Vivekananda, Swami 
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Time Period
1/12/1863  - 7/4/1902
Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) was a Hindu monk and disciple of the modern Hindu saint Sri Ramakrishnna in Calcutta, India. After embarking on a world speaking tour, he received an enthusiastic reception at the World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893, and followed up with a national speaking tour. His theme was the harmony of the world’s religions.

In 1894, as interest in his teachings grew, Swami Vivekananda opened the Vedanta Society of New York, followed by centers in Boston and San Francisco. In 1897, he returned to India and received a hero’s welcome, extolling India’s spiritual heritage and preaching against the caste system and the subjugation of women.

Swami Vivekananda continued to help found Vedanta societies, visiting America again in 1899. While never large in number of adherents, these groups were influential in shaping the popularity of Hindu spirituality and yoga, especially among intellectuals and liberal Christians.
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Race/Ethnicity and Religion in American History
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World Parliament of Religions

Swami Vivekananda portrait 2- Wikimedia Commons

Swami Vivekananda portrait- Internet Archive- from Inspired Talks by Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda portrait- Hathi Trust- from The Life of Swami Vivekananda by his Eastern and Western Disciples, vol 3

Swami Vivekananda statue- Flickr- photo by Appaiah (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Swami Vivekananda portrait- Wikimedia Commons
Book/Journal Source(s)
Melton, J. Gordon, 2009. Melton's Encyclopedia of American Religions, Eighth Edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.
Web Source(s)
Pluralism Project, "The Vedanta Society"
Biography Online, Biography of Swami Vivekananda
Web Page Contributor
Sandi Dolbee
Affliated with: Former Religion and Ethics Editor, The San Diego Union-Tribune

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