Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • One to serve them all. The growth of chaplaincy in public institutions in Denmark.
    Kühle, Lene, and Henrik Reintoft Christensen (2019)
    Social Compass 66:2: 182-197.
    There are numerous interactions between the religious & the secular in secular Denmark. The state shapes the religious landscape by requiring specialist chaplains.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Denmark; Denmark; Chaplain
  • Are religions for sale? Evidence from the Swedish church revolt over same-sex marriage.
    Bengtsson, Niklas (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:2: 336-359.
    Clergy in parishes where income was protected by the state were more likely to resist congregation pressures to oppose same-sex marriage.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Homosexuality; Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Nonfirmands: Danish youth who choose not to have a Lutheran confirmation.
    Kasselstrand, Isabella, Phil Zuckerman, Robert Little, and Donald A. Westbrook (2018)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 33:1: 87-105.
    Analyzes 2011 survey data from Danish students. Broadly speaking, the findings highlight secular socialization & individual beliefs about God as key elements in understanding the nonfirmand & his or her reasons for opting out of confirmation.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Denmark; Denmark; Students, secondary; Lutheran, Denmark
  • Young people at a revivalist summer gathering: Rituals, liminality, and emotions.
    Nissilä, Paula (2018)
    Social Compass 65:2: 278-294.
    Studies the religiosity of young people at a summer Christian revivalist movement operating within the national Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. While formal religious practice declines, the open-air gatherings occasion collective religiousness amidst individualized religious lives.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Revival; Revivalism; Youth; Finland
  • Still standing after all these years: The presence and internet presentation of religious buildings in the Chicago area, 1936-2016.
    Miller, Brian J. (2018)
    Visual Studies 33:4: 326-342.
    Examine the fate & online presentation of the buildings of 4 Protestant denominations in the Chicago region from 1936 to today: Disciples of Christ, Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, Presbyterian, & Seventh-day Adventist. The buildings continue to influence their original religious congregations, newer groups using the buildings, & neighborhoods decades after they are constructed.
    Associated Search Terms: Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Visual; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; United States, Illinois, Chicago; Disciples of Christ; Architecture
  • Routes and relations in Scandinavian interfaith forums: Governance of religious diversity by states and majority churches.
    Galal, Lise Paulsen, Louise Lund Lebmann, and Magdalena Nordin (2018)
    Social Compass 65:3: 329-345.
    Examines public documents related to majority church support for interreligious initiatives.
    Associated Search Terms: State; Sweden; Norway; Pluralism; Lutheran, Denmark; Lutheran, Norway; Lutheran, Sweden; Denmark
  • Pastoral leadership and congregational vitality.
    Wollschleger, Jason (2018)
    Review of Religious Research 60:4: 575-585.
    Based on qualitative study in a thriving & in a declining ELCA congregation in Seattle. A pastoral style that is collaborative but decisive & inspiring furthered congregational vitality, while a style that was less directive in order to empower lay decision-making negatively affected vitality.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Participant observation; Leadership; United States, Washington, Seattle
  • The Mainline in Late Modernity: Tradition and Innovation in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Freudenberg, Maren (2017)
    Lanham, Maryland: Lexington.
    As American religion becomes experiential & individualistic, the ELCA is caught between its church heritage & an innovative culture that demands participative structures & a personal relationship with God. Within this tension, the ELCA is deflating its church hierarchy & encouraging people to become involved in congregations on their own terms, while it continues to celebrate its liturgical identity.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Demography, Culture, and the Decline of America's Christian Denominations.
    Hawley, George (2017)
    Lanham, Maryland: Lexington
    Examines the state of Christianity in the U.S.A, considering trends in religious beliefs & affiliation over the last 40 years. It seeks to explain why so many of America’s largest denominations declined during this period. Although there are many elements to this decline, the shrinking families of Americans are a primary explanation for our aging & shrinking Christian congregations.
    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Family size; Fertility; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; United States
  • Clergy work orientation profiles and wellbeing at work: A study of the Lutheran clergy in Finland.
    Tervo-Niemelä, Kati (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:3: 365-384.
    Analyzes 2014 survey data from Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland clergy. Finds 4 role profiles: multi-faceted, worship, justice & helping, & passive. Only the last of these was inversely associated with job satisfaction.
    Associated Search Terms: Job satisfaction; Lutheran, Finland; Finland; Clergy; Clergy role
  • The political attitudes and activities of Missouri Snod Lutheran (LCMS) clergy in 2001 and 2009: A research note.
    Walz, Jeff, and Steve Montreal (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:1: 149-163.
    Analyzes 2001 & '09 Cooperative Clergy Survey data; Missouri Synod clergy became increasingly politically conservative & active.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • Preparation in context: Comparative outcomes of alternative clergy training in the ELCA.
    Porter, Nathaniel D. (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:2: 319-338.
    analyzes data from ELCA clergy ordained 1988-2010. Those who graduated from theology schools had less staying power than those with alternative forms of preparation.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Clergy mobility; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Seminary
  • Un cas d’ecclesiolae in ecclesia en Norvège à la lumière de la théorie culturelle d’Emmanuel Todd.
    Knudsen, Jon P. (2016)
    Social Compass 63:1: 57-75.
    Explores the liberal/conservative conflict in the Norwegian Church, between a conservative lay movement and a liberal state church, which corresponds to geographical regions.
    Associated Search Terms: Liberal/conservative; Lutheran, Norway; Norway; Regionalism; Ecclesiola; Conflict
  • Theology matters: Comparing the traits of growing and declining mainline Protestant church attendees and clergy.
    Haskell, David Millard, Kevin N. Flatt, and Stephanie Burgoyne (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:4: 515-541.
    Analyzes Ontario survey data from Anglican, Lutheran, Presbyterian, & United Church of Canada congregations & clergy. Theological conservatism predicted growth, as opposed to decline.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Ontario; Conservative, Canada; Belief; Protestant, Canada; Membership
  • "No longer believing in belonging": A longitudinal study of Finnish generation Y from confirmation experience to church-leaving.
    Niemelä, Kati (2015)
    Social Compass 62:2: 172-186.
    Questionnaire data from young adults who had been confirmed in the Lutheran Church of Finland; dropping out was general. The generation was not inclined to remain affiliated on the basis of tradition but rather held individual states of belief & disbelief to be of primary importance.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Young adults; Finland, Tampere; Generations; Disaffiliation
  • Congregational diversity and attendance in a mainline Protestant denomination.
    Dougherty, Kevin D., Gerardo Marti, and Brandon C. Martinez (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:4: 668-683.
    Analyzes 1993-2012 ELCA attendance data; diversity is inversely related to weekly attendance totals.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Diversity
  • Nonbelievers in the church: A study of cultural religion in Sweden.
    Kasselstrand, Isabella (2015)
    Sociology of Religion 76:3: 275-294.
    Analyzes 2008 International Social Survey data for Sweden; largest differences were between adherents of religions other than the Church of Sweden and both Church of Sweden adherents & non-adherents of any religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Sweden; Membership; Sweden; Practice; Religiosity; Dimensions of religiosity; Belief
  • From Celibate Catholic Priest to Married Protestant Minister. Shepherding in Greener Pastures.
    Fichter, Stephen Joseph (2015)
    Lanham, Maryland: Lexington.
    Based on interviews with former Catholic priests in the U.S.A. who became pastors in Protestant churches, most in the Episcopal church but some in the Evangelical Lutheran & United churches. For most, celibacy had been a burden.
