Poverty, Government Response - Measurement Concept

Attitudes about how the government handles the poor/poverty
66 Questions match selected parameters.

Survey Questions

NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable238549.5
1) Too little148030.7
2) About right61812.8
3) Too much2625.4
8) Don't know701.5
9) No answer50.1
Total4820100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1055
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable156232.4
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor72915.1
2) 23447.1
3) 350010.4
4) 457712.0
5) 53467.2
6) 62254.7
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences50710.5
8) Don't know240.5
9) No answer60.1
Total4820100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1055
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable156232.4
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.48110.0
2) 23898.1
3) Agree with both139829.0
4) 44749.8
5) Each person should take care of himself/herself.4258.8
8) Don't know851.8
9) No answer60.1
Total4820100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1055
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
VCF0886 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
Should federal spending on [ITEM] be increased, decreased or kept about the same? – aid to poor people (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings)
 TOTAL%
1) Increased403846.3
2) Same302434.6
3) Decreased or cut out entirely6747.7
8) DK1041.2
9) NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984)88910.2
Missing38709
Total8729100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2004
Cases: 47438
Variables: 950
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Other: Some years used telephone interviews, others used face-to-face interviews
MONEYHTH from American Catholic Laity Poll, 1999
Following are some questions about social and political issues. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with more government money to provide health care for poor children?
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree343.9
2) Somewhat disagree424.9
3) Somewhat agree15017.3
4) Strongly agree63873.6
5) Don't know20.2
Total866100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1999
Cases: 877
Variables: 84
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
GOVXFR from Faith Matters Survey, 2006
5-2. Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference. Which comes closer to your views?
 TOTAL%
0) Government shouldn't concern itself103533.3
1) Government should reduce income differences186860.1
8) Don't know/No opinion1735.6
9) No answer/Refused321.0
Total3108100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 3108
Variables: 701
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable162333.1
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.53711.0
2) 23477.1
3) Agree with both138428.2
4) 44849.9
5) Each person should take care of himself.4348.9
8) Don't know841.7
9) No answer80.2
Total4901100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable242149.4
1) Too little153431.3
2) About right63913.0
3) Too much2495.1
8) Don't know581.2
Total4901100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable162333.1
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor56811.6
2) 22465.0
3) 351510.5
4) 460712.4
5) 549210.0
6) 62595.3
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences55811.4
8) Don't know240.5
9) No answer90.2
Total4901100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
GOVLESS from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Do you agree or disagree? E. The government should spend less on benefits for the poor.
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable332067.7
1) Strongly agree591.2
2) Agree2164.4
3) Neither2565.2
4) Disagree77715.9
5) Strongly disagree2234.6
8) Can't choose481.0
9) No answer20.0
Total4901100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey, 2004
Spending on assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
1) Too little96868.6
2) About right32423.0
3) Too much976.9
8) Don't know191.3
9) No answer30.2
Missing1401
Total1411100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2004
Cases: 2812
Variables: 1174
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQUALIZE from General Social Survey, 2006
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to . . . G. Reduce income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be42327.9
2) Probably should be34923.0
3) Probably should not be39426.0
4) Definitely should not be31120.5
8) Can't choose402.6
9) No answer10.1
Missing2992
Total1518100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 4510
Variables: 1232
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQUALIZE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
For/Against: What about requiring richer public schools to give money to poorer schools? (94, 02, 07)
 TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK985.0
0) Against61331.3
1) For124663.7
Missing16586
Total1957100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 17898
Variables: 770
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
LESSDIFF from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
Agree/Disagree: Government should take action to reduce income differences between rich and poor in America. (82, 88, 90, 92, 96, 99, 10)
 TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK1633.7
0) Disagree228651.6
1) Agree197944.7
Missing14115
Total4428100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 17898
Variables: 770
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
POVERTY from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
As a national program, do you think we're now spending too little, too much, or about the right amount of money on improving the conditions of the poor? (82-10)
 TOTAL%
-1) RF/DK10185.5
1) Too little1152962.2
2) About right439123.7
3) Too much16018.6
Missing4
Total18539100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 17898
Variables: 770
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable116932.8
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor52514.8
2) 22306.5
3) 341611.7
4) 443812.3
5) 52998.4
6) 61764.9
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences2767.8
8) Don't know290.8
9) No answer10.0
Total3559100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2008
Cases: 3559
Variables: 898
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable116932.8
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.45112.7
2) 22838.0
3) Agree with both102628.8
4) 43289.2
5) Each person should take care of himself.2466.9
8) Don't know541.5
9) No answer20.1
Total3559100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2008
Cases: 3559
Variables: 898
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable177850.0
1) Too little121434.1
2) About right39911.2
3) Too much1353.8
8) Don't know320.9
9) No answer10.0
Total3559100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2008
Cases: 3559
Variables: 898
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
GOVRHPR from International Social Survey Program: Religion II, 1998
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to reduce income differences between the rich and poor?
