Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Religion, Mastery-over-nature, and Environmental Concern.
    Hand, Carl M., and Kent D. Van Liere (1984)
    Social Forces 63:2: 555-570.
    Analyzes 1976 questionnaire data from Washington State; shows non Judeo-Christians more concerned about the environment, with significant differences among Judeo-Christian denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Environmentalism; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; United States, Washington; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.
  • Views from the Pews. Christian Beliefs and Attitudes.
    Johnson, Roger A. (ed.) (1983)
    Philadelphia; Fortress.
    Contains essays by sociologists & theologians that focus on 1979 questionnaire data from laity & pastors of the Lutheran Church in America.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran Church in America
  • Religious Affiliation, Religiosity and Racial Prejudice: A New Look at Old Relationships.
    Chalfant, H. Paul, and Charles W. Peek (1983)
    Review of Religious Research 215:2: 155-161.
    Analyzes 1970s National Opinion Research Center data.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Practice; Prejudice; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • Profiles of Lutherans in the U.S.A.
    Reuss, Carl F. (1982)
    Minneapolis, Minnesota: Augsburg.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Finnish Revivalism as an Expression of Popular Piety.
    Huotari, Voitto (1982)
    Social Compass 29:2/3: 113-123.
    Moreso than other European Lutheran churches, the Finnish has small revival groups supplementing its central organization.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Popular religion; Revival; Revivalism; Finland
  • Popular Religion in Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Göran (1982)
    Social Compass 29:2/3: 103-112.
    Sweden by all accounts is not a religious nation, but most Swedes belong to the established church & ritualize important moments with religious ceremonials; this appears to indicate the existence of a kind of popular religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Popular religion; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Comments on the Relationship Between Church Membership and Piety.
    Feige, Andreas (1982)
    Social Compass 29:2/3: 187-208.
    Reviews 1970s West German surveys.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Germany; Germany, West; Lutheran, Germany; Membership; Piety
  • Women Pastors. What Happens after Placement?
    Royle, Marjorie H. (1982)
    Review of Religious Research 24:2: 116-127.
    Analyzes 1976 data on female clergy ordained since 1970 in 4 U.S. denominations, & a comparison group of male clergy; few differences were found in membership or financial trends between female-pastored & male pastored churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran Church in America; Women; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Clergy; Disciples of Christ
  • L'Église dans la Société Socialiste. Le Cas des Églises Protestantes en République Démocratique Allemande.
    Krusche, Günther (1981)
    Social Compass 28:1: 79-91.
    Traces the self-understanding of protestant churches in East Germany, from established popular churches to minority ones.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, East; Minority; Lutheran, Germany
  • The Influence of Assimilation on American Protestant Ministers' Beliefs, 1928-1978.
    Hoge, Dean R., and John E. Dyble (1981)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 20:1: 64-77.
    Replicates the survey of Chicago Protestant clergy by Betts in 1928; shows a liberalization of theological beliefs.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Clergy; American Baptist; Assimilation; Belief; Episcopal; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United States, Illinois, Chicago
  • Religious Conformity In an Age of Disbelief: Contextual Effects of Time, Denomination, and Family Processes Upon Church Decline and Apostasy.
    Nelsen, Hart M. (1981)
    American Sociological Review 46:5: 632-640.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from 4th-8th graders in public & Catholic schools in southern Minnesota.
    Associated Search Terms: Denomination (organizational entity); Catholic, U.S.A.; Disaffiliation; Family; Generations; United States, Minnesota; Socialization; Methodist, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Students, primary; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • Religio-ethnic Effects on Attainments in the Early Career.
    Stryker, Robin (1981)
    American Sociological Review 46:2: 212-231.
    Analyzes 1975 follow-up survey data from 1957 white high school seniors in Wisconsin & a Milwaukee subsample; focuses on later education & first job. Uses denominational & ethnic categories.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Education; Ethnic; Achievement; Protestant, U.S.A.; United States, Wisconsin; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States, Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Stratification
  • Civil Religion and other Religious Identities.
    Wimberley, Ronald C., and James A. Christenson (1981)
    Sociological Analysis 42:2: 91-100.
    Analyzes 1975 questionnaire data from a North Carolina sample; civil religion attitude scores vary by denomination.
    Associated Search Terms: Denomination (organizational entity); Christian, U.S.A.; Church of God; Civil religion; Baptist, U.S.A.; Quaker, U.S.A.; Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States, North Carolina
  • Clergy and Funeral Directors: An Exploration in Role Conflict.
    Bradfield, Cecil David, and R. Ann Myers (1980)
    Review of Religious Research 21:3: 343-350.
    Analyzes data from a sample of Lutheran clergy in the United States.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Death; Funeral directors; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Role conflict
  • Strains, Conflicts, and Schisms in Protestant Denominations.
    Takayama, K. Peter (1980)
    In Ross P. Scherer (ed.) American Denominational Organizations. A Sociological View. Pasadena: William Carey Library, pp. 298-322.
    Overview of conflict & schism in American Protestantism; case studies of the Southern Presbyterian & Missouri Synod Lutheran schisms.
    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, U.S.A.; Schism; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.; National Presbyterian Church; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Conflict
  • The Content of the Parochial Sermons in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland as Indicators of the Openness and Closedness of the Church as System.
    Lampinen, Tapio (1980)
    Social Compass 27:4: 417-435.
    1975 data; factor analysis of sermon contents.
    Associated Search Terms: Systems theory; Lutheran, Finland; Preaching; Content analysis; Factor analysis; Finland
  • Resource Inequality and Accumulative Advantage: Stratification in the Ministry.
    Broughton, Walter, and Edgar W. Mills, Jr. (1980)
    Social Forces 58:4: 1289-1301.
    1969 data from 21 denominations show resources accumulate with ministers' seniority; the trend appears among & within 7 denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: American Lutheran Church; Clergy; Episcopal; Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Stratification
  • Perceived Influences on Occupational Choice of Seminarians.
    Cross, William M. (1980)
    Concordia Theological Quarterly 44:1: 3-16.
    Analyzes 1976-77 questionnaire data from students in Concordia Seminary (St. Louis), Seminex (St. Louis), & Concordia Seminary (Springfield, Missouri).
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Seminarians; Vocation
  • Evidence on the Relationship between Religion and Educational Attainment.
    Mueller, Charles W. (1980)
    Sociology of Education 53: 140-152.
    Analyzes 1973-78 National Opinion Research Center (U.S.A.) data; uses religion in which respondents were raised as a variable, not current religion. Shows no substantial religion effects on educational attainment, beginning with the 1908 birth cohort.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Jewish, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Education; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Religion, Ideal Family Size, and Abortion: Extending Renzi's Hypothesis.
    D'Antonio, William V., and Steven Stack (1980)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 19:4: 397-408.