    Associated Search Terms: Conversion; Catholic, U.S.A.; Celibacy; Clergy; Clergy spouses; Episcopal; Role exit; Role strain; Vocation
  • Measuring congregational vitality: Phase 2 development of an outcome measurement tool.
    Bobbitt, Linda (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:3: 467-484.
    Development of a scale of congregational vitality in the context of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Associated Search Terms: Congregation; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Factor analysis; Methods; Scale
  • New Communities of Worship: Continuities and Mutations among Religious Organizations in Finland.
    Ketola, Kimmo, Tuomas Martikainen, and Hanna Salomäki (2014)
    Social Compass 61:2: 153-171.
    An update on religion in Finland, highlighting the dialectic between community & freedom. Comment by Lene Kühle, pp. 172-177.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Yoga, Finland; Community; Finland; Freedom
  • Religion as a response to the crisis of modernity: Perspectives of immigrants in Ireland.
    Kmec, Vladimir (2014)
    In Gladys Ganiel, Heidemarie Winkel, and Christophe Monnot (eds.) Religion in Times of Crisis. Leiden: Brill, pp. 33-53.
    Based on 34 interviews with young immigrants who were religiously engaged--German Lutheran, Polish Catholic, Slovak Catholic.
    Associated Search Terms: Ireland; Migrant; Change
  • Creating sacred space by walking in silence: Pilgrimage in a late modern Lutheran context.
    Davidsson Bremborg, Anna (2013)
    Social Compass 60:4: 544-560.
    Based on 2005-08 field data from 25 Swedish pilgrimages.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Sweden; Sweden; Participant observation; Pilgrimage
  • Navigating property development through a framework of religious ecology: The case of Trinity Lutheran Church.
    Mian, Nadia A. (2013)
    In Richard Cimino, Nadia A. Mian, and Weishan Huang (eds.) Ecologies of Faith in New York City. The Evolution of Religious Institutions. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 198-219.
    Follows the deliberations at Trinity Lutheran Church on Manhattan's Upper West Side over whether to develop their property.
    Associated Search Terms: Ecology; Economic; Congregation; United States, New York, New York; Urban; Parish
  • Public deliberation about gay rights in religious contexts: Commitment to deliberative norms and practice in ELCA congregations.
    Djupe, Paul A., and Laura Olson (2013)
    Journal of Public Deliberation 9:1: Article 1 (online)
    In 2009, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America voted narrowly to reverse standing policy by allowing gay & lesbian people in committed relationships to serve openly as clergy. After this decision, numerous congregations began thinking about leaving the denomination. Despite the assumption that religious doctrine & public deliberation are incompatible, religious organizations often find deliberative processes essential to their survival.
    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Homosexuality
  • From standardised offer to consumer adaptation: Challenges to the Church of Sweden's identity.
    Pettersson, Per (2013)
    In François Gauthier and T. Martikainen (eds.) Religion in Consumer Culture. Surrey: Ashgate, pp. 43-58.
    Associated Search Terms: Consumerism; Identity; Adaptation; Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Social trust and religion in Sweden: Theological belief versus social organization.
    Lundåsen, Susanne Wallman, and Lars Trägårdh (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 109-124.
    Analyzes 2009 Swedish survey data. Individual levels of trust correlate positively with community levels of church attendance, & trust correlates positively with volunteering in parishes.
    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Trust; Levels of inclusiveness; Lutheran, Sweden; Organization; Contextual effects
  • Protestanti, evangelici, Testimoni e Santi.
    Naso, Paolo (2013)
    In Enzo Pace (ed.) La religioni nell'Italia che cambia. Mappe e bussole. Roma: Carocci, pp. 97-130.
    Histories & descriptions.
    Associated Search Terms: Seventh-day Adventist, Italy; Italy; Lutheran, Italy; Waldensian; Methodist, Italy; Mormon, Italy; Pentecostal, Italy; Assemblies of God, Italy; Baptist, Italy
  • État et églises en Europe. Vers un modèle commun de laïcité?
    Portier, Philippe (2013)
    Futuribles 393: 89–104.
    Highlights a marked long term tendency toward a simultaneous movement of deconfessionalization in countries of Catholic tradition (Italy, Spain) & also Lutheran (such as Norway) & Orthodox (like Greece), & the re-association of religion with the public sphere (in France in particular).
    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Europe; Politics, Europe; Laïcité
  • Socio-economic factors behind disaffiliation from the Danish National Church.
    Lüchau, Peter, and Peter B. Andersen (2012)
    Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 25:1: 27-45.
    Using hitherto unseen data from Danish governmental databases, analyses statistics relating to individuals who disaffiliated from the Danish national church, 2002-07. disaffiliates tended to be younger, urban, well-educated, male, & fairly well-off.
    Associated Search Terms: Disaffiliation; Denmark; Lutheran, Denmark
  • Female clergy as agents of religious change.
    Niemelä, Kati (2011)
    Religions 2:3: 358-371.
    Clergywomen are changing the Church in a clearly more liberal direction. They change the perception of faith & dogma, the policies of the Church, & daily practices in parishes. Clergymen are notably more traditional in their orientation, even young clergymen. Therefore it is especially the female clergy who serve as agents of religious change in the Church.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Clergy; Finland; Lutheran, Finland; Women
  • Prédestination ou prédetermination dans l'islam? De Friedrich Ulrich à Max Weber.
    Djedi, Youcef (2011)
    Revue européenne des sciences sociales 49:2: 259-274.
    When dealing with the Islamic predestination, Max Weber refers several times to the dissertation of the Lutheran minister Friedrich Ulrich about the Islamic & Christian predestination dogma. Yet this research erroneously went to the distinction between true “predestination” & “predetermination,” the latter more appropriated to the Islamic conception, since it is allegedly less concerned with salvation.
    Associated Search Terms: Theology; Islam; Weber, Max
  • Religious Change and Stability: Seasonality in Church Attendance from the 1940s to the 2000s.
    Olson, Paul J., and David Beckworth (2010)
    Journal for the Sciebntific Study of Religion 50:2: 388-396.
    Analyzes attendance data from 2 Midwest U.S.A. churches; month-to-month variation patterns are generally consistent, but lessening as attenders appear to be increasingly a committed core.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Episcopal
  • How Our Lady of Guadalupe became Lutheran: Latin American Migration and Religious Change.
    Freier, Luisa Feline (2009)
    Migraciones Internacionales 5:2: 153-190.
    Latino migrants joining a Lutheran church in Madison, Wisconsin, brought the popular Catholic cult into their new church.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Migrant; Latino Americans; Marian; Popular Catholicism; United States, Wisconsin, Madison
  • Textual ideology, textual practice. Evangelical Bible reading in group study.
    Bielo, James S. (2009)
    In James S. Bielo (ed.) The Social Life of Scriptures. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Biblicism. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, pp. 157-175.
    Based on observation of a Lutheran-Missouri Synod Bible study group of men in Lansing, Michigan. The group's textual ideology held the bible to be authoritative, relevant to daily life, & and with texts to be read in the context of the whole Bible.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Michigan, Lansing; Participant observation; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Bible study group; Evangelical, U.S.A.
  • I'm a Believer--But I'll Be Damned If I'm Religious: Belief and Religion in the Greater Copenhagen Area--A Focus Group Study.
    Rosen, Ina (2009)
    Lund: Lunds Universitet.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Denmark; Denmark, Copenhagen; Focus group
  • Beyond the Lynn White Thesis: Congregational Effects on Environmental Concern.
