Single-Item Measures

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Evil, Beliefs about

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Survey Questions
[HAND CARD WITH RESPONSES] Which of the statements on this card best describes your understanding of evil? Just call off the numbers please . . . (EVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Evil is whatever limits self-expression and personal growth 380 19.9
2) Whatever limits human progress and the advance of knowledge 456 23.9
3) Whatever keeps people from making their own decisions and living their own lives 144 7.5
4) Evil is whatever hurts someone or causes them to suffer 440 23.1
5) Evil is whatever goes against Gods will and purpose 488 25.6
TOTAL1,908100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Other
Mode: In-Person


In the wake of what happened on September 11th, to what extent have you wondered why God permits evil? (WAKEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all 515 64.1
2) Some 240 29.9
3) Quite a bit 37 4.6
4) A great deal 12 1.5
TOTAL804100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Please tell us how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. -- To God, poverty and hunger are unjust and evil. (POVHUN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 646 13.6
2) Agree 1,481 31.2
3) Uncertain 1,260 26.6
4) Disagree 1,071 22.6
5) Strongly disagree 282 5.9
TOTAL4,740100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Mailed


Do you think the following threatens religious faith?- Evil in the world (THRTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes 1,168 61
2) No 675 35.3
9) Dont know/Not applicable/Refused 71 3.7
TOTAL1,914100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Q27d. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: Evil in the world has caused me to doubt my faith (EVILDOUB)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 615 38.4
2) Disagree 575 35.9
3) Agree 250 15.6
4) Strongly agree 48 3
8) Undecided 114 7.1
TOTAL1,602100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith -- often, sometimes, or never. Evil in the world (DOUBTS1)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 158 10.7
2) Sometimes 536 36.2
3) Never 738 49.8
8) Dont know 31 2.1
9) No answer 18 1.2
TOTAL1,481100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith -- often, sometimes, or never. Evil in the world (DOUBTS1)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 171 11.8
2) Sometimes 476 32.9
3) Never 750 51.9
8) Dont know 37 2.6
9) No answer 11 0.8
TOTAL1,445100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


We list below a series of statements about God and religion. We would like to know if and to what extent you agree with them: There is no God, because if there were one He would not allow the spread of evil and injustice in the world. (GODREL05)
  TOTAL %
1) Dont agree at all-fairly 3,946 88.5
2) Somewhat agree 335 7.5
3) Strongly agree 177 4
TOTAL4,458100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Italian sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q46AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 1,160 54.8
2) Sometimes 850 40.2
3) Often 107 5.1
TOTAL2,117100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q46AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 439 47.8
2) Sometimes 435 47.4
3) Often 44 4.8
TOTAL918100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q46AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 404 60.9
2) Sometimes 232 35
3) Often 27 4.1
TOTAL663100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q46AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 315 59.4
2) Sometimes 180 34
3) Often 35 6.6
TOTAL530100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q45AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 899 55.4
2) Sometimes 654 40.3
3) Often 71 4.4
TOTAL1,624100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q45AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 352 48.4
2) Sometimes 346 47.6
3) Often 29 4
TOTAL727100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith? Evil in the world. (Q45AEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Never 541 60.9
2) Sometimes 305 34.3
3) Often 42 4.7
TOTAL888100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often have these problems caused doubts about your religious faith - often, sometimes, or never? - Evil in the world (DBTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 23 2.3
2) Sometimes 286 28
3) Never 690 67.5
4) Dont know 23 2.3
TOTAL1,022100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: Mailed


How often has the following problem caused doubts about your religious faith?- evil in the world (OFTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 70 6.8
2) Sometimes 443 43.1
3) Never 516 50.1
TOTAL1,029100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often has the following problem caused doubts about your religious faith?- evil in the world (OFTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 74 8.3
2) Sometimes 384 43
3) Never 434 48.7
TOTAL892100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


How often has the following problem caused doubts about your religious faith?- evil in the world (OFTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Often 115 8.1
2) Sometimes 799 56.5
3) Never 501 35.4
TOTAL1,415100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Q27a. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: Most evil in the world is caused by the Devil (EVILDEVL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 337 21.1
2) Disagree 421 26.4
3) Agree 359 22.5
4) Strongly agree 331 20.7
8) Undecided 148 9.3
TOTAL1,596100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q27b. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: Most evil in the world is caused by mankind (EVILMAN)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 14 0.9
2) Disagree 94 5.8
3) Agree 776 48.1
4) Strongly agree 658 40.8
8) Undecided 72 4.5
TOTAL1,614100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Q27f. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: Love of money is the root of all evil (ROOTEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 207 13
2) Disagree 597 37.6
3) Agree 431 27.1
4) Strongly agree 225 14.2
8) Undecided 129 8.1
TOTAL1,589100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