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be1748344.8
2) Probably should be1136929.1
3) Probably should not be502512.9
4) Definitely should not be30957.9
8) Can't choose, don't know15874.1
9) No answer4751.2
Total39034100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2001
Cases: 39034
Variables: 202
Scope: Other: Nations
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Other: Varies by country
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey, 2004
Place self on scale: 1) I strongly agree the government should improve living standards; To 5) I strongly agree that people should take care of themselves.
 TOTAL%
1) Government14816.9
2) 2879.9
3) Agree with both41046.8
4) 412414.2
5) People9611.0
8) Don't know111.3
Missing1936
Total876100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2004
Cases: 2812
Variables: 1174
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey, 2000
Respondents asked to place themselves on a scale: From 1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor; to 7) Government should not concern itself with income differences.
 TOTAL%
1) Government should 130115.9
2) 221711.4
3) 329415.5
4) 437419.7
5) 525813.6
6) 61608.4
7) Government should not 724512.9
8) Don't know382.0
9) No answer90.5
Missing921
Total1896100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2000
Cases: 2817
Variables: 1065
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
OPPOOR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002
I'd like to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The first one is: providing more generous government assistance to the poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 24.4
2) Favor 43.3
3) Oppose 21.6
4) Strongly oppose 5.3
9) Don't know/Refused 5.3
Total2002100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2002
Cases: 2002
Variables: 115
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
AGTAXCUT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002
Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: The government should help more needy people, even if it means holding back on future tax cuts.
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.7
2) Mostly agree 41.1
3) Mostly disagree 19.1
4) Completely disagree 9.5
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing1058
Total944100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2002
Cases: 2002
Variables: 115
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
AGGOVPRG from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2002
Please tell me if you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree with the following statement: The government should help more needy people, even if it means cuts in other programs.
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 17.3
2) Mostly agree 40.1
3) Mostly disagree 28.7
4) Completely disagree 7.9
9) Don't know/Refused 6.0
Missing944
Total1058100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2002
Cases: 2002
Variables: 115
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.48115.2
2) 238912.3
3) Agree with both139844.1
4) 447415.0
5) Each person should take care of himself/herself.42513.4
Missing1653
Total3167100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1040
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
1) Too little148062.7
2) About right61826.2
3) Too much26211.1
Missing2460
Total2360100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1040
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor72922.4
2) 234410.6
3) 350015.3
4) 457717.7
5) 534610.6
6) 62256.9
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences50715.6
8) Don't know240.7
9) No answer60.2
Missing1562
Total3258100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1030
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.48114.8
2) 238911.9
3) Agree with both139842.9
4) 447414.5
5) Each person should take care of himself/herself.42513.0
8) Don't know852.6
9) No answer60.2
Missing1562
Total3258100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1030
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
1) Too little148060.8
2) About right61825.4
3) Too much26210.8
8) Don't know702.9
9) No answer50.2
Missing2385
Total2435100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1030
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor72922.6
2) 234410.7
3) 350015.5
4) 457717.9
5) 534610.7
6) 62257.0
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences50715.7
Missing1592
Total3228100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2012
Cases: 4820
Variables: 1040
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
NATFAREY from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
We are faced with many problems in this country, none of which can be solved easily or inexpensively. I'm going to name some of these problems, and for each one I'd like you to tell me whether you think we're spending too much money on it, too little money, or about the right amount. K. Assistance to the poor
 TOTAL%
1) Too little153461.9
2) About right63925.8
3) Too much24910.0
8) Don't know582.3
Missing2421
Total2480100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
ISSPOOR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2005
I'd like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose providing more generous government assistance to the poor? [Answered only if FORM = 2.]