    Djupe, Paul A., and Patrick Kieran Hunt (2009)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:4:670-686.
    Analyzes 1998 survey data from Episcopal & ELCA clergy & '99 from congregation members; clergy communication affects literalism & environmentalsit beliefs.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Denomination (organizational entity); Environmentalism; Episcopal; Literalism; Network
  • The Political Influence of Churches.
    Djupe, Paul A., and Christopher P. Gilbert (2009)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.
    1998/2004 questionnarie data from clergy, '99 from their congregation members; congregations & small groups affect political beliefs.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Politics, U.S.A.; Network; Social capital; Social participation; Group; Homosexuality; Abortion; Environmentalism; Episcopal; Civic skills; Clergy role; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • On the failure of "meaning": Bible reading in the anthropology of Christianity.
    Bielo, James S. (2008)
    Culture and Religion 9: 1-21.
    Focuses on the analytical category of "meaning" & what happens when readers continually fail to produce defined, resolved readings of particular Biblical texts. To investigate these issues I draw on ethnographic fieldwork with a Missouri-Synod Lutheran men's group in the Midwestern United States & their 12-week study of the book of Proverbs.
    Associated Search Terms: Bible reading; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Meaning
  • How Denominational Resources Influence Debate About Homosexuality in Mainline Protestant Congregations.
    Cadge, Wendy, Laura R. Olson, and Christopher Wildeman (2008)
    Sociology of Religion 69:2: 187-207.
    Based on interviews with 3 denominations' clergy in the northeast U.S.A.; denominational literature narrowed the range of response categories in the congregations--e.g., modes of disagreement rather than departures.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Homosexuality; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United Methodist
  • Politics and Church: Byproduct or Central Mission?
    Djupe, Paul A., and Christopher P. Gilbert (2008)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 47:1: 45-62.
    Proposes that because of continued political disagreements between mainline Protestant clergy & church members, & considerable disapproval of clergy involvement in politics, clergy politicking is allowed largely by the satisfaction of selective benefit exchange, i.e. satisfaction with non-political aspects of clergy job performance.
    Associated Search Terms: Protestant (mainline), U.S.A..; Politics, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Activists
  • Spirituality in silence and nature: Motivations, experiences and impressions among Swedish pilgrims.
    Davidsson Bremborg, Anna (2008)
    Journal for Empirical Theology 21:2: 149-165.
    Pilgrimages arranged by the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Sweden are a relatively new, phenomenon. The study examines Swedish pilgrims’ background, motivations, & experiences. Most pilgrims are highly educated, middle-aged persons with a strong relation to the church. However, a group of religiously interested persons with weaker bonds with the church was also identified. The pilgrims have many motivations; the most common motivation is a longing for nature, but 3 different motivation groups were identified: a leisure group, a spiritual–religious group, & an escape group.
    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Pilgrimage; Spirituality; Sweden
  • What Americans Really Believe.
    Stark, Rodney, et al. (2008)
    Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.
    Based on the 2006 Baylor Survey on Religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Nazarene, U.S.A.; New age; Jehovah´s Witness, U.S.A.; State; Strictness; Media; Megachurch; Membership; Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Social capital; Southern Baptist; Proselytizing; Unitarian Universalist; United Church of Christ; United Methodist, U.S.A.; United States; Politics, U.S.A.; Practice; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Women; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Atheist, U.S.A.; Belief; Catholic, U.S.A.; Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee); Church of God in Christ, U.S.A.; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Experience; Foursquare Gospel; Disciples of Christ; Education; Episcopal; Communality; Contributions; Denomination (organizational entity)
  • Rural Development as a Frame Analytic Challenge for Religious Communities: The Case of Rural Parishes of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.
    Pesonen, Heikki, and Kari Mikko Vesala (2007)
    Social Compass 54:2: 281-293.
    Based on interviews; examines the emergence of rural development activism in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.
    Associated Search Terms: Finland; Activism; Lutheran, Finland; Rural
  • The Megachurch and the Mainline: Remaking Religious Tradition in the Twenty-first Century.
    Ellingson, Stephen (2007)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Studies Lutheran churches in California that became Evengelical in tone & grew.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, California; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Megachurch; Evangelical, U.S.A.
  • Bridging the Denomination-Congregation Divide: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Congregations Respond to Homosexuality.
    Cadge, Wendy, Heather Day, and Christopher Wildeman (2007)
    Review of Religious Research 48:3: 245-259.
    Based on surveys in 21 congregations in the northeast & southwest U.S.A., that had dealt with the issue of homosexuality.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Homosexuality; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • At the Intersection of Faith and Life: A Narrative Approach to the Faith of Church Employees.
    Niemelä, Kati (2007)
    Social Compass 54:2: 187-200.
    Survey & interviews of Evangelical Lutheran Church in Finland employees, including clergy. Content analysis of the in-depth interviews. Develops a typology of faith narratives.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Finland; Belief; Content analysis; Deacon; Lutheran, Finland; Youth ministry; Narrative
  • Alienated or disappointed? Reasons for leaving the church in Finland.
    Niemelä, Kati (2007)
    Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 2:20: 195-216.
    New legislation on religious freedom was approved in Finland in 2003. Since then those leaving the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland have been higher than ever before. 70% of those leaving are aged 18–39. The most common reason for leaving is that the Church and faith have no personal relevance. They typically feel the Church is too intolerant & conservative.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Finland; Disaffiliation
  • Web Surveys: Applications in Denominational Research.
    Sims, Rebecca C. (2007)
    Review of Religious Research 49:1: 69-80.
    Based on surveys conducted by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Associated Search Terms: Internet; Survey; Methodology
  • The Evolution of Religious Differences in Fertility: Lutherans and Catholics in Alsace, 1750-1860.
    McQuillan, Kevin (2006)
    In Renzo Derosas and Frans van Poppel (eds.) Religion and the Decline of Fertility in the Western World. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 133-146.
    Fertility of Catholics & Lutherans in Alsace 1750-1860.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, France; Demography; Catholic, France; Fertility; France, Alsace
  • Religious Free Riders: The Impact of Market Share.
    Brewer, Stephanie M., James J. Jozefowicz, and Robert J. Stonebraker (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:3: 389-396.
    Based on 1990 data; where more people are Lutherans, more of the Lutherans are free riders.
    Associated Search Terms: Market model; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Freerider problem
  • The quality and effectiveness of confirmation training in Finland.
    Niemelä, Kati (2006)
    Journal of Beleifs & Values 27:2: 177-190.
    Based on questionnaire data gathered from young people before & after participating in confirmation classes. Those classes for which satisfaction was reported & in which expectations & experiences were fulfilled or exceeded were also those which had the most positive effects on attitudes to Christianity.
    Associated Search Terms: Education; Finland; Lutheran, Finland
  • Whether to Adopt Statements on Homosexuality in Two Denominations: A Research Note.
    Djupe, Paul A., Laura R. Olson, and Christopher P. Gilbert (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:4: 609-621.
    Analyzes 1998 survey data from Episcopal & ELCA clergy & '99 data from their congregations; perceptions of organizational context affect willingness to favor controversial church stands.