Would you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with each of these statements? -- Money is the root of all evil. (AGRMOEVL)
  TOTAL %
1) Agree strongly 733 14.6
2) Agree somewhat 1,584 31.6
3) Disagree somewhat 1,476 29.4
4) Disagree strongly 1,123 22.4
5) Dont know 102 2
TOTAL5,018100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


To what degree do you think your church is like the following? - This church seeks to bring souls to Jesus. It puts emphasis on encouraging people to commit their lives to Jesus Christ. It supports missionary work, emphasizes the Bible as a guide for daily living, and speaks out against the sin and evil that is rampant in the world. (SOULS2JS)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all like this 110 25
2) A little like this 92 20.9
3) Somewhat like this 97 22
4) Quite a bit like this 80 18.2
5) Very much like this 61 13.9
TOTAL440100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


How much emphasis do you think your church puts on the following - Speaking out against the sin and evil in the world. (EMPNOSIN)
  TOTAL %
1) No emphasis 581 5.3
2) Small emphasis 2,508 23
3) Some emphasis 4,153 38
4) Strong emphasis 2,526 23.1
5) Very strong emphasis 1,150 10.5
TOTAL10,918100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


How much emphasis do you think your church puts on the following - Speaking out against the sin and evil in the world. (EMPNOSIN)
  TOTAL %
1) No emphasis 244 5.6
2) Small emphasis 1,095 25
3) Some emphasis 1,749 39.9
4) Strong emphasis 920 21
5) Very strong emphasis 380 8.7
TOTAL4,388100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


To what degree do you think your church is like the following? - This church seeks to bring souls to Jesus. It puts emphasis on encouraging people to commit their lives to Jesus Christ. It supports missionary work, emphasizes the Bible as a guide for daily living, and speaks out against the sin and evil that is rampant in the world. (SOULS2JS)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all like this 883 20.5
2) A little like this 965 22.4
3) Somewhat like this 885 20.5
4) Quite a bit like this 840 19.5
5) Very much like this 738 17.1
TOTAL4,311100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


How much emphasis do you think your church puts on the following - Speaking out against the sin and evil in the world. (EMPNOSIN)
  TOTAL %
1) No emphasis 22 4.3
2) Small emphasis 148 28.9
3) Some emphasis 185 36.1
4) Strong emphasis 119 23.2
5) Very strong emphasis 38 7.4
TOTAL512100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


To what degree do you think your church is like the following? - This church seeks to bring souls to Jesus. It puts emphasis on encouraging people to commit their lives to Jesus Christ. It supports missionary work, emphasizes the Bible as a guide for daily living, and speaks out against the sin and evil that is rampant in the world. (SOULS2JS)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all like this 118 23.1
2) A little like this 148 29
3) Somewhat like this 88 17.2
4) Quite a bit like this 85 16.6
5) Very much like this 72 14.1
TOTAL511100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


How much emphasis do you think your church puts on the following - Speaking out against the sin and evil in the world. (EMPNOSIN)
  TOTAL %
1) No emphasis 196 5.7
2) Small emphasis 824 24
3) Some emphasis 1,380 40.2
4) Strong emphasis 726 21.2
5) Very strong emphasis 306 8.9
TOTAL3,432100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


To what degree do you think your church is like the following? - This church seeks to bring souls to Jesus. It puts emphasis on encouraging people to commit their lives to Jesus Christ. It supports missionary work, emphasizes the Bible as a guide for daily living, and speaks out against the sin and evil that is rampant in the world. (SOULS2JS)
  TOTAL %
1) Not at all like this 655 19.5
2) A little like this 725 21.6
3) Somewhat like this 700 20.8
4) Quite a bit like this 675 20.1
5) Very much like this 605 18
TOTAL3,360100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Denominations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


In your life, have you ever: Had a feeling that evil powers exist? (LIFEXP03)
  TOTAL %
1) Not selected 3,811 84.7
2) Selected 689 15.3
TOTAL4,500100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Italian sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Have you ever had the following experience? - A feeling that you were somehow in the presence of evil (EXPEREV2)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, Im sure I have. 15 7.4
2) Yes, I think I have. 39 19.1
3) No 150 73.5
TOTAL204100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Canadian Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Other
Mode: Mailed


Have you ever had the following experience? - A feeling that you were somehow in the presence of evil (EXPEREV2)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, Im sure I have. 43 8.5
2) Yes, I think I have. 93 18.3
3) No 372 73.2
TOTAL508100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Canadian Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Other
Mode: Mailed