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 28.7
2) Favor 40.1
3) Oppose 19.2
4) Strongly oppose 6.3
9) Don't know/Refused 5.6
Missing1000
Total1000100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2005
Cases: 2000
Variables: 152
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
EQUALIZE from General Social Survey, 1996
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to: G. Reduce income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be20615.5
2) Probably should be36327.3
3) Probably should not be31423.6
4) Definitely should not be30422.8
8) Can't choose856.4
9) No answer604.5
Missing1572
Total1332100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 2904
Variables: 1051
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQUALIZE from General Social Survey, 1990
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to: Reduce income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be18615.3
2) Probably should be30425.0
3) Probably should not be33027.1
4) Definitely should not be28323.3
8) Can't choose725.9
9) No answer423.5
Missing155
Total1217100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1990
Cases: 1372
Variables: 745
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQWLTH from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
1) Government should do something to reduce income differences between rich and poor56817.3
2) 22467.5
3) 351515.7
4) 460718.5
5) 549215.0
6) 62597.9
7) Government should not concern itself with income differences55817.0
8) Don't know240.7
9) No answer90.3
Missing1623
Total3278100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELPPOOR from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
I'd like to talk with you about issues some people tell us are important. Some people think that the government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans; they are at point 1 on this card. Other people think it's not the government's responsibility, and that each person should take care of himself; they are at point 5. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this?
 TOTAL%
1) The government in Washington should do everything possible to improve the standard of living of all poor Americans.53716.4
2) 234710.6
3) Agree with both138442.2
4) 448414.8
5) Each person should take care of himself.43413.2
8) Don't know842.6
9) No answer80.2
Missing1623
Total3278100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 4901
Variables: 1221
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQUALIZE from General Social Survey, 1991
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to . . . Reduce income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be26219.3
2) Probably should be32924.2
3) Probably should not be31923.5
4) Definitely should not be31723.3
8) Can't choose997.3
9) No answer332.4
Missing158
Total1359100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1991
Cases: 1481
Variables: 758
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
FED_SP13 from American National Election Studies, 2002
Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs. For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you would like to see spending increased or decreased: -- AID TO THE WORKING POOR
 TOTAL%
0) NA20.5
1) Increased22960.3
2) Decreased133.4
3) Kept about the same13034.2
8) Don't know61.6
Missing1131
Total380100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2002
Cases: 1511
Variables: 727
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
FED_SP14 from American National Election Studies, 2002
Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs. For each one, I would like you to tell me whether you would like to see spending increased or decreased: -- FOREIGN AID
 TOTAL%
0) NA60.8
1) Increased709.5
2) Decreased31742.8
3) Kept about the same33845.7
4) Cut out entirely10.1
8) Don't know60.8
9) Refused20.3
Missing771
Total740100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2002
Cases: 1511
Variables: 727
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
L5POOR from State of Disunion Survey, 1996
Since our founding, different levels of our government have had different responsibilities. For each of the following, I want you to tell me whether you think it should be mainly the responsibility of the federal government in Washington, the state government in [respondent's state], your local government, or private organizations. Or do you think it should be mainly left up to individuals? E. Helping the poor and unemployed
 TOTAL%
1) Federal government73141.4
2) State government67138.0
3) Local government23313.2
4) Private organizations764.3
5) Individuals553.1
Missing281
Total1766100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 2047
Variables: 497
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
P10WELFR from State of Disunion Survey, 1996
I'm going to read you some proposals that are now being discussed nationally. As I read each one, please select the number that best expresses how much you favor or oppose it. If you don't really care about the issue, please say so. J. Reducing welfare payments to persons living in poverty
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly oppose42321.4
2) 223812.0
3) 330215.3
4) Neutral39319.9
5) 519910.1
6) 620010.1
7) Strongly favor22411.3
Missing68
Total1979100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 2047
Variables: 497
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELPMONY from Economic Values Survey, 1992
To help the needy in our society, do you think each of the following would help a lot, help a little, or not help? -- spending more money on government social welfare services
 TOTAL%
1) A lot120424.0
2) A little194138.7
3) Not help166833.2
4) Don't know2064.1
Total5019100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1992
Cases: 2013
Variables: 479
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
EQUALIZE from General Social Survey, 1998
Government responsibility: Reduce income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be21616.8
2) Probably should be33225.9
3) Probably should not be29923.3
4) Definitely should not be32125.0
8) Can't choose977.6
9) No answer191.5
Missing1548
Total1284100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 2832
Variables: 858
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
AIDPOOR from American National Election Studies, 2004
Should federal spending on AID TO POOR PEOPLE be INCREASED, DECREASED, or kept ABOUT THE SAME?
