Democratizing access to the best data on religion since 1997

Archive Navigation

View Question Bank

Archive Categories

Sort the above Archive Category by:

Browse Alphabetically
Browse All Categories
Browse Newest Additions

File Summaries

Search Data Archive

National Public Opinion Reference Survey, 2022




Ipsos conducted the National Public Opinion Reference Survey (NPORS) for the Pew Research Center using address-based sampling and a multimode protocol. The survey was fielded May 23, 2022, to Sep. 6, 2022. Participants were first mailed an invitation to complete an online survey. A paper survey was later mailed to those who did not respond. In total, 1,982 respondents completed the survey online, and 2,061 respondents completed the paper survey (Total N=4,043). The survey was administered in English and Spanish. The AAPOR Response Rate 1 was 29 percent.

The ARDA has added four additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 4043
Variables: 68
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

Final weights were calculated by comparing sample characteristics to population benchmarks. More information on the weighting process can be found here.

Data Collection

May 23, 2022 to Sep. 6, 2022

Original Survey (Instrument)

2022 National Public Opinion Reference Survey

Funded By

The Pew Research Center

Collection Procedures

Ipsos sent initial mailings in a 9-by-12-inch envelope via Priority mail to the 14,240 sampled households. These packets included two $1 bills and a letter asking a member of the household to complete an online survey using the website and password provided. If two or more adults were in the household, the letter asked the adult with the next birthday to complete the survey. Sampled households were later sent a reminder postcard and then a reminder letter via First Class mail.

Ipsos sent nonresponding households with a deliverable address a 9-by-12-inch Priority mail envelope. The Priority envelope contained a letter, a $5 bill, a paper version of the survey and a postage-paid return envelope. The paper survey was one 11-by-17-inch page folded booklet-style.

The within-household selection instructions were identical to those used in the earlier online survey request. These households were later sent a reminder postcard.

Households in Hispanic strata received all materials in English and Spanish. All other households received materials in English only. Those who completed the survey online or returned the completed paper survey were sent a $10 post-incentive.

Sampling Procedures

The sample was drawn from the U.S. Postal Service Computerized Delivery Sequence File (DSF) and was provided by MSG (Marketing Systems Group). Occupied residential addresses (including 'drop points') in all U.S. states (including Alaska and Hawaii) and the District of Columbia had a nonzero chance of selection. The draw was a national, stratified random sample, with differential probabilities of selection across the mutually exclusive strata.

Principal Investigators

The Pew Research Center

NPORS and the American Trends Panel (ATP)

Note that the online component was used to recruit members to the Pew Research Center's national probability-based American Trends Panel (ATP), but the NPORS survey includes all completed interviews regardless of whether they were asked to join or agreed to join the ATP.

Our Sponsors

Our Affiliates

© 2023 The Association of Religion Data Archives. All rights reserved.