Have you ever had the following experience? - A feeling that you were somehow in the presence of evil (EXPEREV2)
  TOTAL %
1) Yes, Im sure I have. 23 7.5
2) Yes, I think I have. 57 18.7
3) No 225 73.8
TOTAL305100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Canadian Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Other
Mode: Mailed


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 355 48.9
2) Mostly agree 225 31
3) Mostly disagree 74 10.2
4) Completely disagree 45 6.2
98) Dont know 26 3.6
99) Refused 1 0.1
TOTAL726100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: India
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 420 64.6
2) Mostly agree 193 29.7
3) Mostly disagree 19 2.9
4) Completely disagree 1 0.2
98) Dont know 17 2.6
99) Refused 0 0
TOTAL650100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Nigeria
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 55 9.2
2) Mostly agree 309 51.5
3) Mostly disagree 161 26.8
4) Completely disagree 41 6.8
98) Dont know 34 5.7
99) Refused 0 0
TOTAL600100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Korea
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


12-7. Which comes closer to your views? Some people say there are absolutely clear guidelines of what is good and evil; others say there can never be absolutely clear guidelines of what is good and evil. (GOODEVL)
  TOTAL %
0) There can never be absolutely clear guidelines 0 0
1) There are absolutely clear guidelines 1,734 91.8
8) Dont know/No opinion 137 7.3
9) No answer/Refused 18 1
TOTAL1,889100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 5,963 54.1
2) Mostly agree 3,571 32.4
3) Mostly disagree 754 6.8
4) Completely disagree 443 4
98) Dont know 278 2.5
99) Refused 19 0.2
TOTAL11,028100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia.
Frame: Other
Sample: Unknown
Mode: Other


Here are two statements which people sometimes make when discussing good and evil. 1) There are absolutely clear guidelines about what is good and evil. These always apply to everyone, whatever the circumstances. 2) There can never be absolutely clear guidelines about what is good and evil. What is good and evil depends entirely upon the circumstances at the time. Which one comes closest to your own point of view? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
-4) Not asked -41,308 105.3
-2) No answer 25 -0.1
-1) Dont know 231 -0.6
1) There are absolutely clear guidelines about what is good and evil. These always apply to everyone, whatever the circumstances 578 -1.5
2) There can never be absolutely clear guidelines about what is good and evil. What is good and evil depends entirely upon the circumstances at the time 1,119 -2.9
3) Disagree with both 117 -0.3
TOTAL-39,238100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Islamic countries
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 379 54.1
2) Mostly agree 196 28
3) Mostly disagree 64 9.1
4) Completely disagree 36 5.1
98) Dont know 25 3.6
99) Refused 0 0
TOTAL700100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Brazil, urban areas
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 259 43.2
2) Mostly agree 163 27.2
3) Mostly disagree 83 13.8
4) Completely disagree 62 10.3
98) Dont know 30 5
99) Refused 3 0.5
TOTAL600100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Chile
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 404 50.4
2) Mostly agree 325 40.6
3) Mostly disagree 24 3
4) Completely disagree 21 2.6
98) Dont know 26 3.2
99) Refused 1 0.1
TOTAL801100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: South Africa
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 507 50.7
2) Mostly agree 374 37.4
3) Mostly disagree 63 6.3
4) Completely disagree 47 4.7
98) Dont know 9 0.9
99) Refused 0 0
TOTAL1,000100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: The Philippines
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 327 44.2
2) Mostly agree 259 35
3) Mostly disagree 65 8.8
4) Completely disagree 58 7.8
98) Dont know 29 3.9
99) Refused 1 0.1
TOTAL739100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


There are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. (Q16N) (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 10,043 39.7
2) Mostly agree 9,826 38.9
3) Mostly disagree 2,927 11.6
4) Completely disagree 1,636 6.5
9) Dont know/Refused 850 3.4
TOTAL25,282100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 657 65.4
2) Mostly agree 257 25.6
3) Mostly disagree 35 3.5
4) Completely disagree 42 4.2
98) Dont know 14 1.4
99) Refused 0 0
TOTAL1,005100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Guatemala
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 411 63
2) Mostly agree 200 30.7
3) Mostly disagree 17 2.6
4) Completely disagree 13 2
98) Dont know 10 1.5
99) Refused 1 0.2
TOTAL652100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Kenya
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? There are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. (GOODEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 810 38.6
2) Mostly agree 839 40
3) Mostly disagree 234 11.2
4) Completely disagree 143 6.8
9) Dont know/Refused 70 3.3
TOTAL2,096100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