 TOTAL%
1) Increased67655.8
3) Decreased957.8
5) Kept about the same42134.7
8) Don't know171.4
9) Refused30.2
Total1212100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2004
Cases: 1212
Variables: 1184
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
POLISS5 from God and Society in North America, 1996
Next, I would like to read you some statements that people have made about some political issues. As I read each statement, please tell me whether you agree or disagree, moderately or strongly. -- The government should spend more to fight hunger and poverty even if it means higher taxes.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree119519.8
2) Moderately disagree123220.5
3) Moderately agree176929.4
4) Strongly agree173828.9
5) Don't know891.5
Missing477
Total6023100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 6023
Variables: 217
Scope: Other: U.S. and Canadian samples
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Other
Mode: Phone
PASOCISS from The 2000 American Rabbi Study
Please tell us whether you agree or disagree with the following statement about public affairs: The federal government should do more to solve problems such as poverty, unemployment, and poor housing.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree19951.8
2) Agree13334.6
3) Not sure318.1
4) Disagree184.7
5) Strongly disagree30.8
Missing18
Total384100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2000
Cases: 402
Variables: 298
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: Other: Conservative, Orthodox, Reconstructionist and Reform rabbis
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
FAVASTPR from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2001
Now I am going to read you a list of some programs and proposals that are being discussed in this country today. For each one, please tell me whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose it. The next one is: providing more generous government assistance to the poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 27.6
2) Favor 45.3
3) Oppose 16.8
4) Strongly oppose 6.2
9) Don't know/Refused 4.1
Total2041100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2001
Cases: 2041
Variables: 157
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
ASSIST from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2010
All in all do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose providing more generous government assistance to the poor?
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly favor 25.6
2) Favor 37.3
3) Oppose 21.2
4) Strongly oppose 9.5
9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.) 6.3
Total3003100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2010
Cases: 3003
Variables: 152
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
GOVRESP7 from Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 1998 - Religious Observance Module
On the whole, do you think it should or should not be the government's responsibility to reduce income differences between the rich and poor?
 TOTAL%
1) Definitely should be33140.5
2) Probably should be30937.7
3) Probably should not be627.6
4) Definitely should not be313.7
8) Can't choose8610.5
Total818100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 812
Variables: 79
Scope: Other: Northern Ireland Sample
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mixed Mode
DTHELPND from Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes, 1987-2009
The government should help more needy people even if it means going deeper in debt. (Q10F)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 15.7
2) Mostly agree 34.7
3) Mostly disagree 32.6
4) Completely disagree 12.1
9) Don't know/Refused 5.0
Missing5843
Total26727100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2009
Cases: 32570
Variables: 170
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Other: In-person surveys from 1987-1990, telephone surveys after.
AIDPOOR from American National Election Studies, 2000
What about aid to poor people? (Should federal spending on aid to poor people be increased, decreased, or kept about the same?)
 TOTAL%
1) Increased91650.7
3) Decreased1548.5
5) Kept about the same69338.4
7) Cut out entirely90.5
8) Don't know291.6
9) Refused60.3
Total1807100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2000
Cases: 1807
Variables: 1868
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mixed Mode
GOVACT_C from ELCA-Episcopal Church Clergy Study, 1998
Please indicate how strongly a majority of your church agrees or disagrees with the following statement: The federal government should do more to solve social problems such as unemployment and poverty. (Q16ACHURCH)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve1105.1
2) Approve53825.0
3) Neutral71433.1
4) Disapprove68932.0
5) Strongly disapprove1054.9
Missing84
Total2156100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 2240
Variables: 350
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: Other: ECLA or Episcopal clergy
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
GOVACT_U from ELCA-Episcopal Church Clergy Study, 1998
Please indicate how strongly YOU agree or disagree with the following statement: The federal government should do more to solve social problems such as unemployment and poverty. (Q16AYOU)
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly approve50222.8
2) Approve95543.5
3) Neutral33715.3
4) Disapprove32114.6
5) Strongly disapprove823.7
Missing43
Total2197100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 2240
Variables: 350
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: Other: ECLA or Episcopal clergy
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
GOVNEEDY from Religion and Politics Survey Merged Data Set, 1994-1995
Typology D: Helping needy Americans -- 1) Government should do more for the poor . . . 2) Government shouldn't do more for the poor
 TOTAL%
1) Agree strongly with statement number 1 35.3
2) Agree not strongly with statement number 1 12.5
3) Agree strongly with statement number 2 32.0
4) Agree not strongly with statement number 2 14.4
5) Neither/Both equally 3.1
9) Don't know/Refused 2.7
Total9652100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1995
Cases: 9652
Variables: 84
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
V19AFEDM from ELCA-Episcopal Church Study, 1999-2000
Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements. A. The federal government should do more to solve social problems such as unemployment, poverty, and poor housing.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1318.8
2) Agree39726.6
3) Not sure/neutral28419.0
4) Disagree48732.6
5) Strongly disagree19513.1
Missing57
Total1494100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2000
Cases: 1551
Variables: 364
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: Other: Members of ELCA or Episcopal church
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
GVHLPNDY from December 2006 Values Update Survey
For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The government should help most needy people even if it means going deeper in debt.
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 18.8
2) Mostly agree 35.5
3) Mostly disagree 28.7
4) Completely disagree 10.9
9) Don't know/Refused 6.1
Missing1025
Total982100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2007
Cases: 2007
Variables: 204
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
POGVDEP from December 2006 Values Update Survey
For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Poor people have become too dependent on government assistance programs.
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 29.3
2) Mostly agree 40.2
3) Mostly disagree 19.1
4) Completely disagree 6.2
9) Don't know 5.2
Missing1025
Total982100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2007
Cases: 2007
Variables: 204
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
POORDEP from December 2006 Values Update Survey
For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Poor people have become too dependent on government assistance programs.
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 29.0
2) Mostly agree 39.3
3) Mostly disagree 21.0
4) Completely disagree 6.8
9) Don't know/Refused 4.0
Missing982
Total1025100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2007
Cases: 2007
Variables: 204
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HOMELESS from Gallup Poll of Catholics, 1992
Here are a series of statements about issues facing the United States. For each, please tell me whether you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat or disagree strongly. -- Public spending to end poverty and homelessness in the United States is more important than military spending.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly Agree81850.4
2) Somewhat Agree46528.7
3) Somewhat Disagree19612.1
4) Strongly Disagree915.6
5) Don't know/Refused533.3
Total1623100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1992
Cases: 802
Variables: 54
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HLPNEEDY from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996
I am going to read you some pairs of statements that will help us understand how you feel about a number of things. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement (The government should do more to help needy Americans, even if it means going deeper into debt) or the SECOND statement (The government today can't afford to do much more to help the needy) comes closer to your own views, even if neither is exactly right.
 TOTAL%
1) First statement 48.1
2) Second statement 46.4
3) Neither/Both equally 3.1
4) Don't know/Refused 2.3
Total1975100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 1975
Variables: 151
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HOMELFR from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Fall 1992
How fair is it to spend government money on housing the homeless? Is it:
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair30339.4
2) Somewhat fair32742.5
3) Somewhat unfair759.8
4) Very unfair395.1
5) Don't know/No answer253.3
Missing26
Total769100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1992
Cases: 795
Variables: 178
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HOMELFR from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Fall 1992
How fair is it to spend government money on housing the homeless? Is it:
 TOTAL%
1) Very fair21847.5
2) Somewhat fair16636.2
3) Somewhat unfair439.4
4) Very unfair163.5
5) Don't know/No answer163.5
Missing11
Total459100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1992
Cases: 470
Variables: 181
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
EQWLTH from General Social Survey, 1993
Some people think that the government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and the poor, perhaps by raising the taxes of wealthy families or by giving income assistance to the poor. Others think that the government should not concern itself with reducing this income difference between the rich and the poor. Here is a card with a scale from 1 to 7. Think of a score of 1 as meaning that the government ought to reduce the income differences between rich and poor, and a score of 7 meaning that the government should not concern itself with reducing income differences. What score between 1 and 7 comes closest to the way you feel?
 TOTAL%
1) Government should18417.4
2) 212211.5
3) 320119.0
4) 418717.7
5) 513012.3
6) 6817.7
7) Government should not13012.3
8) Don't know181.7
9) No answer40.4
Missing549
Total1057100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1993
Cases: 1606
Variables: 651
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
UNEMPLOY from Mennonite Church Member Profile, 1989
The government should guarantee a minimum annual income for all individuals and families who are unemployed or who receive incomes below the poverty line.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree1264.1
2) Agree68122.4
3) Uncertain99032.6
4) Disagree102433.7
5) Strongly disagree2167.1
Missing52
Total3037100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1989
Cases: 3083
Variables: 451
Scope: Other
Frame: Other: Mennonite congregations
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Other: Administered in group setting
EQWLTHY from Middletown Area Study, 1982
Please indicate whether you strongly disagree, somewhat disagree, are uncertain, somewhat agree, or strongly agree. -- The government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly disagree6422.9
2) Somewhat disagree4516.1
3) Uncertain269.3
4) Somewhat agree5820.7
5) Strongly agree8731.1
Missing4
Total280100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1982
Cases: 284
Variables: 141
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
EQWLTHY from Middletown Area Study, 1984
For the next set of issues, I would like you to indicate your position by telling me how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. -- The government in Washington ought to reduce the income differences between the rich and poor.
 TOTAL%
1) Strongly agree349.9
2) Agree10430.1
3) Not sure3610.4
4) Disagree13840.0
5) Strongly disagree339.6
Missing6
Total345100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1984
Cases: 351
Variables: 61
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
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