    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Homosexuality; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Episcopal
  • Weltsichten--Lebensstile--Kirchenbindung. Konzeption und Methoden der vierten EKD-Erhebung über Kirchenmitgliedschaft.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, and Kornelia Sammet (2006)
    In J. Hermelink, I. Lukatis, and M. Wohlrab-Sahr (eds.) Kirche in der Vielfalt der Lebensbezüge. Die vierte EKD-Erhebung über Kirchenmitgliedschaft. Band 2: Analysen zu Gruppendskussionen und Erzählinterviews. Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlag, pp. 21-32
    Associated Search Terms: Lifestyle; Lutheran, Germany; Membership; World view; Methodology; Germany
  • The Religious Roots of Modern Poverty Policy: Catholic, Lutheran, and Reformed Protestant Tradition Compared.
    Kahl, Sigrun (2005)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 46:1: 91-126.
    Shows that religion is a basic principle that underlies modern poverty policy. However, it has played out in very different ways in societies according to the relative predominance of Catholic, Lutheran, & Calvinist heritages.
    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Historical; Calvinist; Catholic; Lutheran; Welfare; Poverty
  • Religion in Finland. Decline, Change, and Transformation of Finnish Religiosity.
    Kääriäinen, Kimmo, Kati Niamelä, and Kimmo Ketula (2005)
    Tampere, Finland: Church Research Institute.
    Institutional religion, in Finland represented by the Evangelical Lutheran Church, has maintained its position as a channel of the people's religiosity surprisingly well, despite many predictions to the contrary. The principal empirical source material for the study is the World Values 2000 survey, accumulated studies of Finnish religiosity, & the Lutheran Church's statistics.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Evangelical Lutheran Church; Finland
  • Sources of Clergy Support for Denominational Lobbying in Washington
    Djupe, Paul A., Laura R. Olson, and Christopher P. Gilbert (2005)
    Review of Religious Research 47:1: 86-99.
    Based on 1998 survey data from Episcopal and Evangelical Lutheran Church in America clergy.
    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Pastors in Transition: Why Clergy Leave Local Church Ministry.
    Hoge, Dean R., and Jacqueline E. Wenger (2005)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 2005.
    Based on 2002 questionnaire data from former U.S. Protestant clergy & a control group of active clergy, with telephone interview follow-ups with a subsample.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Ex-clergy; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United Methodist; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • Religious Change in Northern Europe. The Case of Sweden. From State Church to Free Folk Church. Final Report.
    Bäckström, Ninna Edgardh Beckman, and Per Pettersson (2005)
    Stockholm: Verbum Publisher.
    Finds new opportunities for the Swedish church after its formal separation from the state in 2000.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Sweden; Privatization; State; Sweden
  • Lutheran Pastors and Politics: Issues in the Public Square.
    Walz, Jeff, and Steve Montreal (2004)
    St. Louis, Missouri: Concordia Publishing House.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod.
    Walz, Jeff, and Steve Montreal (2004)
    In Corwin Smidt (ed.) Pulpit and Politics: Clergy in America at the Advent of the Millennium. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Clergy
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Hoffrenning, Daniel, Janelle Sagness, and L. DeAne Lagerquist (2004)
    In Corwin Smidt (ed.) Pulpit and Politics: Clergy in America at the Advent of the Millennium. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Individually Together. Volunteering in Late Modernity: Social Work in the Finnish Church.
    Yeung, Anne Birgitta (2004)
    Helsinki: Finnish federation for Social Welfare and Health.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Volunteering; Finland
  • Relire "L'Ethique protestante et l'esprit du capitalisme."
    Gruson, Pascale (2004)
    Esprit 306: 44-53.
    To medieval consciousnesses marked by the Gospel saying that "it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God" (Mark, X, 25), Protestantism affirms that man is on earth to devote himself to earthly works, & that the success of his undertakings is the sign of divine grace. The rise of capitalism is based on this revolution of minds, generated by the Lutheran turmoil.
    Associated Search Terms: Protestant Ethic
  • Age Differences in Relationships between Spirituality and Social Ethics. Research Evidence from Lutheran Women.
    Moberg, David O. (2003)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 14: 33-60.
    Analyzes 1996 questionnaire data from women from the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. Age predicts both spirituality & social ethical consciousness.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Women; Moral; Gerontology; Age
  • Goliath in our Midst: Megachurches in the ELCA.
    Thumma, Scott, and Jim Petersen (2003)
    In Richard Cimino (ed.) Lutherans Today: American Lutheran Identity in the Twenty-first Century. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, pp. 102-124.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Megachurch; Parish
  • Adiaphora and Organizational Vitality: Stimulating Innovations and Preserving Core Teachings.
    Finke, Roger (2003)
    Lutheran Education 138: 124-143.
    Associated Search Terms: Doctrine; Change
  • The Prophetic Pulpit: Clergy, Churches, and Communities in American Politics.
    Djupe, Paul A., and Christopher P. Gilbert (2003)
    Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Analyzea national data from a survey of over 2,400 Episcopal Evangelical Lutheran Church of America clergy, looking deeper into their motivations for political action. While personal motivations are a factor, the decisions clergy make about their role in political & civic life are greatly affected by the specific needs of their congregations & communities as well as ongoing influences from their denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Episcopal
  • Allocating Local Church Funds to Benevolence: The Impact of Congregational Size.
    Stonebraker, Robert J. (2003)
    Review of Religious Research 45:1: 48-58.
    The decline in payments of congregations to denominational offices is explained by local membership declines & consequent loss of economies of scale. Analyzes 1990 & '96 data from a sample of ELCA congregations.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Congregation size; Contributions
  • Secularization and the Role of Religion in State Institutions.
    Furseth, Inger (2003)
    Social Compass 50:2: 191-202.
    The role of chaplain continues despite secularization & privatization of religion in other sectors of Norwegian society. Church of Norway chaplains act as intermediaries between the state & representatives of other religious traditions.
    Associated Search Terms: Norway; Prison chaplain; Privatization; Secularization; Military chaplain; Lutheran, Norway
  • The Powerlessness of Religious Power in a Pluralist Society.
    Repstad, Pål (2003)
    Social Compass 50:2: 161-173.
    Illustrates the voluntary & individual nature of religion in Norway, using published poll results & anecdotes.
    Associated Search Terms: Conservative, Norway; Strictness; Privatization; Rational choice theory; Norway; Pluralism; Lutheran, Norway; Individualism
  • The Political Activity of Evangelical Clergy in the Election of 2000: A Case Study of Five Denominations.
    Guth, James L., Linda Beail, Greg Crow, Beverly Gaddy, Steve Montreal, Brent Nelsen, James Penning, and Jeff Walz (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:4: 501-514.
    Analyzes 2001 questionnaire data from Evangelical clergy, who are overwhelmingly Republican. Age, moral interests, & political interests predict political activism.
    Associated Search Terms: Southern Baptist; Politics, U.S.A.; Presbyterian Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Nazarene; Activism; Christian Reformed Church; Clergy; Evangelical, U.S.A.
  • Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? Studien zum religiösen Wandel in Deutschland.
    Pollack, Detlef (2003)
    Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck).
    A collection of essays & studies, most previously published as slightly different versions.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Germany; Definition of religion; Differentiation; Dimensions of religiosity; Disenchantment; Functionalism; Germany; Germany, East; Individualism; Secularization; State; Politics, Germany; Literature; Luckmann, Thomas; Luhmann, Niklas; Lutheran, Germany; Privatization; Proselytizing
  • The Political Attitudes and Activities of Mainline Protestant Clergy in the Election of 2000: A Study of Six Denominations.