    Recent research as noted a negative relationship between ideal family size & proabortion attitudes. While the relationship remains when mediated by religious identity, numerous exceptions appear, particularly for denominations with strong proabortion sentiments.
    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Family; Catholic, U.S.A.; Abortion; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal
  • Denominational Mobility: Current Patterns and Recent Trends.
    Kluegel, James R. (1980)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 19:1: 26-39.
    Analyzes 1973-77 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Conversion; Catholic, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; United States; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • White American Socio-religious Groups and Work Values.
    Roof, Wade Clark (1980)
    Ethnicity 7: 218-224.
    Analyzes 1973, '74, '76, & '77 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data from white men; reports mean conformance-to-Protestant-Ethic scores for Protestant denominations & Catholic ethnic groups; finds ethnicity & specific denomination important.
    Associated Search Terms: Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Protestant Ethic; Protestant, U.S.A.; United States; Catholic, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Denomination (organizational entity); Episcopal; Ethnic; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Comparison of Trends in Ten Denominations, 1950-75.
    Doyle, Ruth T., and Sheila M. Kelly (1979)
    In Dean R. Hoge and David A. Roozen (eds.), Understanding Church Growth and Decline 1950-1978. New York: Pilgrim Press, pp. 144-159.
    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; American Lutheran Church; Catholic, U.S.A.; United Church of Canada; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Membership; Southern Baptist
  • Socioeconomic Differentials among White Socioreligious Groups in the United States.
    Roof, Wade Clark (1979)
    Social Forces 58:1: 280-289. Comment by Andrew M. Greeley 59:3 (1981): 824-830. Reply by Wade Clark Roof 59:3 (1981): 831-836.
    Analyzes 1971-75 National Opinion Research Center (U.S.A.) data; uses 9 denominations plus ethnic subsamples of Catholics.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; United States; Stratification; Protestant, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Ethnic; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Religiosity and Opposition to Church Social Action: A Test of a Weberian Hypothesis.
    Broughton, Walter (1978)
    Review of Religious Research 19;2: 154-166.
    1969-70 survey of 4 churches in New York State show providentialist & other theodicies, but not belief in the supernatural, predicting opposition to church social action.
    Associated Search Terms: Southern Baptist; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Congregational, U.S.A.; Activism; American Baptist; Belief
  • Religion and Nation Building: The American Case.
    Norr, James L. (1978)
    Sociological Focus 11:4: 255-269.
    Presents numbers of congregations of 13 denominations in the U.S.A., 1650-1860.
    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Historical; German Reformed, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Dutch Reformed, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Methodist, U.S.A.; Modernization; Unitarian, U.S.A.; United States; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Membership; Universalist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Quaker, U.S.A.
  • Church Generation: A Neglected Research Issue.
    Layne, Norman R., Jr., and Jack O. Balswick (1977)
    Sociological Analysis 38:3: 258-265.
    Studies a Lutheran congregation in a medium-sized city in the southeastern U.S.A..; focuses on generations defined by age & by time of entry into the congregation.
    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Congregation; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Parish
  • Religious Beliefs of Clergy Wives.
    Hartley, Shirley Foster, and Mary G. Taylor (1977)
    Review of Religious Research 19:1: 63-72.
    Analyzes 1970 survey data from clergy wives in 6 denominations; focuses on beliefs & educational attainment.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy spouses; Disciples of Christ; Education; Episcopal; American Baptist; Belief; Denomination (organizational entity); Lutheran Church in America; Women; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Orthodoxy (doctrinal)
  • Religious Affiliation and Social Participation: Differences between Lutherans and Catholics.
    Petersen, James C., and Gary R. Lee (1976)
    Journal of Voluntary Action Research 5:2: 82-93.
    Analyzes survey data from Minnesota respondents 35 or less years old who were married once 6+ years; shows the American Lutheran Church fitting the voluntary association model better than does the Catholic Church.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; American Lutheran Church; United States, Minnesota; Voluntarism; Social participation
  • A Study of Couple Congruency in Religiosity and Its Relationship to Marital Satisfaction.
    Herron, Robert Wayne (1976)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Minnesota. [DA 37 A, p. 3942]
    Analyzes data from Minnesota Lutheran & Catholic couples; both religiosity & Lutheran membership correlated with wives' marital satisfaction.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Minnesota; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • An Empirical Test of Gordon's Ethclass Hypothesis among Three Ethnoreligious Groups.
    Kourvetaris, George A., and Betty A. Dobratz (1976)
    Sociology and Social Research 61:1: 39-53.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from Greek Orthodox, Italian Catholic, & Swedish Lutheran couples in a Midwest U.S. city; the couples tended to confine primary relations to their own ethnicity & class.
    Associated Search Terms: Greek Americans; Greek Orthodox, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Ethnic; Swedish Americans; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Italian Americans
  • Dimensionality of Belief among Mainstream Protestant Clergy.
    Longino, Charles F., Jr., and Jeffrey K. Hadden (1976)
    Social Forces 55:1: 30-42.
    Analyzes 1965 survey data from American clergy from 6 denominations; suggests the usefulness of using a common belief scale across denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Belief; Clergy; Episcopal; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Scale; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Methodist, U.S.A.; Methods
  • Kirchenaustritte: Eine soziologische Untersuchung von Ursachen und Bedingungen am Beispiel der Evangelischen Kirche von Berlin-Brandenburg.
    Feige, Andreas (1976)
    Berlin: Burckhardthaus.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Evangelischen Kirchen von Berlin-Brandenburg; Germany, Berlin; Disaffiliation
  • Theological and Sociological Uses of the Concept "Orthodoxy"
    Davidson, James D., and Gary J. Quinn (1976)
    Review of Religious Research 18:1: 74-80.
    "Orthodoxy" pertains to ritual in Eastern Orthodoxy, institutional authority in Roman Catholicism, conformity to Luther & confessions in Lutheranism & to The Fundamentals in fundamentalism, & to Torah observance in Judaism.
    Associated Search Terms: Orthodoxy (doctrinal)
  • Extent of Interfaith Marriages Among White Americans.
    Alston, Jon P., William Alex McIntosh, and Louise M. Wright (1976)
    Sociological Analysis 37:3: 261-264.
    1973, '74, & '75 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; Jewish, U.S.A.; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.
  • Uncertain Saints: The Laity of the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod, 1900-1970.
    Graebner, Alan (1975)
    Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
    Social history of the place of lay people in the Missouri Synod.
    Associated Search Terms: Laity; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • A Contemporary Religious Enigma: Churches and War.
    Lewis, Robert A. (1975)
    Journal of Political and Military Sociology 3:1: 57-70.
    Analyzes 1968 survey data from students at an urban state university in Midwest U.S.A., a Lutheran college, & a conservative Protestant seminary; orthodoxy & other-worldliness, not church attendance or denomination, strongly predicted support for the Vietnam war.
    Associated Search Terms: Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Otherworldliness; Peace/war; Students, undergraduate
  • Occupational and Religious Mobility in a Small City.
    Lauer, Robert H. (1975)
    Sociological Quarterly 16: 380-392.
    Analyzes telephone interview data from household heads in a small Midwest U.S. city; shows highly educated people who are occupationally mobile across great distance to be highly religiously mobile.
    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Christian (U.S.A. denomination); Christian Science; Baptist, U.S.A.; Conversion; Occupation; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Unitarian; Unitarian, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mobility (vertical)
  • The Relation of Pastoral Mobility to Effectiveness.
    Nauss, Allen H. (1974)
    Review of Religious Research 15:2: 80-86.
    Analyzes 1970 data from Missouri Synod Lutheran pastors ordained 4-6, 8, 16, 24, 32, & 40 years.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Clergy mobility; Clergy role
  • Age Differences and Dimensions of Religious Behavior.
    Johnson, Arthur L., Milo L. Brekke, Merton P. Strommen, and Ralph C. Underwager (1974)
    Journal of Social Issues 30:3: 43-67.
    Analyzes American national data from 6 age groups of Lutherans; the 19-23 year old group had the most heterogeneous beliefs, attitudes, & life style. Religiosity varied across age groupings.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Age
  • Religion, Socioeconomic Status, and Anomie.
    Lee, Gary R., and Robert W. Clyde (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:1: 35-47. Comment by David D. McCloskey 13:4 (1874): 497-502.
    Analyzes 1970 data from American Lutheran & Roman Catholic young married couples in Minnesota; shows religious variables rather than stratification ones as important for personal normlessness.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Minnesota; Stratification; American Lutheran Church; Anomie; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • The Prophetic Clergy. Social Activism Among Protestant Ministers.
    Quinley, Harold E. (1974)
    New York: Wiley.
    Analyzes 1968 interview data from Protestant clergy in California.
    Associated Search Terms: Activism; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Civil rights movement; Clergy; Episcopal; Labor; Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Mexican Americans; Southern Baptist; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United States, California; Peace/war
  • Church Involvement and the Comfort Thesis in Alberta.
    Hobart, Charles W. (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:4: 463-470.
    Analyzes 1967-69 interview data from Alberta adults; generally contradicts deprivation theory.
    Associated Search Terms: Anglican Church of Canada; Deprivation; Canada, Alberta; Catholic, Canada; Lutheran, Canada; United Church of Canada
  • Review of the Polls: Church Attendance and Self Perceived Altruism.
    Langford, Barbara J., and Charles C. Langford (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:2: 221-222.
    Analyzes 1973 A.I.P.O. (U.S.A..) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Altruism; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Church Attendance and City Size.
    Langford, Charles C. (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:3: 361-362.
    Analyzes 1973 A.I.P.O. (U.S.A..) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; United States; Urban; Practice; Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • Review of the Polls: Attitudes towards Extramarital and Homosexual Relations.
    Alston, Jon P. (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:4: 479-481.
    1973 National Opinion Research Center (U.S.A.) data; whites only for denominational categories.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Homosexuality; Sexual attitudes; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; United States; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • Responses to Religion. Studies in the Social Psychology of Religious Belief.
    Maranell, Gary M. (1974)
    Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Fanaticism; Gender; Dimensions of religiosity; Disciples of Christ; Education; Episcopal; Community study; Conservative; Alienation; Altruism; Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Churches of Christ; Clergy; Unitarian Universalist; United Church of Christ; Politics, U.S.A.; Prejudice; Seventh-day Adventist, U.S.A.; Sex; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Nazarene, U.S.A.; Stratification; Students, undergraduate; Superstition scale; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Mennonite, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Professor; Ritualism scale; Salience
  • The Consensus of Clergy Role Task Expectations and Congregational Viability.
    Zishka, Ronald Louis (1973)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Ohio State University. [DA 34:2 A, p. 879]
    Analyzes data from parish reports & questionnaires in the Ohio District of the American Lutheran Church.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Ohio; Clergy role; American Lutheran Church
  • Studying Social Organization in the Local Church. A Sociometric Approach.
    Balswick, Jack O., and Norman R. Layne, Jr. (1973)
    Review of Religious Research 14:2: 101-109.
    Sociometric analysis of questionnaire responses from lay members of a Lutheran church in a small southeast U.S.A. city.
    Associated Search Terms: Sociometry; Organization; Parish; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • Ascension at the Crossroads: A Case Study of a Church Caught in the Turbulence of Rapid Social Change.
    Layne, Norman R., Jr., and Jack O. Balswick (1973)
    Athens, Georgia: Institute of Community and Area Development.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Change; Generations
  • Protestanten und Katholiken: Soziologische Analyse konfessioneller Kultur.
    Schmidtchen, Gerhard (1973)
    Bern: A. Francke.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, West; Catholic, Germany; Denomination (organizational entity); Lutheran, Germany
  • Aggregate Social Mobility among Major Protestant Denominations and Major Religious Groups, 1939-1969.
    Alston, Jon P. (1973)
    Sociological Analysis 34:3: 230-235.
    1939, '45, & '69 sample surveys of American white adults.
    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mobility (vertical); Lutheran, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • Social Mobility and Doctrinal Orthodoxy.
    VanRoy, Ralph F., Frank D. Bean, and James R. Wood (1973)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 12:4: 427-439.
    Analyzes interview data from 12 congregations representing 6 denominations in Indianapolis.
    Associated Search Terms: Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mobility (vertical); Lutheran, Missouri Synod; United Church of Christ; United States, Indiana, Indianapolis; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Southern Baptist
  • Doctrinal Orthodoxy, Salience, and the Consequential Dimension.
    Gibbs, David R., Samuel A. Mueller, and James R. Wood (1973)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 12:1: 33-52.
    Analyzes 1971 interview data from members of 6 denominations in Indianapolis.
    Associated Search Terms: United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United States, Indiana; United States, Indiana, Indianapolis; Salience; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Southern Baptist; Dimensions of religiosity; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Consequential dimension
  • The Changing Religious Composition of American Higher Education.
    Steinberg, Stephen (1973)
    In Charles Y. Glock (ed.) Religion in Sociological Perspective: Essays in the empirical Study of Religion. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, pp. 102-116.
    Analyzes survey data from faculty in American institutions of higher education.
    Associated Search Terms: Congregational, U.S.A.; Education; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Professor; Protestant, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • The Public Image of Lutheran Pastors.
    Johnstone, Ronald L. (1972)
    Lutheran Quarterly 24: 397-409.
    Analyzes 1970 National Opinion Research Center (U.S.A..) data.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy image; United States; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • A Note on Clergy-laity Differences among Lutherans.
