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American Trends Panel Wave 106




The American Trends Panel (ATP), created by Pew Research Center, is a nationally representative panel of randomly selected U.S. adults. Panelists participate via self-administered web surveys. Panelists who do not have internet access at home are provided with a tablet and wireless internet connection. Interviews are conducted in both English and Spanish. The panel is being managed by Ipsos.

The ATP Wave 106 was conducted from April 11 to April 17, 2022. A total of 10,156 panelists responded out of 11,678 who were sampled, for a response rate of 87 percent. The cumulative response rate accounting for nonresponse to the recruitment surveys and attrition is 3 percent. The break-off rate among panelists who logged on to the survey and completed at least one item is 1 percent. The ATP Wave 106 asked questions about religion and the environment.

The ARDA has added five additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 10156
Variables: 143
Weight Variable: WEIGHT_106

WEIGHT_106 is the weight for the combined sample of all web and mail interviews. Data for all American Trends Panel reports are analyzed using this weight. Refer to the American Trends Panel survey methodology for detailed weighting information.

Data Collection

April 11 - April 17, 2022

Original Survey (Instrument)

American Trends Panel Wave 106

Funded By

Support for this project was provided by the Pew Charitable Trusts

Collection Procedures

The data collection field period for this survey was April 11 to April 17, 2022. Postcard notifications were mailed to all ATP panelists with a known residential address on April 11, 2022.

Invitations were sent out in two separate launches: Soft Launch and Full Launch. Sixty panelists were included in the soft launch, which began with an initial invitation sent on April 11, 2022. The ATP panelists chosen for the initial soft launch were known responders who had completed previous ATP surveys within one day of receiving their invitation. All remaining English- and Spanish-speaking panelists were included in the full launch and were sent an invitation on April 12, 2022.

All panelists with an email address received an email invitation and up to two email reminders if they did not respond to the survey. All ATP panelists that consented to SMS messages received an SMS invitation and up to two SMS reminders.

Sampling Procedures

The ATP was created in 2014, with the first cohort of panelists invited to join the panel at the end of a large, national, landline and cellphone random-digit-dial survey that was conducted in both English and Spanish. Two additional recruitments were conducted using the same method in 2015 and 2017, respectively. Across these three surveys, a total of 19,718 adults were invited to join the ATP, of whom 9,942 (50 percent) agreed to participate.

In August 2018, the ATP switched from telephone to address-based recruitment. Invitations were sent to a stratified, random sample of households selected from the U.S. Postal Service's Delivery Sequence File. Sampled households receive mailings asking a randomly selected adult to complete a survey online. A question at the end of the survey asks if the respondent is willing to join the ATP. Starting in 2020 another stage was added to the recruitment. Households that do not respond to the online survey are sent a paper version of the questionnaire, $5 and a postage-paid return envelope. A subset of the adults returning the paper version of the survey are invited to join the ATP. This subset of adults receive a follow-up mailing with a $10 pre-incentive and invitation to join the ATP.

Across the four address-based recruitments, a total of 19,822 adults were invited to join the ATP, of whom 17,472 agreed to join the panel and completed an initial profile survey. In each household, the adult with the next birthday was asked to go online to complete a survey, at the end of which they were invited to join the panel. Of the 27,414 individuals who have ever joined the ATP, 11,685 remained active panelists and continued to receive survey invitations at the time this survey was conducted.

The U.S. Postal Service's Delivery Sequence File has been estimated to cover as much as 98 percent of the population, although some studies suggest that the coverage could be in the low 90 percent range. The American Trends Panel never uses breakout routers or chains that direct respondents to additional surveys.

This study featured a stratified random sample from the ATP. The overall target population for this survey was non-institutionalized persons ages 18 and older, living in the U.S., including Alaska and Hawaii.

All respondents were offered a post-paid incentive for their participation. Respondents could choose to receive the post-paid incentive in the form of a check or a gift code to or could choose to decline the incentive. Incentive amounts ranged from $5 to $20 depending on whether the respondent belongs to a part of the population that is harder or easier to reach. Differential incentive amounts were designed to increase panel survey participation among groups that traditionally have low survey response propensities.

Principal Investigators

Pew Research Center

Related Publications

"How Religion Intersects With Americans' Views on the Environment." Pew Research Center.

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