    Smidt, Corwin E., Sue E.S. Crawford, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Laura R. Olson, Sherrie Steiner, and Beau Weston (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:4: 515-532.
    Analyzes 2001 questionnaire data from mainline Protestant clergy. Denominations differ in adherence to the social gospel & the moral reform movement. Differences in political party also occurred among & within denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; American Baptist; Disciples of Christ; Politics, U.S.A.; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United Methodist; Protestant, U.S.A.; Reformed Church in America
  • The Political Voice of Clergy.
    Djupe, Paul A., and Christopher P. Gilbert (2002)
    Journal of Politics 64:2: 596-609.
    Using a national sample of 2,400 ELCA (Lutheran) & Episcopal Church clergy, surveyed in 1998, we explore the nature, frequency, & determinants of clergy public speech. Clergy speak out publicly on political issues when mobilized, but also as a way to represent their congregations in the public sphere & to motivate members to add their distinctive voices to public debate.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Clergy; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Episcopal
  • Introduction.
    Wuthnow, Robert, and John H. Evans (2002)
    In Robert Wuthnow and John H. Evans (ed.), The Quiet Hand of God. Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 1-24.
    Overview of American mainline Protestantism.
    Associated Search Terms: Membership; United Church of Christ; United Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; American Baptist; Belief; Episcopal; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Vital Conflicts. The Mainline Denominations Debate Homosexuality.
    Cadge, Wendy (2002)
    In Robert Wuthnow and John H. Evans (ed.), The Quiet Hand of God. Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 265-286.
    Follows debates about homosexuality in 6 American Protestant churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; Episcopal; American Baptist; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Homosexuality
  • Die religiös-kirchliche Situation in Deutschland--eine Bestandsaufnahme.
    Pollack, Detlef (2001)
    In Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (ed.) Zweimal Deutschland: Auf dem Weg zur Einheit? Heidelberg: Winter, pp. 21-41. Also in Detlef Pollack, Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003, pp. 77-94.
    Reports 1991-93 survey data from Germany.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Germany; Catholic, Germany
  • The Effects of Switching on Denominational Subcultures.
    Gay, David A., John P. Lynxwiler, and Charles W. Peek (2001)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:3: 515-525.
    Analyzes 1990-98 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; people who switched denominations held attitudes similar to those already in the denominations. Baptists show the least heterogeneity in moral attitudes, Catholics the most.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Moral; United States; Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Conversion; Denomination (organizational entity); Attitude; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Variations in Strictness and Religious Commitment within and among Five Denominations.
    Olson, Daniel V.A., and Paul Perl (2001)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:4: 757-764.
    Analyzes survey data on 625 congregations; strictness correlates with time & financial commitment across denominations but not within them.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Southern Baptist; Strictness; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Contributions; Denomination (organizational entity); Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • The Religious Affiliations of American Elites, 1930s to 1990s: A Note on the Pace of Disestablishment.
    Pyle, Ralph E., and Jerome R. Koch (2001)
    Sociological Focus 34:125-137.
    Results support claims that the Protestant Establishment has lost prominence over the years. The data also indicate that there are more Catholics, Jews, & Lutherans among elites. However, other Protestant groups (e.g., Baptists) & Catholics remain under-represented in Who's Who.
    Associated Search Terms: Denomination (organizational entity); Elite; United States; Stratification
  • Religion and Politics in Germany since 1945. The Evangelical and Catholic Churches.
    Ramet, Sabrina P. (2000)
    Journal of Church and State 42:1: 115-145.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Germany; Germany; Politics, Germany; Lutheran, Germany
  • Der Wandel der religiös-kirchlichen Lage in Ostdeutschland nach 1989.
    Pollack, Detlef (2000)
    In Detlef Pollack and Gert Pickel (eds.) Religiöser und kirchlicher Wandel in Ostdeutschland 1989-1999. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 18-47. Also in Detlef Pollack, Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003, pp. 108-131.
    Reports 1950-97 church staistics & poll data for East Germany.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Membership; Practice; Germany; Germany, East; Catholic, Germany; Belief; Change
  • Culture, Religion and Demographic Behaviour. Catholics and Lutherans in Alsace, 1750-1870.
    McQuillan, Kevin (1999)
    Liverpool, U.K.: Liverpool University Press/Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.
    Examines records for families in 5 Alsatian villages as well as aggregate data for 26 villages. Catholics & Lutherans differed in demographic patterns.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, France; Catholic, France; Competition; Demography; Fertility; France, Alsace
  • La Relation Ambiguës des Protestantismes à la Sociologie.
    Campiche, Roland J. (1999)
    In Liliane Voyé and Jaak Billiet (eds.), Sociology and Religions: An Ambiguous Relationship/Sociologie et religions: Des relations ambiguës. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press, pp. 116-170.
    Associated Search Terms: France; Germany; Switzerland; Theology; Sociology of religion; Lutheran, Germany; Protestant, France; Protestant, Switzerland
  • Giving in Five Denominations.
    Hoge, Dean R., Charles Zech, Patrick McNamara, and Michael J. Donahue (1999)
    In Mark Chaves and Sharon L. Miller (eds.) Financing American Religion. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira, pp. 3-10.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Southern Baptist; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Contributions; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.
  • The Value of Volunteers as Resources for Congregations.
    Hoge, Dean R., Charles Zech, Patrick McNamara, and Michael J. Donahue (1998)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 37:3: 470-480.
    Volunteering for church programs is higher in conservative & Evangelical churches, for community programs in mainline Protestant churches. The value of volunteers to most churches is about two-fifths that of their monetary contributions.
    Associated Search Terms: Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Voluntarism; Southern Baptist
  • Making Inclusive Communities: Congregations and the "Problem" of Race.
    Becker, Penny Edgell (1998)
    Social Problems 45:4: 451-472.
    The institutional capacity of communities & civic organizations to foster new & inclusive spaces for interaction across traditional cleavages involves both the initial impetus toward social inclusion & the strengths & limits of the cultural style that provides the rationale for inclusive practices. E.g. 2 churches, one liberal Lutheran & one fundamentalist Baptist, adapted to racial changes in their community. After a period of decline, both developed a multi-cultural, multi-racial identity, attracting new members & eventually thriving.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Race; Congregation
  • Clergywomen of the Pioneer Generation: A Longitudinal Study.
    Charlton, Joy C. (1997)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36:4: 599-613.
    Panel interview data from 30 female 1970s graduates of a United Methodist & a Lutheran seminary.
    Associated Search Terms: Women; Panel study; United Methodist; Lutheran Church in America; Clergy
  • Religion and Spans of Ambiguity on a Danish Island.
    Buckser, Andrew S. (1997)
    Sociology of Religion 58;3: 261-275.
    Participant observation in an independent Lutheran congregation on Mors Island; religion expresses the life of a whole rather than partial community.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Participant observation; Lutheran, Denmark; Community; Denmark, Mors Island; Belief
  • En kyrka för vanligt folk. Empiriska undersökningar 1985-96 om Sveriges folk och Svenska kyrkan.
    Straarup, Jørgen (1997)
    Uppsala, Sweden: Svenska Kyrkan Utredningar, 1997.
    Reviews 42 studies of bonds of the Swedish people to the national church, conducted 1985-96.
    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden; Membership
  • Short-term Changes in Religious Supply and Church Attendance in Contemporary Sweden.
    Hamberg, Eva M., and Thorleif Pettersson (1997)
    Reserch in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 8: 35-51.
    Analyzes Church of Sweden data; a variety of services correlates with higher attendance.
