- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic
Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (80.6%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||not stated|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 45]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 39]|
|Source3||World Constitutions Illustrated|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation.|
|Current as of3||July 14, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
… invoking the name of God; …
Article 34. National Motto
The National Motto is "God, Country and Liberty". [Also on the coat-of-arms, as specified in Article 32.]
Article 39. Right to equality.
Persons are born free and equal before the law, … without any discrimination for reasons of … religion, …
Article 45. Freedom of conscience and of beliefs.
The State guarantees the freedom of conscience and of beliefs, subject to public order and respect for good customs.
Article 55. Rights of the family.
(4) Religious marriages will have civil effects within the limits that the law establishes, without prejudice to what is provided in [the] international treaties;
[*Note: The article expressly limits marriage rights to that between one man and one woman.]
Article 263. State of Defense.
During this state [i.e. State of Defense in case of imminent danger from external aggression], [the following] cannot be suspended:
(3) The freedom of conscience and of belief, in accordance with the provisions of Article 45;
(4) The protection of the family, in accordance with the provisions of Article 55;
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.