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Friends/Close Ties, Affiliation of

Measures the religious affiliations of one's friends


Below are 52 questions from surveys in the ARDA that attempt to measure this concept. The ARDA staff further categorized these questions into 6 types:

AnyoneChildrenFriendsParentsSpouseVarious

AnyoneThis question type asks the respondent is he/she knows "anyone" of a particular religious affiliation


ChildrenIn this question respondents share the religious affiliation of their children.

  • KD1RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD1RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD2RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD2RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD3RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD3RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD4RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD4RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD5RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD5RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD6RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD6RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD7RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD7RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • KD8RELIG from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • In what religion is your (CHILDS NAME) being raised? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (KD8RELIG) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

FriendsIn this type question respondents share the religious affiliations of their friends.


ParentsThis question type asks respondents about the religious affiliation of parents

  • Q31A from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q31 Please indicate the religious affiliation of your... Father (Q31A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q31B from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q31 Please indicate the religious affiliation of your... Mother (Q31B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELFATHR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q31a. Please indicate the religious affiliation of your father, mother, and spouse (if married). (Please mark only one box.) Father (RELFATHR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELMOTHR from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q31b. Please indicate the religious affiliation of your father, mother, and spouse (if married). (Please mark only one box.) Mother (RELMOTHR) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

SpouseIn this question type respondents share the religious affiliation of their spouse

  • SPOUSREL from Middletown Area Study, 1978LEARN MORE
    • ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO ARE CURRENTLY MARRIED: What is your spouses religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion? (SPOUSREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELIGSP from General Social Survey, 1998LEARN MORE
    • What is your husbands/wifes religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIGSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q81 from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010LEARN MORE
    • [ASK IF SPOUSE/PARTNER DOES NOT HAVE SAME RELIGION] And what is your spouses religion, if any? (Q81) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • CPREL from National Survey of Family Growth - Wave 5 (1995) Respondent FileLEARN MORE
    • What religion is (name of current partner/your boyfriend)? (CPREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELIGSP from General Social Survey, 1991LEARN MORE
    • What is your husbands/wifes religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIGSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPREL from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What is your husband/wifes religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion at all? (SPREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELIGSP from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel CombinedLEARN MORE
    • What is your husbands/wifes religious preference? Is it Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (RELIGSP) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • Q31C from Baylor Religion Survey, 2005LEARN MORE
    • Q31 Please indicate the religious affiliation of your... Spouse (Q31C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • PRLSPREL from National Study of Youth and Religion, Wave 1 (2003)LEARN MORE
    • P101. [If parent respondent is married or living with a partner AND parent respondent does not share the same religious faith as their spouse/partner][IF P99=2 OR P100=1] What religion is your spouse/partner?[PROBE:IF THEY ANSWER Christian ask, Is that Catholic or Protestant?][IF P99=2 OR P100=1] What religion is your spouse/partner? [PROBE:IF THEY ANSWER Christian ask, Is that Catholic of Protestant?] (PRLSPREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V165 from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What is your spouses religion? (V165) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • SPREL from Survey of Chicago Catholics, 2007LEARN MORE
    • What religion is your spouse? Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion? (SPREL) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • RELSPOUS from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)LEARN MORE
    • Q31c. Please indicate the religious affiliation of your father, mother, and spouse (if married). (Please mark only one box for.) Spouse (RELSPOUS) EXPAND/COLLAPSE

VariousThis question type consists of follow-ups asked after respondent lists people they know. Focus of question could be family, friends, children, acquaintances, etc.

  • W9ZD18_1 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Does (NAME1) consider (himself/herself) Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, another religion, or not religious? Please give your best estimate, even if you dont know for sure. (W9ZD18_1) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9ZD18_2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Does (NAME2) consider (himself/herself) Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, another religion, or not religious? Please give your best estimate, even if you dont know for sure. (W9ZD18_2) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • W9ZD18_3 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009LEARN MORE
    • Does (NAME3) consider (himself/herself) Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, another religion, or not religious? Please give your best estimate, even if you dont know for sure. (W9ZD18_3) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V119A from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What religion is [fill 116@a]? (V119A) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V119B from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What religion is [fill 116@b]? (V119B) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V119C from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What religion is [fill 116@c]? (V119C) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V119D from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What religion is [fill 116@d]? (V119D) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
  • V119E from American Mosaic Project: A National Survey on DiversityLEARN MORE
    • What religion is [fill 116@e]? (V119E) EXPAND/COLLAPSE
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