    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Practice; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Leaving the Distant Church: The Danish Experience.
    Iversen, Hans Raun (1997)
    In Mordechai Bar-Lev and William Shaffir (eds.) Leaving Religion and Religious Life. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 139-158.
    Associated Search Terms: Disaffiliation; Denmark; Monopoly; Lutheran, Denmark
  • Icelandic Spiritualism. Mediumship and Modernity in Iceland.
    Swatos, William H., Jr., and Loftur Reimar Gissurarson (1997)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction.
    Associated Search Terms: Privatism; Individualism; Lutheran, Iceland; Medium; Spiritualist, Iceland; Historical; Iceland; Folklore; Associational
  • Religion et identité nationale au Danemark.
    Riis, Ole (1996)
    In Grace Davie and Danièle Hervieu-Léger (eds.) Identités religieuses en Europe. Paris: La Décourverte, pp. 113-130.
    Describes the diversity & tolerance of the Danish state church.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Identity; Civil religion; Denmark; Lutheran, Denmark; State; Tolerance; Monopoly
  • Konfession, Religion und soziale Netzwerke. Zur Bedeutung christlicher Religiosität in personalen Beziehungen.
    Kecskes, Robert, and Christof Wolf (1996)
    Opladen: Leske + Budrich.
    Analyzes 1992 interview data from a Cologne sector.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, Cologne; Communality; Catholic, Germany; Dimensions of religiosity; Education; Age; Atheist, Germany; Mobility (geographical); Network; Lutheran, Germany
  • Money Matters. Personal Giving in American Churches.
    Hoge, Dean R., Charles Zech, Patrick McNamara, and Michael J. Donahue (1996)
    Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press.
    Analyzes 1993-94 member questionnaire & congregation interview data from U.S.A. congregations.
    Associated Search Terms: Contributions; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Catholic, U.S.A.; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Southern Baptist
  • In Search of Denominational Subcultures: Religious Affiliation and 'Pro-Family' Issues Revisited.
    Gay, David A., Christopher G. Ellison, and Daniel A. Powers (1996)
    Review of Religious Research 38:1: 3-17.
    Analyzes 1982-91 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; finds distinctive denominational subcultures.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Southern Baptist; Subculture; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Sexuality; Conservative, U.S.A.; Denomination (organizational entity); Episcopal; Gender role; Abortion; Atheist; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Zur Entwicklung von Religiosität und Kirchlichkeit am Beispiel der evangelischen Kirchen in der DDR.
    Pollack, Detlef (1995)
    In Institut für vergleichende Staat=Kirche--Forschung (ed.) Säkularisierung in Ost und West. Berlin: Hübscher pp. 74-85. Also in Detlef Pollack, Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003, pp. 95-107.
    Reports official church statistics.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Lutheran, Germany; Membership
  • Tradition, Power, and Allegory: Constructions of the Past in Two Danish Religious Movements.
    Buckser, Andrew S. (1995)
    Ethnology 34:4: 257-272.
    As 19th century rural society disintegrated, Grundtvigianism organized a church voice for the rural farmers while Inner Mission offered them an introversionist withdrawal.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Denmark; Rural; Inner Mission, Denmark; Introversion; Grundtvigian, Denmark; Activism; Denmark, Mors Island
  • The Impact of Religious Identification on Differences in Educational Attainment among American Women in 1990.
    Keysar, Ariela, and Barry A. Kosmin (1995)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34:1: 49-62.
    Analyzes 1989-90 telephone interview data from American adult women; shows denominational effects on women's education attainment.
    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Women; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Education; Episcopal; Conservative, U.S.A.
  • Personal Autonomy in Religion and Marriage: Is There a Link?
    Wilson, John, and Mark Musick (1995)
    Review of Religious Research 37:1: 3-18.
    Analyzes 1987-88 interview data from married adult Americans; religious affiliates saw marriage as a lifetime commitment. Pentecostal, Baptist, & Christian/Disciples wives saw autonomy within marriage as less important.
    Associated Search Terms: Autonomy; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Family; Catholic, U.S.A.; Practice; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Individualism; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; United Church of Christ; United States; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • Giving Trends in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Innskeep, Kenneth W. (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 36:2: 238-244.
    Analyzes 1979-91 Evangelical Lutheran Church in American data; focuses on the increase in giving to congregations, decrease to denomination.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Contributions
  • Ministerial Effectiveness in Ten Functions.
    Nauss, Allen H. (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 36:1: 58-69.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from Missouri Synod Lutheran lay leaders; examines correlations between ministerial functions & different leadership skills.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Leadership; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • Kirche in der Organisationsgesellschaft. Zum Wandel der gesellschaften Lage der evangelischen Kirchen in der DDR.
    Pollack, Detlef (1994)
    Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Change; Germany, East
  • Germany's Reconstruction: The Role of the Eastern German Evangelical Church Before and After Reunification.
    Beckley, Robert E., H. Paul Chalfant, and D. Paul Johnson (1994)
    In William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.), Politics and Religion in Central and Eastern Europe. Traditions and Transitions. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, pp. 163-177.
    Based on interviews with clergy involved in efforts to topple the German Democratic Republic.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Revolution; Germany, East
  • Correlates of Religious Giving in Six Protestant Denominations.
    Donahue, Michael J. (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 36:2: 149-157.
    Analyzes 1988-89 interview data from American Protestants.
    Associated Search Terms: Contributions; Disciples of Christ; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Southern Baptist; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
  • Civil Religion in a Low Key: The Case of Norway.
    Furseth, Inger (1994)
    Acta sociologica 37: 39-54.
    (1) Civil religion was found only in a low key in Norway. (2) National crises only partially had an expected stronger effect on the presence of civil religion. (3) Civil religious values appeared among the middle class, the Lutheran state church, & the religious lay movement until the late 1950s. Later, only the religious groups expressed civil religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Norway
  • Optimal Church Size: The Bigger the Better?
    Stonebraker, Robert J. (1993)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32:3: 231-241.
    Analyzes synodal report data on 300 Lutheran congregations in western Pennsylvania; finds economies of scale support charities & denominational programs, not internal ministry.
    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Parish
  • Religion und gesellschaftlicher Wandel. Zur Rolle der evangelischen Kirche im prozeß des gesellschaftlichen Umbruchs in der DDR.
    Pollack, Detlef (1993)
    In H. Joas and M. Kohli (eds.) Der Zusammenbruch der DDR. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, pp. 246-266.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, East; Change; Lutheran, Germany
  • Religio-Nationalist Subcultures under the Communists: Comparisons from the Baltics, Transcaucasia and Ukraine.
    Johnston, Hank (Henry E.) (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:3: 237-255. [Also in William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.) Politics and Religion in Central and Eastern Europe. Traditions and Transitions (Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1994), pp. 17-35]
    Focuses on the association between national churches & political nationalism in the Baltic states, Ukraine, Georgia, & Armenia.
    Associated Search Terms: Nationalism; Soviet Union; Politics, Soviet Union; Latvia; Lithuania; Lutheran, Estonia; Lutheran, Latvia; Ukraine; Georgia; Georgian Orthodox, Georgia; Catholic, Lithuania; Catholic, Ukraine; Estonia; Comparative; Armenia; Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenia
  • The first Protestant mission to India: Its social and rleigious developments.
    Hudson, D. Dennis (1993)
    Sociological Bulletin 42:1/2: 37-63. [In Rowena Robinson (ed.) Sociology of Religion in India. New Delhi: Sage, 2004, pp. 199-230.
