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A Cross-National Survey of Muslim Attitudes, Wave 1




Woodward, M. R. (2020, May 12). A Cross-National Survey of Muslim Attitudes Wave 1.


The survey of Muslims was conducted on behalf of Arizona State University by Abt SRBI in Southeast Asia, West Africa, and Western Europe. The goal of the study is to investigate how Muslim individuals and communities respond to and counter radical or extremist actors in their discourses. It details religious attitudes and perceptions of the impact of the West on Muslim societies. The first wave was collected between June and August, 2011 in France, Germany, Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal, with a total sample size of 2,810. The collection procedures varied by country and approximately 400 respondents were collected from each. Survey methodology and sample characteristics are detailed in a paper written for the Center for the Study of Religion and Conflict.

The ARDA has added four additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 2810
Variables: 154

Separate weights were constructed for each of the seven countries surveyed. Probability of selection weights (also termed base weights) were calculated in versions that summed to N and n respectively. Weights for Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal were raked to population characteristics and were prepared in versions that summed to N and n respectively. Raked weights adjust the base weight to ensure that the weighted sample has marginal distribution of results on age group, sex, and distribution of the adult Muslim population over geography equal to the estimates described under Sample. Raked weights were only calculated for Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal due to the lack of reliable data about the characteristics of the Muslim populations of France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. [ARDA Note: The weights included in this file were added by the survey organization(s)]

Data Collection

June - August, 2011

Original Survey (Instrument)

A Cross-National Survey of Muslim Attitudes, Wave 1

Funded By

Department of Defense Minerva Initiative/Office of Naval Research (N00014-09-1-0815)

Collection Procedures

Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted for respondents in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, and in-person interviews were used in Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal.

Sampling Procedures

The sample design balanced cost of data collection with considerations of minimizing sampling error and bias while reaching a sample size of n=400 completed interviews per country. Sampling procedures varied by country, with the largest differences between countries that used in-person or telephone interviewing.

The Muslim population was estimated using available census statistics on nativity in Germany, nationality in France, and religion in the United Kingdom. Municipal geographic units in each country were stratified according to the size of the Muslim population (i.e., high, medium, and low). Within the high, medium, and low incidence strata, a landline random digit dialing frame was used.

A multilevel cluster sampling approach with in-person data collection was used in Malaysia, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal. Official population estimates and/or population projections were used to develop the sampling plan. Probability proportional to size systematic random sampling was used to select clusters within municipalities, and municipalities within regions. Household selection was via the random walk method with a fixed sampling interval of five (urban) or three (rural) and from a random starting point. Interviewers used a Kish grid to select individual respondents within an eligible household.

Principal Investigators

Mark R. Woodward

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