Church of Scientology
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L. Ron Hubbard
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The first Church of Scientology opened in Los Angeles In 1954, under the auspices of former science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986). Scientology’s teachings are based on his book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.

Hubbard’s book blames the "reactive mind" for a multitude of problems, from nightmares and fears to psychosomatic illnesses. Under his process, practitioners may reach a blissful "state of clear" by working with an "auditor." The goal is to learn to control "engrams," a mental record of pain and unconsciousness that could harken back to previous lives.

Often described as a fringe religion, Scientology has had a controversial history. The Internal Revenue Service, for example, did not approve the tax-exempt status given to recognized religious movements until 1993.

Among Scientology’s most high-profile members are actors John Travolta and Tom Cruise.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Religious Minorities (Non-Christian)
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Religious Minorities (Non-Christian) in American History
Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Other Groups
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Hubbard, L. Ron

Los Angeles Church of Scientology- Flickr- photo by Scientology Media (CC BY-SA 2.0)

L Ron Hubbard in 1950- Wikimedia Commons- from Los Angeles Times photographic archive, UCLA Library

L Ron Hubbard conducting Dianetics seminar- Wikimedia Commons- from Los Angeles Times photographic archive, UCLA Library

Scientology auditing, stress test- Flickr- photo by Matthieu Aubry (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Church of Scientology spiritual headquarters- Flickr- photo by Truth Revealed2012 (CC BY 2.0)
Book/Journal Source(s)
Benedict, Gerald , 2008. The Watkins Dictionary of Religions and Secular Faiths. London: Watkins Publishing.
Web Source(s)
ReligionFacts, "History of Scientology"
L. Ron Hubbard biography
Church of Scientology website
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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