- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox
Majority Religion (2015)2: Orthodox (39.1%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||no [Article 11(1-2)]|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 27]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 25]|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation.|
|Current as of3||August 23, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
… to live together on the basis of equality and without any … religious … discrimination;
Article 3. The Ethiopian flag.
(2) The national emblem on the flag shall reflect the hope of the … religious communities of Ethiopia to live together in equality and unity.
Article 11. Separation of state and religion.
(1) State and religion are separate.
(2) There shall be no state religion.
(3) The state shall not interfere in religious matters and religion shall not interfere in state affairs.
Article 21. The rights of persons held in custody and convicted prisoners.
(2) All persons shall have the opportunity to communicate with, and to be visited by … religious councilors …
Article 25. Right to equality.
All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law. In this respect, the law shall guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection without discrimination on grounds of … religion …
Article 27. Freedom of religion, belief and opinion.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include the freedom to hold or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and the freedom, either individually or in community with others, and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-Article 2 of Article 90, believers may establish institutions of religious education and administration in order to propagate and organize their religion.
(3) No one shall be subject to coercion or other means which would restrict or prevent his freedom to hold a belief of his choice.
(4) Parents and legal guardians have the right to bring up their children ensuring their religious and moral education in conformity with their own convictions.
(5) Freedom to express or manifest one's religion or belief may be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary to protect public safety, peace, health, education, public morality or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others, and to ensure the independence of the state from religion.
Article 34. Marital, personal and family rights.
(1) Men and women, without any distinction as to … religion, [have right to marry and raise families].
(4) In accordance with provisions to be specified by law, a law giving recognition to marriage concluded under systems of religious … laws may be enacted.
(5) This Constitution shall not preclude the adjudication of disputes relating to personal and family laws in accordance with religious … laws, with the consent of the parties to the dispute. Particulars shall be determined by law.
Article 38. The right to vote and to be elected.
(1) Every Ethiopian national, without any discrimination based on … religion …, has the following rights: [to vote and be elected to public office]
Article 78. Independence of the judiciary.
(5) Pursuant to sub-Article 5 of Article 34 the House of Peoples' Representatives and State Councils can establish or give official recognition to religious and customary courts. Religious and customary courts that had state recognition and functioned prior to the adoption of the Constitution shall be organized on the basis of recognition accorded to them by this Constitution.
Article 90. Social objectives.
(2) Education shall be provided in a manner that is free from any religious influence …
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.