Measurements

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Sociologists, psychologists, health researchers, economists and other social and behavioral scientists know about the importance of proper measurement. The Measurements feature provides a tool for comparing and evaluating measures of religion, spirituality and other related measures.

Single-Item Measures

Many key concepts in the study of religion, such as Biblical literalism, are operationalized utilizing single questions from surveys. The Measurements feature provides detailed information on single-item measures for 165 religious and non-religious concepts.

Some concepts have relatively few survey questions and the measures show little variation, e.g., the concept of reincarnation has only 18 questions with little variation. Others have hundreds of measures and the measures displayed so much variation that the coders placed them into multiple subcategories, e.g., the concept Church Attendance, Frequency of has 305 questions from 169 different surveys that are organized into 14 sub categories.

After selecting a specific single-Item measure, the user is allowed to display and filter the list of survey questions.

Users can view the full question wording, complete category labels and frequency tables. Plus, they can save the question to their own question bank and link directly to the original survey asking the question to view question ordering.

Single-Item Measurement Concept Single-Item Measurement Category
Catholic Sex Abuse Scandal, View of Religious Attitudes
Christian Nationalism, Attitude about Religious Attitudes
Church/State Separation, Attitude about Religious Attitudes
Evolution/Creationism, Teaching of Religious Attitudes
Human Origins (e.g., God or Evolution), Beliefs about Religious Attitudes
Inter-Generational Religious Transmission Religious Attitudes
Interfaith Marriage, Attitude Towards Religious Attitudes
Interracial Marriage, Attitude about Religious Attitudes
Religion and Science, Relationship between Religious Attitudes
Religious Influence on Public Life, Attitude about Religious Attitudes
Religious Leaders, View of Religious Attitudes
Religious People, View of Religious Attitudes
Religious Right, View of Religious Attitudes
Religious Symbols, Public Display of Religious Attitudes
School Prayer, Attitude about Religious Attitudes
Giving to Charity, Not Tithing Political and Civic Behaviors
Political Involvement of Congregation Political and Civic Behaviors
Political Involvement, Extent of Political and Civic Behaviors
Protesting/picketing/demonstrating/marching, Participation in Political and Civic Behaviors
Volunteering through Church, Frequency of Political and Civic Behaviors
Volunteering, Outside Church Political and Civic Behaviors
Church Attendance of Family Members, Frequency of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Church Attendance, Frequency of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Church Involvement, Non-Worship Service, Frequency of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Congregational Belonging Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Demands/Criticism Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Friends/Close Ties, Affiliation of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Friends/Close Ties, Attend same Congregation Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Giving/Tithing, Amount of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Proselytization (speaking to others about faith), Frequency of Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Support from Congregation Congregational Participation and Religious Networks
Denomination, Affiliation to Denominational/Religious Identification
Religious Preference, Spouse Denominational/Religious Identification
Religious Self-Identification, Adjective Used (e.g. Charismatic, Evangelical, etc.) Denominational/Religious Identification
Religious Tradition of Parents Denominational/Religious Identification
Religious Tradition, Affiliation to Denominational/Religious Identification
Behavioral Rules, Presence of Congregational Characteristics
Christian Education Congregational Characteristics
Congregation, Reason for Choosing Congregational Characteristics
Distance from Place of Worship Congregational Characteristics
Finances, State of Congregational Characteristics
Growth/Decline, Amount of Congregational Characteristics
Racial Diversity, Extent of Congregational Characteristics
Tithing, Congregational Attitude Congregational Characteristics
Women, Role of Congregational Characteristics
Worship Style, Type of Congregational Characteristics
Bible, Knowledge of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Bible, View of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Coping Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Happiness, Religion and Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Meditation, Frequency of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Prayer, Content of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Prayer, Frequency of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Prayer, Salience of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Reading Scriptures, Frequency of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Religion, Importance of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Religiosity, Strength of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Saying Grace, Frequency of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Spirituality, Strength of Salience, Scripture and Prayer
Baptism with the Holy Spirit Spiritual Experiences
Baptism, Presence of Spiritual Experiences
Religious Conversion Experiences, Occurrence of Spiritual Experiences
Religious Experiences (visions, dreams, voices, etc), Frequency of Spiritual Experiences
