- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic
Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (81.5%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||recognition only [Article 82]|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 24]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 24]|
|Current as of3||July 19, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
... invoking God ...
Article 24. Of religious and ideological freedom.
The freedom of religion, of worship, and ideological [freedom] are recognized without any restrictions other than those established in this Constitution and in the law. No religious faith will have official character.
The relations between the State and the Catholic Church are based on independence, cooperation, and autonomy.
The independence and the autonomy of the churches and religious faiths are guaranteed, without any restrictions other than those imposed by this Constitution and the laws.
No one may be interfered with [molestado], questioned, or forced to give testimony [declarar] by reason of their beliefs ...
Article 37. Of the right to conscientious objection.
The right to conscientious objection for ethical or religious reasons is recognized for those cases in which this Constitution and the law admit it.
Article 63. Of the ethnic identity.
... [Indigenous peoples] have the right ... to freely apply their systems of ... religious organization, as well as the voluntarily subjection to their customary norms for the regulation of [their] internal coexistence [convivencia], as long as they do not infringe upon the fundamental rights established in this Constitution. ...
Article 74. Of the right to learn and the of the freedom to teach.
... [T]he right to a religious education ... [is] also guaranteed.
Article 82. Of the recognition of the Catholic Church.
The predominant role [protagonismo] of the Catholic Church in the historical and cultural formation of the Nation is recognized.
Article 88. Of nondiscrimination.
No kind of discrimination will be admitted between the workers for motives of ... religion ...
Article 197. Of the inabilities.
[The following] may not be candidates for Senators or Deputies:
(5) the ministers or clergymen of any faith;
Article 235. Of the inabilities.
[The following] are unable to be candidates for President of the Republic or Vice President:
(5) the ministers of any religion or cult;
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.