    Historical report on the early 18th century Danish-sponsored mission to a southeast India area the Danish East India Company had rented.
    Associated Search Terms: India, Tranquebar; Pietist, India; Missions, India; Lutheran, India; Historical
  • Congregational Growth and Decline in Indiana among Five Mainline Denominations.
    Olson, Daniel V.A. (1993)
    In David A. Roozen and C. Kirk Hadaway (eds.) Church & Denominational Growth. Nashville; Abingdon, pp. 208-224.
    Based on 1980-88 data.
    Associated Search Terms: United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United States, Indiana; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Episcopal
  • Prevalence and Correlates of New Age Beliefs in Six Protestant Denominations.
    Donahue, Michael J. (1993)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32:2: 177-184.
    Analyzes survey data from 6 large American Protestant denominations; finds little support for astrology or necromancy, but some for more general "new age" attitudes.
    Associated Search Terms: Necromancy; New age; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Southern Baptist; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Disciples of Christ; Astrology; Belief
  • Denominations as Dual Structures: An Organizational Analysis.
    Chaves, Mark (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:2: 147-169. [Also in Nicholas J. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.), Sacred Companies (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 175-194.
    Sees American denominations as dual entities of religious authority & agency structures; cites cases & draws implications for internal conflict & schism, & for internal secularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; African Methodist Episcopal Church; American Lutheran Church; Assemblies of God; Denomination (type); Episcopal; Conflict; Organization; Secularization; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Schism; United Methodist
  • Views on Social Responsibility: The Investment of Pension Funds in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    Innskeep, Kenenth W. (1992)
    Review of Religious Research 33:3: 270-282.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from Lutheran clergy on pension fund investments in South Africa.
    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Consequential dimension; Clergy; Race
  • Orthodox-Lutheran Intermarriage in Finland.
    Huotari, Voitto (1991)
    Social Compass 38:1: 25-31.
    Mixed marriages diminish the influence of the Orthodox minority but heighten religious activity among the Lutheran majority.
    Associated Search Terms: Finland; Lutheran, Finland; Marriage; Orthodox, eastern, Finland
  • General and Organizational Elites: The Case of Lutherans in Indiana.
    Mueller, Samuel A. (1991)
    Sociological Focus 24:3: 197-210.
    Ecological analysis of homes of church leaders in the 2 major Lutheran churches in Indiana, & of major Indiana politicians who belong to those churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Elite; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; United States, Indiana; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Politics, U.S.A.
  • The Evangelical-Lutheran Church and State in Finland.
    Sihvo, Jouko (1991)
    Social Compass 38:1: 17-24.
    Overview essay.
    Associated Search Terms: State; Lutheran, Finland; Finland
  • Churchgoing and Churchgoers in Finland.
    Heino, Harri (1991)
    Tampere: Research Institute of the Lutheran Church in Finland.
    Associated Search Terms: Finland
  • Religion in Finland and the Scandinavian Model.
    Holm, Nils G. (1991)
    Social Compass 38:1: 9-15.
    Features of religion in Finland include having 2 national churches, advanced secularization, new religious movements within the church, & a history of both Lutheran & eastern Orthodox influences. .
    Associated Search Terms: Finland
  • The Influence of Religion on Attitudes toward Nonmarital Sexuality: a Preliminary Assessment of Reference Group Theory.
    Cochran, John K., and Leonard Beeghley (1991)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 30:1: 45-62.
    Analyzes 1972-89 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Sexual attitudes; Reference group; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • To Reconcile Prophet and Priest: Lessons on Religious Authority from the Pittsburgh Unemployment Controversy.
    Long, Theodore E. (1990)
    Sociological Focus 23:3: 251-165.
    Describes conflict in the Lutheran Church in America in western Pennsylvania over pastors' involvement in social protest.
    Associated Search Terms: Authority; Conflict; United States, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh; Justice; Lutheran Church in America; Schism
  • Bible Reading in Sweden. Studies Related to the Translation of the New Testament 1981.
    Straarup, Jørgen (1990)
    Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell International, pp. 47-76.
    Analyzes 1985 questionnaire data from Swedes.
    Associated Search Terms: Bible reading; Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Historical Role Analysis in the Study of Religious Change: Mass Educational Development in Norway, 1740-1891.
    Flint, John T. (1990)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Explores the relationship between educational development & religious change in Norwegian society during a period of significant social & economic transition.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Norway; Norway; Pietist; Secularization; Education; Change
  • Martin Luther, Thomas Münster and the Birth of the Modern State: Reflections on the Status of Lutheran Reform in the Historical Sociology of Protestantism.
    Mendes Sargo, David-Emmanuel (1989)
    Social Compass 36:1: 105-131.
    Associated Search Terms: Reformation
  • Religious Group Variation in the Socioeconomic Status and Family Behavior of Women.
    Heaton, Tim B., and Marie Cornwall (1989)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28:3: 283-299.
    Analyzes 1971-81 Canadian census data.
    Associated Search Terms: Ukrainian Catholic, Canada; United Church of Canada; Lutheran, Canada; Mennonite, Canada; Reorganized Latter-day Saints, Canada; Salvation Army, Canada; Orthodox, eastern, Canada; Pentecostal, Canada; Polish National Catholic, Canada; Presbyterian, Canada; Women; Mormon, Canada; Jehovah´s Witness, Canada; Jewish, Canada; Stratification; Family; Canada; Catholic, Canada; Hutterite, Canada; Anglican Church of Canada; Baptist, Canada
  • American Religion in the Post-aquarian Age: Values and Demographic Factors in Church Growth and Decline.
    Perrin, Robin D. (1989)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28:1: 75-89.
    Presents mean member ages & number of children born to members of 14 denominations, from 1972-85 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Membership; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Jehovah´s Witness, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Nazarene, U.S.A.; Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Age; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Denomination (organizational entity); Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Church of God; Family
  • Study of Birth Rates in a Lutheran Evangelical Community in Curtiba (Brazil) from 1866 to 1929.
    Bideau, Alain, and Sergio Odilon Nadalin (1988)
    Population 43:6: 1035-1064.
    Analyzes fertility data from a Lutheran Evangelical Community in Curitiba, the then capital of Parana, a future state.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Brazil; Fertility; Brazil, Parana, Curtiba
  • La fréquentation des offices religieux dans le grand Stockholm. Vingt-cinq ans de recensements au cours du développement de l'agglomération.
    Ekerfeldt, Lennart (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 33-43.
    Analyzes 1960-80 church attendance statistics for greater Stockholm; shows the weak position of the Lutheran Church & effect of the social ecology.
    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Lutheran, Sweden; Sweden, Stockholm; Practice
  • A New Typology for Organizations: Market, Bureaucracy, Clan and Mission, with Application to American Denominations.
    Scherer, Ross P. (1988)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 27:4: 475-498.
    Examines prior studies of various denominations; focuses on the % of members adhering to the denomination of their parents, & data on pastors' views of church organization & mission.
    Associated Search Terms: Organization; Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Southern Baptist; Methodist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Evangelical United Brethren, U.S.A.
  • Diakonie und Identität. Studie zur diakonischen Praxis in der Volkskirche.
    Daiber, Karl Fritz (1988)
    Hanover: Lutehrisches Verlaghaus.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Germany; Deacon
  • Swedish Church Statistics. Unique Data for Sociological Research.
    Pettersson, Thorleif (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 15-31.