[ASK ONLY IF FORM= 2 2]Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly DISagree with it or completely disagree with it. : There are clear guidelines about whats good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation (AGREE2N)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely agree 2,009 40.9
2) Mostly agree 1,767 36
3) Mostly disagree 597 12.2
4) Completely disagree 364 7.4
9) Dont know/Refused 173 3.5
TOTAL4,910100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Q27e. Please indicate your level of agreement with the following statements about evil in the world: Human nature is basically evil (HUMANEVL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 404 25.2
2) Disagree 683 42.6
3) Agree 262 16.3
4) Strongly agree 139 8.7
8) Undecided 115 7.2
TOTAL1,603100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mixed-mode


To what extent do you agree with each of the following statements? Even a decent man may bear evil intentions. (PERATT3)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 389 9.3
2) Agree 889 21.2
3) Somewhat agree 1,714 40.9
4) Somewhat disagree 512 12.2
5) Disagree 193 4.6
6) Strongly disagree 98 2.3
7) No comment 396 9.4
TOTAL4,191100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Taiwan
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


How accurate are the following images of human nature? - Mainly evil (MANEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Not accurate at all 1,154 46.9
2) Less accurate 605 24.6
3) Somewhat accurate 574 23.3
4) More accurate 75 3
5) Completely accurate 53 2.2
TOTAL2,461100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: Mailed


How accurate are the following images of human nature? - Not perfectible, there are no social conditions that can overcome human evil (MANIPERF)
  TOTAL %
1) Not accurate at all 898 37.5
2) Less accurate 606 25.3
3) Somewhat accurate 550 23
4) More accurate 193 8.1
5) Completely accurate 146 6.1
TOTAL2,393100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Other
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: Mailed


Would you please think about each of the religious beliefs listed below and then indicate how certain you are that it is true. -- Man cannot help doing evil. (MANDOEVL)
  TOTAL %
1) Completely true 921 33.8
2) Probably true 872 32
3) Probably not true 300 11
4) Definitely not true 629 23.1
TOTAL2,722100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Regional Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Mailed


Human beings have been corrupted by sin and therefore all of us tend to be evil. Do you: (SINEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly disagree 19 5.1
2) Disagree 170 45.5
3) Uncertain 23 6.1
4) Agree 138 36.9
5) Strongly agree 24 6.4
TOTAL374100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Let me now ask you a few more questions about other religious matters. For the first four questions, please indicate how much you agree or disagree with each statement. -- Question 4; Human beings have been corrupted by sin, and without Gods grace we would all be evil. (GODGRACE)
  TOTAL %
1) Strongly agree 50 12.6
2) Agree 186 46.7
3) Neutral 15 3.8
4) Disagree 111 27.9
5) Strongly disagree 24 6
6) Dont know 12 3
TOTAL398100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Single Unit (State, County, etc.)
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Phone


Where would you place your image of the world on the following scale: From 1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1-World evil 38 4.2
2) 2 26 2.9
3) 3 75 8.3
4) 4 253 27.9
5) 5 212 23.3
6) 6 139 15.3
7) 7-Much goodness 148 16.3
8) Dont know 14 1.5
9) No answer 3 0.3
TOTAL908100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


People have different images of the world and human nature. Wed like to know the kinds of images you have. Below is a set of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7, where would you place your image of the world and human nature between the two contrasting images? Look at the first set of contrasting images. If you think that the world is basically filled with evil and sin you would place yourself at 1. If you think that there is so much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness you would place yourself at 7. If you think things are somewhere in between these images, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Where would you place your image of the world on the scale below? -- World image : much evil vs. much good. (WRLDEVIL)
  TOTAL %
1) The world is basicaly filled with evil and sin 1,379 9.7
2) 1,192 8.4
3) 2,126 15
4) 4,479 31.6
5) 2,242 15.8
6) 1,314 9.3
7) There is much goodness in the world 1,131 8
8) Dont know 101 0.7
9) No answer 214 1.5
TOTAL14,178100.0
Survey Details
Scope: Other: Nations
Frame: Other
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: Other


Where would you place your image of the world on the following scale: From 1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1-World evil 71 3.8
2) 2 74 3.9
3) 3 135 7.2
4) 4 503 26.8
5) 5 465 24.8
6) 6 327 17.4
7) 7-Much goodness 278 14.8
8) Dont know 4 0.2
9) No answer 20 1.1
TOTAL1,877100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


People have different images of the world and human nature. Wed like to know the kinds of images you have. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of the world and human nature between the two contrasting images? Look at the first set of contrasting images. If you think that The world is basically filled with evil and sin, you would place yourself at 1. If you think There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness you would place yourself at 7. If you think things are somewhere between these two you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1 world evil 47 5.1
2) 2 28 3
3) 3 76 8.2
4) 4 279 30.1
5) 5 243 26.2
6) 6 126 13.6
7) 7 much goodness 116 12.5
8) Dont know 2 0.2
9) No answer 11 1.2
TOTAL928100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


