General Social Survey, 2016
CitationSmith, T. (2019, February 9). General Social Survey, 2016.
SummaryThe General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) annually since 1972, except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed to be part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. This data file has all cases and variables asked on the 2016 GSS.
To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA's Syntax Repository.
The ARDA has added six additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.
Data FileCases: 2867
Weight Variable: FORMWT, OVERSAMP, WTSS, WTSSNR, WTSSALL
Original Survey (Instrument)General Social Survey
Funded ByNational Science Foundation
Collection ProceduresIn-person interview of approximately 90 minutes
Sampling ProceduresNORC has introduced an innovative approach to demographic sampling frame construction and sample design for NORC's program of face-to-face surveys from 2004 onward. The important changes from previous GSS designs are: (i) the construction of a new list-assisted sampling frame for 72 percent of the population; (ii) an increase in the size of the certainty stratum (the proportion of the population covered by certainty area selections); (iii) designation of new primary sampling units (PSUs) for the certainty stratum; (iv) designation of new secondary sampling units (SSUs) for the remaining "urban" areas; and, (v) designation of larger SSUs for the remaining areas.
Principal InvestigatorsTom W. Smith
NotesThe following links provide a detailed description of the occupation and industry codes utilized in the 2016 GSS dataset: