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Six-Cities Study of Trustees




Hall, P. D., & Abzug, R. (2021, June 15). Six-Cities Study of Trustees.


The Six Cities Study, collected by researchers at Yale University's Program on Nonprofit Organizations (PONPO), focuses on members of ninety nonprofit boards of trustees in six cities (Atlanta, Boston, Cleveland, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, and Philadelphia). The study examines a variety of variables, including the gender, race, religion, and socioeconomic makeup of trustees, at 30-year intervals in 1931, 1961, and 1991.

The ARDA has added five additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 9176
Variables: 86
Weight Variable: None

Data Collection

Dates of data collection unknown.

Collection Procedures

Data for the Six-Cities Study were gathered from a variety of public record sources, including Who's Who, Social Registers, Standards & Poor's Registry of Executives, Directors, and Corporations, organizational annual reports, tax forms, obituaries, media searches (NEXIS), local archives, oral histories, and interviews.

Principal Investigators

Peter Dobkin Hall
Rikki Abzug, Program on Nonprofit Organizations (PONPO), Yale University


For the variable SPOUOCC, value labels were available for only the first 60 values. The labels for other values of this variable are unknown.


Code City State

1 Anniston AL Alabama
2 Auburn AL Alabama
3 Bessemer AL Alabama
4 Birmingham AL Alabama
7 Florence AL Alabama
10 Mobile AL Alabama
11 Montgomery AL Alabama
15 Tuscaloosa AL Alabama
20 Mesa AZ Arizona
21 Phoenix AZ Arizona
24 Tucson AZ Arizona
26 El Dorado AR Arkansas
29 Hot Springs AR Arkansas
34 Pine Bluff AR Arkansas
38 Anaheim CA California
40 Arcadia CA California
41 Azusa CA California
47 Berkeley CA California
48 Beverly Hills CA California
51 Burbank CA California
53 Camarillo CA California
55 Carlsbad CA California
58 Chico CA California
61 Claremont CA California
63 Compton CA California
66 Costa Mesa CA California
80 Fremont CA California
81 Fresno CA California
82 Fullerton CA California
85 Glendale CA California
91 Inglewood CA California
92 Irvine CA California
97 Lancaster CA California
102 Long Beach CA California
103 Los Altos CA California
104 Los Angeles CA California
105 Los Gatos Town CA California
106 Lynwood CA California
107 Manhattan Beach CA California
109 Merced CA California
113 Montebello CA California
115 Monterey Park CA California
120 Newport Beach CA California
123 Oakland CA California
126 Orange CA California
130 Palo Alto CA California
132 Pasadena CA California
133 Petaluma CA California
139 Pomona CA California
141 Rancho Palos Verdes CA California
150 Sacramento CA California
153 San Bruno CA California
156 San Diego CA California
157 San Francisco CA California
158 San Gabriel CA California
159 San Jose CA California
165 Santa Barbara CA California
169 Santa Monica CA California
181 Torrance CA California
185 Upland CA California
190 Walnut Creek CA California
193 Whittier CA California
195 Yorba Linda CA California
199 Colorado Springs CO Colorado
200 Denver CO Colorado
210 Pueblo CO Colorado
213 Wheat Ridge CO Colorado
214 Bridgemont CT Connecticut
216 Danbury CT Connecticut
217 Hartford CT Connecticut
223 New Haven CT Connecticut
224 New London CT Connecticut
225 Norwalk CT Connecticut
228 Stamford CT Connecticut
230 Waterbury CT Connecticut
233 Wilmington DE Delaware
234 Washington, DC DC District of Columbia
236 Boca Raton FL Florida
243 Daytona Beach FL Florida
250 Gainesville FL Florida
254 Jacksonville FL Florida
261 Melbourne FL Florida
263 Miami Beach FL Florida
268 Orlando FL Florida
277 Sarasota FL Florida
280 Tamarac FL Florida
281 Titusville FL Florida
284 Albany GA Georgia
285 Athens GA Georgia
286 Atlanta GA Georgia
287 Augusta GA Georgia
288 Columbus GA Georgia
289 East Point GA Georgia
290 Macon GA Georgia
291 Manetta GA Georgia
292 Rome GA Georgia
294 Valdosta GA Georgia
298 Honolulu HI Hawaii
310 Alton IL Illinois
312 Aurora IL Illinois
314 Berwyn IL Illinois
320 Champaign IL Illinois
321 Chicago IL Illinois
325 Decatur IL Illinois
329 East St. Louis IL Illinois
330 Elgin IL Illinois
332 Elmhurst IL Illinois
333 Evanston IL Illinois
342 Joliet IL Illinois
346 Maywood Village IL Illinois
356 Oak Park Village IL Illinois
361 Peoria IL Illinois
364 Rock Island IL Illinois
367 Springfield IL Illinois
370 Waukegan IL Illinois
372 Wilmette Village IL Illinois
373 Anderson IN Indiana
376 East Chicago IN Indiana
377 Elkhart IN Indiana
378 Evansville IN Indiana
379 Fort Wayne IN Indiana
380 Gary IN Indiana
383 Indianapolis IN Indiana
384 Kokomo IN Indiana
385 Lafayette IN Indiana
387 Marion IN Indiana
389 Michigan City IN Indiana
391 Muncie IN Indiana
396 Terre Haute IN Indiana
399 Burlington IA Iowa
400 Cedar Falls IA Iowa
403 Council Bluffs IA Iowa
404 Davenport IA Iowa
405 Des Moines IA Iowa
409 Marshalltown IA Iowa
410 Mason City IA Iowa
411 Ottumwa IA Iowa
412 Sioux City IA Iowa
413 Waterloo IA Iowa
415 Hutchinson KS Kansas
416 Kansas City KS Kansas
417 Lawrence KS Kansas
418 Leavenworth KS Kansas
421 Salina KS Kansas
424 Topeka KS Kansas
425 Wichita KS Kansas
430 Hopkinsville KY Kentucky
431 Lexington-Fayette KY Kentucky
432 Louisville KY Kentucky
436 Baton Rouge LA Louisiana
441 Lake Charles LA Louisiana
444 New Orleans LA Louisiana
445 Shreveport LA Louisiana
447 Bangor ME Maine
449 Portland ME Maine
451 Baltimore MD Maryland
453 Cumberland MD Maryland
454 Frederick MD Maryland
459 Beverly MA Massachusetts
460 Boston MA Massachusetts
461 Brockton MA Massachusetts
462 Cambridge MA Massachusetts
463 Chelsea MA Massachusetts
464 Chicopee MA Massachusetts
465 Everett MA Massachusetts
466 Fall River MA Massachusetts
467 Fitchburg MA Massachusetts
468 Gloucester MA Massachusetts
469 Haverville MA Massachusetts
470 Holyoke MA Massachusetts
471 Lawrence MA Massachusetts
473 Lowell MA Massachusetts
474 Lynn MA Massachusetts
477 Medford MA Massachusetts
478 Melrose MA Massachusetts
479 New Bedford MA Massachusetts
480 Newton MA Massachusetts
482 Peabody MA Massachusetts
484 Quincy MA Massachusetts
485 Revere MA Massachusetts
486 Salem MA Massachusetts
487 Somerville MA Massachusetts
488 Springfield MA Massachusetts
489 Taunton MA Massachusetts
490 Waltham MA Massachusetts
492 Woburn MA Massachusetts
493 Worchester MA Massachusetts
495 Ann Arbor MI Michigan
496 Battle Creek MI Michigan
500 Dearborn Heights MI Michigan
501 Detroit MI Michigan
507 Garden City MI Michigan
508 Grand Rapids MI Michigan
509 Highland Park MI Michigan
510 Holland MI Michigan
512 Jackson MI Michigan
520 Muskegon MI Michigan
524 Port Huron MI Michigan
527 Saginaw MI Michigan
529 Southland MI Michigan
539 Bloomington MN Minnesota
540 Brooklyn Center MN Minnesota
542 Burnsville MN Minnesota
544 Crystal MN Minnesota
545 Duluth MN Minnesota
546 Edina MN Minnesota
547 Fridley MN Minnesota
548 Mankato MN Minnesota
549 Maplewood MN Minnesota
550 Minneapolis MN Minnesota
552 Moorhead MN Minnesota
553 Plymouth MN Minnesota
554 Richfield MN Minnesota
555 Rochester MN Minnesota
556 Roseville MN Minnesota
557 St. Cloud MN Minnesota
558 St. Louis Park MN Minnesota
559 St. Paul MN Minnesota
560 Winona MN Minnesota
561 Biloxi MS Mississippi
562 Columbus MS Mississippi
566 Jackson MS Mississippi
567 Meridian MS Mississippi
583 St. Louis MO Missouri
591 Lincoln NE Nebraska
594 Las Vegas NV Nevada
596 Reno NV Nevada
598 Concord NH New Hampshire
599 Manchester NH New Hampshire
602 Atlantic City NJ New Jersey
607 Camden NJ New Jersey
610 Elizabeth NJ New Jersey
617 Jersey City NJ New Jersey
621 Montclair Township NJ New Jersey
623 New Brunswick NJ New Jersey
624 Nutley Township NJ New Jersey
625 Orange Township NJ New Jersey
626 Paramus Borough NJ New Jersey
627 Passiac NJ New Jersey
628 Patterson NJ New Jersey
634 Trenton NJ New Jersey
635 Union City NJ New Jersey
640 Albuquerque NM New Mexico
648 Albany NY New York
650 Birmingham NY New York
651 Buffalo NY New York
654 Hempstead Village NY New York
655 Ithaca NY New York
658 Long Beach NY New York
660 New Rochelle NY New York
661 Bronx Borough NY New York
662 Brooklyn Borough NY New York
663 Manhattan Borough NY New York
664 Queens Borough NY New York
665 Staten Island Borough NY New York
666 Niagara Falls NY New York
667 North Tonawanda NY New York
669 Rochester NY New York
672 Schenectady NY New York
673 Syracuse NY New York
675 Utica NY New York
678 White Plains NY New York
679 Yonkers NY New York
680 Asheville NC North Carolina
681 Burlington NC North Carolina
683 Charlotte NC North Carolina
684 Durham NC North Carolina
685 Fayetteville NC North Carolina
686 Gastonia NC North Carolina
688 Greensboro NC North Carolina
693 Rocky Mount NC North Carolina
695 Wilson NC North Carolina
696 Winston-Salem NC North Carolina
698 Fargo ND North Dakota
699 Grand Forks ND North Dakota
700 Minot ND North Dakota
701 Akron OH Ohio
705 Brook Park OH Ohio
706 Brunswick OH Ohio
707 Canton OH Ohio
708 Cincinatti OH Ohio
709 Cleveland OH Ohio
710 Cleveland Heights OH Ohio
711 Columbus OH Ohio
713 Dayton OH Ohio
714 East Cleveland OH Ohio
715 Elyria OH Ohio
716 Euclid OH Ohio
720 Garfield Heights OH Ohio
721 Hamilton OH Ohio
723 Kent OH Ohio
725 Lakewood OH Ohio
727 Lima OH Ohio
728 Lorain OH Ohio
730 Maple Heights OH Ohio
731 Marion OH Ohio
732 Massillon OH Ohio
733 Mentor OH Ohio
735 Newark OH Ohio
736 North Olmsted OH Ohio
738 Parma OH Ohio
739 Portsmouth OH Ohio
740 Sandusky OH Ohio
741 Shaker Heights OH Ohio
742 South Euclid OH Ohio
743 Springfield OH Ohio
746 Strongsville OH Ohio
747 Toledo OH Ohio
749 Warren OH Ohio
750 Youngstown OH Ohio
751 Zanesville OH Ohio
760 Muskogee OK Oklahoma
764 Shawnee OK Oklahoma
766 Tulsa OK Oklahoma
770 Eugene OK Oklahoma
774 Portland OK Oklahoma
777 Allentown PA Pennsylvania
778 Altoona PA Pennsylvania
780 Bethlehem PA Pennsylvania
781 Chester PA Pennsylvania
782 Easton PA Pennsylvania
783 Erie PA Pennsylvania
784 Harrisburg PA Pennsylvania
785 Hazelton PA Pennsylvania
786 Johnstown PA Pennsylvania
787 Lancaster PA Pennsylvania
791 New Castle PA Pennsylvania
792 Norristown Borough PA Pennsylvania
793 Philadelphia PA Pennsylvania
794 Pittsburgh PA Pennsylvania
795 Plum Borough PA Pennsylvania
796 Reading PA Pennsylvania
797 Scranton PA Pennsylvania
803 Cranston RI Rhode Island
805 Newport RI Rhode Island
806 Pawtucket RI Rhode Island
807 Providence RI Rhode Island
808 Warwick RI Rhode Island
809 Woonsocket RI Rhode Island
811 Charleston SC South Carolina
812 Columbia SC South Carolina
814 Greenville SC South Carolina
817 Spartanburg SC South Carolina
818 Aberdeen SD South Dakota
820 Sioux Falls SD South Dakota
821 Chattanooga TN Tennessee
825 Hendersonville TN Tennessee
826 Jackson TN Tennessee
827 Johnson City TN Tennessee
829 Knoxville TN Tennessee
830 Memphis TN Tennessee
831 Murfreesboro TN Tennessee
832 Nashville-Davidson TN Tennessee
834 Abilene TX Texas
839 Beaumont TX Texas
841 Bryan TX Texas
844 Corpus Christi TX Texas
845 Dallas TX Texas
856 Houston TX Texas
858 Irving TX Texas
874 Port Arthur TX Texas
877 San Antonio TX Texas
887 Logan UT Utah
891 Provo UT Utah
892 Salt Lake City UT Utah
895 Burlington VT Vermont
896 Alexandria VA Virginia
900 Danville VA Virginia
904 Norfolk VA Virginia
905 Petersburg VA Virginia
907 Richmond VA Virginia
913 Bellingham WA Washington
922 Seattle WA Washington
923 Spokane WA Washington
928 Charleston WV West Virginia
930 Morgantown WV West Virginia
931 Parkersburg WV West Virginia
932 Wheeling WV West Virginia
933 Appleton WI Wisconsin
936 Eau Claire WI Wisconsin
938 Green Bay WI Wisconsin
940 Janesville WI Wisconsin
942 La Crosse WI Wisconsin
943 Madison WI Wisconsin
946 Milwaukee WI Wisconsin
949 Racine WI Wisconsin
953 Wausau WI Wisconsin
954 Wauwatosa WI Wisconsin
960 City not in USA N/A N/A

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