    Murphy, Steven E. (1972)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11:2: 177-179.
    Analyzes data from a southern Illinois sample of 77 clergy & 136 lay leaders; clergy tended to give more liberal responses than did laity on social & political issues.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran Church in America; United States, Illinois; Clergy
  • Public Images of Protestant Ministers and Catholic Priests: An Empirical Study of Anti-clericalism in the U.S.
    Johnstone, Ronald L. (1972)
    Sociological Analysis 33:1: 34-49.
    Analyzes data from American adults; focuses on public images of Catholic, Methodist, & Lutheran clergy. Some anticlericalism was found only among Catholics, against their priests.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Clergy image; Anticlericalism
  • A Study of Generations.
    Strommen, Merton P., Milo L. Brekke, Ralph C. Underwager, and Arthur L. Johnson (1972)
    Minneapolis, Minnesota: Augsburgh Publishing.
    Includes a focus on clergy-lay differences.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Clergy; Generations
  • Ideological and Strutural Conflict in a Suburban Congregation: An Empirical Test of Dahrendorf's Conflict Model.
    Heenan, Edward F. (1972)
    Sociological Analysis 33:3: 177-187.
    Based on a study of a Midwest American congregation.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran Church in America; Conflict; Dahrendorf, Ralf
  • Clergy Authority and Friendship with Parishioners.
    Hammond, Phillip E., Albert Gedricks, Edward Lawler, and Louise Allen Turner (1972)
    Pacific Sociological Review 15: 185-204.
    Analyzes 1969 data from Wisconsin clergy in four denominations; high vs. low church perspective, puritanical outlooks, and friendships with parishioners are the principal variables.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Wisconsin; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Assemblies of God; Authority; Clergy role; Episcopal
  • The Theology of the Pew.
    Spaulding, Kent E. (1972)
    Review of Religious Research 13:3: 206-211.
    Analyzes questionnaire data on beliefs of members of 6 churches in a community; reports correlations among denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United Methodist; Free Methodist Church, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Belief
  • The First Parish Placement: Stayers and Movers.
    Nauss, Allen H., and Harry G. Coiner (1971)
    Review of Religious Research 12:2: 95-101.
    Survey of the 1963 & '64 graduating classes of the 2 main Missouri Synod Lutheran seminaries; focuses on placements as of 1968.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Clergy
  • Size of Organizations and Member Participation in Church Congregations.
    Wilken, Paul H. (1971)
    Administrative Science Quarterly 16: 173-179.
    Analyzes 1967 data reported by American Lutheran Church congregations in South Dakota; shows generally inverse relationships between congregation size & indices of participation.
    Associated Search Terms: American Lutheran Church; Congregation size; Contributions; Practice; United States, South Dakota
  • Wayward Shepherds: Prejudice and the Protestant Clergy.
    Stark, Rodney, Bruce D. Foster, Charles Y. Glock, and Harold E. Quinley (1971)
    New York: Harper & Row.
    Analyzes 1968 survey data from clergy of major Protestant denominations in California.
    Associated Search Terms: Southern Baptist; United Church of Christ; United Methodist; United States, California; Prejudice; Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Episcopal; Activism; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Belief
  • Religious Mobility and Socioeconomic Status.
    Alston, Jon P. (1971)
    Sociological Analysis 32:3: 140-148.
    1955 American Institute of Public Opinion sample of adult Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Congregational, U.S.A.; Conversion; Baptist, U.S.A.; Stratification; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.
  • Al Smith and the Republican Party at Prayer: The Lutheran Vote--1928.
    Stange, Douglas C. (1970)
    Review of Politics 32:3: 347-364.
    Examines the 1928 American presidential election & other election returns in heavily Lutheran counties; reviews the controversy among Lutherans over the presidential campaign of a Roman Catholic.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; Prejudice, anti-Catholic
  • Social and Religious Attitudes among Lutheran Students.
    Frerking, Kenneth L. (1970)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia. [DA 31:5 A, p. 2493]
    Analyzes survey data from Lutheran students, on pacifism, racial prejudice, welfare, political anomie, morality, Christianity, & the church.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Students, undergraduate; Peace/war; Moral; Prejudice, racial; Anomie
  • The Lutheran Ethic: The Impact of Religion on Laymen and Clergy.
    Kersten, Lawrence K. (1970)
    Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
    Religion, despite claims of securalization in the U.S.A., continued to be an important factor influencing Lutherans. There was a growing division between laymen & the more theologically liberal clergy in terms of basic beliefs regarding the proper role & function of the church. Younger clergy differed from older regarding the mission of the church, reflected in a trend away from a salvation religion emphasizing "supernaturalism" to one concerned with the social reform.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • Religion and rates of mortality among total populations.
    Poplin, Dennis E. (1970)
    In Thomas R. Ford and Gordon F. De Jong (eds.) Social Demography. Englewood Ciffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, pp. 236-243.
    Compares mortality rates of selected U.S. counties that were predominately Catholic, Lutheran, or Mormon in 1952. The predominately Lutheran counties had lower mortality rates.
    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.; Mortality; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Demography; Ecology
  • Religious Intermarriage in a Democratic Society.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1970)
    American Journal of Sociology 75: 949-952. [Also in Andrew M. Greely, The Sociology of Andrew M. Greeley (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 182-185.
    Data from the 1957 Current Population Survey of Religion & from the NORC study of June 1961 college graduates indicate that denominational homogeneity in marriage exists for at least three-quarters of the major religious denomiantions, including the various groups within Protestantism.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Rural-Urban Differences in the Decision to Enter the Ministry.
    Schmidt, Alvin J. (1969)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 8:1: 166.
    Studies Lutherans at Concordia Theological seminary, Springfield, Illinois; rural seminarians more than urban chose ministry at an early age & with an apparently strong charismatic self-concept.
    Associated Search Terms: Vocation; Self concept; Seminarians; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • The Gathering Storm in the Churches. A Sociologist Looks at the Widening Gap between Clergy and Laymen.
    Hadden, Jeffrey K. (1969)
    Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
    Analyzes 1965 questionnaire data from American clergy in 6 denominations; focuses on beliefs & attitudes toward the civil rights movement.
    Associated Search Terms: United Methodist; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Conflict; Civil rights movement; Clergy; Episcopal; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church
  • The Church of Finland in a Changing Society.
    Kortekangas, Paavo (1969)
    Review of Religious Research 10:2: 88-99.
    Review of the 19th-20th century literature; includes participation by occupation groups in Tampere, Finland, 1855-1905.
    Associated Search Terms: Occupation; Lutheran, Finland; Finland
  • Socialization into the Ministry: A Comparative Analysis.
    Berg, Philip L. (1969)
    Sociological Analysis 30:2: 59-71.