Religion Non-Fiction, Consumption of Religious Media
Religious Fiction, Consumption of Religious Media
Televangelism, Religious Programming, or Religious Films, Consumption of Religious Media
Angels, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Astrology, Validity of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Baptism, Beliefs about Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Beauty of God's Creation Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Converting Others Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Devil/Satan, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Evil, Beliefs about Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Extraterrestrials/UFOs, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Ghosts, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
God, Abilities of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
God, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
God, Image of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
God, Respondent's Relationship to Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Heaven, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Heaven, Image of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Heaven, Who Gets in Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Hell, Existence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Jesus, Nature of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Miracles, Beliefs about Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Pain and Suffering Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Pope, Belief and Attitudes Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Poverty, Religious Obligation Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Psychic Powers/ESP, Validity of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Rapture/Armageddon/Second Coming, Occurrence of Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Reincarnation, Belief in Religious/Metaphysical Beliefs
Atheists, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Buddhists, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Catholics, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Hindus, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Immigrants, Attitudes towards Tolerance of Other Groups
Immigration, View of Level of Tolerance of Other Groups
Jews, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Mormons, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Muslims, View of Tolerance of Other Groups
Religious Discrimination, Experience of Tolerance of Other Groups
Abortion, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Abortion, Decision-Making Moral/Social Attitudes
Abortion, Funding of Moral/Social Attitudes
Abortion, Placement of Public Figures Moral/Social Attitudes
Affirmative Action, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Alcohol, Morality of Moral/Social Attitudes
Birth Control, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Cohabitating, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Contraception, Morality of Moral/Social Attitudes
Corporal Punishment Moral/Social Attitudes
Death Penalty, Morality of/View of Moral/Social Attitudes
Divorce, Morality of Moral/Social Attitudes
Drug Legalization, Opinion of Moral/Social Attitudes
Euthanasia, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Extramarital Sex, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Forgiveness Moral/Social Attitudes
Gambling, Morality of Moral/Social Attitudes
Gay Marriage, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Happiness, Importance of Moral/Social Attitudes
Happiness, Self-rated Moral/Social Attitudes
Homosexuality, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Homosexuality, Congregational Attitude Moral/Social Attitudes
Homosexuality, Origins of (nature/nurture) Moral/Social Attitudes
Luck/Fate, Beliefs about Moral/Social Attitudes
Marijuana, Attitudes toward Moral/Social Attitudes
Meaning of Life, Attitudes about Moral/Social Attitudes
Minorities, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Minorities, Government Programs Moral/Social Attitudes
Moral Issues, Ranking of Moral/Social Attitudes
Personal Finances, Rating of Moral/Social Attitudes
Pornography, Morality of Moral/Social Attitudes
Poverty, Government Response Moral/Social Attitudes
Poverty, Personal Concern Moral/Social Attitudes
Premarital Sex, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Punishment of Criminals, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Science, Attitude towards/Trust in Moral/Social Attitudes
Stem Cell Research, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Teaching Evolution, Attitude about Moral/Social Attitudes
Trust In People, Level of Moral/Social Attitudes
Women's Roles, Attitudes about Moral/Social Attitudes
Economic Issues Environmental Attitudes
Environment, How Important Environmental Attitudes
Global Warming/Climate Change, Attitudes about Environmental Attitudes
Government/Legislation Environmental Attitudes
Religious Response Environmental Attitudes
Education of Religious Leaders Religious Leaders
Ministry, Reason for Entering Religious Leaders
Alcohol, Frequency of Health
Health, Behavioral Changes Health
Health, Limitations Health
Health, Satisfaction with Health
Obesity, Attitudes about Health
Tobacco Use, Frequency of Health
Vaccines, Usage of Health
Weight, Self-rated Health
Neighborhood, Safety Neighborhood
Neighborhood, Satisfaction with Neighborhood
Racial Composition, Attitudes about Neighborhood
Terrorism and Civil Liberties, Attitudes about Terrorism
Terrorism, Government Effectiveness Terrorism
Terrorists, Treatment of Terrorism
War in Iraq, Attitudes about Terrorism

View the Measurements Feature Development Team

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