Hell, Existence of - Measurement Concept

Does the respondent believe that Hell is a real place?
26 Questions match selected parameters.

Survey Questions

HELL from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)
Q23c. In your opinion, does each of the following exist? Hell
 TOTAL%
1) Absolutely not17711.0
2) Probably not25716.1
3) Probably31819.9
4) Absolutely84853.0
Missing52
Total1601100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2007
Cases: 1648
Variables: 318
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mixed Mode
RA_12 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006
I believe there is a Hell where people experience pain as punishment for their sin.
 TOTAL%
-7) Refused30.1
-4) Don't know160.6
1) Strongly agree112343.1
2) Somewhat agree51219.7
3) Neither agree nor disagree42316.2
4) Somewhat disagree1877.2
5) Strongly disagree34213.1
Missing3
Total2607100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 2610
Variables: 666
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
0) Inapplicable219461.6
1) Yes, definitely69819.6
2) Yes, probably2707.6
3) No, probably not1965.5
4) No definitely not1634.6
8) Don't know300.8
9) No answer80.2
Total3559100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2008
Cases: 3559
Variables: 898
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 76.0
2) No 21.5
8) Don't know 2.3
9) Refused 0.2
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 11028
Variables: 200
Scope: Other: United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia.
Frame: Other: Pentecostals and Charismatics
Sample: Unknown Sample Types
Mode: Other: Telephone interviews in the United States and in-person in other countries.
Q26D from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave I (2005)
Q26 In your opinion, does each of the following ... exist d. Hell
 TOTAL%
1) Absolutely88252.9
2) Probably29517.7
3) Probably not31919.1
4) Absolutely not17110.3
Missing54
Total1667100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2005
Cases: 1721
Variables: 395
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mixed Mode
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 57.1
2) No 41.4
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
Total1000100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1000
Variables: 127
Scope: Other: Brazil, urban areas
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 57.2
2) No 38.3
8) Don't know 3.2
9) Refused 1.3
Total988100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 988
Variables: 133
Scope: Other: Chile
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Continental Dataset
Do you think there is a hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 59.5
2) No 29.5
3) Other (Vol.) 3.1
9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.) 7.9
Total35556100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2007
Cases: 35556
Variables: 133
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
Q51B from Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010
Q51B [WHICH, IF ANY, OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU BELIEVE IN?] In Hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 81.0
2) No 15.3
8) Don't know 3.4
9) Refused 0.3
Total25091100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2009
Cases: 25091
Variables: 203
Scope: Other: sub-Saharan Africa (Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania)
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from General Social Survey, 1991
Do you believe in. . . Hell
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely59743.9
2) Yes, probably25618.8
3) No, probably not18913.9
4) No, definitely not16211.9
8) Can't choose725.3
9) No answer836.1
Missing158
Total1359100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1991
Cases: 1481
Variables: 758
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 79.3
2) No 17.1
8) Don't know 3.6
9) Refused 0.0
Total1300100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1300
Variables: 134
Scope: Other: Philippines
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 58.8
2) No 39.1
8) Don't know 2.1
9) Refused 0.0
Total1224100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1224
Variables: 128
Scope: Other: India
Frame: Other: Indian adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 62.9
2) No 30.4
8) Don't know 6.5
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1137
Variables: 128
Scope: Other: South Africa
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 45.5
2) No 48.0
8) Don't know 6.2
9) Refused 0.3
Total1000100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1000
Variables: 127
Scope: Other: Korea
Frame: Other: Korean adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 72.8
2) No 22.6
8) Don't know 4.3
9) Refused 0.3
Total1074100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1074
Variables: 129
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
Q36 from U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - Alaska and Hawaii Dataset
Do you think there is a hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally punished?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 51.7
2) No 37.0
3) Other (Vol.) 2.8
9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.) 8.5
Total401100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2008
Cases: 401
Variables: 129
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HELL from General Social Survey, 1998
Do you believe in... Hell
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, definitely62448.6
2) Yes, probably21416.7
3) No probably not15011.7
4) No definitely not13810.7
8) Can't choose977.6
9) No answer614.8
Missing1548
Total1284100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 2832
Variables: 858
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Guatemala
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 77.8
2) No 20.3
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.1
Total1305100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1305
Variables: 133
Scope: Other: Guatemala
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 88.9
2) No 9.9
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1001100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 1001
Variables: 134
Scope: Other: Kenya
Frame: Other: Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: In-Person
HELL from Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria
Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 93.3
2) No 5.8
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
Total999100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 2006
Cases: 999
Variables: 133
Scope: Other: Nigeria
Frame: Other: Nigerian adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, South Survey, Spring 1998
Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE60980.9
2) DON'T BELIEVE14419.1
Missing91
Total753100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 844
Variables: 112
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
SOUL3 from Religion and Politics Survey, 1996
ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO THINK THEIR SOUL WILL LIVE ON AFTER DEATH: Do you think there is a hell, to which people who have led bad lives and die without being sorry are eternally damned?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes (Believe in hell) 70.7
2) No (Don't believe in hell) 23.1
3) Don't know/Refused (Don't know if believe in hell) 6.2
Missing380
Total1595100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1996
Cases: 1975
Variables: 151
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Non-South Survey, Spring 1998
Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) BELIEVE24166.9
2) DON'T BELIEVE11933.1
Missing53
Total360100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 413
Variables: 114
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
AFTRDETH from Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, 1963
What do you feel will probably happen to you after death? -- (I feel that I will do one of the following):
 TOTAL%
1) Go to purgatory45216.3
2) Go to hell351.3
3) Simply stop existing44916.1
4) Go to heaven173462.4
5) Don't know943.4
6) Reincarnation100.4
7) Other70.3
Missing94
Total2781100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1963
Cases: 2875
Variables: 629
Scope: Regional Samples
Frame: Other: Members of the sampled congregations were randomly selected.
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Mailed
BLFHELL from Southern Focus Poll, Combined Sample, Spring 1998
Do you believe that after people die, some souls go to Heaven and others go to Hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Believe79572.1
2) Don't Believe30827.9
Missing144
Total1102100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 1257
Variables: 118
Scope: U.S. Samples
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
HELL from Middletown Area Study, 1998
ASKED ONLY OF THOSE RESPONDENTS WHO NEVER ATTEND CHURCH: Do you believe in hell?
 TOTAL%
1) Yes9166.9
2) No3022.1
3) Are you not sure1511.0
Missing391
Total136100.0
Survey Details  
Year: 1998
Cases: 527
Variables: 99
Scope: Single Sample
Frame: U.S. Adults
Sample: Random Samples
Mode: Phone
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