    Analyzes data from a 1962-63 sample of Protestant seminarians from 24 seminaries, 10 denominations; focuses on socialization into the ministry-related skills, mind-sets, & intrinsic religiosity.
    Associated Search Terms: Seminarians; Southern Baptist; United Church of Christ; United Presbyterian; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.; Lutheran Church in America; Methodist, U.S.A.; Intrinsic/extrinsic; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal
  • L'organisation sociale de l'Église évangélique du Wurtemberg.
    Bormann, Günther (1969)
    Social Compass 16:2: 185-225.
    Presents data on the Württemberg Landeskirche, 1815-1964.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, Württemberg; Lutheran, Germany; Organization; Württemberg Landeskirche
  • Income and Religious Affiliation: A Regression Analysis.
    Gockel, Galen L. (1969)
    American Journal of Sociology 74:6: 632-647. Comment by Sidney Goldstein 74:6: 647-649. Reply by Gockel 74:6: 649.
    Analyzes 1962 N.O.R.C. (U.S.A.) interview data from male heads of households; non-religious variables largely explain income differences among religious groupings.
    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; United States; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Stratification; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • The Social Structure of Religious and Ethnoreligious Groups in a Metropolitan Community.
    Laumann, Edward O. (1969)
    American Sociological Review 34:2: 182-197.
    Analyzes 1966 interview data from Detroit area native-born white men aged 21-64; focuses on communality among religious-ethnic groupings.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Stratification; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Orthodox, eastern, U.S.A.; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Urban; Communality; Congregational, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Churches of Christ, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Ethnic
  • Professionalism and Lutheran Seminarians.
    Berg, Philip L. (1968)
    Lutheran Quarterly 20: 406-441.
    1962-63 survey of Protestant seminarians, American Lutheran Church & Lutheran Church in America subsamples: value orientation & professionalism scores.
    Associated Search Terms: American Lutheran Church; Lutheran Church in America; Professionalism; Values; Seminarians
  • Mortality among Lutheran Clergymen.
    King, Haitung, and John C. Bailar, III (1968)
    Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 46:4: 527-548.
    The findings of this study generally corroborate the results of earlier investigations of mortality among clergymen, such as very low ratios for total mortality & for nondegenerative diseases & suicide, a smaller reduction in mortality for cardiovascular-renal diseases & leukemia & relatively inflated mortality from prostatic cancer & hyperplasia of the prostate. However, mortality from diabetes was low & that from cancer of the pancreas high.
    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Clergy; Mortality; United Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • The Breaking of Traditions: Theological Convictions in Colonial America.
    Mol, Hans (Johannes J.) (1968)
    Berkeley: Glendessary.
    Historical sociological study of 18th century German Lutheran & Dutch Reformed clergy in the American colonies.
    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Adaptation; Dutch Reformed, U.S.A.; Clergy; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • Historical Role Analysis in the Study of Secularization: The Laity/Clergy Ratio in Norway 1800-1950.
    Flint, John T. (1968)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 7:2: 272-279.
    Presents ratios for the Hamar, Troms & Agder dioceses of the national church, &, inter alia, compares them to leftist vote percentages.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Norway; Politics, Norway; Lutheran, Norway
  • Studien zu Berufsbild und Berufswirklichkeit evangelischer Pfarrer in Württemberg: Tendenzen der Berufseinstellung und des Berufsverhaltens.
    Bormann, Günther (1968)
    In J. Matthes (ed.), Beiträge zur religionssoziologischen Forschung/Essays on Research in the Sociology of Religion. Internationales Jahrbuch für Religionssoziologie 4. Köln & Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 158-209.
    Interviews with clergy reveal varying conceptions of the ministerial role.
    Associated Search Terms: Vocation; Württemberg Landeskirche; Lutheran, Germany; Germany, Württemberg; Clergy role
  • American Piety: The Nature of Religious Commitment.
    Stark, Rodney, and Charles Y. Glock (1968)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Analyzes 1963 questionnaire data from churched Christians in the San Francisco Bay Area, & 1964 survey data from adult Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Southern Baptist; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Practice; Devotionalism; Catholic, U.S.A.; Belief; Communality; Contributions
  • Dimensions of Canadian Religions A Preliminary Study.
    Nosanchuk, T.A. (1968)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 7;1: 109-110.
    Relates 9 Canadian religions to each other on a scale, based on judgments made by 15 judges, most of them campus chaplains.
    Associated Search Terms: Unitarian, Canada; United Church of Canada; Jehovah´s Witness, Canada; Jewish, Canada; Lutheran, Canada; Christian Science, Canada; Anglican Church of Canada; Baptist, Canada; Canada; Catholic, Canada
  • American Piety: The Nature of Religious Commitment.
    Stark, Rodney, and Charles Y. Glock (1968)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Analyzes 1963 questionnaire data from church Christians in the San Francisco Bay Area, & 1964 survey data from adult Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Congregational, U.S.A.; Conversion; American Baptist; Dimensions of religiosity; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; United States; United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.
  • Effects and Effectiveness of Parochial Elementary Schools. An Empirical Study.
    Mueller, Daniel J. (1967)
    Review of Religious Research 9:1: 48-51.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from Missouri Synod Lutheran students at the University of Illinois.
    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Education
  • A Limited Study of the Continued Participation of Recent Confirmands of the American Lutheran Church.
    Jarvis, Wayne L. (1967)
    Unpublished M.S.T. thesis, Wartburgh Theological Seminary.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Adolescents; American Lutheran Church
  • Folk-religiosity South of Stockholm 1966.
    Gustafsson, Berndt (1967)
    Social Compass 14:4: 300.
    Brief report based on interviews in a Stockholm suburb & a small town in western Sweden; rates of baptism, marriage, & funerals were the same, but the suburbanites could give little meaningful explanation for such customs.
    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Urban; Lutheran, Sweden; Secularization
  • A Collation of Data about Religion in Australia.
    Mol, Hans (Johannes J.) (1967)
    Social Compass 14:2: 117-132.
    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Australia; Lutheran, Australia; Anglican, Australia; Australia; Baptist, Australia; Congregational (Independent), Australia; Churches of Christ, Australia; Brethren, Australia; Catholic, Australia; Greek Orthodox, Australia
  • The Effectiveness of Lutheran Elementary and Secondary Schools as Agencies of Christian Education.
    Johnstone, Ronald L. (1966)
    St. Louis: Concordia.
    1964-65 interview data from Lutheran, Missouri Synod, students in public & Lutheran high schools in St. Louis & Detroit; the schools were most effective among students from the less religious homes.
    Associated Search Terms: Students, secondary; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Education
  • Changes in the Social Status of Lutheranism in Ninety Chicago Suburbs, 1950-1960.
    Mueller, Samuel A. (1966)
    Sociological Analysis 27:3: 138-145.
