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Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003




Wuthnow, R. (2020, December 16). Religion and Diversity Survey, 2002-2003.


This survey includes questions about the public's views about religious diversity, such as attitudes toward and contact with Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists. The survey was designed by Robert Wuthnow at Princeton University in conjunction with the Responding to Diversity Project sponsored by the Lilly Endowment. The survey also includes questions regarding religious beliefs and practices, and opinions concerning terrorism, interreligious understanding, and national identity. (Religion and Diversity Codebook, Princeton University, Department of Sociology, 2003).

The ARDA has added six additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 2910
Variables: 215
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

Data Collection

September 18, 2002 through February 25, 2003

Funded By

The Lilly Endowment, Inc.

Collection Procedures

Taken from Religion and Diversity Codebook, Princeton University, Department of Sociology, 2003.

"The survey results are based on telephone interviews conducted by Schulman, Ronca, and Bucuvalas, Inc., in New York with a nationally representative sample of 2,910 adults, 18 and older living in telephone households in the continental United States. The interviews were conducted from September 18, 2002 through February 25, 2003."

Sampling Procedures

"The sample for this survey was designed to produce a representative sample of telephone households in the continental United States. The selected sample is a random-digit sample of telephone numbers selected from telephone exchanges in the continental United States and was drawn by Survey Sampling, Inc. of Fairfield, Connecticut. At least 19 attempts were made to complete an interview at every sampled telephone number. The calls were staggered over times of day and days of the week to maximize the chances of making a contact with a potential respondent. All interview breakoffs and refusals were re-contacted at least twice in order to attempt to convert them to completed interviews. Two mailings were sent to non-responding households and an 800-number was supplied for return calls. All respondents were offered a $10 incentive. In each contacted household, interviewers asked to speak with the adult in the household who had the most recent birthday. The response rate was 43.6 percent." (Religion and Diversity Codebook)

Principal Investigators

Robert Wuthnow

Related Publications

Wuthnow, Robert. 2005. America and the Challenges of Religious Diversity. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Religion and Diversity Codebook, Princeton University, Department of Sociology, 2003.

The RELTRAD variable follows the criteria developed in:
Steensland, Brian, Jerry Z. Park, Mark D. Regnerus, Lynn D. Robinson, W. Bradford Wilcox, Robert D. Woodberry. 2000. "The Measure of American Religion: Toward Improving the State of the Art." Social Forces, Vol. 79(1) September: 291-318.


"Non-response in telephone interview surveys produces some known biases in survey-derived estimates because participation tends to vary for different subgroups of the population, and these subgroups are likely to vary also on questions of substantive interest. For example, men are more difficult than women to reach at home by telephone, and people with relatively low educational attainment are less likely than others to agree to participate in telephone surveys. In order to compensate for these known biases, the sample data were weighted for analysis.

"The demographic weighting parameters used as targets for the demographic weighting were derived from a special analysis of the most recently available U.S. Census. This analysis produced population parameters for the demographic characteristics of households with adults 18 or older, which were then compared with the sample characteristics to construct sample weights. The analysis only included households in the continental United States where there is a telephone in the household, for comparability to the sample design used for this survey. Comparisons of survey responses and data from the 2000 U.S. Census showed that the distributions of age, region, and race achieved in the survey were accurate. Women and persons with college educations were over-represented. To correct for this over-representation, a weight variable (Weight) was constructed. In analysis, the weight variable is used for generalizing to the U.S. adult population, but unweighted data are preferable when calculating measures of statistical significance." (Religion and Diversity Codebook)

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