Gabon
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Mixed Catholic, Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (53.4%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 1(2)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 1(13), 2]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1991
Last Amended3 2011
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 August 16, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... conscious of its responsibility before God ...

Article 1.

The Gabonese Republic recognizes and guarantees the inalienable and imprescriptible human rights, which are necessarily tied to the public powers:

...

2. The liberty of conscience ... and the free practice of religion, are guaranteed to all, limited only by a respect for the public order;

...

13. The right to form ... religious communities is guaranteed to all within the conditions fixed by the law; religious communities independently regulate themselves and their affairs, respecting the principles of national sovereignty, the public order and the preservation of the moral and mental integrity of the individual. Any ... religious communities performing activities contrary to the law, morality, or the goodwill of ethnic groups or communities may be prohibited according to the terms of the law.

All discriminatory acts based on ... religion ... is punishable by the law;

...

16. ... Parents have the right, under the laws of obligatory education, to choose the moral and religious education of their children. ...

...

19. It is the State’s responsibility to organize public education based on religious neutrality ...

...

In public educational institutions, religious instruction may be dispensed to students at the demand of their parents, in the conditions determined by the relevant regulations.

...

Article 2.

Gabon is ... secular ... It affirms the separation of State and religion, and recognizes all religious beliefs, limited only by the respect of the public order.

The Gabonese Republic assures equality for all citizens before the law, making no distinction of ... religion.

...

Article 7.

All acts proposing harm to ... the secular principles of the State ... constitute a crime of high treason punishable by the law.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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