    Ranks towns & observers Lutherans moving among them in varying numbers.
    Associated Search Terms: Mobility (geographical); Mobility (vertical); Stratification; United States, Illinois, Chicago; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Ecology
  • The Language Transition in Some Lutheran Denominations.
    Hofman, John E. (1966)
    In Joshua A. Fishman et al. (eds.) Language Loyalty in the United States. The Hague: Mouton, pp. 139-155. [Also in Joshua A. Fishman (ed.), Readings in the Sociology of Language (The Hague: Mouton, 1968), pp. 620-638]
    Analyzes data from 1917 & after.
    Associated Search Terms: Sociolinguistics; Norwegian Americans; Norwegian Lutheran Church in America; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Assimilation
  • Studien zu Berufsbild und Berufswirklichkeit evangelischer Pfarrer in Württemberg. Die Herkunft der Pfarrer. Ein geschichtlich-statistischer Überblick von 1700-1956.
    Bormann, Günther (1966)
    Social Compass 13:2: 95-137.
    Presents background data (fathers' occupations) of Württemberg Lutheran clergy, 1700-1961.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Germany, Württemberg; Lutheran, Germany; Vocation; Württemberg Landeskirche
  • Christian Beliefs and Anti-Semitism.
    Glock, Charles Y., and Rodney Stark (1966)
    New York: Harper & Row.
    Analyzes 1963 questionnaire data from churched Christians in the San Francisco Bay Area; shows status & education undermining beliefs that predispose people to anti-Semitism. Has tabular breakdowns by denomination.
    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Semitism; Southern Baptist; Stratification; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Methodist, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; American Baptist; Belief; Congregational, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal
  • The Relationship of Church Members to Church Organizations.
    Ashbrook, James B. (1966)
    Journal for the Scientifc Study of Religion 5:3: 397-419.
    Analysis of 1963 questionnaire data from a sample of Protestant congregations in Rochester, New York, focusing on instrumental vs. expressive lay involvement in the churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; American Baptist; Lutheran Church in America; Membership; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United Methodist; United States, New York, Rochester
  • Polity, Church Attractiveness, and Ministers' Careers: An Eight-denomination Study of Inter-church Mobility.
    Mitchell, Robert E. (1966)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 5:2: 241-258.
    Analyzes 1960 data from American clergy from 8 protestant denominations; focuses on material bases of career decisions.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian Church in the U.S.; Organization; Lutheran Church in America; Methodist, U.S.A.; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Clergy; Clergy role; Congregational, U.S.A.; American Baptist; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal
  • Religion and Social Structure in the United States.
    Lazerwitz, Bernard (1966)
    In Louis Schneider (ed.) Religion, Culture and Society. New York: Wiley, pp. 426-439.
    Reports 1957-58 data on adult civilian Americans' education, occupation, income, practice, & social participation, with 8 denominational categories.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Stratification; Jewish, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal
  • Religious Participation of Lutheran Students.
    Frerking, Kenneth L. (1965)
    Review of Religious Research 6: 153-162.
    Analyzes 1962 questionnaire data from Missouri Synod Lutheran students at Ohio State University.
    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Practice; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • The Lutheran Church in Fredericton.
    Dewitt, Robert Lee (1965)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of New Brunswick.
    Describes different functions that the Lutheran Church, having both church & sect forms, serves for immigrant & native Canadian members.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton; Ethnic; Typology; Migrant; Lutheran, Canada
  • Pfarrer und Politik. Soziale Position und politische Mentalität des deutschen evangelischen Pfarrerstandes zwischen 1918 und 1933. Band 29 der Dortmunder Schriften zur Sozial forschung.
    Dahm, Karl-Wilhelm (1965)
    Köln und Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Politics, Germany; Clergy; Germany
  • Social Contexts and Religious Experience.
    Stark, Rodney (1965)
    Review of Religious Research 7:1: 17-28.
    Analyzes 1963 questionnaire data from churched Christians in the San Francisco area; sees much religious experience as norm compliance, not individual psychological effects.
    Associated Search Terms: Experience; American Baptist; Catholic, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Southern Baptist
  • Religion and Society in Tension.
    Glock, Charles Y., and Rodney Stark (1965)
    Chicago: Rand McNally.
    Comprised mostly of previously published essays, some of which have tables with denominational breakdowns. .
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Definition of religion; Experience; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; American Baptist; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Southern Baptist; Politics, Colombia; Politics, France; Politics, Great Britain; Politics, Netherlands; Politics, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Parish
  • Social Class in American Protestantism.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (1965)
    Chicago: Rand McNally.
    Analyzes 1957 survey data from a non-South U.S.A. sample of 5 denominations; Charles Y. Glock's dimensions of religiosity are formed into a sect/church continuum & related to class.
    Associated Search Terms: Typology; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Status consistency; Status discrepancy; Stratification; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Communality; Congregational, U.S.A.; American Baptist; Dimensions of religiosity; Disciples of Christ
  • The Secularization of Norwegian Society.
    Flint, John T. (1964)
    Comparative Studies in Society and History 6:3: 325-344.
    Examines 10th century pagan Godi, medieval Catholic priests, & 16-18th century Lutheran clergy; points to a general decline of the status of clergy.
    Associated Search Terms: Norway; Lutheran, Norway; Secularization; Historical; Clergy; Catholic, Norway
  • L'Appartenance Religieuse et l'Utilisation des Loisirs du Dimanch.
    Hessels, A. (1964)
    Social Compass 11:2: 27-39.
    Analyzes 1956 interview data from inhabitants of major Dutch cities; examines the use of leisure time on Sundays & finds denominational differences.
    Associated Search Terms: Calvinist, Netherlands; Catholic, Netherlands; Denomination (organizational entity); Practice; Leisure; Lutheran, Netherlands; Netherlands
  • The Lutheran Ministry.
    Scherer, Ross P. (1963)
    Information Service (Dept. of Research, Ntional Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America) 42:9: 108.
    Analyzes 1959 questionnaire data from Missouri Synod clergy in the U.S.; focuses on social origins, education, career, etc.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Clergy
  • 'Responsibility for the Community.' A New Norm Confronts Tradition in Lutheran City Churches.
    Seger, Imogen (1963)
    Totowa, New Jersey: Bedminister.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran Church in America; Urban
  • Group Standards in a Protestant Congregation.
    Bergman, Richard D. (1963)
    Review of Religious Research 4:2: 96-104.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from a Lutheran congregation in a U.S. city; shows consensus on norms respecting participation in the formal activities of the church.
    Associated Search Terms: Group; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Norm; Parish
  • Ministers of the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod: Origins, Training, Careers, Lives, Places, Plans of Work and Reference.
