- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox
Majority Religion (2015)2: Orthodox (78.8%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||not stated|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 29]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 4(2)]|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.|
|Current as of3||July 29, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
Article 4. The unity of the people and equality among citizens
(2) Romania is the common and indivisible homeland of all its citizens regardless of ... religion ...
Article 6. The right to identity.
(1) The state recognizes and guarantees for members of the national minorities the right to preserve, develop, and express their ... religious identity.
Article 7. Romanians abroad.
The state supports the strengthening of links with Romanians outside the country's borders and works for the preservation, development, and expression of their ... religious identity, by respecting the legislation of the state of which they are citizens.
Article 29. Freedom of conscience.
(1) Freedom of thought and opinion, as well as the freedom of religious belief, may not be restricted in any way. No one can be forced to adopt an opinion or to espouse a religious belief contrary to his/her convictions.
(2) Freedom of conscience is guaranteed; it must be expressed in a spirit of tolerance and mutual respect.
(3) All religions are free and organized in accordance with their own statutes, under the terms defined by the law.
(4) All forms, means, acts, or actions of religious enmity are prohibited in the relationship between the religions.
(5) The religious sects are autonomous in relation to the state and enjoy its support, which includes measures facilitating religious assistance in the Army, in hospitals, penitentiaries, asylums, and orphanages.
(6) Parents or guardians have the right to ensure, in accordance with their own convictions, the education of minor children for whom they are responsible.
Article 30. Freedom of expression.
(7) Any ... incitement to ... religious hatred ... shall be prohibited by law.
Article 32. The right to education.
(7) The state will ensure freedom of religious education in accordance with the specific requirements of each faith. In the state schools, religious education is organized and guaranteed by law.
Article 42. The prohibition of forced labor.
(2) The following do not constitute forced labor:
(a) activities in the military service or activities which, in accordance with the law, are carried out in lieu thereof due to religious ... reasons;
Article 44. Right to private property.
(4) Nationalizations and all other forcible transfers of assets into public ownership based on the owner's ... religious ... status ... are prohibited.
Article 48. The family.
(2) ... A religious marriage ceremony can be celebrated only after the civil ceremony.
Article 73. Categories of laws.
(3) The following matters are regulated by organic law:
(s) the general rules dealing with religions;
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.