Massachusetts Bay Colony - Timeline Event

Founder

English Puritans

Time Period

1630

Description

A group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop, established the Massachusetts Bay Colony after fleeing religious persecution in England. Since they rejected the existence of bishops and royal absolutism, they came into conflict with King Charles I. They received a charter from him to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which they settled in 1630.

These Puritans, led by Governor John Winthrop, desired for Massachusetts to be an ideal Christian community under the providence of God. They emphasized obligation to God and each other but were not a formal theocracy. In fact, ministers held less power there anywhere in Europe at the time. They did, however, establish laws enforcing social distinctions and banning excessive displays of wealth. They also restricted the franchise in civil elections to (white male) church members.

Interactive Timeline(s)

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Religious Groups

Timeline Entries for the same religious group: Anglicanism Family
Anglicanism Family: Other ARDA Links
Anglicanism Family: Religious Family Tree
Timeline Entries for the same religious group: Congregationalists (UCC)
Congregationalists (UCC): Other ARDA Links
Congregationalists (UCC): Religious Family Tree

Biographies

Winthrop, John
Bradstreet, Anne

Photographs

Salem, Massachusetts- Internet Archive- from Ruth of Boston by James Otis Salem, Massachusetts- Internet Archive- from Ruth of Boston by James Otis

John Winthrop statue- Architect of the Capitol National Statuary Hall Collection John Winthrop statue- Architect of the Capitol National Statuary Hall Collection

Massachusetts Bay Colony meeting- Internet Archive- from Ruth of Boston by James Otis Massachusetts Bay Colony meeting- Internet Archive- from Ruth of Boston by James Otis

Massachusetts Bay Colony puritans- US History Images Massachusetts Bay Colony puritans- US History Images

Massachusetts Bay Colony charter- Internet Archive- from History of the Pilgrims and Puritans by Joseph Dillaway Sawyer Massachusetts Bay Colony charter- Internet Archive- from History of the Pilgrims and Puritans by Joseph Dillaway Sawyer

Book/Journal Source(s)

Queen, Edward, Stephen Prothero and Gardiner Shattuck, 1996.The Encyclopedia of American Religious History New York: Facts on File.

Web Page Contributor

Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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