    Scherer, Ross P. (1963)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Chicago.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Lutheran, Missouri Synod
  • Die religiöse Entscheidung der Jugend. Eine religionspsychologische Untersuchung nach Niederschriften von Schülen beider Bekenntnisse in der Volkschule, der höheren Schule und der Berufschule.
    Thun, Theophil (1963)
    Stuttgart: E. Klett.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Catholic, Germany; Lutheran, Germany; Students, secondary
  • The Migrating Sect: An Illustration from Early Norwegian Immigration.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1963)
    Social Forces 41:3: 275-283.
    Examines the Slooper migration to the U.S., which began in 1825; the absence of an enemy church or any ideological consensus after migration led to disorganization.
    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Lutheran, Haugean; United States, Illinois, Fox River; United States, New York, Kendall; Quaker; Migrant; Norwegian Americans
  • Religious Exogamy: A Study of Social Distance.
    Bealer, Robert C., Fern K. Willits, and Gerald W. Bender (1963)
    Sociology and Social Research 48:1: 69-79.
    Analyzes longitudinal data from a sample of rural Pennsylvania 1947 high school sophomores; sect-likeness did not affect religious exogamy.
    Associated Search Terms: Typology; United States, Pennsylvania; Social distance; Methodist, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Rural; Greek Orthodox, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Evangelical United Brethren, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Giving to Churches: A Sociological Study of the Contributions to Eight Catholic and Lutheran Churches.
    Lutterman, Kenneth G. (1962)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Wisconsin. [DA 23:4, p. 1447]
    Lower income members give smaller sums but higher proportions of income; local congregations respond to contextual status differences & establish consequent norms of their own for contributing.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Contributions
  • Staatskirche und Entkirchlichung in Schweden./The Established Church and the Decline in Church Attendance in Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Berndt (1962)
    In Dietrich Goldschmidt and Joachim Matthes (eds.), Probleme der Religionssoziologie. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Sonderheft 6. Köln, Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 158-165.
    Also in Norman Birnbaum and Gertrud Lenzer (eds.), Sociology and Religion: A Book of Readings (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1969), pp. 360-365. Discusses ambivalence over the Swedish state church.
    Associated Search Terms: State; Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden
  • Church Adaptation to Urban Social Change: A Typology of Protestant City Congregations.
    Stanley, Manfred (1962)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2:1: 64-73. [Also in Richard D. Knudten (ed.) The Sociology of Religion. An Anthology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967, pp. 167-176]
    Based on observations, interviews, & questionnaires of churches in urban transition zones; finds involuted, transitional, & involved churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Adaptation; American Baptist; Change; Parish; United Lutheran Church in America; Urban
  • Minister-Parishioner Relations.
    Mitchell, Robert E. (1962)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Columbia University. [DA 26:3, p. 1820]
    Analyzes 1960 data from an American sample of clergy from 8 Protestant denominations.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian Church in the U.S.; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Parish; American Baptist; American Lutheran Church; Congregational; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Clergy role
  • Religious Preference and Worldly Success.
    Mayer, Albert J., and Harry Sharp (1962)
    American Sociological Review 27:2: 218-227.
    Analyzes 1954-59 Detroit area data; shows mainline Protestants' economic achievement greater than that of Catholics, white Baptists, & sect members; that of Jews & Orthodox compared favorably to all others.
    Associated Search Terms: Baptist, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Catholic, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Protestant Ethic; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Jewish, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Orthodox, eastern, U.S.A.; Stratification
  • Religious Self-identification.
    Vernon, Glenn M. (1962)
    Pacific Sociological Review 5:1: 40-43.
    Analyzes 1958 Twenty Statements Test data from boy scouts at a Washington State summer camp; shows % making religious references by age & denomination.
    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Twenty Statements Test; United States, Washington; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Identity; Catholic, U.S.A.; Children; Congregational, U.S.A.; Age; Baptist, U.S.A.
  • Parishioners' Views of How Ministers Spend Their Time.
    Glock, Charles Y., and Philip Roos (1961)
    Review of Religious Research 2: 170-175. [Also in Charles Y. Glock and Rodney Stark, Religion and Society in Tension (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1965), Ch. 7]
    Based on a 1956 sample from 12 Lutheran congregations in the U.S.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Clergy image
  • The City Church: Death or Renewal. A Study of Eight Urban Lutheran Churches.
    Kloetzli, Walter (1961)
    Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran Church in America; Urban
  • An Analysis and Description of Role Expectations for Ministers of the Southern California District of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod.
    Johnson, Jeff Griffith (1961)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Southern California. [DA 22:12, p. 4431]
    Based on questionnaire data from clergy, parochial school teachers lay leaders, congregation members, & District Committee members in the district.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, California; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; Clergy role
  • Der Pfarrer in der modernen Gesellschaft: soziologische Studien zur Berufssituation des evangelischen Pfarrers.
    Rendtorff, Trutz, Karl Martin Bolte, and Gerhard Wurzbacher (1960)
    Hamburg: Furche Verlag.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran; Clergy
  • Der Pfarrer in den modernen Gesellschaft. Soziologische Studien zur Berufssituation des evangelischen Pfarrers.
    Wurzbacher, Gerhard (1960)
    Hamburg: Furche Verlag.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, West; Clergy; Lutheran, Germany
  • Die Kirchentreuen. Bericht über eine Untersuchung in einerevangelisch-lutherischen Gemeinde Nord-deutschlands.
    Köster, Reinhard (1960)
    In Dietrich Goldschmidt, Franz Greiner, and Helmut Schelsky (eds.) Soziologie der Kirchemgemeinde. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, pp. 144-153.
    Reports a 1956 study conducted in Hamburg.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran, Germany; Germany, Hamburg
  • Statistik der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland.
    Zieger, Paul (1960)
    In Dietrich Goldschmidt, Franz Greiner, and Helmut Schelsky (eds.) Soziologie der Kirchengemeinde. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, pp. 208-238.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland; Germany, West
  • The Lutheran Church in the Carolinas Sociologically Interpreted.
    Hook, Wade F. (1959)
    Lutheran Quarterly 11: 60-67.
    Interprets 19th-century intra-church separations as constructive conflicts.
    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Conflict; United Lutheran Church in America; United States, North Carolina; United States, South Carolina
  • Die Kirchentreuen. Erfahrungen und Ergebnisse einer soziologischen Untersuchung in einer grosstadtischen evangelischen Kirchen gemeinde.
    Köster, Reinhard (1959)
    Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke Verlag.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany, Hamburg; Lutheran, Germany; Parish
  • State Church and Laity in Norwegian Society: A Typological Study of Institutional Change.
    Flint, John T. (1958)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Lutheran, Norway; Norway
  • Role Conceptions of Lutheran Ministers in the St. Louis Area.
