TOTAL14,447100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50D. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a Latino or Hispanic person? (MARHIS)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 0 0
1) Somewhat oppose 766 5.4
2) Neither favor nor oppose 6,742 47.7
3) Somewhat favor 1,978 14
4) Very much favor 4,108 29
8) Dont know 280 2
9) Refused 271 1.9
TOTAL14,145100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50E. Do you favor or oppose a close family member marrying a [insert GROUP Y] person? (MARX)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 0 0
1) Somewhat oppose 705 5.2
2) Neither favor nor oppose 6,433 47.7
3) Somewhat favor 1,923 14.3
4) Very much favor 3,869 28.7
8) Dont know 286 2.1
9) Refused 262 1.9
TOTAL13,478100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


People can feel differently about their children marrying people from various backgrounds. Suppose your son or daughter wanted to marry an African American. Would you approve of this choice, disapprove of it or wouldnt it make any difference at all one way or the other? (IF PERSON SAYS, Im African-American, SAY Well be asking about other groups you dont belong to as well and repeat) (MARR1A)
  TOTAL %
1) Approve 180 16.1
2) Disapprove 295 26.5
3) No difference 612 54.9
8) Dont know 20 1.8
9) Refused 8 0.7
TOTAL1,115100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


How about if they wanted to marry a Hispanic person? (PROMPT FOR CATEGORIES AS NECESSARY) (MARR2A)
  TOTAL %
1) Approve 242 21.7
2) Disapprove 201 18
3) No difference 644 57.7
8) Dont know 20 1.8
9) Refused 10 0.9
TOTAL1,117100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


ASKED IN TERMS OF OPPOSITE RACE: How strongly would you object if a member of your family wanted to bring a [White/(Negro/Black)] friend home to dinner? Would you object strongly, mildly, or not at all? (RACDIN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly 149 10.1
2) Mildly 190 12.9
3) Not at all 1,105 75.3
8) Dont know 21 1.4
9) No answer 3 0.2
TOTAL1,468100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


50A. Suppose a close relative or family member were marrying (GROUP)? Would you very much favor it happening, somewhat favor, neither favor nor oppose, somewhat oppose, or very much oppose it happening? An Asian person? (MARASN)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 4,849 50.9
1) Somewhat oppose 317 3.3
2) Neither favor nor oppose 2,336 24.5
3) Somewhat favor 712 7.5
4) Very much favor 1,170 12.3
8) Dont know 84 0.9
9) Refused 52 0.5
TOTAL9,520100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50B. (How about marrying an) African American or Black person? (MARBLK)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 4,849 52
1) Somewhat oppose 429 4.6
2) Neither favor nor oppose 2,156 23.1
3) Somewhat favor 596 6.4
4) Very much favor 1,155 12.4
8) Dont know 81 0.9
9) Refused 55 0.6
TOTAL9,321100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50C. (How about marrying a) White person? (MARWHT)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 4,849 50.2
1) Somewhat oppose 134 1.4
2) Neither favor nor oppose 2,126 22
3) Somewhat favor 640 6.6
4) Very much favor 1,780 18.4
8) Dont know 87 0.9
9) Refused 51 0.5
TOTAL9,667100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


50D. (How about marrying a) Latino or Hispanic person? (MARHIS)
  TOTAL %
0) Very much oppose 4,849 51
1) Somewhat oppose 314 3.3
2) Neither favor nor oppose 2,242 23.6
3) Somewhat favor 704 7.4
4) Very much favor 1,244 13.1
8) Dont know 101 1.1
9) Refused 53 0.6
TOTAL9,507100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


I would be upset if I had a child who wanted to marry [a/an][rotate racial group, other than respondents own racial group]. (UPSET)
  TOTAL %
0) Refused 0 0
1) Strongly agree 231 9.1
2) Moderately agree 176 6.9
3) Slightly agree 129 5.1
4) Neither agree nor disagree 36 1.4
5) Slightly disagree 204 8
6) Moderately disagree 491 19.3
7) Strongly disagree 1,235 48.5
99) Dont know 43 1.7
TOTAL2,545100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 44 10.9
2) Wouldnt make any difference (would not disapprove) 318 78.5
3) Would depend on person or race 28 6.9
4) Dont know/No answer 15 3.7
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 46 11.4
2) Wouldnt make any difference (would not disapprove) 320 79
3) Would have depended on person or race [volunteered] 33 8.1
4) Dont know/Never dated/No answer 6 1.5
TOTAL405100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you object if your son or daughter dated a person of another race? (RACEDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) YES 68 18.1
2) NO 281 74.7
3) DEPENDS ON PERSON/PERSONS RACE 27 7.2
TOTAL376100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you object if your son or daughter dated a person of another race? (RACEDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) YES 255 27.3
2) NO 615 65.9
3) DEPENDS ON PERSON/PERSONS RACE 63 6.8
TOTAL933100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 157 11.5
2) Wouldnt make any difference/Would not disapprove 1,074 78.7
3) Would depende on person or race 84 6.2
4) Dont know/No answer 49 3.6
TOTAL1,364100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And what about you, would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 166 12.2
2) Wouldnt make any difference/Would not disapprove 1,076 78.8
3) Would have depended on person or race [volunteered] 94 6.9
4) Dont know/Never dated/No answer 29 2.1
TOTAL1,365100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Would you disapprove if someone in your family married a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJMARY)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 157 18.9
2) Wouldnt make any difference/Would not disapprove 558 67.3
3) Would depend on person or race 78 9.4
4) Dont know/No answer 36 4.3
TOTAL829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


And what about you, would you disapprove if someone in your family dated a person of a different race, or would it not make any difference? (OBJDATE)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, would disapprove 168 20.3
2) Wouldnt make any difference/Would not disapprove 570 68.8
3) Would have depended on person or race [volunteered] 69 8.3
4) Dont know/Never dated/No answer 22 2.7
TOTAL829100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
Children: This question type asks whether children of interracial marriages suffer.
History: This question type asks about interracial dating/marriage in his/her or his/her's family history.
Impersonal/Abstract: This question type asks about the respondent's general attitude about the morality of interracial marriage/dating, without referencing a relative.
Legality: This question type asks the respond whether there should be laws prohibiting interracial marriage/dating.
Personal: This question type asks the respondent how they would feel about a family member marrying/dating someone of a different race.

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