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Variables: 2008 Composite measure of religious legislation (0-51, lower scores indicate lower levels of religious legislation) (LEGIS08)1

Religious Legislation: Composite Score (2008)



LEGIS081 [X]

Afghanistan South-Central Asia 25
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe 1
Algeria Northern Africa 18
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe 4
Angola Middle Africa 4
Anguilla Caribbean
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean
Argentina South America 7
Armenia Western Asia 4
Aruba Caribbean
Australia Australia/New Zealand 4
Austria Western Europe 4
Azerbaijan Western Asia 3
Bahamas, The Caribbean 2
Bahrain Western Asia 14
Bangladesh South-Central Asia 15
Barbados Caribbean 5
Belarus Eastern Europe 5
Belgium Western Europe 8
Belize Central America 7
Benin Western Africa 3
Bermuda Northern America
Bhutan South-Central Asia 12
Bolivia South America 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe 12
Botswana Southern Africa 4
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America 4
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean
Brunei South-Eastern Asia 31
Bulgaria Eastern Europe 7
Burkina Faso Western Africa 3
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia 11
Burundi Eastern Africa 4
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia 8
Cameroon Middle Africa 5
Canada Northern America 6
Cape Verde Western Africa 3
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean
Cayman Islands Caribbean
Central African Republic Middle Africa 3
Chad Middle Africa 7
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America 3
China Eastern Asia 8
China-Tibet Eastern Asia
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America 5
Comoros Eastern Africa 12
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa 3
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa 2
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America 7
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa 10
Croatia Southern Europe 11
Cuba Caribbean 2
Curacao Caribbean
Cyprus Western Asia 8
Czech Republic Eastern Europe 13
Denmark Northern Europe 12
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa 11
Dominica Caribbean
Dominican Republic Caribbean 8
Ecuador South America 3
Egypt Northern Africa 29
El Salvador Central America 4
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa 6
Eritrea Eastern Africa 4
Estonia Northern Europe 3
Ethiopia Eastern Africa 8
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia 5
Finland Northern Europe 11
France Western Europe 7
French Guiana South America
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa 6
Gambia, The Western Africa 6
Georgia Western Asia 12
Germany Western Europe 12
Ghana Western Africa 13
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe 13
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean
Guadeloupe Caribbean
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America 5
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa 6
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa 5
Guyana South America 3
Haiti Caribbean 6
Honduras Central America 3
Hong Kong Eastern Asia
Hungary Eastern Europe 9
Iceland Northern Europe 9
India South-Central Asia 15
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 28
Iran South-Central Asia 24
Iraq Western Asia 15
Ireland Northern Europe 7
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia 25
Italy Southern Europe 6
Jamaica Caribbean 5
Japan Eastern Asia 2
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia 21
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia 3
Kenya Eastern Africa 8
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia 3
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia 3
Kosovo Southern Europe
Kuwait Western Asia 23
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia 4
Laos South-Eastern Asia 5
Latvia Northern Europe 7
Lebanon Western Asia 19
Lesotho Southern Africa 4
Liberia Western Africa 5
Libya Northern Africa 19
Liechtenstein Western Europe 2
Lithuania Northern Europe 12
Luxembourg Western Europe 5
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe 2
Madagascar Eastern Africa 7
Malawi Eastern Africa 4
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 33
Maldives South-Central Asia 24
Mali Western Africa 6
Malta Southern Europe 6
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean
Mauritania Western Africa 16
Mauritius Eastern Africa 4
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America 4
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe 5
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia 3
Montenegro Southern Europe 3
Montserrat Caribbean
Morocco Northern Africa 18
Mozambique Eastern Africa 5
Namibia Southern Africa 2
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia 4
Netherlands Western Europe 4
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand 5
Nicaragua Central America 6
Niger Western Africa 4
Nigeria Western Africa 19
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia 4
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe 10
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia
Oman Western Asia 19
Pakistan South-Central Asia 32
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America 5
Papua New Guinea Melanesia 6
Paraguay South America 6
Peru South America 9
Philippines South-Eastern Asia 8
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe 8
Portugal Southern Europe 5
Puerto Rico Caribbean
Qatar Western Asia 20
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe 12
Russia Eastern Europe 11
Rwanda Eastern Africa 3
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean
Saint Lucia Caribbean
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia 42
Senegal Western Africa 10
Serbia Southern Europe 10
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa 6
Singapore South-Eastern Asia 4
Sint Maarten Caribbean
Slovakia Eastern Europe 12
Slovenia Southern Europe 5
Solomon Islands Melanesia 6
Somalia Eastern Africa 13
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa 0
South Sudan Eastern Africa
Spain Southern Europe 10
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia 7
Sudan Northern Africa 22
Suriname South America 4
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa 7
Sweden Northern Europe 11
Switzerland Western Europe 11
Syria Western Asia 21
Taiwan Eastern Asia 2
Tajikistan South-Central Asia 4
Tanzania Eastern Africa 11
Thailand South-Eastern Asia 14
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia 3
Togo Western Africa 3
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean 7
Tunisia Northern Africa 13
Turkey Western Asia 11
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia 8
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa 3
Ukraine Eastern Europe 3
United Arab Emirates Western Asia 25
United Kingdom Northern Europe 11
United States (General) Northern America 3
Uruguay South America 2
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia 8
Vanuatu Melanesia 5
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America 8
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa 15
Yemen Western Asia 20
Zambia Eastern Africa 5
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 5


1 The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. Its goal is to create a set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Specifically, it examines government religion policy. Round 2 of the RAS dataset measures the extent of government involvement in religion (GIR) or the lack thereof for 175 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2008. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states. This dataset, featuring this and other international measures highlighted on the country pages, may be previewed and here. Used with permission.

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