People have different images of the world and human nature. Wed like to know the kinds of images you have. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of the world and human nature between the two contrasting images? Look at the first set of contrasting images. If you think that The world is basically filled with evil and sin, you would place yourself at 1. If you think There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness you would place yourself at 7. If you think things are somewhere between these two you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1 world evil 107 5.5
2) 2 65 3.3
3) 3 179 9.1
4) 4 553 28.2
5) 5 467 23.8
6) 6 298 15.2
7) 7 much goodness 268 13.7
8) Dont know 5 0.3
9) No answer 18 0.9
TOTAL1,960100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Where would you place your image of the world on the following scale: From 1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1-World evil 103 7
2) 2 54 3.6
3) 3 112 7.6
4) 4 428 28.9
5) 5 340 23
6) 6 180 12.2
7) 7-Much goodness 237 16
8) Dont know 7 0.5
9) No answer 20 1.4
TOTAL1,481100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


People have different images of the world and human nature. Wed like to know the kinds of images you have. Where would you place your image of the world on the scale from 1) the world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) there is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
  TOTAL %
1) 1-world evil 74 5.4
2) 2 52 3.8
3) 3 73 5.4
4) 4 339 24.9
5) 5 326 24
6) 6 237 17.4
7) 7-much goodness 169 12.4
8) Dont know 3 0.2
9) No answer 86 6.3
TOTAL1,359100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Sample
Mode: In-Person


Please circle a number on the 1-7 scales below. Do you think the world is basically filled with evil and sin, or that there is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness? (WORLD)
  TOTAL %
1) World evil 12 1.8
2) 2 27 4
3) 3 64 9.4
4) 4 110 16.2
5) 5 162 23.9
6) 6 202 29.8
7) World good 101 14.9
TOTAL678100.0
Survey Details
Scope: U.S. Sample
Frame: Congregations
Sample: Non-Random
Mode: Mailed


Use card E to answer the last few questions. Please choose a number between 1-7 based on the following questions. Do you think the world is basically filled with evil and sin, or that there is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness? 1=World evil, and 7=World good. (WORLD)

Frequencies and percentages are not available for this question.

    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Congregations
    Sample: Non-Random
    Mode: In-Person


    Where would you place your image of the world on the following scale: From 1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
      TOTAL %
    1) 1-World evil 125 5.3
    2) 2 92 3.9
    3) 3 196 8.3
    4) 4 687 29
    5) 5 542 22.9
    6) 6 384 16.2
    7) 7- Much goodness 307 13
    8) Dont know 7 0.3
    9) No answer 29 1.2
    TOTAL2,369100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    Where would you place your image of the world on the following scale: From 1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin; to 7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WORLD1)
      TOTAL %
    1) 1-world evil 78 5.3
    2) 2 61 4.1
    3) 3 155 10.5
    4) 4 418 28.4
    5) 5 345 23.5
    6) 6 196 13.3
    7) 7-much goodness 196 13.3
    8) Dont know 1 0.1
    9) No answer 20 1.4
    TOTAL1,470100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: U.S. Adults
    Sample: Random Sample
    Mode: In-Person


    People have different images of the world and human nature. Wed like to know the kinds of images you have. Below are some sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of the world and human nature between the two contrasting images? - The world is basically filled with evil and sin and There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. (WRLDEVIL)
      TOTAL %
    1) The world is basically filled with evil and sin. 106 10.7
    2) 156 15.7
    3) 276 27.8
    4) 257 25.9
    5) 117 11.8
    6) 43 4.3
    7) There is much goodness in the world which hints at Gods goodness. 38 3.8
    TOTAL993100.0
    Survey Details
    Scope: U.S. Sample
    Frame: Other
    Sample: Non-Random
    Mode: Mailed


    SubCategories [ Back to Top ]
    Causes Doubt?: This question type asks the respondent if evil has caused the respondent doubts about religion.
    Causes of Evil: This question type asks the respondent about specific causes of evil.
    Congregational Emphasis: This question type asks the respondent how his/her congregation addresses the issue of evil.
    Experience Evil?: This question type asks the respondent about experiences with evil.
    Guidelines: This question type asks the respondent if there are clear guidelines distinguishing good and evil.
    Human Nature?: This question type asks the respondent about evil as part of human nature.
    World Good or Evil?: This question type asks the respondent about the extent of good vs. evil in the world.

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