    Sommerfeld, Richard E. (1957)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Washington University. [DA 17:4, p. 915]
    Analyzes interview data from St. Louis area Missouri Synod Lutheran clergy.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Missouri Synod; United States, Missouri, St. Louis; Clergy role
  • A Sociological Analysis of Lay Leadership in the Lutheran Churches of North and South Carolina (United Lutheran Church in America).
    Hook, Wade F. (1957)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Duke University.
    Associated Search Terms: United Lutheran Church in America; United States, North Carolina; United States, South Carolina; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Historical
  • Mixed Marriages Involving Lutherans: A Research Report.
    Bossard, James Herbert Siward, and Harold C. Letts (1956)
    Marriage and Family Living 18;4: 308-311.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from United Lutheran Church in America pastors.
    Associated Search Terms: United Lutheran Church in America; Marriage
  • Religion and the Vital Processes: An Analysis of County Data for Catholics, Lutherans, and Latter-Day Saints.
    Poplin, Dennis E. (1956)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky.
    Associated Search Terms: Ecology; Fertility; Demography; Catholic, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Mormon, U.S.A.
  • Religious Preference and Interreligious Mixtures in Marriage and Divorce in Iowa.
    Chancellor, Loren E., and Thomas P. Monahan (1955)
    American Journal of Sociology 61:3: 233-239.
    Analyzes 1953 data.
    Associated Search Terms: Congregational, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Divorce; Catholic, U.S.A.; Baptist, U.S.A.; Reformed, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Jewish, U.S.A.; Orthodox, eastern, U.S.A.; United States, Iowa; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage
  • A Study of the Critical Requirements of the Lutheran Ministry.
    Kolarik, J. Milan (1954)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Lutheran
  • Racial integration in three Protestant denominations.
    Kramer, Alfred (1954)
    Journal of Educational Sociology 28:2: 59-68.
    Associated Search Terms: Race; Lutheran Church in America; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Integration (racial); Congregational, U.S.A.
  • Factors in the Rural-urban Development of Norwegian Lutheranism in Minnesota.
    Westby, Frithjof Orval Martinus (1953)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Minnesota.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical Lutheran Church; Urban/rural; Lutheran, U.S.A.; United States, Minnesota; Norwegian Americans
  • Social Correlates of Religious Interest.
    Lenski, Gerhard (1953)
    American Sociological Review 18: 533-544.
    Analyzes 1941 interview data from white Protestant households of couples who had been married 1927-29, living in Indianapolis.
    Associated Search Terms: Christian Science, U.S.A.; Denomination (organizational entity); Baptist, U.S.A.; Disciples of Christ; Episcopal; Evangelical and Reformed, U.S.A.; Occupation; Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Women; Methodist, U.S.A.; Mobility (vertical); Nazarene, U.S.A.; United Brethren, U.S.A.; United States, Indiana, Indianapolis; Stratification; Socialization; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Quaker, U.S.A.; Salience; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • The Lutheran Reformation: A Study in Institutional Genesis.
    Steglich, Winfred George (1951)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran; Historical
  • The Religious Beliefs of College Freshmen in 1930 and 1949.
    Dudycha, George J. (1950)
    Religious Education 45:3: 165-169.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Students, undergraduate; Methodist, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Episcopal; Congregational, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Belief
  • Interfaith Marriages and Their Effect on Religious Training of Children./Influence du Mariage Mixte….
    Leiffer, Murray H. (1949)
    Lumen vitae 4: 442-452./Lumen vitae 4: 452-454.
    Based on interviews in a large American city, with interfaith couples; uses the categories Catholic, Lutheran, & other Protestant. Emphasizes problems of religious differences.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, U.S.A.; Marriage; Protestant, U.S.A.; Socialization; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Democracy in Jonesville. A Study of Quality and Inequality.
    Warner, W. Lloyd, with Wilfrid C. Bailey, Arch Cooper, Walter Eaton, A.B. Hollingshead, Carson McGuire, Marchia Meeker, Bernice Neugarten, Joseph Rosenstein, Evan Z. Vogt, Jr., and Donald Wray (1949)
    New York: Harper & Brothers.
    Community in Midwest U.S.A. Ch. 10 by Wilfrid C. Bailey shows church membership & class correlating. Ch 11 by Donald Wray describes a sectarian Norwegian Lutheran congregation.
    Associated Search Terms: Norwegian Americans; Norwegian Lutheran Church in America; Sect; Membership; Stratification; Community study
  • Religious Ideologies as a Means of Social Control.
    Hunt, Chester L. (1949)
    Sociology and Social Research 33:3: 180-187.
    Examines church-state struggles between the German Protestant church & the government during the Nazi era. The church followed a strategy of autonomy rather than resistance.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Politics, Germany; Germany
  • The Life Cycles of Dictatorships as Seen in Treatment of Religious Institutions.
    Hunt, Chester L. (1949)
    Social Forces 27:4: 365-369.
    Considers the case of the state treatment f the German Protestant church under the Nazi regime.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Politics, Germany; Lutheran, Germany; State
  • Religious Affiliation and Politico-Economic Attitude.
    Allinsmith, Wesley, and Beverly Allinsmith (1948)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 12: 377-389.
    1945-46 American sample; uses 8 denominational categories.
    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; Baptist, U.S.A.; Congregational, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; Presbyterian, U.S.A.; Methodist, U.S.A.; Lutheran, U.S.A.
  • A Study of the Relationship of the German Protestant Church and National Socialism.
    Hunt, Chester L. (1947)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Nebraska.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Germany; Lutheran, Germany; Fascism; Germany
  • A aculturação dos Alemães no Brasil.
    Willems, Emilio (1946)
    São Paulo: Cia Editora Nacional.
    Includes observations on German Lutherans & German Catholics in Brazil.
    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Brazil; Catholic, Brazil; German Brazilians; Acculturation; Lutheran, Brazil
  • The Relationship of Church Progress in Missouri Synod Lutheran Churches of the St. Louis Metropolitan District to the Status of the Communities in Which They are Located.
    Lang, Marcus Titus (1946)
    Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Washington University.
    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Lutheran, Missouri Synod; United States, Missouri, St. Louis
  • Student Attitudes toward Religious Practices.
    Horne, E.P., and William J. Stender (1945)
    Journal of Social Psychology 22: 215-217.
    Analyzes 1942 questionnaire data from students at 2 state universities in South Carolina & 2 Lutheran colleges, 1 in the American Midwest & 1 in South Carolina; comparisons of Lutheran school students & SC state university students were inconclusive.
    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Lutheran, U.S.A.; Practice
  • The Crisis of German Protestantism.
    Mayer, Carl (1945)
    Social Research 12:4: 397-432.
    The spiritual focus of the German Protestant church made political support (establishment) necessary & membership automatic; it tends to become identified with regimes, often to the disadvantage of minority churches.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Germany; Church; Germany
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