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Southern Christian Leadership Conference - Timeline Event

Founder

Martin Luther King, Jr., Fred Shuttlesworth, Ralph Abernathy

Time Period

02-15-1957

Description

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) began as a response to Rosa Parks' protest during the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-1956. In January 1957 Martin Luther King Jr., a Baptist pastor in Montgomery and prominent leader during the Montgomery bus boycott, invited approximately 60 people to Atlanta to form an organization to encourage similar activism. The goal was to continue working toward racial equality through nonviolent protests across the country. Inspired by both the pacifism of Mahatma Gandhi and their own Christian faith, SCLC members organized protests in Albany (1962), Birmingham (1963), St. Augustine (1964), and Selma (1965). With Martin Luther King Jr. as the organization’s president, they sought black churches to help mobilize their social activism. King’s death in 1968 dampened some of the organization’s momentum, but today the SCLC continues the fight against racism and inequality.

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Religious Groups

Baptist Family: Other ARDA Links
Baptist Family: Religious Family Tree

Biographies

Abernathy, Ralph
King, Martin Luther
Shuttlesworth, Fred

Movements

Civil Rights Movement

Related Dictionary Terms

Christianity, King, Martin Luther (1929-1968)

Photographs

SCLC marchers 1963- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-37242
SCLC marchers 1963- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-37242

Martin Luther King, Jr speaking at Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, 1957- National Archives and Records Administration
Martin Luther King, Jr speaking at Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, 1957- National Archives and Records Administration

Martin Luther King, Jr- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-126559
Martin Luther King, Jr- Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-126559

Selma to Birmingham march 1965- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-08102
Selma to Birmingham march 1965- Library of Congress, LC-DIG-ppmsca-08102

Signing the Voting Rights Act, Lyndon Johnson and Martin Luther King, Jr- LBJ photo by Yoichi Okamoto
Signing the Voting Rights Act, Lyndon Johnson and Martin Luther King, Jr- LBJ photo by Yoichi Okamoto

Book/Journal Source(s)

Reid, Daniel, Robert Linder, Bruce Shelley, and Harry Stout, 1990. Dictionary of Christianity in America Downers Grove, IL.

Web Page Contributor

Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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