    Reports state church statistics that have been collected in Sweden since 1686.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Sweden; Statistics; Sweden
  • Trends in Danish Religion.
    Riis, Ole (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 45-55.
    General overview presenting historical background & recent statistics on belief & practice.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Denmark; Practice; Lutheran, Denmark
  • The Process of Secularization. A Neglected Issue in Finnish Sociology.
    Sundback, Susan (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 91-106.
    Criticizes the neglect of secularization as a research topic in Finland; reviews modern Finnish history to explain the civil religious & church roles of religion in Finland.
    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Finland; Historical; Secularization; Lutheran, Finland
  • Patterns of Parish Leadership, Cost and Effectiveness in Four Denominations.
    Hoge, Dean R., Jackson W. Carroll, and Francis K. Scheets (1988)
    Kansas City, Missouri: Sheed & Ward.
    Analyzes previously published data, & new 1987 American data on financial needs.
    Associated Search Terms: Sisters; Parish; United Methodist; Lutheran Church in America; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Clergy
  • Juifs et Luthériens dans le système scolaire hongrois.
    Karady, Victor (1987)
    Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 69: 67-85.
    Examines 1871-1940 statistics pertaining to the high rates of Jewish & Lutheran enrollment in the Hungarian school system.
    Associated Search Terms: Hungary; Education; Jewish, Hungary; Lutheran, Hungary
  • Christian Faith and Nuclear Weapons: Rank-and-file Opinions.
    Hart, Stephen (1987)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 26:1: 38-62.
    During a 2-year debate, one fourth of the respondents became more wary of nuclear weapons, one eighth more accepting of them.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran Church in America; Moral; Peace/war
  • Kirchentag zwischen Kirche und Welt. Auf der Suche nach Antworten. Eine empirische Untersuchung auf dem 21. Deutschen Evangelischen Kirchentag Düsseldorf 1985.
    Feige, Andreas, Ingrid Lukatis, and Wolfgang Lukatis (1987)
    Berlin: Wichern-Verlag.
    Analyzes 1985 survey data from participants in the Protestant Church meeting at Hanover, aged under 28.
    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Germany; Politics, Germany; Peace/war; Justice; Kirchentag; Lutheran, Germany; Young adults
  • Fragmented Gods. The Poverty and Potential of Religion in Canada./La Religion à la Carte.
    Bibby, Reginald W. (1987)
    Toronto: Irwin Publishing./Montréal: Fides, 1988
    Analyzes data from 1975, '80, & '85 Canadian national surveys, including a panel; focuses on affiliation, attendance, & belief.
    Associated Search Terms: Anglican Church of Canada; Baptist, Canada; Belief; Denomination (organizational entity); Canada; Catholic, Canada; Quality of life; Lutheran, Canada; United Church of Canada; Practice; Presbyterian, Canada; Pentecostal, Canada
  • Religious Affiliation, Attendance and Support for 'Pro-Family' Issues in the United States.
    Hertel, Bradley R., and Michael Hughes (1987)
    Social Forces 65:3: 858-880.
    Analyzes 1972-84 National Opinion Research Center (U.S.A.) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Family; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; United States; Sexual attitudes; Politics, U.S.A.; Practice; Jewish, U.S.A.; Women; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.
  • A Covariance Structure Analysis of the DeJong, Faulkner, and Warland Religious Involvement Model.
    Hilty, Dale M., and Sue J. Stockman (1986)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 25:4: 483-493.
    Factor analysis of questionnaire data from American Lutheran Church members from Ohio, & from students at Ohio State University.
    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Dimensions of religiosity; Factor analysis; American Lutheran Church
  • Culture, power and periphery. The Christian lay movement in Norway.
    Knudsen, Jon P. (1986)
    Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 40;1: 1-14.
    Starting with a discussion of the relationship between urbanization & secularization, it is argued that religious peripheries are to be found around towns & cities in various parts of the country. These peripheries form a regular & hierarchical pattern which peaks into strongholds in the southwest & the northwest of Southern Norway.
    Associated Search Terms: Social movement; Lutheran, Norway; Norway
  • Sociodemographic Characteristics of Religious Groups in Canada.
    Heaton, Tim B. (1986)
    Sociological Analysis 47:1: 54-65.
    Analyzes 1981 Canadian census data; allows for a focus on smaller, often overlooked denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Catholic, Canada; Anglican Church of Canada; Baptist, Canada; Hutterite, Canada; Mormon, Canada; Jehovah´s Witness, Canada; Jewish, Canada; Polish National Catholic, Canada; Presbyterian, Canada; Orthodox, eastern, Canada; Pentecostal, Canada; Lutheran, Canada; Mennonite, Canada; Ukrainian Catholic, Canada; United Church of Canada; Reformed, Canada; Salvation Army, Canada
  • Religious Regionalism: The Case of Lutherans in the South.
    Hook, Wade F. (1985)
    Review of Religious Research 27:1: 77-85.
    Uses membership, contribution, & sex role data to show divergence of Southern Lutherans from other U.S. Lutherans; ethnic identities & clergy dropout rates conform to national patterns.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, South; Lutheran Church in America; Membership; Sex role; Contributions
  • Que Devient l'Eglise Evangelique d'Allemagne?
    Daiber, Karl Fritz (1985)
    Social Compass 32:2/3: 229-232.
    Reflections n a West German survey that reported some 1.5 million people saying they had left the Evangelical Church during the previous decade.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, West; Apostate; Lutheran, Germany
  • The Force of Tradition: A Case Study of Women Priests in Sweden.
    Stendahl, Brita (1985)
    Philadelphia: Fortress.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Sweden; Sweden; Women; Clergy
  • Katholische und evangelische Milieus: Vermittlungsinstanzen und Wirkungsmuster.
    Kühr, Herbert (1985)
    In Dieter Oberndörfer, Hans Rattinger and Karl Schmitt (eds.) Wirtschaftlicher Wandel, religiöser Wandel und Wertwandel. Folgen für das politische Verhalten in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, pp. 245-261.
    Associated Search Terms: Subculture; Lutheran, Germany; Polity; Germany, West; Germany, Western; Catholic, Germany
  • Penetration of a Conventional Religious Hierarchy by Media Evangelism.
    Carlson, Elwood (1984)
    Sociology and Social Research 68:4: 498-509.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from participants in a South Carolina synod of the Lutheran Church in America; shows a large proportion had watched & had sent money to televangelists.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, South Carolina; Lutheran Church in America; Media; Contributions
  • The Other Side of Good Samaritanism: The Helping Ethic in Judeo-Christian Ideology and Practice.
    Terian, Sara Mirjam Kärkkäinen (1984)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Notre Dame. [DA 45:6 A, p. 1886]
    Reviews literature on doctrines about charitable works; analyzes interview data from a Midwest U.S. city; focuses on views about recipients of help.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Altruism; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran Church in America
  • Religious Denominations' Impact upon Gender Attitudes: Some Methodological Implications.
    Brinkerhoff, Merlin B., and Marlene M. MacKie (1984)
    Review of Religious Research 25:4: 365-378.
    Denominational affiliation strongly predicts criterion variables: a gender attitude scale & attitude toward abortion.
    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, Canada; Pentecostal, Canada; Lutheran, Canada; Conversion; Denomination (organizational entity); Gender traditionalism; Disaffiliation; Abortion; Anglican Church of Canada; Baptist, Canada; Canada, Alberta, Calgary; Catholic, Canada
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